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AP Book Report: Lord of the Flies, by write an essay you analyze of the, William Golding. Essay by Essay_Jin , High School, 10th grade , A+ , December 2005. 1. Title of Work: Lord of the Flies. 2. Author and date written: William Golding; written in early 1950's, first published 1954. 3. Country of author: England. 4. Dissertation. Characters (label as major or minor) with brief descriptions of each; include at least two adjectives for each and brief commentary. - Ralph: elected the write an essay the presentation of the leader of the boys in the beginning of the novel.
About 12 years old in age, has strong leadership, and tries to keep peace and fairness throughout the boys. Technology In Education Research. He was determined to be rescued and ordered a rescue fire, while other boys seemed to forget about being rescued and played around. Write An Essay In Which Of The. Most of the questions boys except Piggy go over to Jack's group later when Jack makes his own tribe. Ralph symbolizes the civilizing instinct within humans. - Piggy: is Ralph's lieutenant. He comes up with some good ideas.
Piggy represents the scientific, rational side of civilization. - Jack Merridew: about 12 years old, who is the opposite of Ralph. He was originally a choir leader, who later broke off of Ralph and created a new savage tribe, which most of the boys joined. Jack symbolizes savagery. An Essay The Presentation Of The Sow. - Simon: is a shy sensitive boy. He is really the only fully nice person on the island. He is nice to the little kids and the other boys. He finds the fallen pilot who was thought to be a beast. He is mistaken to be the beast and killed while trying to explain what the beast really was. Simon symbolizes the good nature inside humans. - Roger: is Jack's lieutenant. Persuasive Essay. A cruel person, mean to the little ones and later kill Piggy with a boulder. He also tortured Samneric until they agreed to join Jack's tribe. He picks on the weaker people.
AP Book Report: Lord of the Flies, by William Golding.. (2005, December 01). In WriteWork.com. Retrieved 02:23, October 03, 2017, from http://www.writework.com/essay/ap-book-report-lord-flies-william-golding. WriteWork contributors. AP Book Report: Lord of the Flies, by William Golding. WriteWork.com. WriteWork.com, 01 December, 2005. Web. Write. 03 Oct.
2017. WriteWork contributors, AP Book Report: Lord of the Flies, by William Golding., WriteWork.com, http://www.writework.com/essay/ap-book-report-lord-flies-william-golding (accessed October 03, 2017) More Lord of the Flies by Sir William Gerald Golding essays: Literary Device Paragraph From Lord Of The Flies. William Golding uses a variety of language techniques and symbols to develop character in his novel, Lord of the Flies. His use of symbols is also important in helping us track the changes in the characters as the novel progresses. In addition, Golding also makes use of graphic imagery in minnesota essay, some . 4 pages 35 Mar/2006 3.0. Isolation in Lord of the Flies and Heart of Darkness . slipping over the edge as Kurt did. Ralph in Lord of the Flies is constantly faced with temptation to you analyze join Jack and all of the other boys, . haopened to them. Write A Song. Also, through Lord of the Flies and write an essay you analyze of the sow, Heart of duden, Darkness , Golding and Conrad were able to express the an essay in which the presentation of the isolation that some of the characters . 2 pages 64 Mar/1996 4.3. . William Golding . Jack=s followers being in the majority.
Ralph is concerned with building shelters, arranging work and on write lyric essay being rescued but Jack only wants to roam the jungle and hunt. The failure to establish rules soon creates confusion and write in which the presentation of the, inappropriate behavior encouraged by Jack. Ralph . 2 pages 50 Jan/1996 3.3. A review of William Golding's Lord of the Flies . fire on the top of the mountain to be used as a signal to flag down a passing boat or plane, so that they can be rescued and go home to technology research their families. When Jack lets the fire go out Ralph . Write In Which Of The. 2 pages 55 Nov/1996 4.4. Board Essay. . William Golding is a tale of the fine line between order and an essay in which, chaos in society.
A pack of young boys become stranded on an island and manage to survive without the laws of our civilization, loosing the will of human emotion. Jack . 3 pages 137 2 Mar/2002 4.4. A Critique of William Golding's Lord of the Flies . fire burning because it is their only hope of being rescued. The other boys do not listen to Ralph's suggestions and begin to act as savages Ralph becomes the defender of civil behavior and common sense. By the how to lyric end of the novel, Ralph . William Gerald Golding . 3 pages 46 Jan/1997 4.2. Good news: you can turn to other's writing help. An Essay You Analyze. WriteWork has over 100,000 sample papers Prof. Jacob Leland, Phd.
I turned what i thought was a C+ paper into an A- Dawn S., college student. CNN WIRED EveningTimes Sony NPR Independent The Boston Globe The Virginian Pilot. Rutgers University Marist College Boston College Boston University University of Colorado University of essay on being a good samaritan, Maryland University of an essay in which the presentation sow, Phoenix New York University Indiana University Columbia University Miami Dade College University of Missouri. . The novel Lord of Flies by William Golding is different from persuasive its counterparts in write an essay you analyze of the sow, the . 5 pages 10 Jan/2008 4.0. About William Golding's Novel The Lord of the Flies . William Golding's novel 'The Lord of The flies' presents us with a group of . 5 pages 7 Sep/2006 0.0. . Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a classic novel, so classic was it that it was awarded the . 3 pages 16 Sep/2007 5.0. Every text is a product of the how to write time in which it was written in- Lord of the Flies example. . Write An Essay In Which You Analyze The Presentation Of The Sow. Lord of the Flies by William GoldingLord of the Flies was written in 1954, during the post war . 2 pages 4 Aug/2007 0.0. Biblical Themes in Lord of the Flies . Minnesota Essay. The New International Version. Michigan: Zondervan, 1973.
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Guide to write in which undergraduate dissertations in the social sciences. - qualitative or quantitative? Can my dissertation be entirely. The way you approach your question will have a profound effect upon technology in education research the way you construct your dissertation, so this section discusses the types of research you might undertake for your dissertation. The use of literature and case studies is considered and write the merits of college ap world, primary research are debated and advice is given on the use of existing research data. You may not be fond of statistics, but the potential relevance of a quantitative approach should be considered and write an essay you analyze of the sow similarly, the idea of qualitative analysis and conducting your own research may yield valuable data.
The possibilities of using quantitative and qualitative data are also discussed. What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative? This video clip contains comments from the duden, following academics: Dr Iain Garner - Psychology Alan McGauley - Social Policy Shawna McCoy - Criminology Kevin Bonnett - Sociology. What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative? Your approach, research design, and research question are all connected. 'Approach' means something more than the type of data you use €“ it refers to your overall orientation to research and the type of claims you will make for your study.
Dissertations can be based on either quantitative or qualitative data, or on a combination of both. How you choose this may depend on your preferences and abilities, and the suitability of particular approaches to your topic. You need to be able to justify why you have chosen to an essay you analyze sow use such data. Minnesota Essay? Quantitative data is particularly useful when you wish to discover how common particular forms of an essay you analyze of the, behaviour such as illegal drug use are for a particular age group. Qualitative data is particularly useful when you wish to find out why people engage in such behaviour.
Think about the minnesota essay, Research Methods modules you have taken so far. Write An Essay You Analyze Of The? Think about the technology paper, different kinds of studies you have read for other modules. There is an essay in which you analyze the presentation of the, plenty of scope to use the approaches and methods that you are most comfortable with. You need to justify your approach and minnesota essay methods and to cite appropriate literature to help you do this. What if I want to find out about social trends, or the measurable effects of in which you analyze the presentation of the, particular policies? You will probably want to use large datasets and undertake quantitative data analysis, and you will be adopting a realist approach to the topic studied.
Quantitative dissertations are likely to be nearer to the lower end of the range of approved lengths for dissertation, the dissertation (e.g. An Essay In Which You Analyze The Presentation? if the length is to be 5,000-8,000 words, dissertations based on essay a good samaritan, quantitative analysis are likely to be closer to 5,000 words in length). They will also include tables and figures giving your important findings. Remember that all tables must be carefully titled and labelled and that sources of your data must be acknowledged. What if I want to record people's views on an issue, and give them a 'voice'? You will probably want to use in-depth qualitative data, and you may wish to adopt a realist, a phenomenologist, or a constructionist approach to the topic. Qualitative dissertations will include descriptive material, usually extracts from write in which of the, interviews, conversations, documents or field notes, and are therefore likely to be nearer to the upper limit of your word range (e.g. 8,000 words). The types of method suitable for technology research, a dissertation could include content analysis, a small scale ethnographic study, small scale in-depth qualitative interviewing. Whether you choose qualitative or quantitative analysis will depend on several things: Your preferred philosophical approach (realist, phenomenologist or constructionist).
Your skills and abilities with methods of data collection (if needed) and analysis. The topic or issue you are interested in. How you frame your research question. Can I combine qualitative and quantitative methods? There are many ways in an essay the presentation sow which qualitative and quantitative data and analysis can be combined. Ap World Essay Questions? Here are two examples. You may be interested in doing an analysis that is in which of the sow, primarily quantitative, looking at social trends, or policy implications. However you also want to introduce a 'human touch' by conducting one or several interviews asking what these trends mean to people or how particular individuals experience events.
After doing your quantitative analysis, you should include a chapter or section on the qualitative data you have collected. In your discussion of findings you can use the qualitative data to help you understand the patterns in the quantitative analysis. You may be interested in doing an analysing interviews, evaluative case study of a process or policy. You will have a particular focus €“ a 'case' that you are looking at. You will triangulate methods €“ i.e. collect data in an essay in which you analyze sow several different ways, and some of these data may be quantitative. You will analyse each type of data and describe this, and then write a discussion that shows how each piece of analysis contributes to the overall picture of what is interviews, going on. Your supervisor or research methods tutor may be able to give you detailed examples of you analyze, these or other ways to combine methods. Can my dissertation be entirely literature-based?
Yes. If you decide to do a primarily theoretical dissertation, it is minnesota essay, almost certain that your dissertation will be entirely literature-based. An Essay Of The Sow? This is likely to be the methodology of theoretical analysis: selection and discussion of theoretical material and technology in education research paper descriptive material, in context, and detailed comparison of theories in write in which the presentation of the terms of their applicability. You might ask how useful certain concepts or theories are for in education research, understanding particular patterns of write an essay the presentation of the sow, behaviour. Duden? How useful is the concept of institutional racism? Is objectivity in the media possible?
How useful is subcultural theory for understanding virtual communities? Here, the focus of an essay in which the presentation of the, attention is not so much to discover something about the analysing dissertation, social world, for example virtual communities, as to reach a judgement about the value of write an essay the presentation of the sow, key concepts or theories in understanding that world. How the study is write lyric, approached and how contrasting approaches are drawn upon needs to be stated very clearly. A library-based or theoretical study is not necessarily 'easier' than an empirical study, indeed, it may well be harder. Remember that theoretical studies, like data-based studies, need to in which you analyze of the have their research design spelled out board essay questions from the start. But even if your dissertation is more empirically focused, it could still be entirely literature-based. You might choose to conduct a review of a field of an essay in which the presentation of the sow, work.
What does the research literature in this field tell us about x? While all dissertations will include a literature review, it is technology, possible to produce a dissertation that is entirely based on a review of the literature. If you do this, it is important to review the literature from an explicit angle and identify some themes to make the review distinctive. An Essay You Analyze The Presentation Of The? You might, for example, explore empirical debates in your chosen field across different countries or time periods. Whilst it is dissertation, possible for you analyze of the sow, dissertations to be entirely literature-based, the most common form of dissertation takes the form of a case study. Here the focus of attention is on a particular community, organisation or set of documents.
The attraction of this kind of dissertation is that it stems from empirical curiosity but is at the same time practical. You may be interested in a wider question but a case study enables you to focus on a specific example. A major challenge in case study dissertations is connecting your own primary research or re-analysis with the broader theoretical themes and empirical concerns of the existing literature. Most dissertations demand either primary or secondary research. In other words, you usually have to analyse data that you have either collected yourself or data that is already available. The reason for this is that the questions dissertations usually address take the following form: Is x happening? Is x changing? Why is x happening? Why is x changing? These questions demand primary or secondary analysis of data.
Case Study 9 Think hard before you decide to undertake empirical research: a student's view. Secondary analysis is when you analyse data which was collected by another researcher. It allows the essay, researcher to explore areas of interest without having to go through the process of collecting data themselves in the field. The problem with using fieldwork methods in an undergraduate dissertation, however, is that they are costly in terms of time (which is relatively scarce in your final year!) and you analyze of the sow possibly your own financial resources too. You may choose, therefore, to analysing interviews dissertation undertake secondary research, analysing existing data.
Where do I find existing research data? There are a range of in which the presentation of the sow, documents that already contain research data that you can analyse. How To Write A Song? You may, for example, be interested in exploring whether gender stereotypes in the media are changing. This might entail content analysis of in which you analyze of the, newspapers, magazines, video or other media over board questions, different time periods. Here you would not be collecting your own data but instead would be analysing existing documents. If you are interested, for example, in doing historical research, you may need to visit archives. Government reports and autobiographies may also be used as data. Other documents include official statistics, datasets (statistical data), and banks of interview transcripts which are all freely available to the academic community.
Increasingly, documents, databases and archives are readily accessible online. An Essay The Presentation Of The Sow? Research Methods tutors on technology, your course will be able to advise on the availability and accessibility of such data sets. There are some advantages of doing secondary analysis, particularly if you are doing a quantitative study. You will be able to work with much larger datasets than you could have collected yourself. This has the following advantages: They allow you to discuss trends and social changes. The data are often collected through a random sample, which allows you to generalise to the population under consideration.
They may also allow you to make comparisons over write you analyze, time, as some datasets are products of longitudinal studies. Examples of minnesota essay, large datasets include the British Crime Survey, and the Youth Cohort Study. In Which You Analyze The Presentation Of The? Smaller, more targeted datasets may also be available. Secondary analysis has disadvantages also: the persuasive samaritan, data were collected for a purpose different from write in which you analyze the presentation, yours. You have to find out something about that purpose, as well as the methods of technology in education paper, collection, in order to write you analyze of the sow justify your use of a secondary dataset. Collecting you own data - primary research. Quantitative data may also result from non-participant observations or other measurements (e.g. in an experimental design). Also, sometimes data that are collected through qualitative processes (participant observation, interviews) are coded and quantified. Your research methods tutor can give you further information on these types of data, but here are some common quantitative data collection methods and their definitions: A series of questions that the respondent answers on their own. Technology In Education Research Paper? Self-completion questionnaires are good for collecting data on relatively simple topics, and for gaining a general overview of an in which of the, issue.
Questionnaires need to have clear questions, an easy to follow design, and not be too long. Similar to a self-completion questionnaire, except that the college ap world essay, questions that are asked by an interviewer to the interviewee. The same questions are read out in the same way to all respondents. There will typically be a fixed choice of answers for write in which the presentation of the sow, the respondents. Watching people and recording systematically their behaviour.
Prior to the observation, an on being samaritan, observation schedule will be produced which details what exactly the in which you analyze the presentation sow, researcher should look for minnesota essay, and how those observations should be recorded. If you are conducting a qualitative analysis you are likely to write in which sow wish to use at least some original material. This may be collected through in-depth interviews, participant observation recordings and fieldnotes, non-participant observation, or some combination of these. Below are some data collection methods that you might want to use for your dissertation: A way of asking questions which allows the interviewee to have more control of the dissertation, interview. The interview could be semi-structured, which uses an interview schedule to keep some control of the interview, but also allows for some flexibility in terms of the interviewee€™s responses. The interview could be unstructured, here the aim is to explore the interviewee€™s feelings about the issue being explored and the style of questioning is very informal.
Or the interview could be a life history where the of the, interviewer tries to dissertation find out in which you analyze the presentation of the about the whole life, or a portion of the person€™s life. A form of interviewing where there are several participants; there is an emphasis in the questioning on a tightly defined topic; the interviews, accent is on interaction within the group and the joint construction of meaning. The moderator tries to provide a relatively free rein to the discussion. This involves studying people in naturally occurring settings. The researcher participates directly in the setting and collects data in an essay in which sow a systematic manner.
The researcher will observe behaviour, listen to conversations, and how to write essay ask questions. Spend some time looking at general books about research - they will give you an overview of the data collection methods available and in which the presentation sow help you to make the best choice for board ap world essay, your project. Bryman (2004) would be a useful starting point. For any piece of research you conduct, be it empirically based (quantitative or qualitative) or library based, its methods must be justified. You need to show in the final dissertation how you have given consideration to different methods, and why you have chosen and eliminated these.
STUDENT VOICE: Findings from our research. Your supervisor will want you to an essay sow offer convincing reasons as to why you€™ve chosen the on being samaritan, approach you have - so be ready! If you€™re having difficulty making that choice, don€™t be afraid to the presentation of the ask your supervisor for their advice. This was particularly useful for one of our respondents: Note: Research must be conducted in a sensible and persuasive essay on being a good samaritan ethical manner; data must be analysed and presented in a rational manner. It is important that students do not expose themselves or others to dangers or risks when conducting research. Write You Analyze The Presentation Sow? Students need the approval of board essay questions, their dissertation supervisor before embarking on any type of fieldwork (see the section on Research Ethics for more information). Will my research be inductive or deductive? In general, deductive research is theory-testing and inductive research is write of the, theory-generating.
Often people link deductive research with quantitative experiments or surveys, and inductive research with qualitative interviews or ethnographic work. These links are not hard and fast €“ for instance, experimental research, designed to test a particular theory through developing a hypothesis and analysing creating an you analyze sow, experimental design, may use quantitative or qualitative data or a combination. If your research starts with a theory and is driven by hypotheses that you are testing (e.g. that social class background and social deprivation or privilege are likely to affect educational attainment), it is, broadly speaking, deductive. However much research combines deductive and minnesota essay inductive elements. What's all this about write in which you analyze of the sow research design? Research design is analysing, vital to conducting a good piece of work.
At the start of your research you need to set down clearly: Your research focus and research question . An Essay You Analyze Of The? How you propose to examine the a good samaritan, topic: approach methods of data collection methods of data analysis The types and sources of information you need. How you will access these sources of information (be they people, existing datasets, biographical accounts, media articles or websites, official records). The proposed outcome of this research (in your case, a dissertation) and write you analyze of the the form it will take. A time-frame for all this. You and how to your supervisor will discuss your design and decide whether the an essay in which sow, research is 'do-able'. Your university may require you to dissertation produce a report (e.g. an 'interim framework report' or a short 'research proposal') that specifies your research design. Other people may have to an essay you analyze look at the design to ascertain whether there are ethical issues that affect your research. Quantitative or qualitative? A quantitative approach will mean you will need substantial datasets, as well as the inclusion of tables and statistics in minnesota essay your final submission.
This information could come from a variety of the presentation sow, sources - remember to acknowledge them! A qualitative approach will probably mean conducting interviews or focus groups or observing behaviour. Ask yourself if you are prepared to do this, and think about the best way of getting the answers you want from people. Will you stop people in the street? Will you conduct telephone interviews?
Will you send out survey forms and hope that people return them? Will you be a participant or non participant observer? Deductive or inductive? Deductive research is theory-testing, which is often linked to datasets, surveys or quantitative analysis. Inductive research is theory-generating, and is often linked to a song qualitative interviews. Empirical or theoretical? An empirical study could involve close analysis of statistics or some form of qualitative research.
However, a theoretical study brings its own challenges, and you may be called upon to compare theories in terms of write an essay in which you analyze sow, their applicability. Once you have decided upon your approach, you can write out a research design, i.e. A Song? how you are going to write an essay of the sow approach the project. Now look a little at the research methods that you have studied. Apart from matching your research to duden your general sense of objective/subjective reality, it is important to ensure that you match your methodology to the problem you are pursuing. What kind of data do you need to answer your question/test your hypothesis?
How would you best be able to write you analyze of the collect that data? Again, consider time and feasibility of the exercise. The ability to manage your time will be directly related to your ability to control the boundaries of the study €“ especially if it is closely linked to your workplace. Now that you have got so far, try to how to a song lyric essay write up your research proposal as far as you can. Write In Which The Presentation? Make sure that you identify where your proposal needs further work and, at duden dissertation, the same time, where you will have to put your maximum effort. It may be helpful to draw a critical path so that you are clear which actions you need to take and in what sequence. You will find it helpful to plot your research questions on the chart on the next page and ensure that your plans for collecting data really answer the an essay you analyze of the sow, question as well as avoiding ethical problems. Interviews Dissertation? At this stage you must be really ruthless with yourself. How viable is it? What are the threats to the study? Try some 'what if?' questions on yourself.
It will be better to write you analyze the presentation sow go back to the drawing board now, than once the project is underway. IMPORTANT : Whatever approach you settle on, you MUST be able to justify its appropriateness to your topic and question. Does the data required to answer your question already exist or will you have to generate your own data? Can you combine quantitative with qualitative methods? e.g. a survey which includes interviews or a case study that looks at a situation from numerous angles. Write A Song Lyric Essay? What factors may limit the scope of your research? (time, resources, etc.) Which method(s) best suit the questions and time you have available to do this study? Do you know the write an essay you analyze sow, differences between types of data, and persuasive essay on being a good types of write in which the presentation of the, analysis? Does your project have clear links between theory and practice?
BRYMAN, A. Minnesota Essay? (2004). Social Research Method . 2nd ed., Oxford, Oxford University Press. CRESWELL, J. (2002). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches . 2nd ed., London, Sage. SEALE, C.(2006). An Essay You Analyze Of The? Researching society and minnesota essay culture . London, Sage. Here are some references for specific methods: ARKSEY, H and KNIGHT, P. You Analyze Of The Sow? (1999).
Interviewing for social scientists: an introductory resource . London, Sage. DALE, A.; ARBER, S.; AND PROCTOR, M.(1998). Doing Secondary Analysis . Ap World Essay Questions? London, Allen and Unwin. HAMMERSLEY, M. and ATKINSON, P. (1995). Ethnography: Principles in Practice . London, Routledge. OPPENHEIM, A. N. (1992). Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and Attitude Measurement . London, Pinter. Identifying a research topic: A template for write an essay in which the presentation of the sow, structured observation: A site devoted to survey design: A chapter on structured interviewing:
A chapter on qualitative interviewing: An introduction to ethnographic research: Materials for focus group interviews: 1. © Professor Chris Winch, Dr Malcolm Todd, Ian Baker, Dr Jenny Blain, Dr Karen Smith. © This resource has been developed in partnership by the Higher Education Academy and Sheffield Hallam University.
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10 Software Tools For More PhD Productivity And Less Headaches. PhD productivity is a common struggle among PhD students. We think that the write an essay you analyze sow, right software will improve our productivity. Minnesota Essay! The truth is an essay in which you analyze sow, that we spend too much time figuring out what the how to a song lyric essay, best tools are. Let#8217;s fix that. Write An Essay In Which Sow! I started my PhD and I had new tasks that required software tools.
I thought that using the right software would keep my PhD productivity high . College! But there is so much out there to try. Different programs, versions, prices, platforms and on and on. An Essay In Which The Presentation! I started trying so many alternatives for project management, file synchronisation or handling my literature. I spent so much time trying software that my PhD productivity went down. How To Write! I was keeping myself busy with trying software and reading reviews of tools.
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Are there any rules of an essay you analyze the presentation of the sow thumb to choose software for your PhD? Since I am asking it, then the answer must be yes, there are some rules of thumb. Duh! 3 Rules Of Thumb To Choose Software For Your PhD. Forget software with a gazillion functions. Look for simple software. So simple you could use it in minnesota essay a gazillion different ways. b. Write An Essay In Which The Presentation Sow! Choose the software your colleagues choose. This makes your life easier when you need to share files or when you don#8217;t know how to do something and need to ask for help. c. Dissertation! Choose software that syncs your data.
Our devices might eventually break down with the risk of loosing your precious files. Use software that syncs via Internet your files across devices. Even better, go for those that also store copies in the cloud. OK, so far so good. The Presentation Of The! You already know what to look for in a software tool. Analysing! This should save you some time that you could use for real science.
You know what could save you some more time? Getting a list of the software that best fits that criteria and that you will need for sure during your PhD. Let me introduce you to 10 software tools you will use most of the time. Not only this, they will make your life easier and painless (at least from the software side of things). An Essay In Which The Presentation Of The Sow! 10 Software Tools That Boost PhD Productivity. Task Management (aka to-do list), Wunderlist.
I am talking about minnesota essay, PhD productivity here. Therefore I should start with the software tool that always comes to write an essay in which you analyze the presentation mind when thinking about PhD productivity: a to-do list software. College Board Essay Questions! If you thought a PhD would be as quiet as meditating on the summit of a mountain, think again. Write In Which You Analyze! We receive daily lots of inputs. A Song! Do this, send that, prepare that. Add this figure to your paper. Send reminder to boss. Register to the course Literature Review Boot Camp. The best way to keep track of what to do is our good old friend to-do list.
If you are old school you might go for a piece of paper. If you are a bit hipster a Moleskine could be your choice. If you want to go paper-free, you have to try Wunderlist. Wunderlist is simple, it just keeps a list of tasks. You can group them, for instance if they belong to the same project. You assign (or not) a date to your task. You have an write, automatic list with delayed tasks and those you should finish today. Wunderlist syncs your to-do list between devices (Windows, Mac, smartphones, tablets, web browser). I dump all my tasks in Wunderlist, both private and work related. Since it works everywhere, I can check my work activities in my work PC and my private tasks at home from my Macbook. Wunderlist is (a) simple software that (c) syncs your data.
During your PhD you are going to spend a lot of college time doing three things: reading papers, reviewing literature and formatting the citations in your publications. Mendeley can help you with that. It’s quite simple and it syncs everything to the cloud and between computers (so your papers are not lost when your computer breaks down). An Essay In Which You Analyze Of The Sow! Here’s how it works. You download the PDFs of the papers you want to analysing interviews dissertation read. You dump them in the presentation Mendeley.
Mendeley annotates all the title, authors and other info. It syncs the papers to the cloud and other devices. When you are writing your paper, the Word or OpenOffice extension allows you to insert your citations in a good the correct format of the write you analyze of the sow, journal you want to publish in. And that’s it. No hassle. Mendeley is interviews dissertation, (a) simple software, (b) that colleagues use (in my case) and (c) that syncs your data.
Handling Information Deluge, Evernote. Here’s one of the must have software tools for PhD students. It’s worth every penny. But wait, Evernote is free. Even better! Evernote does two difficult things in a simple way. It stores all sort of information you throw at write an essay sow it and it finds this information when you search for it. Forget about bookmarks in your web browser, a folder with photos and screenshots, text files with your notes or documents with drafts. Evernote creates notes with whatever you find on the Internet, with screen captures, with photos from your phone, with PDFs or simply those you write yourself.
Everything in one place. And when you look for them, you just need to search for a song, them a-la-Google. Evernote is (a) simple software and (c) it syncs your data. Since Evernote is so simple but so powerful, you can use it in a million, trillion and gazillion ways. If you want to an essay the presentation sow learn how to squeeze all the juice out of analysing dissertation Evernote, please read Evernote Essentials. An Essay In Which The Presentation Of The Sow! Evernote Essentials is the Bible of Evernote.
Get Evernote Essentials here. File Back-up / Sharing / Sync, Dropbox. A Song Lyric! As you have seen I recommended some software that syncs tasks, papers, or notes. How do you sync other types of write an essay the presentation of the files like code, photos or documents? The answer is Dropbox. When you install Dropbox in your computer it creates a folder called #8216;Dropbox#8217;. The contents of this folder are sync#8217;d with #8216;Dropbox#8217; folders in other computers or Dropbox apps in smartphones and tablets. Interviews Dissertation! Additionally, Dropbox sotres a copy of your files in the cloud to make sure you don#8217;t lose a file under any circumstances. How to write an essay use Dropbox for duden, your PhD? Easy, drop all your PhD files and folders inside the #8216;Dropbox#8217; folder.
Install Dropbox in other devices. Sync. Done. No more “I can’t work on write an essay in which you analyze the presentation of the sow it because the file is in the other computer#8221;. Additionally, you can share with other Dropbox users a folder and its contents. You can use this feature to share multiple files with your collaborators. Remember when your email provider said you cannot send that files because it#8217;s too big? Dropbox fixes that. Do you know a real PhD productivity killer? Having to re-do everything, I mean everything, because a damaged hard disk made you lose all your files. Dropbox would save your ass in dissertation that catastrophic event.
Dropbox (a) simple software, (b) that colleagues use (in my case) and (c) that syncs your data. Using Software From Other Operating System, Virtual Box. Now we are going to get a bit computer nerdy, but do not be afraid. Here#8217;s a common pain with software in science: the program you want to use cannot be executed in your current operating system (OS; like Windows, Linux or Mac OS). When does this happen? With legacy software, aka freakishly old software. It hasn#8217;t been updated anymore and it uses some old libraries, so for instance, it can only run on Windows 95. Software developed by other scientists that is not compiled in your SO. So that good willed scientist built a program that is the write sow, golden standard in dissertation your field, but it only runs in Linux, and you have Windows 7. The simple solution here would be to buy a computer and an essay of the sow, install the SO you are missing. Or#8230;you virtualise a computer using VirtualBox inside your current computer. Then you would install the needed SO in that virtual computer and the desired software.
With VirtualBox you can have as many virtual computers with different SO#8217;s as you want. VirtualBox is (b) software that colleagues use (in my case). Writing papers is minnesota essay, one of the important tasks in your PhD. True, most of the time is spend doing real research. But you will show your research to the world with your publications. Do you know what happens before you publish one of your papers as a PhD? Endless feedback on your draft. Don’t worry, it gets better as you gain experience. An Essay In Which! For my first publication I got a ton of feedback.
For the second paper just half a ton. And so on. Now back to writing papers. You have to persuasive essay samaritan use a text editor. Since you want to get digital feedback (not unintelligible cramped handwriting on the sides of your printed draft), you need to use the same editor as the person giving the write you analyze the presentation of the sow, feedback. Write Lyric Essay! And it’s going to be Microsoft Word 99% of the an essay in which sow, times. So there you go. Get yourself Microsoft Word. Truth be told, I use also other editors.
I like Pages and Evernote for minnesota essay, preparing my blog posts. Scientific fields with a high formula to text ratio in their publications use LaTeX as editor. Social sciences PhDs have recommended Scrivener, which I used to in which you analyze write my ebook 17 Simple Strategies To Survive Your PhD (don’t forget to download it, it’s free) Word is (b) software that colleagues use (in my case). Minnesota Essay! Get Microsoft Word here. During your research you are going to produce some data and store it as a table. An Essay You Analyze The Presentation! Next you might want to calculate percentages, or counts of something, or ratios. I don’t know, something. You might want to make some plots comparing X and Y, or some line charts showing some trends. Those plots will be some of the persuasive essay on being, figures in your next publication. I know, Excel images in write you analyze the presentation sow a scientific paper are not very sexy.
But hey, who hasn’t done it at least once in minnesota essay their career? Excel is (b) software that colleagues use (in my case). Get Microsoft Excel here. Let’s talk now about making slides. It’s not the first task that comes to mind when thinking about an essay the presentation of the sow, science, is it?
Well, during my PhD I have made plenty of board questions slide decks. Mostly for conferences or little group meetings. You know the you analyze, drill. You attend a conference to present your scientific results. You go on dissertation stage. You first slide is on the main screen. Your legs are shaking.
Thanks to the organisers for inviting me. Write Sow! You think everybody is college board ap world questions, smarter than you and will tear you off as soon as you make a mistake. My name is #8230; You feel the sweat drops sliding in your back. The title of my presentation is #8230; Your vision gets blurry. 4 years of work summarised in 20 slides. The will laugh. You pass out. Sometimes it’s like this otherwise it’s not if you developed the presentation skills of an essay in which you analyze sow PhD students. But the important part are the slides.
They are made in PowerPoint. Why? Well, everybody uses PowerPoint. Many conferences only allow presenters to minnesota essay use PowerPoint slides. They say that they cannot guarantee that other formats will work well. But Julio, Keynote on a MacBook always works well at the first attempt. But Julio, I heard many PowerPoint presenter saying “Ooops, this is not displayed as I expected”. You are right, but if you want to present at conferences you have to swallow it. PowerPoint is (b) software that colleagues use (in my case). Get Microsoft PowerPoint here.
Browsing the Internet can destroy your PhD productivity. It can also help you find the information you need and answers to some questions. It’s time to talk about the software tool that is going to in which the presentation help you answer a question. How To Write Essay! It’s a big question. An Essay You Analyze The Presentation! Probably the most interesting question in persuasive the course of you analyze your PhD. Is the new lab intern single? That scientific curiosity should be addressed. Duden Dissertation! And you should do it by checking her out in Facebook using a web browser: Google Chrome. Sick and sad stalking jokes aside, if you have to use the Internet, do it via Chrome. Write In Which You Analyze The Presentation Of The! It’s a clean, beautiful and easy to use browser. I have used most of the browsers and I can say that Chrome feels like it was developed by people who like to technology research paper spend time on the Internet.
A last tip: install the Evernote plugin for Chrome so you can create a note from any website directly from an essay in which you analyze sow, Chrome. Chrome is (b) simple software and interviews, (d) better that Internet Explorer. Download Google Chrome here. I don’t know how I would have gone through my PhD without music. Music to cheer me up on a grey day. Write An Essay Of The Sow! Music to focus while writing. Music to keep me awake while doing repetitive tasks. Music to stream to my smartphone. How To A Song! Music to boost my PhD productivity. Music to activate my resourcefulness while programming.
Music to an essay in which the presentation of the sow survive a PhD. All this music came from minnesota essay, Spotify (and a bit from Youtube). But mostly Spotify. I gladly pay for the Premium version. For me it’s worth it. I got tired of downloading music, and loading it in a MP3 player, and updating my playlists. Spotify was just so convenient. Let music boost your PhD productivity!
Spotify is (a) simple software that (c) syncs your data. Julio Peironcely, PhD is the founder of Next Scientist and a PhD by Leiden University. Write An Essay You Analyze Of The Sow! He helps PhD students to stay motivated, be more productive and finish their PhDs. Follow him on Twitter (@peyron) or read more from how to lyric, him on JulioPeironcely.com. I use most of them, but EndrNote x6 for writing the write an essay in which you analyze the presentation, bibliography and duden, citation which is very convenient. Write An Essay You Analyze Of The! I highly recommend it for you guys. Yeah, EndNote is widely used in duden dissertation Academia. In my case, the free Mendeley was good enough compared to the paid version of EndNote. Write Of The Sow! qiqqa is nice. I like it so far. its free-ish, you can use the free version but if you want to use their cloud you gotta pay a small fee. Also if you are buying office , oneNote comes with it and its awesome and you get free skydrive space. For browsing I started using maxthon cloud browser, its one option for bookmark syncing.
I use Kanban Tool (http://kanbantool.com) to plan activities and collaborate with my colleagues on research projects. The tool is based on Kanban method, it helps organize tasks, documents and so on. Analysing Dissertation! It facilitates cooperation between people that are in different, distant locations as it allows to write in which the presentation of the sow share tasks, documents and comments. Though I am a bit late to read your article, but to be honest I had the the same situation during my PhD. Persuasive Essay A Good Samaritan! I am gonna recommend it to my research students. Write In Which You Analyze Of The! By the way how could you forget Qiqqa and Google Drive.!
I would also like to a song lyric essay recommend another app Proofhub (http://www.proofhub.com/) to plan activities and collaborate with my colleagues on research projects. Productivity is one such aspect that needs rigorous dedication to meet the deadline. In order to write an essay in which you analyze the presentation of the sow have a great reach of productivity, it is very much necessary to have the main points to be considered, and among all the concerned points, I prefer time as one of the major aspects of a good gain in minnesota essay productivity. To have a good control of time and be specific on that I have specifically use the hours tracking software from Replicon ( http://www.replicon.com/olp/hours-tracking-software.aspx ) which practically manage the time with the tasks management as well. I would like to recommend this software here over. I was using Mac (sometime Linux and Window) for the presentation of the sow, my Ph.D.
Therefore, I used this set of tools that work on all such platforms: 1) RTextDoc LaTeX editor with grammar checking and BibTex database: http://jwork.org/rtextdoc/ 2) SCaVis to make graphs in EPS format that can be included to my LaTeX documents http://jwork.org/scavis/ And all of on being a good this can be installed using one-click approach using jPort portable desktop (http://jwork.org/jport/) All of an essay in which you analyze it corporative software. You dont give any reference to duden open source software. Even a simple browser#8230;. Write In Which! why not Modzilla?, what makes Chrome so special?. Julio, I spent more than 4 hours on your awesome plug today, all the essay, information is exactly what I was looking for before starting the real work. Write An Essay In Which Sow! Thanks for your time and effort and how to write a song, keep it coming #128521; Disagree in you recommendation about Word. You Analyze The Presentation Sow! Scrivener is persuasive essay on being, far much better, it gives you much better overview, both when you write an article and the final thesis. Write The Presentation Of The! Of course, you have to you use Word to wrap it all up at the end. [#8230;] Does your PhD productivity need a push? Stop looking for the perfect software tools for PhD students. Use these and supercharge your PhD productivity [#8230;] [#8230;] wants more PhD productivity, right?
Well, I think we should be productive in things that are important, like doing research. [#8230;] [#8230;] wants more PhD productivity, right? Well, I think we should be productive in things that are important, like doing research. Minnesota Essay! [#8230;] [#8230;] 10 Software tools for an essay in which you analyze of the sow, more PhD productivity and less headaches [#8230;] [#8230;] 10 Software tools for more PhD productivity and less headaches [#8230;]
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Archives pour la categorie Case Study Houses. MC COY Esther Case Study Program 1945-1962 Henessey Ingalls 1977 Los Angeles SMITH Elisabeth A.T. Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses MIT Press 1998 STEELE James, JENKINS David, KOENIG Pierre Pierre Koenig Phaidon Press 1998 MC COY Esther, BLAKE Peter Craig Ellwood Architecture Hennessey Ingalls 1997 ALBRECHT D. The Work of write in which you analyze sow Charles Ray Eames COLOMINA Beatrice The Work of Charles and Ray Eames, A Legacy of invention 1997 STEELE James Eames House, Charles and Ray Eames Architecture in Detail Phaidon 1995 HINES Thomas S. Richard Neutra and samaritan, Search for Modern Architecture University California Press 1994 MC LAMPRECHT Barbara Richard Neutra Complete Works Taashen 2000 SACK M. Richard Neutra Gustavo Gili 1994 Barcelone. List of articles: Baboulet, Luc; Le Case Study Program et la tradition americaine ; AMC (France); n°98; 05/1999; ; On the Mies Edge ; Domus (); n°614; 02/1986; Goldstein B.; The Entenza Years ; Art and Architecture (Etats-Unis); n°; 1990; ; ; Architecture d’Aujourd’hui (France); n°; 02-03/1966; Case Study House n°16′, by C. Ellwood. Craig Ellwood was still a very young architect when he was selected to design a Entenza Case Study House. This is the first in the series of three villas he designed for an essay you analyze the presentation of the the Case Study House Program. It offers a house here where he developed while working on minnesota essay multiple outdoor spaces qualities that come to extend and enrich the home of various and unexpected ways…. For his house just Elllwood used metal columns that had appeared on the market. You Analyze The Presentation Sow! Indeed, due to the decline of the railway, many found themselves unused rails produced.
They were recast which raised metal companies to develop new product lines … The use of interviews square columns instead of columns H can save a lot of money, they are lighter and can simplify a number of details such as those bindings woodwork. Write An Essay You Analyze The Presentation! The beams used are I to 6 inches and 36 feet long. Translucent panels 10 feet in board ap world height are treated as extended walls of the house. Write An Essay The Presentation Sow! The interior walls of the house are also treated as screens. They are of the same material as the exterior walls to duden, express continuity between interior and an essay in which the presentation of the, exterior spaces spaces.
These panels are by exposing the board ap world essay structure which is painted black. They are off the ground, and are separated from the write of the sow ceiling by duden dissertation, a transom window. The villa consists of write an essay you analyze of the sow a grid of 8 feet. The house is divided into two areas occupied by the circulations, one inner and one outer longitudinally extending in persuasive a good samaritan the direction of the project. The boundary with the street is freely drawn by an essay the presentation of the sow, a solid line turn opaque or translucent tower. This watershed limits any tower covered and not confined areas (like the porch); other spaces, enclosed and discovered (as the minnesota essay court of children); or some interior spaces and with others outside.
This boundary separates Similarly, the prices of the write rooms from the street by a series of panels of persuasive essay on being samaritan translucent glass … The indoor and outdoor spaces are organized around the two perpendicular axes carry the write an essay you analyze of the project. The partition between social spaces and individual spaces is along a North-South axis passing at dissertation, the entrance. It amazing how close the villa whose area is in a simple rectangle, which is built with a completely systematic metal structure does not prevent to achieve a wide variety of spaces and uses. You Analyze The Presentation! Each space is dissertation fully qualified. This remark is particularly sensitive to the game of indoor and outdoor spaces. This is illustrated for example in an essay you analyze the presentation the input sequence: the porch is divided into minnesota essay two parts, creating a covered walkway for write in which of the pedestrian access. Basically, the persuasive essay on being a good samaritan villa allows a double entry: service entrance that allows access to the court and the kitchen but also main entrance angles. The patio at the entrance allows movement of the write in which you analyze the presentation light at the output while creating a view. Each room is extended by write a song lyric, outdoor spaces in write in which you analyze the presentation of the direct continuity with the dissertation interior space. The master bedroom has a double orientation opening on two distinct areas, each with a different status: an enclosed space and privacy to write you analyze of the, the east; a terrace that opens fully to the outside overlooking the far south … Similarly, the living areas have a triple orientation with three types of large spaces.
Open to the outside distant and providing a wide view to the south: the view terrace as baptized Craig Ellwood. Persuasive Essay A Good! Open to foreign direct space and write an essay, close to the garden: the in education paper living-terrace is protected under large pergolas. An Essay You Analyze! It comes in duden direct extension of the dining room. Much more protected, the write an essay you analyze the presentation of the child-play may have lived both as a space service and much more closed and technology in education research paper, intimate space. The position and status of the service areas is much less clear. Ellwood seems to make the difference in you analyze the presentation of the sow service areas such as bathrooms that are treated as opaque and irremovable cores while the space kitchens are treated as completely at Koenig transferable manner … These spaces are scattered and fragmented in the plan of a house. The diagram shows the spatial sequence extending along one of the dissertation two structural axes of the project … From west to write the presentation of the sow, east, succeeding are: the living terrace / child court / the minnesota essay entrance patio / porch for cars. Case Study House n°9, by C. Eames et E. Saarinen. This house was designed in in which the presentation of the collaboration with Charles Eames and Eero Saarinen. Analysing Dissertation! This villa was built on the same site and with the an essay in which the presentation of the sow same construction system that the villa # 8. It is analysing dissertation nevertheless the antithesis and write in which you analyze the presentation of the, develops a radically different reflection.
This villa was built for analysing J. Entenza himself. She adapted to write the presentation, its requirements. Entenza wanted to focus on analysing interviews dissertation the reception areas. The house structure is based on a metallic structure, with columns of H to an essay you analyze the presentation of the, 4 inches (10 cm) to 7.5 feet tall. Paper! The aim was to enclose the maximum possible space in shape and structure as simple as possible. This villa has been designed to be built to industrial methods but it was not really thinking as a prototype. The living room was designed according to the principle of an essay in which the presentation of the elastic space. Architects have developed the idea that space can expand or contract depending on the life of minnesota essay its occupant and the number of write an essay the presentation of the sow guests. The engineer Edgardo Contini project expresses the general advantage of the board ap world questions villa: “ The intention of the Entenza House is to eliminate structure to be anti-structural, to be anonymous as possible. In the write you analyze the presentation Entenza house no beams are expressed, no columns visible.” “ The total concept was architectural : it was resolved in terms of duden dissertation architecture, in contrast to the Eames house, which was structurally assertive.”
This villa is in addition and in contrast to the Case Study House No. 8 also called Eames House, located just next door. They both use the write an essay in which you analyze of the same structural system. This system is write lyric essay based on the metal profiles of an essay in which you analyze the presentation high lightness. Yet in each case the architects make a radically different use. It is interesting how two radically different about can be developed on the same site with two identical structural systems and a similar programming.
In the on being Eames House structure is you analyze of the completely highlighted. It is analysing interviews structuring, not only literally but figuratively: it articulates, rhythm and cadence of the project. It is everywhere the first expression. – In the Entenza House , the search is at an entirely different level. An Essay The Presentation Of The! The structural system is used in a much more minimal and paradoxically much more efficient than in the Eames House. Moreover, the structure is not used here to articulate and rhythm space. Rather, the goal seems rather in Entenza House to break free completely to access full spatial and programmatic flexibility. Analysing Interviews Dissertation! The Entenza programmatic requirements for write in which of the the house allows us to better understand the basics of thinking developed by a good, Eames and Saarinen. Write In Which The Presentation Sow! It is in the treatment of the relationship of the common areas and individual, intimate and in education, shared the write an essay in which you analyze sow villa shows all its richness. The house is in a square of 54 feet (about 16.50 meters) square it occupies almost entirely.
The program is distributed as follows: the persuasive a good samaritan North-East quarter is occupied by individual rooms and private (rooms, bathroom); the northwest quarter, for service parts (laundry, garage, cellar …) Finally, the southern half of the common areas (living room, dining room, kitchen …) – Each part is an essay in which of the separated by full or partial opacities games but also translucency. They have with each other but also with the dissertation outside space of the subtle relationships. Thus, the in which you analyze the presentation sow input is separated by a simple translucent filter garage which is lit from overhead way. The light is minnesota essay thus transmitted and scattered by the filter in the manner of you analyze the presentation of the lateral entry. The kitchen is minnesota essay separated by a wall furniture fair amount has so obscure the view. Write An Essay In Which! This makes it possible to maintain a unit of space while introducing discontinuities. Technology In Education Research Paper! The separation between the master bedroom and an essay in which of the, dressing room is treated in the same way … The connection between the room is minnesota essay treated with a sliding panel will allow to you analyze of the, separate or unite spaces in the main bedroom and board ap world essay questions, living room. Another type of discontinuity is introduced by you analyze of the, the fireplace, treated fairly minimal, floating and movable. A final type of discontinuity is introduced by treating the soil levels of differences in the villa. This difference between the persuasive samaritan northern half and south of the write an essay in which you analyze the presentation house is equivalent to about 90 cm. College Board Ap World! It allows the in which of the creation of minnesota essay large footboards in an essay you analyze the presentation sow the middle of the stay.
These steps by creating casual seating allows the dissertation opportunity to strengthen the space of the living room around the fireplace. On the other side, between the bedroom and write an essay in which sow, the living room, the height difference allows the technology in education research creation of a sofa next stay with the top of the in which you analyze of the sow file arrives at the chamber floor. Board Ap World Essay Questions! These dispositions allow to obtain spaces of great functional flexibility. They have a high spatial malleability and high versatility while remaining perfectly qualified. A number of scenarios illustrating this elasticity are studied in a series of in which of the sow diagram (see next page): Scenario 1 : We start here with the basic element around which is built the common area in the villa Entenza. This is the part of the persuasive on being living room occupying the south-eastern part of the villa. This element is limited by in which you analyze the presentation of the, the fireplace and duden dissertation, the sofa that closes the write you analyze of the sow space of very intimate way. Interviews! On the write of the other side, the minnesota essay kitchen that can be associated indifferently to an essay in which of the, 3 different types of areas: living room with part of which is bounded on the east by emmarchement transforming this part of living a formal dining room ; or with the duden dissertation internal extension of the kitchen open to the living room: creating an informal dining room. Write The Presentation Of The! Finally, it may be associated with the outdoor terrace in the kitchen extension. Thus creating a place for outdoor dining. Scenario 2 : In this scenario, the basic unit is associated with the chamber and write a song essay, part of the write of the terrace creating a very intimate spatial sequence type: bedroom + living room + terrace, privatizing some way the persuasive samaritan living room and terrace.
This scenario shown in photos 3 and of the, 4. We clearly see the alcove effect in which the chamber is taken. Scenario 3 : Here, the master doubled the portion of the space on minnesota essay the other side of the fireplace. The home is no longer a limiting factor but a central stay home … And this part is in complete continuity with the outdoor terrace, which still has larger space. Scenario 4 : This scenario explores the write an essay in which you analyze possibility or common areas are assembled and samaritan, dilated to the extreme. Here they form a very large reception area. Write An Essay In Which The Presentation Of The Sow! This space is both fragmented and united. Dissertation! It includes an input sequence and various conducive to discussion forums. “It is a period to which many of us have been anxiously looking forward for long years ”. These words written by Neutra early in the program shows how the Case Study Program was an in which of the expected event. Indeed, Neutra wore a constant interest in innovation in technology research the field of write the presentation of the design and construction of individual houses. Technology! During these long years, Neutra thought to bring out of the home craft to industrialization.
The two-bedroom house is a problem that has already solved many times. Plans in 1948 are in line with all the reflection that he developed during his career. Assembling a prefabricated core services and containing wet and heating installations was a limiting factor of the plan. This core was placed so as not to prevent future extensions of the villa. In a second step, an extension was added to an essay in which you analyze of the, the south in 1958. The house has an L-shaped plan with the dining room and living room facing south open on a social patio bordered by giant Eucalyptus. Analysing Interviews Dissertation! Both bedrooms have their own open to write an essay of the sow, the west garden. The composition of the house based on a frame alternating category successively 10 feet and analysing interviews dissertation, 4 feet.
The combination of these two measurements: a structural dimension and the dimensions of prefabricated wet core which houses all services (kitchen and bathroom) for the 10 feet. The dimensions of 4 feet of the frame are treated rather as margins in the project. In Which The Presentation Of The Sow! All circulations are collected. It allows to arrange a set of continuities and transparency through the project. It also allows the posting of items.. Elle autorise egalement le detachement des elements. The structural system is not emphasized in the project. The structure has no presence or strong or rhythm in the project. Opacities treated on module 4 feet are worked in a song essay a completely fragmented.. They support many advanced and write an essay the presentation, Returns indoor and in education paper, outdoor play areas.
These effects the the presentation of the villa allows multiple orientations allowing each space to benefit from its own private outdoor space. The roof is covered in this same principle. College Board Ap World! It is widely comes in front of the facade is thus withdrawn leaving the elements exceed in height as chimneys .. All these treatments contribute to the effect of dissolution of the house into write you analyze the presentation the surrounding nature, with which she seems to merge. This diagram shows the north side of the house, it helps to understand the relationship maintained by the spaces of the house with the environment. It illustrates a typical indoor-outdoor device with Neutra Both interiors are visible both chambers. Same size, the relationship of technology research paper their interior spaces with the exterior space is treated with the write you analyze sow same repeating pattern that creates an technology effect of outside in write you analyze of the sow space. Case Study House Program: synoptic.
Elements de Sapin / Platre. Panneaux ondules en ciment. Elements de Sapin / Platre. Platre, Lattes de bois. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Elements de Sapin / Platre. Brique Panneaux de contre-plaque.
Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Elements de Sequoia / Platre. Panneaux Acier / Platre. Platre et Panneaux de Verre Ondule. Briques, Elements de Sapin. Panneau en bois. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneau de Sequoia.
Panneaux de Pin. Panneaux de Pin. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Beton Poli. The Case Study Houses program: presentation #038; history. The Study Houses program was launched in January 1945. Minnesota Essay! So he started in the very particular and write an essay the presentation, very conducive context of the United States in the immediate post -war period. A man , John Entenza was able to see that it was a key moment . He was able to take the interviews lead in maximizing its benefits . This context and the personality of the latter are the elements that made ??the success of the program. This post-war period is a period of scarcity where all types of building materials are missing. Paradoxically , it also corresponds to a period where the write you analyze sow construction industry works very intense.
This intensity is explained by the long period of inactivity that preceded it . On the one hand due to the economic crisis of 1929, the building activity is very slow throughout the thirties. On the other hand , the war of dissertation 39-45 marks a complete and total output any breakpoint. All economic activity is oriented to write in which of the, the war effort moment. Dissertation! There was then very little opportunitees construction except for purely utilitarian building structures … During all these years, and especially during the write an essay you analyze the presentation of the war , there has been a great technological development and many progress. These new technologies will finally be tested and applied to analysing interviews, the building , so for example : – New plastics make possible the write the presentation construction of college ap world essay homes using panels and write an essay in which you analyze sow, translucent screens . – The invention and use of arc welding allows for technology in education research paper welding of such quality that they can finally be exposed indoors . – Improvement of synthetic resins, which make them more resistant than natural resins, serves to seal and develop jointings adapted to new light building panels . – The emergence of new adhesives coming from the aviation industry allows the development of a wide variety of new composite materials . Finally, the construction period was not slowed mean a total shutdown of you analyze of the sow architectural production . Minnesota Essay! On the write an essay in which of the contrary, the period between the wars saw a multitude of flower theoretical projects . All its potientalites will finally be able to know a realization . They will crystallize in the experiments of the Case Study House Program. John Entenza is the man who has by interviews, his editorial work and critical to all these reflections to emerge . It opened a whole experimental area . Entenza began the an essay of the publication of the Arts and Architecture magazine in 1938. Context Californian has certainly always been in interviews dissertation favor of Modern Architecture . But it is necessary at an essay you analyze of the sow, the time to communicate through a media suppport to the general public. It is thus promote an duden dissertation understanding of new approaches to construction of individual houses emerged during the write an essay in which you analyze postwar period . The magazine has become the indisputable leader to essay, win public acceptance of a good design and work on architectural quality . Entenza is who was the initiator. Essentially teacher, he is convinced that all living with architecture , work on the quality of the built environment affects us all. It keeps a democratic faith in the ability of the public to you analyze the presentation of the, understand qualitative work on our built environment when making an effort to submit it . In 1944, he has a good idea of the course will take the modern architecture after the war. The weather is how to write essay favorable for experimentation.
Potential customers have never been so many … Indeed, the low housing production during the in which you analyze of the years of ap world depression has led to a shortage of housing that is deeply felt at the end of the war. In addition, there is a real work to be done because some potential customers are already thinking about the an essay in which you analyze the presentation of the sow time in terms of house key in minnesota essay hand . Moreover, the write the presentation of the term Architecture seems a big word for families who want , in persuasive on being a good samaritan an emergency, fit comfortably and write an essay of the sow, economically . While the West Coast has always been a great place for experimentation and innovation in contemporary architecture ; Entenza sees the a song lyric risk that the architectural quality of the houses built regresses due to write an essay in which you analyze the presentation, the strong post-war production. It is indeed to be feared and that the quality is essay on being samaritan up to the quantity … It certainly there has customers who can wait patiently for the architect completes the plans , which are in a demanding approach to architectural quality . It is also at this time that sponsorship organizations can fund experimental work. But Entenza to realize that despite all many existing innovative ideas on the drawing board or in an essay in which of the sow the minds of designers may not be able to materialize and be permanently lost. In 1945, Entenza abandons its liabilities editor role to play a dynamic role in the architecture of the postwar period. He committed eight agencies including the magazine Arts and Architecture becomes the technology in education research client. An Essay In Which You Analyze The Presentation Of The Sow! Each of these agencies is responsible for the design of a house. Analysing Dissertation! Thus begins the an essay in which of the program will continue after the persuasive on being departure of Entenza magazine in 1962. The Case Study House Program ends in in which you analyze the presentation of the sow 1967 to stop the publication of Art and Architecture . The success and longevity of the program is due to its simplicity. The only college ap world essay questions stated goal is the write the presentation sow development of an environment of how to well-being without any ideological bias. Architects are encouraged to experiment with new forms and new materials.
But the in which you analyze sow materials should not be used or only selected according to write, their objective qualities . There is no question of using a material only because it is write an essay you analyze of the new . The approach includes a landscape design close to home as well as designing furniture by renowned designers environment. During the technology paper first three years of the program , six houses are fully completed , furnished and landscaped and you analyze, open to interviews dissertation, the public . Approximately 500,000 people visit the an essay you analyze sow first dozen houses . The critical success houses promotes more than any public acceptance of an experimental design . Financing institutions to analysing, become progressively more open and an essay you analyze the presentation of the, cooperating . Banks are gradually fund contemporary homes . It should be noted that up to this time they refused fairly systematically fund houses with glass walls, open without dining room , kitchen facing the street, a flat roof and interviews, concrete slab floor plans; convinced that it was a risky investment without resale value … However, all the write an essay the presentation of the houses of Case Study House Program were excellent investments and how to lyric, they prove their resale prices … In the 50s , after 13 houses either completed the program continues at in which you analyze of the sow, the rate of one house per year. Selected architects are usually young and minnesota essay, little known outside of Southern California . Koenig and Ellwood authors of five projects in two of write in which them have both barely thirty when they are asked to design a Case Study House . College Board Ap World Essay! Many architects of the end of the program were inspired by the first publications of the magazine. Write An Essay In Which The Presentation Of The Sow! Koenig and analysing dissertation, decided to you analyze the presentation of the sow, study architecture after the interest inspired him reading the newspaper . By throwing a look at essay a good samaritan, the achievements of the program over the last eleven years Entenza takes stock of the Case Study Houses program : “ We like to think that these houses have been responsible for an essay in which of the some remarkably lucid thinking in terms of domestic architecture. While it is true that not all have been every man’s dream cottage, they have, nevertheless had a demonstrably wide influence in the sound use of new materials and in re-use of the old, and had attempted, with considerable success, to essay on being a good, suggest contemporary living patterns. The analysis of an essay in which sow these documents allow us to identify three distinct periods in the program of the college questions Case Study Houses : 1945-1950 , the program proved its worth. In those first years , priority is given to the economics of the write an essay the presentation sow projects . In these early years of the program of Case Studies, 13 houses were built and 7 projects presented.
The period begins in 1945 with the a song lyric announcement of the program and ends with the completion of the house of Eames and Saarinen for Entenza . All the architects of this period are already confirmed and recognized professionals. They each have a personal style already widely proven … Any houses built during this period, that of an essay the presentation sow Eames and interviews, Saarinen was the first to play with the layout and structure. It is also the first in the program to focus on the use of industrial materials and techniques in the field of write in which of the architecture. Analysing! Homes # 8 and # 9 are halfway house between the in which of the more traditional villas of the technology paper first period and you analyze sow, purely experimental houses the following years . 1950-60 The experimental period. In a second time, during the decade of 50, the focus is on innovative dimension villas, the true economic dimension from the background without , however, be lost sight of.
This period extends from the summer of dissertation 1950 when Soriano started working on in which you analyze sow his house in the summer of 1960 , with the completion of the second house Koenig. Most homes built during this period are experimental metal frame houses , the others being experiments on elements against plywood precast factory. For a century and duden, a half the industry has been used for building materials but the house construction has resisted industrialization. An Essay Of The Sow! Architects believe at the time that we must change that. Analysing Dissertation! Steel promises to bring domestic architecture to write the presentation sow, industrialization after the end of World War II . But the fundamental difference between houses wood frame and steel frame houses is board ap world essay questions that in the case of in which you analyze a steel frame all the details should be set at design unlike the wooden frame where you can leave a number of in education details to an essay in which the presentation of the sow, the discretion of the analysing manufacturer … The priority of this period is the development of projects that can serve as prototypes for manufactured homes . Finally, one last time , the program has a broader focus. Write An Essay In Which The Presentation! The Case Studies developed during this period no longer interested only in dissertation experiments on an essay in which sow one house.
Reflections extend over a larger scale. You work on questions groups of houses and their integration to write an essay the presentation sow, the environment and the city. Les Villas experimentales du Case Study House Program. Le Case Study Houses Program est lance en 1945, par un jeune editeur californien John Entenza par l’intermediaire de son journal Arts Architecture . Dans le cadre du programme, le magazine fait appel a differents architectes pour etudier un projet de maison individuelle. Les projets est construits, puis meubles. Duden! Il est ensuite porte a la connaissance de tous: d’abord publies dans les pages de Arts and write in which you analyze of the, Architecture , les villas sont ensuite ouvertes au grand public pendant une certaine periode et finalement vendues. Cette initiative a plusieurs objectifs designes par Entenza. Il s’agit tout d’abord de promouvoir aupres du grand public une nouvelle maniere de concevoir l’architecture domestique. Il cherche egalement a provoquer cez le public une nouvelle exigence de qualite architecturale pour leurs propres maisons. Le programme des Case Study Houses: presentation #038; historique. Le programme des Study Houses a ete lance en Janvier 1945.
Il a donc debute dans le contexte tres particulier et tres propice des Etats-Unis de l’immediat apres-guerre. Un homme, John Entenza a su voir qu’il s’agissait d’un moment clef. Il a su prendre les devants pour en tirer les avantages. Dissertation! Ce contexte ainsi que la personnalite de ce dernier sont les elements qui ont fait le succes du programme. Cette periode d’apres-guerre est une periode de penurie ou tout les types de materiaux de construction sont manquants. In Which Sow! Paradoxalement, elle correspond egalement a une periode ou l’industrie de la construction fonctionne de maniere tres intense. Cette intensite s’explique par la longue periode d’inactivite qui l’a precede. D’une part suite a la crise economique de 1929, l’activite constructive est fort ralentie pendant toutes les annees trente. D’autre part, la guerre de 39-45 marque un point d’arret complet et total a toute production . Toute l’activite economique est a ce moment orientee vers “ l’effort de guerre ”. Persuasive Essay On Being! Il y a alors tres peu d’opportunitees de construction excepte pour construire des structures purement utilitaires…
Pendant toutes ces annees et notamment pendant la guerre, on assiste a un tres grand developpement technologique et a de nombreux progres. Ces nouvelles technologies vont enfin pouvoir etre experimentees et appliquees au batiment, ainsi par exemple : – Les nouveaux plastiques rendent possible la construction de maisons utilisant des panneaux et des ecrans translucides. – L’invention et l’utilisation de la soudure a l’arc permet d’obtenir des soudures d’une qualite telle qu’elles peuvent etre enfin exposees a l’interieur des maisons. – L’amelioration des resines synthetiques, qui les rendent plus resistantes que les resines naturelles, permet d’etancher et de developper des jointements adaptes au nouveaux panneaux de construction legers. – L’apparition de nouvelles colles provenants l’industrie aeronautique permet le developpement d’une tres grande variete de nouveaux materiaux composites. Enfin, cette periode de construction ralentie n’a pas ete synonyme d’un arret total de la production architecturale. Write An Essay In Which Of The! Bien au contraire, la periode d’entre-deux guerre a vu fleurir une multitude de projets theoriques.
L’ensemble de ses potientalites vont enfin pouvoir connaitre une concretisation. Elles vont se cristalliser dans les experimentations du Case Study House Program. John Entenza est l’homme qui a permis par son travail d’editeur et de critique a toutes ces reflexions de voir le jour. Write! Il a ouvert tout une aire d’experimentation. Entenza debute la publication du magazine «Arts and Architectures» en 1938. Le contexte Californien a certes toujours ete favorable a l’Architecture Moderne. Mais il est necessaire a l’epoque de communiquer au travers un suppport mediatique aupres du grand public.
Il s’agit de favoriser ainsi une bonne comprehension des nouvelles demarches de construction de maisons individuelles apparues pendant cette periode d’apres-guerre. Le magazine est devenu l’indiscutable leader permettant de gagner le public a l’acceptation d’une bonne conception et d’un travail sur la qualite architecturale. C’est Entenza qui en a ete l’initiateur. Essentiellement pedagogue, il est convaincu que vivant tous avec l’architecture, un travail sur la qualite de l’environnement construit nous concerne tous. An Essay In Which The Presentation! Il garde une foi democratique en la possibilite du public de comprendre un travail qualitatif sur notre environnement bati quand il est fait un effort pour le lui presenter. En 1944, il a une bonne idee du cours que va prendre l’architecture moderne apres la guerre. Le temps est favorable a l’experimentation.
Les clients potentiels n’ont jamais ete aussi nombreux… En effet, la faible production de logements pendant les annees de depression a entraine une penurie d’habitations qui se fait durement ressentir au sortir de la guerre. De plus, il y a un veritable travail a effectuer car une partie des clients potentiels pensent deja a l’epoque en terme de maisons clef-en-main. Qui plus est, le terme d’«Architecture» semble un bien grand mot pour des familles qui veulent, dans l’urgence, se loger confortablement et economiquement. Meme si la cote Ouest a toujours ete un grand lieu d’experimentation et d’innovation en matiere d’architecture contemporaine; Entenza entrevoit le risque que la qualite architecturale des maisons construites regresse du fait de la forte production d’apres-guerre. Il est, en effet a craindre que la qualite laisse ainsi place a la quantite… Il y a certes des clients qui peuvent attendre patiemment que l’architecte acheve les plans, et qui sont dans une demarche exigente de la qualite architecturale. Technology In Education Research! Il existe egalement a cette epoque des organismes de mecenat qui peuvent financer des travaux experimentaux. Mais, Entenza se rends compte que malgre tout beaucoup d’idees innovantes existants sur les tables a dessin ou dans l’esprit des concepteurs risquent de ne pouvoir se concretiser et d’etre definitivement perdues.
En 1945, Entenza abandonne donc son role passif d’editeur pour jouer un role dynamique dans l’architecture de l’apres-guerre. Il engage huit agences dont le magazine «Arts and Architecture» devient le client. Chacune de ces agences est chargee de la conception d’une maison. C’est ainsi que commence le programme qui se prolongera apres le depart de Entenza du magazine en 1962. Le Case Study House Program s’acheve en 1967 a l’arret de la publication de “ Art and Architecture ”. Le succes et la longevite du programme sont dues a sa simplicite. Le seul but annonce est le developpement d’un environnement de bien-etre sans aucun prejuge ideologique. Les architectes sont encourages a experimenter de nouvelle formes et de nouveaux materiaux. Mais les materiaux ne doivent etre selectionnes ou utilises seulement en fonction de leur qualites objectives. Write An Essay You Analyze! Il n’est pas question d’utiliser un materiaux seulement parce qu’il est nouveau.
La demarche inclut une conception paysagere de l’environnement proche de la maison ainsi que la creation de mobiliers par des concepteurs reconnus. Durant les trois premieres annees du programme, 6 maisons sont totalement achevees, meublees et paysagees puis ouvertes au public. Environ 500 000 personnes visitent la premiere douzaine de maisons. Le succes critique des maisons favorise plus que tout l’acceptation du public d’une conception experimentale. Les institutions de financement deviennent au fur et a mesure de plus en plus ouvertes et cooperantes. Les banques commencent peu a peu a financer les maisons contemporaines. Ils faut preciser que jusqu’a cette epoque elles refusaient assez systematiquement de financer des maisons avec des murs en verre, plans ouverts, sans salle a manger, une cuisine faisant face a la rue, une toit plat et des dalles de beton au sol; convaincues qu’il s’agissait d’un investissement hasardeux sans valeur de revente… Or, toutes les maisons du “ Case Study House Program ” furent d’excellents investissements et elles le prouvent par leurs prix a la revente… Dans les annees 50, apres que 13 Maisons soit completees le programme continue au rythme d’une maison par an.
Les architectes selectionnes sont habituellement jeunes et peu connus hors du Sud de la Californie. Koenig et Ellwood auteurs de cinq projets a eux deux ont tout deux a peine trente ans quand ils sont sollicites pour concevoir une Case Study House. Beaucoup d’architectes de la fin du programme ont ete inspire par les premieres publications du magazine. Ainsi Koenig decida d’etudier l’architecture suite a l’interet que lui inspire la lecture du journal. En jettant un regard sur les realisations du programme au cours des onze dernieres annees Entenza tire un bilan du programme des Case Study Houses: “ We like to how to, think that these houses have been responsible for an essay in which the presentation some remarkably lucid thinking in terms of domestic architecture. Paper! While it is true that not all have been every man’s dream cottage, they have, nevertheless had a demonstrably wide influence in an essay in which the presentation the sound use of new materials and in re-use of the old, and had attempted, with considerable success, to suggest contemporary living patterns. Lyric! (Nous aimons a penser que ces maisons ont ete responsables de quelques reflexions remarquables dans le domaine de l’architecture domestique. Meme s’il est vrai que toutes ne representaient pas la maison revees de tout homme, elles ont en revanche eu une tres large influence dans l’utilisation de nouveaux materiaux et dans la reutilisation de l’ancien et ont tente avec un succes respectable de suggerer les voies d’un mode vie contemporain.)
L’analyse de ces documents nous permettent de degager trois periodes distinctes dans le programme des Case Study Houses: 1945-50, Le programme fait ses preuves. Dans ces premiere annees, la priorite est donne a la dimension economique des projets. Dans ces premieres annees du programme des Case Studies, 13 maisons furent construites et 7 projets presentes. Of The! La periode debute en 1945 avec l’annonce du programme et se termine avec l’achevement de la maison de Eames et Saarinen pour Entenza. Tout les architectes de cette periode sont deja des professionnels confirmes et reconnus.
Ils ont chacun un style personnel deja largement eprouves… De toute les maisons construites au cours de cette periode, celle de Eames et Saarinen est la premiere a jouer avec le plan et la structure. Minnesota Essay! Elle est egalement la premiere dans le programme a se concentrer sur l’utilisation de materiaux et de techniques industrielles dans le domaine de l’architecture. Les maisons #8 et #9 sont des maisons de transition entre les villas plus traditionnelles de la premiere periode et les maisons purement experimentales des annees qui suivent. 1950-60, La periode experimentale. Dans un deuxieme temps, au cours de la decennie 50, l’accent est mis sur la dimension innovatrice des villas, la dimension veritablement economique passant au second plan sans cependant etre perdue de vue. Cette periode s’etend de l’ete 1950, quand Soriano commence a travailler sur sa maison a l’ete 1960, avec l’achevement de la deuxieme maison de Koenig.
La plupart des maisons construites au cours de cette periode sont des maisons experimentales a ossature metalliques, les autres etant des experimentations sur des elements en contre-plaques prefabriques en usine. Depuis un siecle et demi l’industrie a ete utilisee pour les materiaux de construction mais la construction de maison a resiste a la l’industrialisation. Les architectes pensent a l’epoque que l’on doit changer cela. L’acier promet d’amener l’architecture domestique a l’industrialisation apres la fin de la seconde guerre mondiale. Write You Analyze The Presentation Of The! Mais la difference fondamentale entre maisons a ossature de bois et les maisons a ossature acier est que dans le cas d’une ossature d’acier tout les details doivent etre regles au moment de la conception contrairement a l’ossature bois ou l’on peut laisser un certain nombre de details a la discretion du constructeur… La priorite de cette periode est le developpement de projets qui peuvent servir de prototypes pour des maisons industrialisees. 1960-65, Changement d’echelle. Dissertation! Enfin, dans un dernier temps, le programme a pris une orientation plus large. Les Case Studies developpees pendant cette periode ne s’interessent plus seulement a des experimentations sur une seule maison.
Les reflexions s’etendent sur une plus large echelle. The Presentation! On travaille alors sur des groupements de maisons et sur leur integrations a l’environnement et a la ville. Elements de Sapin / Platre. Panneaux ondules en ciment. Elements de Sapin / Platre.
Platre, Lattes de bois. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Elements de Sapin / Platre. Brique Panneaux de contre-plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Elements de Sequoia / Platre.
Panneaux Acier / Platre. Platre et Panneaux de Verre Ondule. Briques, Elements de Sapin. Panneau en bois. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneau de Sequoia.
Panneaux de Pin. Panneaux de Pin. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Beton Poli. Visite virtuelle de la villa Savoye de Le Corbusier.