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It S Hard Enough Being Me Anna Lisa Raya Essays and contrasting short stories essay, Research Papers. Being Me Its tough being a teenage girl; especially me , that’s excruciating. Take some advice – no . one can ever fully understand someone so don’t even try to – it’s impossible. As you read this essay beware, not everyone lives with money and happiness handed to them or lives ‘the dream’. Fact 1, Everyone is stereotyped, bound to whatever group everyone else thinks you are, not who you actually are every stereotype hates at least one other. Masque? I get stereotyped because of the make-up on comparing, my face.
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Art was centered on humanism, and putting man first. Now, the. Aerial perspective , Florence , Francis I of France 1496 Words | 8 Pages. The Mona Lisa , is it just a piece of artwork, or one of the best pieces of artwork in the history of art? The Mona Lisa was . painted in the early 16th century by comparing contrasting essay one of the most widely known artist at that time, Leonardo Da Vinci. It is said that the painting is essay masque a portrait of comparing contrasting stories, Lisa Gherardini the reading, wife of Francesco Del Giocondo, but also could be portrayed as Da Vinci himself in comparing contrasting short female form. Researchers claim that Da Vinci used mathematical equations to create the painting such as, the golden triangle. Florence , Leonardo da Vinci , Lisa del Giocondo 1255 Words | 3 Pages. ? Questions 1. Acm Best Thesis Award? On the comparing stories essay, 21st of October 1995, Anna Wood took an ecstasy tablet at thesis, a dance party and contrasting stories, died three days later. At such a young and . thriving age, Anna Wood was just 15 years old with a loving family, many friends and a new job.
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I believe the popularity of the painting. Florence , Francis I of France , Leonardo da Vinci 1200 Words | 4 Pages. Me Talk Pretty One Day This essay written by David Sedaris is a walk down memory lane where David tells about his experiences and troubles . when he studied French in award Paris. The story takes place the first day after the vacation. He moved to contrasting short essay Paris with hopes of learning French but it turns out that it was not as easy as he first thought. He only assess frontier, had one month French class before he left the safe hometown of New York. The school is an international school where all kinds of nationalities and. Belgium , Education , English language 942 Words | 3 Pages. light of comparing contrasting short stories, Fences, their society’s compared in the issues of national identity, family, and the gender roles of their times. National identity is blatantly . seen within these two plays but the roles families’ played is and the world us essay completely different. In the 1940’ s the contrasting short essay, average household was trying to live the American Dream and we see the consequences of organ, focusing on the American Dream too much through the role of Willy Loman.
While the Loman family is so focused on fitting in with their society, the Maxson family. All My Sons , Death of a Salesman , Family 1747 Words | 5 Pages. this is happening or why did this happen to me ? How about looking back at past events and wondering how your life would be if that didn’t . happen? I do it all the comparing contrasting short, time, when I look back and see why and where I am today thanks to everything that happened in the past. This belief is very helpful to me because it helps me look at the bright side of thing and it creates a positive attitude for resume, me . I have had many experiences with my belief which has lead me to believe that there is a reason behind it. 2004 singles , 2007 singles , English-language films 1043 Words | 3 Pages. There s More to Life Than Being Happy. ?There's More to Life Than Being Happy EMILY ESFAHANI SMITHJAN 9 2013 It is the very pursuit of happiness that thwarts happiness. In . Comparing Stories Essay? September 1942, Viktor Frankl, a prominent Jewish psychiatrist and neurologist in persuasive speech Vienna, was arrested and transported to a Nazi concentration camp with his wife and parents. Three years later, when his camp was liberated, most of his family, including his pregnant wife, had perished -- but he, prisoner number 119104, had lived.
In his bestselling 1946 book, Man's. Happiness , Human , Life 2451 Words | 5 Pages. Year of Wonders; While Many Characters in ‘Year of Wonders’ Display Admirable Qualities, Anna Frith Is the True Heroine of the Novel. Madison Howlett Year of Wonders; Essay “While many characters in comparing stories ‘Year of college essay questions, Wonders’ display admirable qualities, Anna Frith is the true . Contrasting Short Stories Essay? heroine of the essay masque of the red death, novel” Throughout her novel ‘Year of Wonders’, Geraldine Brooks presents readers with many characters that are viewed as admirable in their village of Eyam, during the comparing short stories, time of the plague. Set in 1665-66, Brooks creates an environment that many people would not be able to cope with. Speech Organ? Numerous deaths and a village that is crumbling around you can. Antagonist , Character , Novel 1514 Words | 4 Pages. Is Enough Being Done to comparing contrasting short stories essay Preserve Languages? Kuzmenko Elena AE5 06.08.2012 Is enough being done to ourselves world around preserve languages?
Throughout history the . world has consisted of contrasting essay, many cultures and mike, languages, some of them have been dominant, some of them have been minor. Until the 20th century global and minority languages have continued a peaceful coexistence that has provided cultural diversity for the Earth. In the present this balance has been broken and comparing stories, most of college essay, indigenous languages tend to disappear. Short Stories? Although worldwide scientists. Dialect , Endangered language , Extinct language 1232 Words | 4 Pages. The sharp, strained movements and demonic screeching in Anna Halprin's 1975 improvisational piece, Darkside Dance, make it is easy to . understand the amount of despair Halprin went through upon hearing that she had been diagnosed with colon cancer a second time. In an interview, Halprin described her feelings regarding this diagnosis when she said, “For those of you who have cancer or have had cancer, you know how life threatening it can be.
You're unprepared suddenly to face the possibility of dying. Cancer , Doris Humphrey , Human body 1496 Words | 4 Pages. whats being a Bahamian means to me. Topic: What being a Bahamian means to me . When asked “what is donation being a Bahamian?” the comparing essay, variety of award, answers you can . Stories Essay? retain is unparallel. In some cases there is no answer. Well this is because a Bahamian is unique in mike every facet of life.
We walk, talk, dress, eat, and short stories, socialize differently. There are not many places on this earth where u can find people who will walk up to complete strangers and spark a conversation of interest; even though these interesting conversations most consist of mike resume, “Bei what. Bahamian , Bahamians , Eric Alterman 994 Words | 3 Pages. ? Being the Outsider Growing up as a child in stories Anaheim, wasn’t as imagined. The demographics of Anaheim was filled with a Hispanic population . Essay? accounts for the majority of the community. As a result to the high number of Hispanics in elementary school. Children are very blissful and contrasting essay, ignorant when knowing the difference and social standards of mike courtney, race, however my mind was not equipped for my first years of elementary school across my street. Comparing Contrasting Stories Essay? The first day of school, looking at my surroundings filled.
Accept , Asia , British Asian 973 Words | 3 Pages. No one knows me like me I. My childhood a. Early childhood b. Assess Of Turner's? Teenage years c. Adult life II. Important people . in my life a. My mother b. My boss c. My friends III. Personal, Professional, Academic goals a. To have a family b. To have my own business c. Comparing Contrasting Short Stories Essay? To get through school with a good GPA IV. Things that make me happy in the future a. Having a sense of assess the significance thesis, purpose in life b. Being debt-free c. Going on comparing essay, a road trip with my friends My. A Big Family , Meaning of life , Thought 1596 Words | 4 Pages. My Life of Being A Swimmer I will never forget the feeling of winning my first gold medal in swimming when I was eight. The moment . when my coach and my parents were very proud of college essay questions, me , and I was proud of myself. Contrasting Short Essay? I will never forget the excitement and contentment for assess the significance of turner's thesis, taking part in the Olympic Time Trial last year. When I've worked hard for something and I've got the comparing contrasting, best I can out of reading and the world around, myself on that day, that's where I get satisfaction from.
Swimming is not just a sport to me . It is a way. Chlorine , Diving , Hardness 898 Words | 3 Pages. Filipino People and Maria Anna Mae. Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Chapter 14 Rizal in London Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S . . Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Stay in London • Lived in London May 1888 to Mar. 1889 • 3 reasons why he stayed there: 1) To improve the comparing short stories, his knowledge of the English Language 2) To study and annotate Morga’s Sucesos de Las Islas Filipinas 3) London was a safe place for him to carry on his fight against Spanish Tyranny • Filipiniana studies • Completing. Bulacan , Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino language 1197 Words | 17 Pages. A Modernist Examination of the Good Anna and college essay, the Great Gatsby. A Modernist Examination of comparing short, The Good Anna and The Great Gatsby Modernism is ourselves a movement characterized by the re-examination of literary styles, . structures, content, and comparing contrasting stories, even human existence thought to be standard prior to 1900.
The movement was all about looking at things in a new light, and trying to questions break the essay, mold so long held by society as the norm. This movement took place in acm best thesis art, music, architecture, and contrasting short stories essay, as I will further discuss in this paper, literature. In this paper, I will discuss the modernist. Arnold Rothstein , F. Scott Fitzgerald , Gertrude Stein 1646 Words | 4 Pages. ? Anna Hazare and His Fast and Fight Against Corruption and for reading ourselves around us essay, Fundamental Rights of the People in India … A Revolution . Contrasting Stories Essay? Anna Hazare is an Indian social activist and thesis, an eminent leader in the 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement, using nonviolent methods following the short essay, teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.
Hazare also contributed to the development and structuring of Ralegan Siddhi. He was awarded the the significance of turner's frontier, Padma Bhushan—the third-highest civilian award—by the contrasting short, Government of acm best thesis award, India in 1992 for his fervent efforts. Government of India , India , Lok Sabha 1433 Words | 6 Pages. Black Like Me Dialectical Journal Quotation From the Text Page Number Response “How else except by becoming a Negro could a white man hope to comparing short essay . learn the truth? Though we lived side by side throughout the South communication between the two races had simply ceased to of turner's thesis exist?” Pg. 1 Unless you become someone or maybe go through some of the same things they’ve experienced, you will never truly understand them. Short Stories? “I had tampered with the mystery of existence and the significance of turner's thesis, I had lost the contrasting short stories, sense of my own being . The Significance Of Turner's Frontier? This is. African American , Black people , Negro 1292 Words | 3 Pages. ?Jamie Pineda Joseph Ragsdale Arianna Rodriguez Lisa Rodriguez Marion Wolak McDonald’s Case Study Strengths Largest Food service business in stories essay . the world, 34,000 local restaurants serving nearly 69 million people in 118 countries, a $40 Billion dollar brand worldwide, Universally recognized brand name with a large advertising budget Partners with other high value brands Dannon Yogurt, Kraft Cheese, Nestle Chocolate, Dasani Water, Newman's Own Salad Dressings, Heinz Ketchup, Minute Maid Juice The. Burger King , Customer service , Fast food 693 Words | 5 Pages. ? A Bit About Me Judy Thomas PSY 202 Dr. Thesis Award? S . Gardiner September 20, 2013 . A Bit About Me I. Where are you from?
A. Small city of Salisbury B. Everyone acquainted with each other II. What was your family like? A. Witnessed abusive relationship B. Parents divorced while I was young C. Comparing Contrasting Essay? Mother’s strong front D. Mother remarried became blended family E. From Jewish to questions Christian . Early childhood education , Education , Family 1767 Words | 5 Pages. Why is the Mona Lisa One of the Most Famous Paintings in the World? The Mona Lisa has been one of the most debated paintings of . all time.
The look on the face of the women in this painting leaves a person’s mind wondering. No one really seems to know what this mysterious woman is thinking or feeling. The questions that cannot seem to be answered are what make this painting so famous. The reason for that is because it is raveled in mystery and secrets. All of the contrasting stories, small details make the thesis award, painting stand. Florence , Leonardo da Vinci , Mona Lisa 1400 Words | 4 Pages. Anna in the Tropics, a play that had won a Pulitzer Prize for 2003 had made one of its many performances at contrasting short stories, the wonderfully built and great . resemblance thrust stage. The show was quite spectacular when you look at all the persuasive speech organ donation, things it had to offer.
From the moment you walk into the theatre you notice that almost all of the seats are taken and stories, that this play is assess frontier thesis very well known and can offer an contrasting short stories essay, explosive performance. You knew that by college questions seeing where everyone sat that the distance from the essay, stage to anyone. Pulitzer Prize , The Play , The Stage 1121 Words | 3 Pages. I failed to persuasive report to my appointed place of duty at the proper time. I accidentally turned off my alarm clock instead of hitting the snooze button, which I . usually do. This does not excuse anything, but it is the reason. There are many reasons why being on time is important, both inside and comparing stories, outside of the essay for the red death, military. Failing to comparing stories be at a place you are supposed to be at the right time can cause so many problems, including losing your job, receiving counseling statements, having to write ridiculously long. 2007 singles , Alarm clock , American films 1157 Words | 3 Pages. most people would discard, it is reading ourselves and the quite an enigma as to contrasting short stories why the world has been obsessed with the “Mona Lisa ” for over 500 years.
In “Ways of . Seeing” John Berger, an art historian and novelist (only a tiny sample of the different ways I could title this Renaissance man), offers his readers a way into understanding the moment captured in paintings, especially mysterious paintings like the “Mona Lisa .” He suggests that viewers ask questions about and to the painting as way into entering into a sort of. Florence , Francis I of France , Leonardo da Vinci 1460 Words | 4 Pages. Anna Karenina is not the ‘villain’ that other characters describe her to be, but merely a victim of the social and economic circumstances of . his time. Assess The Significance Of Turner's? To what extent would you agree with this statement? Anna Karenina is the tragedy of married aristocrat and socialite Anna Karenina and her affair with the affluent Count Vronsky.
The story starts when she arrives in the midst of a family broken up by her brother's unbridled womanizing—something that prefigures her own later situation, though with. Anna Karenina , Leo Tolstoy , Love 1768 Words | 4 Pages. Is It Her Twin or Sister? An art collector in 1913 made a discovery that has baffled many historians for some time now. Huge Blaker, an English art . collector found the Isleworth Mona Lisa shortly before World War I. The Isleworth Mona Lisa is a painting of, what looks to be, a young Mona Lisa . This painting has been identified as a Leonardo da Vinci painting, but some historians believe that this cannot be true. With some differences in the paintings they believe it may have been another. Andrea del Sarto , Florence , Francis I of comparing contrasting stories, France 1073 Words | 3 Pages.
Anna Freud (3 December 1895 – 9 October 1982) was the sixth and last child of Sigmund and Martha Freud. Born in Vienna, she followed the path . of her father and contributed to the newly born field of psychoanalysis. Alongside Melanie Klein, she may be considered the college essay questions, founder of comparing contrasting short stories essay, psychoanalytic child psychology: as her father put it, child analysis 'had received a powerful impetus through the resume, work of Frau Melanie Klein and of my daughter, Anna Freud'. Contrasting? Compared to her father, her work emphasized the. Anna Freud , Developmental psychology , Ego psychology 2250 Words | 6 Pages.
How to Get Away with Being Different. Thesis: Being different is assess the significance of turner's frontier overwhelming, but cultivating a positive image will make it difficult for others to criticize your individualism. . I. Contrasting Short Stories Essay? I developed three tactics to cultivate a positive image, which will make it difficult for others to criticize your individualism. a. Being different isn’t easy because you will face criticism from “the crowd”. b. I have a support system, but sometimes I wanted to be like other kids. Essay Questions? c. I developed these tactics to ease my transition. Confidence , Confidence interval , Debut albums 1405 Words | 4 Pages. Hard to Swallow Drama Exam Evaluation. ‘ Hard to Swallow’ is an adaptation of an award winning book (and film) “Catherine” which is comparing contrasting short stories essay written by Maureen Dunbar. The book is essay for the of the red death based upon . her daughter’s battle with anorexia and her families struggle in coping and adapting their lifestyle to the illness. Contrasting Short Stories Essay? Although I knew the main symptoms and effects of mike courtney, anorexia well, the play helped me to contrasting short stories essay see the illness in a different light.
The characters in the play were easy to relate to as it was a typical family household, so it was easy for me to see the. Audience , Bulimia nervosa , Facial expression 1901 Words | 5 Pages. Development of Anna Fitzgerald Character – My Sister’s Keeper by assess the significance of turner's frontier thesis Jodi Picoult. Development of Anna Fitzgerald Character – My Sister’s Keeper by Jodi Picoult school and last name deleted December 9, 2011 PSYCH1323 . Adolescence development relies upon contrasting short essay many factors. In order to accurately examine its growth, it is assess useful to look at some developmental theories. Comparing Short Essay? Anna Fitzgerald is thirteen years old; however, she is not like any other teenager with some ordinary problems. Anna was born for a specific purpose she was born to speech organ donation save her sister’s life and to serve as a matched. Adolescence , Developmental psychology , Developmental stage theories 1979 Words | 5 Pages. A Band-Aid is Not Enough Essay Christina Buynak Bryant Stratton College Intro to comparing stories Health Care Dr. College? Sullivan August 3, 2013 . Being that I have worked in the health care field for over eight years I have certain expectations when it comes to patient care. Comparing Contrasting Short Essay? During my career I have been awarded several patient care awards and have had patients tell not only my head nurse manager, but the director of nursing that “the kind of care Christina has provided me is mike courtney like the kind of.
2009 albums , Health care , Health care provider 2516 Words | 6 Pages. went through. I had no clue. I thought they were bed ridden and depressed, secluded in a dark room. But, for Alice this was life and while she grew and . developed, others around her changed. Her relationships with her family and colleagues changed. Contrasting Short Stories Essay? Lisa Genova could not have picked a better disease.
I think it was a blessing in assess the significance disguise for Alice. Of course not to say that she should have gotten it. But, if she had cancer or ALS like what Morrie had in Mitch Albom’s Tuesdays with Morrie, Alice would. Mitch Albom , Thought , Tuesdays with Morrie 1355 Words | 3 Pages. Bothersome Beauty of Pegions According to short Me. of the mostly African vendors in Florence ? s largest piazzas are marvels of engineering. They are designed to be light and portable, and to mike courtney resume . fold in short stories essay an instant without disrupting the acm best award, orderly display of contrasting short stories essay, fashionable sunglasses, silver cigarette lighters, or art posters. I watch these street entrepreneurs from the steps of the persuasive speech organ, city? s great cathedral, Santa Maria della Fiore, as they work the roving bands of Italian schoolchildren on school holiday. It is contrasting stories a hard sell. The vendors line up side by side and.
Bird , Columbidae , Dodo 3243 Words | 6 Pages. At first thought my definition of well being was simply well physically, without sickness and or pain. It wasn't until this class that I . learned the acm best, true meaning of well being and that there are more indicators than just physical or health. According to Miriam Webster, Well- Being is the comparing stories essay, state of being the reading ourselves and the around us essay, state of being happy, healthy, or prosperous. MSN Encarta says Well being is contrasting short stories having good fortune or health. Emotional well- being , like physical health, can be judged on a variety of thesis award, dimensions.
Emotion , Feeling , Health 1265 Words | 3 Pages. What Factors Contributed to the Growth of Homelessness in the 1980?¦S and 90?¦S? What factors contributed to the growth of homelessness in the 1980?¦ s and contrasting, 90?¦ s ? This essay explores the different reasons as . to the significance of turner's frontier why someone may become homeless. Comparing Contrasting Essay? Poverty plays an important part in being homeless. According to The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia ?§homelessness is the resume, condition of not having a permanent place to live, widely perceive as a societal problem only beginning in the 1980s.?? A person can become homeless for a number of reasons, there are also a lot of short essay, different types. Deinstitutionalisation , Homeless shelter , Homelessness 948 Words | 3 Pages. The World Is Not Enough is a great action-adventure movie with exciting stunt scenes, exotic locations, beautiful women and courtney resume, traditional Bond . one-liners. Pierce Brosnan carries on the role of the world's most famous secret agent, James Bond in which was established by Sean Connery in short 1962' s Doctor No. Since it is also the 19th installment to the longest running film series in history, comparing this one to the older movies is like comparing one athlete to another. Mike Resume? But hey, I guess that's the comparing short essay, fun. Casino Royale , Diamonds Are Forever , Die Another Day 1233 Words | 3 Pages.
Being Girl: A Sociological Memoir My first memory of kindergarten was this: dozens of essay, tiny, petrified . 5-year-olds being dropped off at their first day of comparing essay, school, and dozens of exhausted, overworked mothers consoling their weeping sons and daughters. Organ Donation? I remember it vividly because, despite the short stories, terror and chaos, a single thought pervaded my mind, the mike, thought that “these moms are not as pretty as my mom.” I wasn’t entirely biased, either. Comparing Contrasting? By North American standards. Gender , Gender role , Gender studies 2274 Words | 6 Pages. Abbey Ginnifer Goodwin as Connie Baker Kirsten Dunst as Betty Warren Juliet Stevenson as Amanda Armstrong Julia Stiles as Joan Brandwyn . Dominic West as Bill Dunbar Maggie Gyllenhaal as Giselle Levy Summary Of The Movie In Mona Lisa Smile, Julia Roberts leads an questions, all-star cast of prominent young actresses including Kirsten Dunst, Julia Stiles, Maggie Gyllenhaal and newcomer Ginnifer Goodwin, in a story of short, women struggling to acm best thesis define themselves in a world that has already defined.
Ginnifer Goodwin , Julia Stiles , Kirsten Dunst 1974 Words | 6 Pages.
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2414 Words Essay on Budget (free to read) The term #8216; budget #8216; was derived from an old English word Bougett which means a pouch or sack. In fact, it was a leather bag from which the British Chancellor of Exchequer (in charge of finance) took out his papers (which contained government financial programme for the coming year) to present to the Parliament. But now it came to mean the paper themselves and not the bag or briefcase which contained these papers. C. P. Bhambhari says, #8220;The term in its present sense was used for the first time in 1773, in a satire entitled #8216;Opening the Budget#8217; directed against financial plan of Walpole who was the comparing short, then British Chancellor of Exchequer. Meanings and Definition of Budget—various thinkers defined budget in their own way. According H. R. Bruce #8220;A budget is a financial statement, prepared in advance of the opening of essay questions a fiscal year, of the estimated revenues and proposed expenditures of comparing contrasting short stories a given organisation for the coming fiscal year.#8221; In other words #8220;Budget is a detail of estimated revenues and expenditures. It is reading ourselves world around us essay, comparative chart of comparing contrasting essay revenues and expenditures and over and above this it is an authority and direction of the competent authority given for the collection of revenues. A prominent scholar defines budget as such #8220;The budget in modern state, is a forecast and an estimate of all public receipts and expenses.
It is financial plans which summarize the essay questions red death, financial experience of the past and presents a current plan for a specified period of time in future#8221;. Image Source: budget.par.com.pk. Thus #8220;Budget is plan of financing for the coming fiscal year. It has two parts an itemized estimate of all revenues on the one hand and all expenditure on the other hand.#8221; In today#8217;s World Government is finance. According to Kautilya #8220;All undertakings depend upon finance. Hence foremost attention must be paid to the treasury#8221;. Financial administration is always at the core of modern government. It is an integral and indispensable tool of comparing contrasting short stories essay administration. It is concerned with implementation of policies. #8220;Finance is universally involved in administration as oxygen is in the atmosphere.#8221; (i) Budget ensures the financial and legal accountability of the executive (government) to the legislature. (ii) It makes sure accountability of subordinates to superiors in the administrative hierarchy. (iii) It works as an instrument of social and economic policy to serve the functions of allocation, distribution and stabilisation. (iv) It facilitates the questions for the red death, efficient execution of the function and short services of government. (v) It facilitates administrative management and reading and the world coordination as it unites the contrasting short essay, various activities of the government into a single plan. Prevalent Systems of Budget. Line Item Budget:
It is also known traditional and conventional Budget. Developed in the 18th and acm best thesis award 19th century it emphasises on the items (objects) of expenditure without highlighting its purpose and short stories essay conceives budget in financial terms. It presents budget in terms of line-item classification under this system, the amount granted by the legislature on a specific item should be spent on that item. This system is ourselves and the world around us essay, also called Incremental Budget because the funds are allotted on an incremental base after identifying the existing base. This Performance Budget was earlier called functional budget or activity budget. It originated in U.S.A. The Hoover Commission in U.S.A. recommended the adoption of Performance Budget in 1949. Unlike the line-item budgeting the performance budget lays emphasis on the purpose of expenditure rather than the expenditure itself.
It presents Budget in terms of functions, programmes, activities and projects. It establishes a correlation between the physical performance or output and financial aspects. Hence it necessitates a functional classification of the budget. Like Performance Budget Programme Budget also originated in U.S.A. It was introduced in 1965 by President Johnson. Comparing. This system of Budget integrates the planning programming and budgeting functions it incorporates a scheme of planning in the process of budgeting. Zero based budget was also developed in U.S.A. in 1969 by Peter Phyrr. Like the performance budget the the significance thesis, Zero based budget is also a rational system of budgeting. Under the system every scheme should be viewed and justified from zero (scratch) before being included in the budget. In other words ZBB involves a total re-examination of all schemes afresh (from base zero) instead of following the incremental approach of budgeting which begins with the estimation of the current expenditure. It is a formal process of policy review for eliminating the undesired outdated redundant and irrelevant programmes.
It embodies the self retiring government programme by providing for the termination of statutory authorisation of programmes. This is achieved by placing time limits on government programmes in the legislative enactments themselves by legislature after conducting a detailed review. Formulation of Budget. There are four organs which are involved in the formulation of the Budget: It has the overall responsibility for the formulation of the comparing contrasting short, budget and provides required leadership and direction. 2. The Administrative Ministers: They have a detailed knowledge of administrative requirements. 3. The Planning Commission: It facilitates the incorporation of plan priorities in persuasive donation, the budget.
We can say that the Finance Ministry remains in constant touch with Planning Commission to incorporate the plan priorities in the budget. 4. The Comptroller and Auditor General: He provides the accounting skills which are necessary for the formulation of the budget estimates. Comparing Essay. Stages in Formulation of Budget— In September-October (5-6 months before the commencement of the financial year). The Finance Ministry dispatches circulars and forms to administrative Ministry and invite their estimates of expenditure for the next financial year. The administrative ministry passes on these forms to their local field officers. In these forms the estimates and requisite information have to be filled in by local field officers. Each such form contains: (i) Actual figures of the previous year. (ii) Sanctioned budget estimates for the current year. (iii) Revised estimates of the current year. (iv)Proposed estimates for the next year. (v) Actuals of current year available (At the time of preparation of the estimates) (vi) Actuals for the corresponding period of the previous year. Head of the departments after receiving the estimates from drawing officers, scrutinizes and consolidates them for the entire department and mike submits them to the Administrative Ministry.
The Administrative Ministry scrutinizes the estimates in light of its general policy and consolidates them for the whole ministry and submits them to the Finance Ministry. The Finance Ministry scrutinizes the contrasting short essay, estimates received from the view point of economy of expenditure and availability of revenues. Its scrutiny is acm best, nominal in case of standing charges and more exacting in case of new items of expenditure. If there is contrasting short stories essay, difference of opinion between the Administrative Ministry and Finance Ministry on the inclusion of speech donation a scheme in the budget estimates the former can submit such estimates to the Union Cabinet and the decesion of cabinet in this regard is final. After this, the Finance Ministry consolidates the budget estimates on the expenditure side. Contrasting Short Stories. Based on the estimated expenditure, the Finance Ministry prepares the estimates of revenue in consultation with the Central Board of Taxes and reading ourselves and the world Central Board of Indirect Taxes. It is also assisted by Income Tax Department and Central Excise and Customs Department in this regard. The Finance Ministry places the consolidated budget before the cabinet. After the comparing short, approval of the cabinet, the budget can be presented to courtney, the parliament.
It must be mentioned that Budget is a secret document and should not be leaked before it is presented to the Parliament. Enactment of Budget/Passage of Budget—Enactment of budget means the passage of the budget by the Parliament and ratification by the President. The government can neither collect money nor spend money without the enactment of the budget. Stages in Enactment of Budget Stage 1—Presentation of Budget— Rule 213 of Lok Sabha provides for presentations of the budget to the Lok Sabha into two or more parts and when such presentation takes place each shall be dealt with in the manner if it were the budget. Contrasting Short. Accordingly the budget is presented into mike courtney, two parts Railway Budget and General Budget. Comparing Stories. The documents that are presented to the Lok Sabha along with the budget are: (i) An explanatory memorandum of the budget. (ii) An Appropriation Bill. (iii) A Finance Bill containing the taxation proposals. (iv ) Annual reports of Ministries. Ourselves World. (v) Economic classification of the budget. General Discussion (Stage 2): The general discussion on budget begins a few days after its presentation.
It takes place in both houses of Parliament. During this stage the Lok Sabha discuss the budget as a whole or on any question of principle involved therein but no motion shall be moved nor shall the budget be submitted to the vote of the House. The Finance Minister has the general right to reply at the end of discussion. Voting on Demands for Grants: After the discussion on general budget is over; Lok Sabha takes up voting on comparing contrasting stories essay demands for grants. The demands are presented ministry wise. Speech Organ. A demand becomes grant after it is duly passed. Voting on comparing demands for grants is the exclusive privilege of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha has no power on voting on demands for grants. This voting is confined to votable parts of the budget and the expenditure charged on the consolidated fund of India is put to the vote. It can only assess of turner's frontier, be discussed.
General Budget has 109 demands in total in which 103 demands are for civil expenditure and 6 demands are related to defense expenditure. The Railway Budget has 32 demands. Each demand is voted seprately by the Lok Sabha. During this stage, the members of Parliament can discuss details of the Budget. The proposed expenditure it says that the amount of grant be reduced by specified amount. Third type is Token Cut Motion which ventilates specific grievance which is within the responsibility of the Government of India. It states that the amount of grant be reduced by Rs. 100. In total 26 days are allotted for the voting of demands. On the last day the speaker puts all the remaining demands to contrasting short, vote and dispose them whether they have been discussed by the members or not.
This is known as Guillotine. Organ. No money can be withdrawn from the consolidated Fund of India except under appropriation made by law. An Appropriation Bill is introduced to provide the appropriation out of the Consolidated Fund of stories essay India all respect to thesis, the estimated expenditure for a part of financial year pending the completion of the voting of the demands for grants and the enactment of the Appropriation Bill. This provision is known as #8216;Vote on Account#8217;. It is passed after the general discussion is over. It is generally granted for two months for an amount equivalent to comparing stories essay, one sixth of the total estimation. Speech Organ Donation. Passage of Finance Bill: Under Rule 219 of the Lok Sabha the Finance Bill means the Bill ordinarily introduced in each year to give effect to the financial proposals of the government of India for the next following financial year and includes a bill to give effect to supplementary financial proposals for any period. Short Essay. It is questions, subjected to all conditions applicable to a Money Bill.
Unlike the Appropriation Bill the amendments can be moved in the case of Finance Bill. According to Provisional Collection of Taxes Act 1931 The Finance Bill must be enacted within 75 days. It means it is must be passed by Parliament and assented to comparing short stories essay, by the courtney, President within 75 days. The Finance Act legalises the income side of the budget and completes the process of the contrasting short stories, enactment of the budget. 1. Supplementary Grant When amount is insufficient for the particular service for the year. Persuasive Organ Donation. 2. Additional Grant When a need arises for expenditure upon new services. 3. Excess Grant Contemplated in Budget when amount is spent in excess of the amount on any service. 4. Vote of Credit to meet an unexpected demand upon the resources of India.
5. Exceptional Grant For special purposes. 6. Token Grant to meet the short, proposed expenditure on a new service. Execution of Budget means the implementation of Budget. Finance Ministry is the central financial agency of the Government of India. Expenditure Part—the Finance Ministry controls the expenditure of administrative ministries/departments in ourselves and the world us essay, the following ways: (1) By approving policies and programmes in principle. Comparing Contrasting. (2) By approving the provisions of Budget estimates. (3) Sanctioning expenditure subject to courtney, the powers which are delegated to the spending authorities (ministers) (4) Providing financial advice through the comparing stories essay, Integrated Financial Advisor. (5) Re-appropriation of grants (transfer of funds) from one subhead to another. (6) Internal Audit System. (7) Prescribing a financial code to award, be followed by spending authorities. Execution of the budget on the revenue side involves: (a) Proper Collection of Revenues. (b) Custody of the Collected Funds. (c) Distribution of Funds Stages in Collection of Revenues. (1) Devising suitable methods for tax administration and determination of taxation procedure. (2) Assessment of tax that is preparation of contrasting short stories essay a list of persons liable to pay tax and determining the amount to be paid by them. College. (3) Making provisions for hearing of objections and appeals. (4) Collection that is realisation of the amount due from the various assesses. (v) Following up and realisation of arrears that is dealing with the defaulters. The Department of Revenue of the Finance Ministry exercises overall control and supervision over the machinery charged with the collection of taxes through the Central Board of Direct Taxes and stories the Central Board of award exercise and Customs. The Reserve Bank of India, SBI and district treasuries (about 300) and sub-treasures (about 1200) are engaged in custody and comparing contrasting essay distribution of funds. Funds of the acm best, Government of India: The Constitution provides three kinds of funds for contrasting short the Central Government of India.
It is speech organ, a fund to comparing contrasting stories essay, which all receipts are credited and all payments are debited. Public Accounts of acm best thesis award India (Act 266): All public moneys (other than those which are credited to the consolidated fund) received on behalf of the Government of India shall be credited to Public Account of India. This includes provident fund deposits, judicial deposits savings, bank deposits etc. The Constitution authorises Parliament to establish Contingency Fund into comparing stories essay, which such sums are paid which may be determined by Parliament from frontier, time to time. Like Public Account it is operated by executive action. Contrasting Short. Welcome to Shareyouressays.com! Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Essay.
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Free Information Technology essays. Context/Background - The central problem for the Internet users is how to obtain accurate information for a query in an efficient and fast way. And the most efficient way to solve the problem nowadays is using the search engine, which is short essay, a software system that could search information from the Internet automatically and provide query services for the users. Aims - The first purpose of the project is to implement a search engine, which includes a crawler, an inverted index, a graphical user interface, and a reporting facility. And the second purpose is to persuasive speech donation, test which ranking algorithm more satisfies the needs of comparing contrasting essay, users in the search engine of the project. Method - The crawler would collect webpages which would be analyzed and stored in the database. According to the information in the database, an persuasive inverted index would be built to restore all the information for the efficiency of the comparing short essay, search engine.
And then the award, search engine could search the information for users in the inverted index. For the convenience of the users, a graphical user interface is comparing stories essay, used for users inputting queries and some ranking algorithms are used to satisfy users' needs more quickly. And a reporting facility would help users know what the most users are searching. To test the search engine, the test case of the search engine in the project would be the courtney, webpages of 'Durham University'. When it comes to the second aim, several tests would be made to compare the ranking algorithms to find out the most suitable algorithm. Results ' The search engine would be evaluated using the unique general method which is based on the traditional famous evaluation method, and contrasting short stories, the method evaluates the search engine according to the capability, indexing method, indexing results, and user burden. Generally, the search engine is quite a good one from the value of the factors. And the differences between PAGERANK and HITS algorithms are also analyzed that the response time of PAGERANK is less while the HITS is a query-dependence algorithm. So the user would decide the algorithm based on their queries.
Conclusion ' In the project, a search engine has been made and as a platform, the ranking algorithms PAGERANK and HITS have been compared to let the search engine get the resume, better results. Finally, the factors of evaluation have been brought forward and evaluate the contrasting stories, search engine. Keywords ' search engine, crawler, index, database, query, reporting facility, PAGERANK, HITS. With the rapidly development of the Internet technology, more and more people would like to derive information from the Internet. There are four main characters of the essay questions red death, information in the web (Wei, 2005): hugeness, heterogeneity, dynamics, and semi-structured. What is more, the information in the web contains quantities of dynamic hyperlinks. With the features of the information in the web, the most useful tool to search the internet is search engine. In 1994, the earliest search engine 'World Wide Web Worm' indexed about 110 thousand webpages. However, there have been 350 million documents in the Internet, and the number of comparing short, documents still increased by 1 million per day (Yibing, 2011). According to the research by China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) in 2014, 'The 33rd Statistics Report for China Internet Developing Situation', by December in 2013, the questions, number of Chinese webpages has been up to comparing contrasting short stories essay, 150 billion, up 22.2 percent on last year's same period. However, the Chinese webpages are just the tip of the mike courtney resume, submerged iceberg.
As a result, people could only use the comparing contrasting stories essay, search engines to access the information they want among such a large amount of information. The report also says that by December in 2013, the number of search engine users in China has raised to persuasive speech organ, 490 million, up over 38 million on last year's same period, and the increasing rate is 8.5 percent while the use rate of the search engines has been to 79.3 percent. Therefore, how to contrasting short, search the useful and valuable information from such a plenty of information has been an important issue in the significance the field of information retrieval and data mining. B. Search Engine. In the background as shown above, the search engine has been developed and is very popular among the Internet users, and nowadays, the search engine has been one of the most effective tools when it comes to short stories essay, the information retrieval. A search engine is a software system which merges almost every aspect of advanced technology, such as analysis of user behavior, natural language processing, data mining, information retrieval, and robot learning. The search engine would provide query services for the users after it crawls, indexes and ranks the webpages (Shuling, 2011). The query services include webpages, pictures, videos, or other types of thesis award, documents. It supplies an effective measure for users to search for information and navigation. Nowadays, the search engine seems to be an essential in the life of most people. If the search engine does not exist, it would be hard for people to search the information they want in the Internet.
It would be an awful thing and would lead the internet useless because everyone gets a lot of information but few is actually they want. The basic function of a search engine is to navigate information based on the content of websites and contrasting short, webpages. It crawls all kinds of resources and information, analyzes them automatically, gets the key words, and builds database using index. The users of a search engine inquire the database in the webpage, and the results would include all the webpages whose content match the query. What is more, the courtney, search results would be sorted according to the importance of webpage and matching algorithm of key words (Xuesong, 2008:3).
According to 'Knowledge Management' which is written by Jawadekar and Waman (2011), 'a search engine works as the following order: webpage crawling, indexing, and searching'. First of all, automated web crawler which follows every link on the web site would retrieve and store information from the HTML markup of the webpages. And then the contrasting essay, search engine would analyze the mike courtney, contents of webpages to determine which type of information (text, picture') is included, and how to index them. All the information would be stored in the index database for the later queries. Once the user inputs the query in the webpage of comparing contrasting short, search engine, the index helps find information matching queries in organ donation the database as soon as possible. At the same time, it returns a list of best-matching webpages which contain the title and parts of text according to comparing short stories, its criteria. However, nowadays, the courtney, search engine should work in a loop of crawling, indexing, and searching to update the information in the index. The data from the report of 'The 33rd Statistics Report for China Internet Developing Situation' shows that several most frequent Internet service are communication(86.2 percent), information retrieval(79.3 percent), entertainment(54.7 percent), and commercial trade(48.9 percent). The above data proves that the four Internet services have been the essential part of most people's lives. And because of the specific feature of the comparing contrasting short, search engine, it solves the problems of how to search the college, valuable and useful information for the users, which is the main reason why people are interested in it, and short essay, the search engine become the necessary tool in the people's daily life. C. Ranking Algorithm.
In the early age of the search engine technology development, the assess frontier thesis, users pay more attention to whether the searched results are relevant to the query. As a result, the information could only be classified as relevant or not when it comes to the keywords in the query. Therefore, the comparing short stories essay, searched results would combine as a disordered and Boolean relevant set of information. With the development of the search engine technology, there appear the ranking algorithms based on the content of webpages. The algorithm would weigh the reading ourselves world, webpages by contrasting essay, the frequency and courtney resume, position of the keyword of the query in the webpages.
Specifically, if a keyword appears more times, the relevance between the webpage and comparing short stories essay, the query would be higher; and if the courtney resume, position of the keyword is more important, the authority of the webpage is higher. Therefore, the rank of the webpage in comparing contrasting short stories essay the result set would be higher. Then, the ranking algorithms based on the hyperlinks analysis appear. The kind of algorithms takes the methodology of citation analysis in the traditional information index theory, which considers the hyperlinks as the quotation of the webpage, and if the times of a webpage is cited more, the authority value would be higher; and if a webpage is college questions, quoted by an authority webpage, the authority value of the webpage would be higher, and finally the rank of the webpage would be higher. Nowadays, the famous search engines such as Google take the kind of algorithms. However, the algorithm only considers the importance and comparing contrasting stories essay, authority of the questions for the masque of the, webpage, but not the relevance between the content of webpages and the queries. Therefore, the algorithms have been developed by adding the comparing contrasting essay, computation of the topic relevance and several other factors which might influence the ranking.
Nowadays, the ranking algorithms would exert influence on the evaluation of a search engine whether they could put the valuable and useful information at the first of the results list, which is the acm best, core problem of the search engines for short stories the users. D. Purpose of Project. The first purpose of the project is to implement a search engine, which includes a web crawler which could get all the resources and information of the webpages, an index which could save data from the crawler, a graphic user interface which is convenient for users to courtney, input a query and return the result list to the users, and several ranking algorithms which rank the search results. The second purpose of the project is to compare the ranking algorithms PAGERANK and HITS to find their advantages and disadvantages and which ranking algorithm would be more suitable for the search engine in the project. Design a web crawler.
Build and maintain an index. Design a GUI (such that a user can pose queries). Implement a basic ranking algorithm (which ranks the search results for a given query). Implement a well-known ranking algorithm such as PAGERANK. Improve the GUI by allowing more complicated user queries (e.g. using Boolean opereators). Implement a reporting facility that collects all searches perfomed by any user of the tool for statistical analysis. Design another well-known ranking algorithm such as HITS and compare it with PAGERANK. Implement a visual representation of the data collected by the reporting facility. A. Development of Search Engine. According to the criterion of ranking the results, the comparing short, search engine could be classified as three generations (Lina et al., 2011).
The first generation search engine ranks the results according to the relevance between the webpages and the queries. And the relevance is computed by weighing and scoring the keywords in for the masque of the red death the query. The kind of comparing, search engines searches the results based on the content of the masque red death, webpages, generally, there are two methods. The first one classifies the webpages in the different indexes by using the traditional library information management and the users could search the results by searching the contrasting stories, indexes. The most representative search engine is of the, Yahoo and comparing essay, becomes the foundation of other websites of search engines.
The second one is based on thesis, the match between the content of webpages and the queries. It considers whether the webpages contain the keywords and the position and frequency of the keywords in a webpage to decide if the webpage is relevant with the query or not. The most representative and famous search engine is AltaVista, and the relevant technology is adopted by short stories, other search engines, and finally developed to be the basic algorithm of the search technology. However, the first generation search engines has the obvious drawbacks, the first method promises the relevance, but it is not automatic, as a result, it is not convenient for the users to use the acm best thesis, search engine. While the second one uses the keywords in the query, which could be cheated by the spam webpages. To avoid the defects, the second generation search engines are developed. Actually, the second generation search engines scores the importance of the webpage by whether it is clicked by the users and how long the comparing contrasting short, users would like to spend in the webpage or the number of the in-hyperlinks in the webpage. Since 1996, the researchers have started to use the method of the hyperlinks which is resume, originated by the method of citation analysis. The citation analysis method is to analyze the comparing short essay, citation relationship among the literatures and mark and index the thesis award, literature by quotation language. In the short stories, method, if one paper is cited by for the of the, more paper, the comparing contrasting short, paper would be more valuable and important. And if one paper is cited by more important paper, the mike courtney, paper itself would be more important.
In the same way, there is similar 'citation' relationship which is called hyperlinks among the webpages. Comparing Stories Essay. The signification of the hyperlink method is not only just a novel ranking algorithm, but also the algorithm is automatic, as a result, the algorithm allows users to search the big scale of the webpages, at the same time, the algorithm also considers the relevance of the results and the speed of searching. What is also worth noticing is persuasive speech organ donation, that the algorithms based on short, the hyperlinks have lots of benefits. However, it is for the masque, not the only kind of ranking algorithms in the second generation search engines. There are still many other algorithms based on the hyperlinks adding the analysis of the content of the webpages and some other factors to stories essay, rank the results. The third generation is the questions masque, intelligent search engine, the main character of which is to satisfy the specific needs of the users.
In fact, the second generation has been improved in the evaluation factor of precision and recall compared with the comparing contrasting short, first generation and is still the mainstream in the Internet. However, the algorithms in the second generation have not considered the query, which means that once the query includes many keywords which belong to persuasive donation, different fields, the relevance of the results would not satisfy the users. The situation requires the users to have the search skill to get better results. Comparing Essay. As a result, the search engines need to understand and guess the intention of the users so as to help the users filter the results. The intelligent search engines shown above are the third generation search engine.
Nowadays, there are some search engines which are essentially different with the second search engines. For example, natural language search engine, clustering search engine, semantic search engine and so on. Acm Best. The kind of search engines is generically called the third generation search engine. B. Problem Domain. According to 'Search Engines Information Retrieval in Practice' (W.Bruce, 2010), there are three 'big issues' in the field of comparing short stories essay, information retrieval in the 1960s, and the problems have not been solved nowadays. The major core problem is thesis award, relevance, which is a basic conception of information retrieval. If the index database compares a query with the information in the index simply and returns the exact match, the relevance of the results would not be good enough because different words could express the same meaning, and it is comparing contrasting short, called 'vocabulary mismatch problem' in information retrieval (Furnas et al., 1987). As a result, it is necessary to distinguish the concepts of mike courtney resume, topical relevance and comparing stories essay, user relevance. The queries are in the same topic if a query and key words in the index are topical relevant.
For example, weather and persuasive speech, snow are topical relevant. When it comes to the user relevant, the results would be based on the history records of the user. To solve the problem of relevant, researchers bring forward many retrieval models, which are the fundament of ranking algorithm. A search engine uses ranking algorithms to yield the result list. And a good ranking algorithm could find most of the query relevant results.
However, most of ranking algorithms are based on comparing contrasting essay, the static feature of the text rather than language structure, which means the ranking algorithms would consider more about the number of words appearing than whether the word is a noun or adjective. Some advanced algorithms consider the language structure as the second factor of ranking the webpages while the most important is still appearing rate of words. The second core problem is evaluation problem. In 1960s, Cyril Cleverdon made the evaluation method (Cyril, 1970). Organ. He used two evaluation factors'precision and recall which are even popular now. Precision is a factor which matches intuition and it is the short stories essay, ratio of relevant document of all the searched documents.
Recall is the proportion of searched documents of the whole documents. And there is a hypothesis when recall is used: Given the query, all the relevant documents are available. It is obviously impossible for a large database. However, it would be useful when it comes to the smaller test collection. What is more, the clickthrough rate records the clicked documents during the process of search. It could be one of the evaluation factors because the clickthrough rate with other log data is relevant with relevance. The Significance Of Turner's Thesis. But in the project, clickthrough cannot be tested to evaluate the contrasting essay, search engine. However, the search engine company still uses relevance judgment as a supplement to determine the effectiveness of the results. The third core problem is how to pay attention to college essay questions, the users and their needs. After all, the evaluation is user-centered, which means the users decide whether a search engine is good or not.
However, keyword queries are often poor descriptions of actual information needs. For example, 'blue' might be a color or a feeling or a type of song. Therefore, lots of researches about interaction between users and contrasting stories essay, the search engine have been done. Finally, query refinement techniques such as query expansion, query suggestion, relevance feedback refine the query and improve the ranking results. This section describes the software requirements which include software I have selected and the reason why I selected them, and then it explains the architectural design of my search engine. A. College Essay. Software Requirements.
The search engine is developed using Eclipse running on stories essay, a Windows 8 operating system. The comparison of mike, several kinds of essay, technique in reading world platforms and comparing short essay, application of platforms are shown respectively as Table 1 and acm best, Table 2 (Jing, 2010: 25). As the project might run in cross-platform, considering speed, cost, and expansionism, I choose the comparing short essay, JSP to be my development technology. And Eclipse is convenient to persuasive, debug and run the java code, so I consider it as my programming software. And I use Tomcat (a web application server developed by the same company of JSP) to configure the web environment and publish my search engine webpage. B. Comparing Short Stories. System Architecture. According to mike courtney, the basic procedure and the function of a simple search engine written above, I take the architecture shown as Figure 1, which is based on a similar figure that can be found in 'Development of Lucene + Nutch Search Engine' (Xuesong, 2008).
It is composed by 5 main modules which are crawling of webpage information, analysis of webpage content, foundation of webpage index, sorting of short essay, webpage search result, and tools and interfaces of webpage retrieval. The main modules could finish the whole webpage search engine with other information retrieval technology. Crawling of webpage information. The software or system which collects the webpage information is called a web crawler. Generally, a web crawler uses the hyperlink in the webpage to traversal of the whole Internet, which means the crawler could crawl from one HTML document to another HTML document by essay questions for the masque red death, URL references. Suppose the Internet is a super large graph whose node is the webpage and directed edge is the hyperlink in the webpage. And then we could use the method of graph traversal to access the Internet (Gang and Zhendong, 2010: 11-12).
Generally, the Internet graph could be traversed by comparing, two methods which are breadth-first traversal and reading ourselves and the, depth-first traversal respectively. However, if the the depth-first traversal is comparing essay, used, the crawler might fall in the much 'depth' of the graph (most of them would be spam or useless information) or go into the 'black hole' (The black hole is the hyperlink of the page points to itself, or the different URLs point to the same webpage) of the Internet so that it could not get out to for the masque, search other webpages. While we could not use the complete breadth-first traversal because the results would be affected by comparing contrasting short essay, initial URL the user chooses to a large extent. As a result, two methods described above are not suitable in the project. Assess Of Turner's Frontier Thesis. Luckily, there is a third method to traverse the Internet which is called the preferential crawler (Bing, 2009: 201). The preferential crawler would allocate each webpage a value of contrasting short stories, importance at the first place. And then the method would be the same with breadth-first traversal except that the speech organ donation, initial webpage would be the most important webpage, and the next webpage would be the comparing contrasting short, second most important webpage, and assess of turner's, so on. Now, the problem is how much each webpage values. Actually, there are many factors affecting the importance of a webpage, such as popularity of hyperlink, the importance of the contrasting short, hyperlink, average depth of hyperlink, quality of the website, and the weight of history etc. The popularity of hyperlink depends on the number and quality of backlinks which link to thesis, the current URL.
And we define it as IB(P). The importance of hyperlink is a function of string of URL. For example, the URL with '.com' or 'home' would be more important than those with '.cc' or 'map'. And we call it as IL(P). Then, we could define the importance of comparing contrasting, webpage I(P) as following (Gang and Zhendong, 2010:22): In the function, a and the significance of turner's, b are the parameters which adjust the proportion of IB(P) and IL(P). And the average depth of link would be guaranteed by the breadth-first algorithm. Analysis of webpage content. Generally, the webpages or the documents which are crawled by the web crawler would be analyzed at the first place for building the index later.
The analysis should filter the comparing essay, format information and persuasive speech organ, advertisement in the webpage to get the effective document content. Comparing. Therefore, there are two tasks in the analysis process of webpage content: analyzing the basic information of webpage and recognizing the structure of webpage content. Reading World. The aim of the tasks is the same to extract effective data from the webpages and filter the contrasting stories essay, spam in the Internet. Furthermore, the duplicated webpage should be deleted during analysis to avoid the same results appearing at essay questions, the same time. In the short stories essay, index and and the world around, the query of the search engine, the unit is the basic morpheme item which could be got after analyzing the webpages or documents. And the analysis of documents usually includes extracting words, eliminating punctuation mark, convert between uppercase and comparing contrasting short stories, lowercase letters, resuming word stem, eliminating conjunction and high frequency words.
The 'regular expression' could extract the valid information from webpages by matching texts with the 'regular expression pattern'. The module of the analysis part is shown as figure 2 (Xuesong, 2008:46). Natural Language Process. Actually, the 'regular expression' just eliminates the spam in the webpages but not extract the important information. Comparing Short Stories. For example, in each book, the words like 'a', 'of' cannot be avoided, however, in essay questions red death most circumstances, these words are not the focus of the search engine users. As a result, these words could be neglected and not listed in contrasting short the key words. The natural language process should also be used in the query of users.
If the user inputs a sentence as a query, the search engine would give worse results compared that break the sentence down to several key words when the natural language process is not used. So, it is very important to let the search engine understand the persuasive speech organ donation, natural language. The first thing I dealt with is to set a list of stop words like 'of' and 'the'. Contrasting Stories Essay. These words are neither the focus of the users, nor cannot provide any information. The common of these words is that they appear very frequently so that if consider them as key words, much memory would be wasted and more useless results would appear. The second I have done is to neglect the tense of the verbs and the plural of the questions red death, nouns. It could be done by extracting the 'stem' of the words so that the short, tense, the plural or other forms converting would be ignored. College Essay. For example, the comparing, stem word of 'universal', 'universe', 'university', and 'universities' is 'univers'. As a result, conversion of most words could be found and would not affect the match between the queries and the key words in the index. Foundation of webpage index. The webpages have to be indexed for the later use.
And a better designed index could increase searching speed and locate the webpage more preciously so as to mike, decrease the cost. The function of index is to analyze the search information, extract key words from the documents, and build the index table of documents. There are many index models in the field of search engine, such as inverted document index, vector space model, probability model and so on. And it is very important because the structure and effectiveness are the keys of web information index system. As a result, it is required to be easy to implement, maintain, retrieval information quickly, and need little space. Nowadays, most search engines use the inverted index to be the index model (Manish, 2011) because the structure is comparing contrasting essay, proper to response the key words retrieval quickly. Its structure considers the questions for the masque of the, key words as index key words and comparing contrasting short essay, access entrance of linked list. And the inverted index could determine the list of document directly through index keywords.
To get the performance of the search engine better, the inverted index is usually stored in the memory. And to reduce the pressure of the memory, the document is represented by a unique document code while all the documents and assess, their codes would be stored in comparing contrasting the database. Reading Ourselves World Around. The basic structure of inverted index is showed below as figure 3 (Xuesong, 2008: 67). In the comparing contrasting short stories, figure 3, the speech organ donation, key words are the comparing contrasting short, results of 'analysis of webpage content', and the documents in the inverted index are actually the mike courtney resume, code of documents. Each item in the structure of inverted index is an index item with relevant information generated by the key words.
The advantage of contrasting stories, inverted index is that it changes the organization of information to assess the significance frontier thesis, be convenient to retrieval information while other models have to search every document to find out whether the key words are included or not. Sort of results. There are a lot of webpages (web spams) which include most keywords but only the keywords. Absolutely, they are not the users' needs. To avoid the spams filling in the list of results and let the users find what they want as soon as possible, it is comparing contrasting short stories, very important to sort the results. During the sorting process, the importance of the essay questions for the of the, webpage itself would take effect. And PAGERANK and HITS algorithms could calculate the importance of webpages based on the structure of the Web (Gang, 2011: 80).
A famous and popular way to sort the comparing contrasting, results is the PAGERANK algorithm. Persuasive Speech Donation. The results yielded by the search engine are generally sorted by the importance of the webpage itself which could be measured by the connection among webpages. The PAGERANK method suppose the Internet as a democracy environment, we could measure the comparing, importance of webpage by the link structure. For example, when webpage A has a link to webpage B, the weight of mike courtney, webpage B would increase (Xuesong, 2008:235). There are two hypothesizes in the PAGERANK algorithm (Junlin, 2012: 138). One of them is that if a page is linked many times, the webpage is very important. If a webpage is linked by another important webpage, the webpage is also important. In a word, the importance could be passed among webpages. The other hypothesis is stories essay, that users access webpage randomly, browse the webpage with the hyperlinks, and the significance of turner's frontier thesis, never go back to browse the previous webpage. As a result, the next webpage is more important than the previous one.
However, there is a serious problem in PAGERANK that the PAGERANK is not query dependent so that each webpage would have the same value of PAGERANK for all queries. What is more, spam pages could link to short stories, one webpage to promote the importance of the page. Besides, the questions for the masque, third problem in PAGERANK that only uses in-links to a page and never uses out-links. To figure out the problems, we could use the HITS algorithm which defines the authority that many other pages point to the webpage and the hug that the page has outgoing links to many other pages. The basic idea is similar to PAGERANK that dig the useful information by links in the Internet.
And HITS algorithm considers authority and hug respectively that it evaluates hug based on the evaluation of authority. Finally, a weight would be assigned to the webpage. The authority is relevant with the quality of content information so as to attract many webpages to link while the hug is relevant with the quality of hyperlink page which is provided by the webpage. The higher authority webpages a webpage links, the higher its hug would be (Christopher, 2008). And the comparing stories essay, input of the HITS algorithm is known query relevant webpages, as a result, HITS algorithm usually supplies the webpages which are relevant to the query which is unlike the PAGERANK algorithm.
It means that the number of webpages 'HITS' searched would be more than that of 'PAGERANK'. However, there are some disadvantages in the HITS algorithm. The first of speech donation, all is that it is a query relevant algorithm which means it could not start calculating until the users input the query. The second problem is that tightly-knit community effect could happen, which means if the query-relevant webpages link to other webpages which are not relevant and link to each other, the HITS algorithm would give them a high rank so that users might not get the query relevant information. The third is that the structure is not stable, which means if one webpage is deleted or the few links change, the sorting according to the HITS algorithm would be great changed (Junlin, 2012: 144). Graphical User Interface. In the section of graphical user interface (GUI), based on the famous search engine company Google, the home page would be very simple and stories, convenient for users to search the information that he/she wants to. And my home page would be much more simply because the search engine could only search the webpage and text.
The current home page is speech organ, shown as figure 4: The users could input the comparing short stories essay, words or the sentence they want to search in the left text box while they could type the number of results per page (n) they want in ourselves and the around the right text box. And a brief introduction has been given for the users to use the search engine more easily. The next webpage would show the previous n results of contrasting essay, all the results. And at the same time the page would tell the user how many results in speech organ donation total, the titles of searched webpages, the contents which include the words that the user searches, the websites of searched webpages, the time when the webpage is crawled which is short, helpful for the update of the database of the whole search engine, and speech, which page current webpage is. Users could also click the button to select the first page, the previous page, the next page and the last page. What is contrasting, more, users could decide which method to rank the results (HITS or PAGERANK). Essay Questions. Suppose a user wants to search the 'robot' information and let the search engine return 3 results per page. They input the word 'robot' in the lefe and '3' in the right, and then press the button 'search'. The next page would be as figure 5:
We could find out from the picture above that there are six results in total and it shows the first five webpages that include the word 'robot', which is short, highlighted in the current page. And at college essay questions, the top of the page, users could choose using the comparing contrasting short stories essay, 'PAGERANK' or 'HITS' to rank the pages. At the bottom of the page, users could see other results in mike courtney resume the next page by clicking 'Next'. Comparing Contrasting Stories. The pattern of next page is almost the acm best, same as the one above. And when users click 'PAGERANK' or 'HITS', the comparing stories, different results and ranking methods would be shown. What is worth noticing is the essential difference between 'PAGERANK' and 'HITS'. In the essay, instruction of the report, three core problems have been brought forward. And a part of the first problem and the third problem could be solved by 'analysis of contrasting short essay, webpage content' and 'natural language process'. And the main aim of the reporting facility is to provide the information of 'user-relevant' so as to solve the other part of the first problem.
The reporting facility is responsible to mike, record every query the user has done. When the new query is input, the search engine would find the similar information of the old queries, and contrasting stories essay, the results would have the characteristic of the user. The other aim of reporting facility is to let the user know what other users are searching. When the user inputs the query, the query would be stored in the database. And at the same time, the persuasive organ donation, old queries could be loaded from the database to compare the new query to find the similar information.
The database would store the key words, the times that the comparing short stories essay, key words has been searched, and the last time when the key word is searched. What is more, if any user wants to see what he/she has searched before, the queries could have been visualized in the graphical user interface. According to reading ourselves us essay, the deliveries and typical criterion of contrasting short essay, search engine, some experiments have been done to evaluate the search engine I have made. And the test case would be the webpages of 'Durham University' which means that the webpages the crawler crawls start with 'www.dur.ac.uk'. The criterion and reading ourselves world us essay, the results of the experiments would be shown. Finally, the solutions to the problems in the part of 'problem domain' and the benefits and deflects of the search engine would be demonstrated. Criterion of Evaluating the Search Engine.
In 1973, Lancaster and Fayen listed 6 factors to evaluate the search engines, coverage, recall ratio, precision ratio, response time, user effort, and format output (Lancaster and Fayen, 1973). Although the index has been brought forward over 40 years ago, and the target is the traditional online information retrieval system. However, in terms of the essence of information retrieval system, the evaluation factors are still useful even nowadays. Later, after Heting Chu and Marilyn Rosenthal analyze and compare three famous search engines (Alta Vista, Excite, and Lycos), they come up with five aspects to evaluate the search engines, respectively indexing, search power, search effect, output, and users' burden (Chu and Rosenthal, 1996). With the development of the research, the user experience is short, paid more and more attention. Belkin considers the essential issue in the information retrieval system is anomalous state of knowledge (ASK) (Belkin, 1993), which is an important part of the information retrieval model.
Bell considers the complexity of the web based on the former research, and focus on the user experience when evaluating the search engine (Bell, 1998). Considering the standard criterion above and the concrete condition of the the significance frontier thesis, current mainstream search engines, I think the following criterion is reasonable to evaluate the search engine in general. Capability of the Search Engine. The factor includes the capacity and coverage of the database of the search engine, the content and the depth of indexing, and the novel rate of the database. The first one would affect the 'recall' factor directly according to the statistics, which shows that the more webpages the contrasting, database has, the more results might be searched.
Usually, the index database is composed of URL, name of document, content, titles, sub-titles and so on. The content of the combination would affect the precision of the ourselves and the around, search engines directly. In the meanwhile, the organization of the webpages is comparing stories essay, a multilayered hypertext structure, and the depth of indexing means which layer the search engines index. For example, some search engines only index the home page (the first layer) while some others index deeper layer. The other meaning of the depth is whether the search index all the the significance, webpage or just some content. For example, some search engines only index the name or the title of the comparing contrasting, HTML document while others index the whole content of the webpages. Generally, the more content a search engine indexes, the better the indexing effect is and the more resources would be occupied.
The novel rate includes two aspects, uniqueness and update frequency. Uniqueness of a search engine is the ratio of the unique results which other search engines do not contain in all the results the search engine returns. And nowadays, the questions for the masque of the red death, update frequency is very important because the comparing short, information in the web varies largely in a second and is unpredictable. As a result, the search engine has to promise the ''' of the information and avoid the masque, 'dead hyperlinks'. When it comes to my search engine, the short, test case is the college questions, webpages of 'Durham University', the capacity of the database is comparing contrasting short stories essay, limited. However, the content and the depth of indexing would be very comprehensive, which means that the database would save all the contents of each webpage. But, the database would never be updated because it is of turner's thesis, not an on-line version now. The aim of the test is to evaluate the performance but not the capability. The factor includes construction of comparing short stories essay, indexing expression and the indexing function. In 1998, Rousseau et al. Acm Best Thesis. found that one of the difficulties is how to bring forward keywords and use the different command indicators when using the on-line library (Fang and Salvendy, 2000). In fact, the search engine has the comparing short essay, same problem with the on-line library.
And for the most search engines, the queries the users input are the most important factor for the results. However, the queries would be different even if when the speech organ, different users search the same target. To solve the problem, some search engines (such as AskJeeves) would provide some other relevant keywords to give the comparing contrasting short stories essay, users more choices to get more and acm best thesis, better results. And some user-friendly search engine supply the toolbar and dropdown menu to help the users come up with more detailed query so as to get more satisfied results. The number and effects of indexing functions provided by the search engines would affect the indexing results seriously. Comparing Short Essay. And many indexing technologies used in the traditional on-line indexing system are developed to be the important technologies in the search engine field, such as Boolean index, truncation index, position index, and limited index. In the meanwhile, the graphic user interface has been separated as the normal index interface and questions masque of the red death, advanced index interface according to the needs of the users. Contrasting Short Stories Essay. And almost all the search engines do not differentiate the lowercase and uppercase of the words and consider the list of stop words. In my search engine, I take the simpleness as the most important factor in the graphic user interface.
As a result, there is no toolbar and persuasive speech organ, dropdown menu existing. However, it has its own stop words list and stories, do not differentiate the lowercase and uppercase of the words. Furthermore, it supports the Boolean query to help users get more satisfied results. This factor is very important to evaluate the search engine I have made because the search engine could be quantized to compare with other search engines. The search engine has to deal with more information, which is the significant different from on-line indexing system. If the indexing algorithms were not improved, it would take lots of time to of turner's, deal with a simple search. Comparing Short. And most of the users would not wait for the search engine when they use it to search the information. There are no standard test cases to test the thesis, average response time of the search engines. And it is not fair to compare my search engine with the famous search engine like Google because the comparing essay, scale of the database is not comparative.
As a result, I would give some words randomly and acm best thesis, give a simple list of response time of the words. The experiments have been tested when the number of webpages is 998 and the number of the keywords is 185451. The detail information would be listed as table 1. From the comparing stories, table 1, we could see that the thesis, process of searching would take too much time for the user. There are two main reasons slowing down the speed of the search engine.
The first one is contrasting stories essay, that the graphic user interface requires the part of content which include the keywords returns. Questions Of The Red Death. If we just revise it to return just the title or just one sentence, the time would be reduced to less than 1 second. The second one affecting time is the query in the database. For supporting the fuzzy query, the query 'like' has to be used, however, it takes too much time. If the fuzzy query is not a necessary, the time accessing the database would decrease significantly.
Recall and comparing contrasting, Precision. These two factors are very important in the past when the information is limited. However, nowadays, the users pay more attention to whether the hyperlinks of the information they want appear in the first several pages. The following table shows the award, relationship between the comparing stories essay, retrieved webpages and relevance (C.J., 2010). The calculation of recall and precision is as follows:
In the function, |.| means the essay, number of '.'. As the equation shows, the measure of these two factors in the search engine would not be easy, especially for the recall because it is even harder to get the short, number of 'A'. What is speech donation, more, in my search engine, we could suggest that in the PAGERANK method, there is no non-relevant retrieved webpage existing because the Boolean match has been used. In a word, the value of these factors would be very high in my search engine but it is useless to comparing short stories essay, compare with other search engines by these two factors. The format and content of output.
The outputs of the results are different among search engines, however, there are almost three parts: title, summary, and URL in all the search engines, what is more, the assess the significance of turner's thesis, keywords are highlighted in some search engines. What is more, some search engines add introduction, type, webpage size, date, hyperlinks to detail the results. Furthermore, the comparing short essay, search engine would show that how long it would take and how many results it returns. If the number of the results would be large, the acm best thesis, keyword is not useful for searching while the contrasting short stories, number is small demonstrates that the keyword is too special. In the graphic user interface of college questions, my search engine, it would return all the basic parts above and the keywords are highlighted. What is more, it would return time and the number of results. In the part, three more functions are included, post-processing, assistance process, and comparing contrasting short essay, information filter. The post-processing allows the users to type more keywords to search the information in the former results.
During the process of assistance, search engines usually provide the assess the significance thesis, preview function or cached snapshot function. The information filtering include two aspects, one is that the search engine would filter some unhealthy information for the immaturity while the other aspect is to return different results to different users according to the users' history records. In my search engine, there are no functions such as 'search in contrasting essay the result', preview, and information filtering. However, the reporting facility would save the users' queries so as to analyze it later. Comparison between the PAGERANK and HITS. According to the principle of the acm best thesis award, PAGERANK and HITS algorithm, it seems that they are similar which are based on the hyperlinks and use the eigenvector. However, the differences between the comparing short essay, algorithms are obvious according to the principles and experiments. The first one is that HITS algorithm is query-dependent because the authority of the HITS is the weight of the indexing theme.
However, PAGERANK is a query-independent algorithm because it is independent with the indexing theme. The PAGERANK algorithm is based on the 'reference analysis', addition with the quality of the Internet. The Significance Of Turner's. It not only considers the number of the in-linked webpages, but also regards the importance of the stories essay, in-linked webpages. The second one is of turner's thesis, that HITS algorithm gets the initial processing data based on short, the text search engine, and essay for the red death, the importance of the webpages passes from the contrasting essay, hub page to the authority page. What is more, in the HITS algorithm, the hub and the authority improve each other. While the PAGERANK algorithm is based on the random surfer model, which means that the importance of the webpages transfers among the assess the significance thesis, authority webpages. The third one is that the response time of the HITS algorithm is more than that of the PAGERANK algorithm. Although the HITS algorithm analyzes the fewer webpages, however, it has to extract the initial results set from the search engine and expand to the basic results set, which would take lots of time. While superficially the PAGERANK algorithm deals with more webpages, but the processing runs in advance, as a result, the contrasting essay, response time seems less. This section contains evaluations on the work carried out assess the significance of turner's, during the course. The first sub-section focuses on evaluating the comparing contrasting short stories essay, solutions selected and the second sub-section assesses the implementation and evaluation of the resulting systems.
Evaluation of Solutions. The final aim of the project is to build a search engine and compare the ranking algorithm PAGERANK and HITS. To realize the aim, the deliverables have been shown in the introduction part. The following part is to evaluate each part in the deliverables. The first one in the minimum objectives is to design a web crawler. The detail has been introduced and it actually works. However, there are some problems in the crawler part. Assess. The biggest problem is that the contrasting stories, crawler crawls the essay questions masque of the, webpages so fast that sometimes it would be misunderstood as a malware. For example, when the crawler crawls the test case which is exactly the webpage in the Durham University, the short stories essay, firewall of the university is always triggered and stop the crawler continue crawling. The second problem is that the crawler part takes too much time because it has to run on reading ourselves and the around us essay, line.
Each time the crawler saves a document, it would save the hyperlinks in the document in a array. However, not all the hyperlinks could be connected, as a result, the code has to get the HTTP code from the Internet, which would take time. Only when the HTTP code is 200, the hyperlink could be connected, otherwise, the hyperlink could not be access. Another time-consuming part is to remove the duplicated URLs from the array when the scale of array is large. As a result, it is very easy to solve the problem actually. As long as let the crawler wait for 1 or 2 seconds, the firewall would not be triggered, however, the comparing stories essay, crawler part would take more time because of the second problem.
The second in the minimum objectives is to build and maintain an index. Here I choose the inverted index as the index model because it has been widely used in many famous search engines, even the biggest open source search engine Lucene has been using the inverted index. And the frontier, benefits of the inverted index are obvious and comparing short stories, have been introduced in the solution part. The third in the minimum objectives and essay questions of the, the second in the intermediate objectives is to short, design a graphic user interface. Reading Ourselves World Around Us Essay. The principle of the contrasting essay, GUI part is simple and convenient to use, which just include two input boxes which user could input the query and the number of results per page respectively, a very simple instruction guiding users to use the mike resume, search engine, and several keys for users to choose the ranking algorithm they like. If I have more time, there are lots of things to do. For example, the function of 'search in the results' and cached snapshoot could be added to comparing contrasting stories, satisfy the users. The Boolean operators like '+','-' ,'|' could be used in the query to get more accurate information the acm best thesis, user wants. More Boolean operators could be added if the more time is given. The last one in the minimum objectives, the third one in the intermediate objectives and the first one in the advanced objectives are to implement ranking algorithms, and the basic ranking algorithm I choose is a simple one, the Boolean model added fuzzy search to contrasting short essay, return the relevant webpages.
The method promises that the returned results are definitely relevant to the query, which means that the precision of the search engine would be 100 percent. However, some other models have not been tested and cannot be compared each other. The PAGERANK algorithm and HITS algorithm I implement is the most original one, which could compare and analyze the results more easily. However, the effect of the original algorithms might not be good so that it would definitely affect the evaluation of the search engine. The last one in the intermediate objectives and college, the last one in the advanced objectives are to build and visualize a reporting facility which stores the users' query for statistical analysis. The part works but it is not a former work of providing the essay, users their unique results even if they search the same word. In the the significance of turner's frontier thesis, end, although all the given objectives were completed, the improvements could still be done to make the search engine better and to make the test data more convinced. Evaluation of Implementation. According to the 'Results' part, the comparing essay, search engine has been evaluated. However, there are still some problems need to be solved.
First of all, the test case is not good. And because of the dynamics of the Internet, many webpages could not be accessed after it has been crawled. Furthermore, the disadvantage of the crawler leads to the limited scale of the test case. As a result, it seems that the capability of the search engine is the significance thesis, not good. But it is not true, if more time could be given, the detail in the crawling algorithm would be improved and the scale of the test case would be larger, the speed would rise significantly. The second worth noticing is that the indexing method, the Boolean query could work and comparing contrasting short stories, the quality of the acm best thesis, returned results is high. However, the toolbar and dropdown menu would be added if I have more time. In the third part, we could see that the response time is a little intolerable, the reasons of which have been analyzed and the quantities of experiments could prove that reading and contrasting, analyzing the sentence which include the key words from raw file which downloads from the webpages directly take too much time. If just one sentence or just title is returned, the time would be reduced significantly.
And it seems that the recall and precision are not good factors to evaluate my search engine. However, there are no more famous factors to evaluate the search engine as the problem domain in the 'Related Work' says. The format and content in my search engine keep the same form with other famous search engines such as Google. The last part of questions, evaluation in my search engine could not be measured because it is more like a expansion and future work of the project. In a word, the experiments could prove that the search engine could work and comparing contrasting essay, be able to compare the PAGERANK and HITS algorithms clearly, which realize the basic purpose of the essay questions, project. But there are lots of details that could be improved. The purpose of the essay, project is to build a search engine and persuasive speech donation, compare the PAGERANK and HITS ranking algorithms. The work has been separated to several sub-modules and each part has been done as deliverables, crawler, index, and graphic user interface. During the process of building the search engine, some key techniques have been breakthrough and comparing, three key problems have been tried to be solved.
The crawler takes the preferential traversal to access the whole Internet. The benefit is that it not only avoids the black hole in the Internet, but also allows the most important webpages to be crawled at first. And then the documents the acm best award, crawler has crawled have to be dealt with for the indexing using. The content of the webpages always contains the useless format information and stories essay, advertisements. As a result, the keywords in essay for the of the the content have to be extracted and the spam in the Internet is also filtered. The aim of the short stories essay, part includes extracting words, eliminating punctuation mark, convert between uppercase and lowercase letters, resuming word stem, eliminating conjunction and high frequency words. What is more, the dictionary of stop words is built to and the around us essay, extract the comparing contrasting, useful key words from the content and the stems of the assess frontier thesis, words are used to neglect the comparing stories essay, tense of the verbs and the plural of the nouns. In the index part, the inverted index is used rather than the normal index which would increase the searching speed significantly.
And the ranking algorithms I have implemented include the basic Boolean algorithm, PAGERANK algorithm, and college questions, HITS algorithm. The graphic user interface is designed to be simple and convenient to be used by the users. And the reporting facility saves all the queries of the users for the statistics use and would finally be used in the future. In the problem domain in the part of 'Related Work', three issues have been brought forward. The first one is comparing contrasting stories essay, how to define relevance, in my search engine, the techniques of the Boolean match, stems of the words, and natural language processing are used to essay questions, solve the problem effectively. The second issue is how to evaluate the search engine. In the part of 'Results', the whole system of evaluation has been given, although it is comparing essay, not appropriate for evaluating my search engine, however, it is quite a good system for evaluating the common search engine because it covers almost every aspect of the search engine. The last issue is how to satisfy the users. In my search engine, the former work has been done by award, the reporting facility. However, the problem has not been solved in essay the project.
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Available at: http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/Keith/pdf/Chapter7.pdf (Accessed: 28 April 2014) If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of contrasting short stories, coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Information Technology work in reading ourselves and the world around us essay your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Information Technology essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.
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