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Spanish American War Essay
AWA Essay Help: Brainstorming and of the Writing the Argument Prompt. Editor's Note: The following article is a guest post by Chris Lele at Magoosh. It originally appeared on the Magoosh GRE blog . GRE students warily approach the guerrero nakpil, Argument Task on of the spanish american, the GRE's Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) section. Just like the assumptions themselves, the college board ap world, trepidation people have is unwarranted. Below are a sample argument prompt and the first step in approaching the Argument Task, just a small piece of the GRE exam pie. Let's walk through the process of identifying the assumptions and crafting the essay with a sample AWA essay prompt: SuperCorp recently moved its headquarters to Corporateville. The recent surge in the number of homeowners in Corporateville proves that Corporateville is a superior place to live compared with Middleburg, the home of SuperCorp's current headquarters. Moreover, Middleburg is a predominately urban area, and according to an employee survey, SuperCorp has determined that its workers prefer to live in an area that is not urban. Finally, Corporateville has lower taxes than Middleburg, making it not only a safer place to essay of the, work but also a cheaper one. Ap World? Therefore, SuperCorp clearly made the best decision.
Write a response in which you examine the essay of the american war, stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on that straw, the assumptions and what the essay of the war, implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. ETS. Step One: Attacking the Assumptions. Do not agree with any part of the argument. Instead, show that the argument is making a series of unwarranted assumptions by really last essay highlighting each one. Of course, you do not want to only cite what is wrong with the argument; you want to discuss also how the argument can be improved. The first step, of spanish american war, course, is to list the assumptions (you can think of this as the brainstorming part). This step is crucialdon't just rush into the essay. Planning before you write will, in the end, save you time.
The argument assumes that the increase in homeowners is directly correlated with improved living, or, as the argument states, a superior place to live. Housing could simply be cheaper, causing an influx of people. That is, the increase of population does not mean that everybody wants to live in Corporateville because it is management change such a great place. Essay Of The Spanish? Even if everybody wants to move to Corporateville because it is a superior place to live, that doesn't mean what is analyzing superior for residents is superior for a corporation. Remember, working and living are two very different things. We do not know anything about the essay of the war, survey. Is it really indicative of how employees feel?
Perhaps the survey asked only upper management. Maybe only the engineering department was questioned. Basically, there is no way for us to know whether the sample was representative. Anyhow, the survey even if it is representative found that SuperCorp's workers preferred to college board ap world questions, live, not to work, in areas that are not urban. Spanish War? There is nothing in the argument that says that Corporateville is not urban. Perhaps Corporateville is essays also somewhat urban. We do not know. And be careful not to assume that people typically leave urban areas for the suburbs. Never bring your own preconceived notions into the argument.
Toward the end, the argument mentions that Corporateville is safer. In this same sentence, you will also find a mention of lower taxes. If the argument is setting out to prove that Corporateville is a superior place to work compared with Middleburg, it has to be more specific about how lower taxes will improve the essay of the spanish war, quality of the that really was the last straw essay, workplace. Of The? The argument ends by saying that SuperCorp clearly made the right decision. Even if Corporateville is a better place for SuperCorp, to say that the analyzing essay, company made the best decision is essay of the stretching it. Perhaps SuperCorp could have moved to a different city, one even better suited to its needs. Questions? The goal of the brainstorming session is not to see how many assumptions you can find. Of The? Instead, you want to choose the few that you think best invalidate the argument. Continue reading to see how to structure your paragraphs after brainstorming. Visuals? Now that we've identified the assumptions, it is time to write the essay.
However, there are a few preliminaries. As stated, you do not need to essay american war, come up with as many assumptions as possible. Three or four is enough for analyzing visuals essay building a solid essay. And remember, you need to be persuasive, so do not simply list your assumptions without pointing out why they are assumptions and how they weaken the argument. Also, do not at any point suggest that the argument has any merits. The exam has provided an spanish american war, argument that is full of unstated assumptions. You are to identify these logical gaps and, per the instructions, elaborate on how these unwarranted assumptions affect the argument. Let's start with the introduction, which should be short and sweet. In fact, the introduction to the argument should not contain any novel ideas.
You simply want to say that the argument is unwarranted for resume of director a number of reasons. If you find yourself hung up on essay american, the introduction, write it at the end. The key to the essay is the body, in which you identify the unwarranted assumptions. You do not want to resume of director, waste precious minutes fiddling about with the introduction. Here's an example of an introduction: The argument makes a number of american, unwarranted assumptions regarding the corporation's proposed move from Middleburg to Corporateville. Taken as a whole, these unstated assumptions render the argument highly suspect. Indeed, if these unstated assumptions do not hold true, then the argument totally falls apart.
Next we have the body paragraphs, in which you will point out the unstated assumptions that render the argument invalid. Management Change Essays? You can lump all into one massive paragraph or you canas I do herespread them into three paragraphs, one for each unstated assumption. Here's an example of essay, a body paragraph outlining one assumption: The argument assumes that the increase in resume of director homeowners is directly correlated with improved living, or, as the argument states, a superior place to live. Essay Of The Spanish American War? Housing could simply be cheaper, causing an influx of management, people. That is, the increase of population does not mean that everybody wants to live in Corporateville because it is such a great place. Indeed, low-priced housing could indicate low-quality housing and overcrowding, which would actually make Corporateville a less superior place to live. Notice how I ended the argument by referring back to what the instructions asked us to do: Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the essay american war, implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Continue by stating the next assumption and its implications: Another unstated assumption the argument makes is that what is superior for residents is the same as what is superior for corporations.
Thus, even if everybody wants to move to Corporateville because it is a superior place to live, that does not mean it is a superior place for a company to move its headquarters. For instance, perhaps Corporateville has an excellent public school system and/or natural parks. Neither of these would make Corporateville a superior place for disrespect to an a corporation. Unless the argument can show that there is a clear reason that Corporateville is superior to essay war, Middleburg for a corporation, the corporation could be making the wrong decision in moving to Corporateville. For this body paragraph, I would focus on the survey. This is resume probably the strongest unstated assumption remaining. However, you can choose to focus on the taxes or urban vs. non-urban assumption. Do not, however, try to jam all the assumptions into essay american war, the final body paragraph. Your focus is to of director, show that the essay makes many unproven assumptions and spanish american war is thus invalid. Pointing out several assumptions is enough.
Unless you have time, do not be exhaustive: The employee survey referencing where SuperCorp workers prefer to live is another major assumption, as the analyzing visuals, origin and research methods of the survey are not indicated. It is therefore impossible to determine whether it is truly indicative of of the, how employees feel, as the survey might have been limited to a certain department or level of seniority. Without further information about the survey itself, there is no way to that really straw essay, know whether the sample was representative. In any case, it should also be noted that the surveyeven if it is representativefound that SuperCorp's workers preferred to live, not to work, in areas that are not urban. As such, basing the location of the company's headquarters on this survey is of the american war unfounded. Like the analyzing essay, introduction, the conclusion should be clear and succinct. Do not add new information; simply give a brief summary of what you've already said.
Something along the lines of the following should do it: The argument makes a number of unstated assumptions that seriously undermine its validity. Unless these assumptions are addressed, the argument falls apart, and the corporation could very well make a major mistake in shifting operations from Middleburg to Corporateville. The above provides a rough template to help you create a compelling essay for the Argument portion of the revised GRE's AWA. Essay Of The War? We've identified the assumption and written the essay. Don't stop here in your AWA prep, however. Essays? Continue working to identify logical gaps and spanish elaborate on how these unwarranted assumptions affect the argument. Peruse this full list of GRE practice tests for extra practice before planning your GRE exam date. Chris Lele is the GRE and SAT Curriculum Manager (and vocabulary wizard) at Magoosh Online Test Prep. In his time at Magoosh, he has inspired countless students across the globe, turning what is otherwise a daunting experience into an opportunity for learning, growth, and fun. Some of his students have even gone on to get near-perfect scores.
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Essay: The Spanish American War - …
Remarks by of the spanish war, President Trump in Joint Address to Congress. THE PRESIDENT: Thank you very much. To An Essay? Mr. Speaker, Mr. Essay American War? Vice President, members of Congress, the First Lady of the United States -- (applause) -- and citizens of America: Tonight, as we mark the conclusion of our celebration of essays Black History Month, we are reminded of our nation's path towards civil rights and the work that still remains to be done. Essay Of The American? (Applause.) Recent threats targeting Jewish community centers and vandalism of Jewish cemeteries, as well as last week's shooting in Kansas City, remind us that while we may be a nation divided on policies, we are a country that stands united in that essay condemning hate and evil in all of essay american its very ugly forms. (Applause.)
Each American generation passes the torch of management essays truth, liberty and justice in an unbroken chain all the way down to the present. Essay American War? That torch is now in our hands. And we will use it to light up the analyzing visuals world. I am here tonight to deliver a message of unity and strength, and it is a message deeply delivered from my heart. A new chapter -- (applause) -- of American Greatness is now beginning. A new national pride is sweeping across our nation. Essay Of The Spanish War? And a new surge of optimism is placing impossible dreams firmly within our grasp. What we are witnessing today is the renewal of the American spirit. Our allies will find that America is once again ready to lead. (Applause.) All the nations of the world -- friend or foe -- will find that America is strong, America is proud, and America is free.
In nine years, the United States will celebrate the 250th anniversary of our founding -- 250 years since the day we declared our independence. It will be one of the great milestones in the history of the world. But what will America look like as we reach our 250th year? What kind of country will we leave for essays our children? I will not allow the mistakes of recent decades past to define the course of our future. For too long, we've watched our middle class shrink as we've exported our jobs and wealth to foreign countries. We've financed and built one global project after another, but ignored the fates of our children in the inner cities of war Chicago, Baltimore, Detroit, and so many other places throughout our land. We've defended the board essay borders of other nations while leaving our own borders wide open for anyone to cross and for spanish war drugs to pour in at a now unprecedented rate.
And we've spent trillions and trillions of dollars overseas, while our infrastructure at home has so badly crumbled. Then, in 2016, the Earth shifted beneath our feet. Resume? The rebellion started as a quiet protest, spoken by families of essay of the war all colors and creeds -- families who just wanted a fair shot for their children and a fair hearing for their concerns. But then the quiet voices became a loud chorus as thousands of change essays citizens now spoke out together, from cities small and large, all across our country. Spanish American War? Finally, the chorus became an earthquake, and the people turned out by the tens of millions, and last straw essay they were all united by one very simple, but crucial demand: that America must put its own citizens first. Essay Of The Spanish American War? Because only then can we truly make America great again. (Applause.) Dying industries will come roaring back to life.
Heroic veterans will get the care they so desperately need. Our military will be given the resources its brave warriors so richly deserve. Crumbling infrastructure will be replaced with new roads, bridges, tunnels, airports and railways gleaming across our very, very beautiful land. Our terrible drug epidemic will slow down and, ultimately, stop. And our neglected inner cities will see a rebirth of hope, safety and opportunity. Above all else, we will keep our promises to the American people. (Applause.) Since my election, Ford, Fiat-Chrysler, General Motors, Sprint, Softbank, Lockheed, Intel, Walmart and to an many others have announced that they will invest billions and billions of dollars in the United States, and will create tens of thousands of spanish american war new American jobs. (Applause.) The stock market has gained almost $3 trillion in value since the election on of director November 8th, a record.
We've saved taxpayers hundreds of millions of dollars by bringing down the american price of a fantastic -- and it is a fantastic -- new F-35 jet fighter, and of director we'll be saving billions more on contracts all across our government. We have placed a hiring freeze on non-military and non-essential federal workers. We have begun to drain the swamp of essay spanish american government corruption by imposing a five-year ban on lobbying by executive branch officials and a lifetime ban -- (applause) -- thank you -- and a lifetime ban on becoming lobbyists for was the last straw essay a foreign government. We have undertaken a historic effort to massively reduce job-crushing regulations, creating a deregulation task force inside of every government agency. (Applause.) And we’re imposing a new rule which mandates that for every one new regulation, two old regulations must be eliminated. (Applause.) We’re going to stop the of the american war regulations that threaten the future and livelihood of our great coal miners. (Applause.) We have cleared the nakpil way for the construction of the Keystone and Dakota Access Pipelines -- (applause) -- thereby creating tens of essay spanish war thousands of jobs.
And I've issued a new directive that new American pipelines be made with American steel. Change Essays? (Applause.) We have withdrawn the United States from the essay of the spanish war job-killing Trans-Pacific Partnership. (Applause.) And with the help of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, we have formed a council with our neighbors in Canada to help ensure that women entrepreneurs have access to the networks, markets and capital they need to start a business and guerrero live out their financial dreams. (Applause.) To protect our citizens, I have directed the essay of the american war Department of Justice to resume of director, form a Task Force on of the spanish Reducing Violent Crime. I have further ordered the change Departments of Homeland Security and Justice, along with the Department of essay american war State and the Director of National Intelligence, to coordinate an that last straw aggressive strategy to dismantle the criminal cartels that have spread all across our nation. (Applause.) We will stop the essay war drugs from pouring into our country and poisoning our youth, and we will expand treatment for those who have become so badly addicted. (Applause.) At the same time, my administration has answered the pleas of the American people for immigration enforcement and border security. (Applause.) By finally enforcing our immigration laws, we will raise wages, help the unemployed, save billions and billions of dollars, and make our communities safer for everyone. (Applause.) We want all Americans to succeed, but that can't happen in an environment of lawless chaos. We must restore integrity and to an the rule of law at our borders. (Applause.)
For that reason, we will soon begin the construction of essay war a great, great wall along our southern border. (Applause.) As we speak tonight, we are removing gang members, drug dealers, and resume of director criminals that threaten our communities and essay of the spanish american war prey on our very innocent citizens. Bad ones are going out as I speak, and as I promised throughout the essay campaign. To any in essay spanish american Congress who do not believe we should enforce our laws, I would ask you this one question: What would you say to management, the American family that loses their jobs, their income, or their loved one because America refused to uphold its laws and defend its borders? (Applause.) Our obligation is to serve, protect, and defend the citizens of the United States. Essay Of The American War? We are also taking strong measures to protect our nation from radical Islamic terrorism. Ap World Essay? (Applause.) According to spanish american war, data provided by board ap world questions, the Department of Justice, the vast majority of essay spanish american war individuals convicted of terrorism and terrorism-related offenses since 9/11 came here from outside of our country. We have seen the attacks at home -- from Boston to resume, San Bernardino to the Pentagon, and, yes, even the World Trade Center. We have seen the attacks in France, in of the american Belgium, in Germany, and all over the world. It is not compassionate, but reckless to allow uncontrolled entry from places where proper vetting cannot occur. (Applause.) Those given the high honor of admission to management, the United States should support this country and love its people and its values. We cannot allow a beachhead of terrorism to form inside America. We cannot allow our nation to become a sanctuary for extremists. (Applause.) That is why my administration has been working on improved vetting procedures, and we will shortly take new steps to war, keep our nation safe and to keep out to an, those out who will do us harm. (Applause.)
As promised, I directed the Department of Defense to develop a plan to demolish and destroy ISIS -- a network of of the spanish american lawless savages that have slaughtered Muslims and Christians, and men, and women, and children of all faiths and all beliefs. Really Was The Last Essay? We will work with our allies, including our friends and allies in the Muslim world, to of the spanish, extinguish this vile enemy from our planet. Resume? (Applause.) I have also imposed new sanctions on entities and individuals who support Iran's ballistic missile program, and reaffirmed our unbreakable alliance with the essay american State of Israel. (Applause.) Finally, I have kept my promise to appoint a justice to the United States Supreme Court, from my list of 20 judges, who will defend our Constitution. (Applause.) I am greatly honored to have Maureen Scalia with us in the gallery tonight. (Applause.) Thank you, Maureen. Her late, great husband, Antonin Scalia, will forever be a symbol of was the last American justice. To fill his seat, we have chosen Judge Neil Gorsuch, a man of incredible skill and deep devotion to of the war, the law. He was confirmed unanimously by was the straw essay, the Court of Appeals, and american I am asking the Senate to swiftly approve his nomination. Essays Guerrero Nakpil? (Applause.) Tonight, as I outline the next steps we must take as a country, we must honestly acknowledge the essay of the spanish american circumstances we inherited. Ninety-four million Americans are out of the labor force.
Over 43 million people are now living in poverty, and over 43 million Americans are on food stamps. More than one in five people in their prime working years are not working. We have the college essay worst financial recovery in 65 years. In the last eight years, the past administration has put on more new debt than nearly all of the other Presidents combined. We've lost more than one-fourth of our manufacturing jobs since NAFTA was approved, and we've lost 60,000 factories since China joined the World Trade Organization in spanish war 2001. Our trade deficit in goods with the analyzing essay world last year was nearly $800 billion dollars. And overseas we have inherited a series of tragic foreign policy disasters. Solving these and so many other pressing problems will require us to work past the differences of party.
It will require us to tap into the American spirit that has overcome every challenge throughout our long and storied history. But to accomplish our goals at home and abroad, we must restart the engine of the American economy -- making it easier for companies to do business in the United States, and much, much harder for companies to of the spanish american, leave our country. (Applause.) Right now, American companies are taxed at one of the highest rates anywhere in the world. My economic team is analyzing essay developing historic tax reform that will reduce the tax rate on our companies so they can compete and thrive anywhere and with anyone. Essay Of The Spanish? (Applause.) It will be a big, big cut. At the same time, we will provide massive tax relief for the middle class. We must create a level playing field for American companies and our workers. We have to do it. (Applause.) Currently, when we ship products out of America, many other countries make us pay very high tariffs and taxes. But when foreign companies ship their products into America, we charge them nothing, or almost nothing. I just met with officials and workers from a great American company, Harley-Davidson.
In fact, they proudly displayed five of their magnificent motorcycles, made in the USA, on the front lawn of the White House. ((Laughter and applause.) And they wanted me to resume of director, ride one and I said, No, thank you. (Laughter.) At our meeting, I asked them, how are you doing, how is essay of the spanish american war business? They said that it's good. I asked them further, how are you doing with other countries, mainly international sales? They told me -- without even complaining, because they have been so mistreated for so long that they've become used to it -- that it's very hard to do business with other countries because they tax our goods at such a high rate. They said that in the case of another country, they taxed their motorcycles at 100 percent. They weren't even asking for a change. But I am. (Applause.)
I believe strongly in free trade but it also has to be fair trade. It's been a long time since we had fair trade. The first Republican President, Abraham Lincoln, warned that the abandonment of the protective policy by management, the American government… will produce want and ruin among our people. Essay American War? Lincoln was right -- and it's time we heeded his advice and his words. (Applause.) I am not going to let America and its great companies and workers be taken advantage of us any longer. They have taken advantage of our country. Ap World Questions? No longer. (Applause.) I am going to bring back millions of jobs. Protecting our workers also means reforming our system of legal immigration. Essay Of The American War? (Applause.) The current, outdated system depresses wages for our poorest workers, and puts great pressure on taxpayers. Nations around the world, like Canada, Australia and many others, have a merit-based immigration system. (Applause.) It's a basic principle that those seeking to enter a country ought to be able to essays guerrero, support themselves financially. Yet, in America, we do not enforce this rule, straining the very public resources that our poorest citizens rely upon. According to the National Academy of Sciences, our current immigration system costs American taxpayers many billions of dollars a year.
Switching away from spanish american war this current system of lower-skilled immigration, and instead adopting a merit-based system, we will have so many more benefits. Management Change? It will save countless dollars, raise workers' wages, and help struggling families -- including immigrant families -- enter the middle class. And they will do it quickly, and essay spanish american they will be very, very happy, indeed. (Applause.) I believe that real and essay positive immigration reform is possible, as long as we focus on the following goals: To improve jobs and wages for essay spanish american Americans; to strengthen our nation's security; and to restore respect for our laws. If we are guided by the wellbeing of American citizens, then I believe Republicans and Democrats can work together to achieve an outcome that has eluded our country for decades. (Applause.) Another Republican President, Dwight D. Eisenhower, initiated the last truly great national infrastructure program -- the building of the Interstate Highway System.
The time has come for a new program of national rebuilding. (Applause.)America has spent approximately $6 trillion in the Middle East -- all the disrespect while our infrastructure at home is crumbling. With this $6 trillion, we could have rebuilt our country twice, and maybe even three times if we had people who had the ability to negotiate. (Applause.) To launch our national rebuilding, I will be asking Congress to approve legislation that produces a $1 trillion investment in infrastructure of the United States -- financed through both public and private capital -- creating millions of new jobs. (Applause.) This effort will be guided by two core principles: buy American and hire American. (Applause.) Tonight, I am also calling on this Congress to repeal and replace Obamacare -- (applause) -- with reforms that expand choice, increase access, lower costs, and, at the same time, provide better healthcare. (Applause.) Mandating every American to buy government-approved health insurance was never the right solution for our country. Spanish American War? (Applause.) The way to make health insurance available to everyone is to lower the cost of health insurance, and resume of director that is what we are going do. (Applause.) Obamacare premiums nationwide have increased by double and triple digits.
As an example, Arizona went up 116 percent last year alone. Governor Matt Bevin of Kentucky just said Obamacare is failing in essay american his state -- the state of Kentucky -- and it's unsustainable and collapsing. One-third of counties have only one insurer, and they are losing them fast. They are losing them so fast. They are leaving, and many Americans have no choice at all. Management Essays? There’s no choice left. Remember when you were told that you could keep your doctor and of the american keep your plan? We now know that all of those promises have been totally broken. Obamacare is collapsing, and we must act decisively to protect all Americans. Essays? (Applause.) Action is not a choice, it is a necessity. Essay Spanish? So I am calling on all Democrats and Republicans in Congress to resume, work with us to save Americans from this imploding Obamacare disaster. (Applause.)
Here are the principles that should guide the Congress as we move to create a better healthcare system for all Americans: First, we should ensure that Americans with preexisting conditions have access to coverage, and that we have a stable transition for essay of the war Americans currently enrolled in the healthcare exchanges. (Applause.) Secondly, we should help Americans purchase their own coverage through the use of tax credits and expanded Health Savings Accounts -- but it must be the plan they want, not the plan forced on that was the last straw them by our government. (Applause.) Thirdly, we should give our great state governors the resources and essay of the spanish american flexibility they need with Medicaid to make sure no one is left out. (Applause.) Fourth, we should implement legal reforms that protect patients and doctors from unnecessary costs that drive up the price of insurance, and work to bring down the artificially high price of drugs, and bring them down immediately. Management Change? (Applause.)
And finally, the time has come to give Americans the freedom to purchase health insurance across state lines -- (applause) -- which will create a truly competitive national marketplace that will bring costs way down and provide far better care. So important. Everything that is broken in our country can be fixed. Every problem can be solved. Essay Of The American? And every hurting family can find healing and disrespect essay hope. Our citizens deserve this, and so much more -- so why not join forces and essay finally get the job done, and management essays get it done right? (Applause.) On this and so many other things, Democrats and Republicans should get together and unite for the good of our country and for the good of the American people. (Applause.) My administration wants to work with members of both parties to make childcare accessible and affordable, to help ensure new parents that they have paid family leave -- (applause) -- to invest in women's health, and to promote clean air and clean water, and to rebuild our military and our infrastructure. (Applause.) True love for our people requires us to find common ground, to advance the common good, and to cooperate on behalf of every American child who deserves a much brighter future.
An incredible young woman is with us this evening, who should serve as an inspiration to us all. Today is Rare Disease Day, and joining us in the gallery is a rare disease survivor, Megan Crowley. (Applause.) Megan was diagnosed with Pompe disease, a rare and serious illness, when she was 15 months old. She was not expected to live past five. On receiving this news, Megan's dad, John, fought with everything he had to save the life of his precious child.
He founded a company to look for a cure, and helped develop the essay american war drug that saved Megan's life. Today she is 20 years old and a sophomore at Notre Dame. (Applause.) Megan's story is about the unbounded power of a father's love for a daughter. Management? But our slow and burdensome approval process at the Food and Drug Administration keeps too many advances, like the one that saved Megan's life, from reaching those in need. If we slash the restraints, not just at the FDA but across our government, then we will be blessed with far more miracles just like Megan. (Applause.) In fact, our children will grow up in essay of the spanish american war a nation of miracles. But to achieve this future, we must enrich the mind and the souls of management change every American child. Education is the essay spanish civil rights issue of our time. (Applause.) I am calling upon members of both parties to pass an education bill that funds school choice for disadvantaged youth, including millions of African American and Latino children. (Applause.) These families should be free to choose the public, private, charter, magnet, religious, or home school that is right for them. (Applause.) Joining us tonight in the gallery is a remarkable woman, Denisha Merriweather. Visuals? As a young girl, Denisha struggled in school and failed third grade twice. But then she was able to enroll in of the spanish american a private center for analyzing visuals essay learning -- a great learning center -- with the help of spanish war a tax credit and a scholarship program.
Today, she is the first in her family to graduate, not just from high school, but from board ap world essay college. Later this year she will get her master’s degree in social work. We want all children to be able to break the cycle of american war poverty just like Denisha. (Applause.) But to break the cycle of poverty, we must also break the cycle of violence. Nakpil? The murder rate in 2015 experienced its largest single-year increase in nearly half a century. In Chicago, more than 4,000 people were shot last year alone, and the murder rate so far this year has been even higher. Of The War? This is disrespect not acceptable in essay spanish american war our society. (Applause.) Every American child should be able to grow up in disrespect to an a safe community, to attend a great school, and to have access to a high-paying job. (Applause.) But to create this future, we must work with, not against -- not against -- the men and of the american war women of of director law enforcement. (Applause.) We must build bridges of cooperation and trust -- not drive the wedge of disunity and, really, it's what it is, division. It's pure, unadulterated division. We have to unify.
Police and sheriffs are members of our community. Essay Of The American War? They're friends and neighbors, they're mothers and fathers, sons and daughters -- and they leave behind loved ones every day who worry about whether or not they'll come home safe and sound. We must support the essays of carmen guerrero incredible men and women of law enforcement. Essay Spanish War? (Applause.) And we must support the victims of crime. I have ordered the Department of Homeland Security to to an, create an office to serve American victims. The office is called VOICE -- Victims of Immigration Crime Engagement.
We are providing a voice to of the american, those who have been ignored by our media and silenced by of director, special interests. (Applause.) Joining us in the audience tonight are four very brave Americans whose government failed them. Their names are Jamiel Shaw, Susan Oliver, Jenna Oliver, and american Jessica Davis. Jamiel's 17-year-old son was viciously murdered by an illegal immigrant gang member who had just been released from board essay questions prison. Jamiel Shaw, Jr. was an incredible young man, with unlimited potential who was getting ready to go to college where he would have excelled as a great college quarterback. But he never got the chance.
His father, who is in the audience tonight, has become a very good friend of mine. Jamiel, thank you. Thank you. (Applause.) Also with us are Susan Oliver and Jessica Davis. Their husbands, Deputy Sheriff Danny Oliver and Detective Michael Davis, were slain in the line of duty in California. Of The? They were pillars of essays their community. These brave men were viciously gunned down by essay war, an illegal immigrant with a criminal record and two prior deportations. Should have never been in our country. Sitting with Susan is her daughter, Jenna. Jenna, I want you to know that your father was a hero, and that tonight you have the love of an management essays entire country supporting you and praying for you. (Applause.)
To Jamiel, Jenna, Susan and spanish american Jessica, I want you to know that we will never stop fighting for justice. Resume? Your loved ones will never, ever be forgotten. We will always honor their memory. (Applause.) Finally, to keep America safe, we must provide the essay spanish american men and women of the United States military with the tools they need to prevent war -- if they must -- they have to fight and they only have to win. (Applause.) I am sending Congress a budget that rebuilds the military, eliminates the defense sequester -- (applause) -- and calls for one of the largest increases in national defense spending in American history. My budget will also increase funding for our veterans.
Our veterans have delivered for this nation, and disrespect essay now we must deliver for them. Essay War? (Applause.) The challenges we face as a nation are great, but our people are even greater. And none are greater or braver than those who fight for America in uniform. (Applause.) We are blessed to be joined tonight by Carryn Owens, the widow of really last a U.S. Navy Special Operator, Senior Chief William Ryan Owens. Ryan died as he lived: a warrior and a hero, battling against of the spanish american war terrorism and securing our nation. (Applause.) I just spoke to our great General Mattis, just now, who reconfirmed that -- and I quote -- Ryan was a part of disrespect essay a highly successful raid that generated large amounts of american war vital intelligence that will lead to many more victories in the future against our enemies. Ryan's legacy is etched into eternity.
Thank you. (Applause.) And Ryan is looking down, right now -- you know that -- and he is very happy because I think he just broke a record. (Laughter and resume of director applause.) For as the spanish Bible teaches us, There is no greater act of love than to lay down one's life for one's friends. Ryan laid down his life for that really essay his friends, for his country, and for our freedom. And we will never forget Ryan. (Applause.) To those allies who wonder what kind of a friend America will be, look no further than the heroes who wear our uniform. American War? Our foreign policy calls for resume a direct, robust and of the spanish war meaningful engagement with the world. It is American leadership based on vital security interests that we share with our allies all across the globe. We strongly support NATO, an alliance forged through the bonds of two world wars that dethroned fascism, and management change a Cold War, and essay spanish defeated communism. (Applause.) But our partners must meet their financial obligations. And now, based on our very strong and frank discussions, they are beginning to do just that. In fact, I can tell you, the money is pouring in.
Very nice. (Applause.) We expect our partners -- whether in NATO, the Middle East, or in the Pacific -- to take a direct and meaningful role in both strategic and military operations, and pay their fair share of the cost. Have to do that. We will respect historic institutions, but we will respect the foreign rights of all nations, and they have to respect our rights as a nation also. (Applause.) Free nations are the best vehicle for resume of director expressing the will of the people, and America respects the right of all nations to chart their own path. My job is not to essay of the spanish american, represent the world. My job is to represent the United States of America. (Applause.) But we know that America is better off when there is less conflict, not more. We must learn from the mistakes of the of carmen nakpil past. We have seen the war and of the spanish war the destruction that have ravaged and raged throughout the world -- all across the world. The only long-term solution for these humanitarian disasters, in many cases, is to create the conditions where displaced persons can safely return home and begin the long, long process of rebuilding. (Applause.) America is willing to find new friends, and to forge new partnerships, where shared interests align.
We want harmony and stability, not war and conflict. We want peace, wherever peace can be found. America is friends today with former enemies. Some of our closest allies, decades ago, fought on change essays the opposite side of of the spanish american these terrible, terrible wars. This history should give us all faith in the possibilities for a better world. Hopefully, the 250th year for essay America will see a world that is more peaceful, more just, and more free. On our 100th anniversary, in 1876, citizens from essay spanish war across our nation came to Philadelphia to celebrate America's centennial.
At that celebration, the resume of director country's builders and artists and inventors showed off their wonderful creations. Alexander Graham Bell displayed his telephone for the first time. Remington unveiled the essay of the american first typewriter. An early attempt was made at electric light. Of Director? Thomas Edison showed an automatic telegraph and an electric pen. Imagine the wonders our country could know in of the spanish America's 250th year. (Applause.) Think of the marvels we can achieve if we simply set free the dreams of our people. Nakpil? Cures to essay spanish, the illnesses that have always plagued us are not too much to hope. American footprints on distant worlds are not too big a dream. Millions lifted from welfare to work is not too much to expect.
And streets where mothers are safe from fear, schools where children learn in peace, and jobs where Americans prosper and grow are not too much to ask. (Applause.) When we have all of this, we will have made America greater than ever before -- for all Americans. Analyzing Visuals Essay? This is our vision. Of The Spanish American War? This is our mission. But we can only get there together. We are one people, with one destiny. We all bleed the same blood. We all salute the disrespect to an essay same great American flag. And we all are made by the same God. War? (Applause.)
When we fulfill this vision, when we celebrate our 250 years of glorious freedom, we will look back on tonight as when this new chapter of American Greatness began. The time for small thinking is over. The time for trivial fights is behind us. We just need the courage to share the dreams that fill our hearts, the last straw bravery to express the hopes that stir our souls, and essay of the spanish american the confidence to turn those hopes and those dreams into disrespect to an, action. From now on, America will be empowered by our aspirations, not burdened by our fears; inspired by american war, the future, not bound by the failures of the past; and of director guided by our vision, not blinded by our doubts. I am asking all citizens to embrace this renewal of the American spirit. Spanish? I am asking all members of Congress to join me in dreaming big, and bold, and daring things for our country. Really Last? I am asking everyone watching tonight to seize this moment.
Believe in essay of the spanish yourselves, believe in of director your future, and believe, once more, in America. Thank you, God bless you, and God bless the of the spanish american United States. Disrespect? (Applause.)
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3d Animation, Its Effect on Mass Communication Essay. Introduction 3d animation is essay american war a form of management essays Computer graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of of the american war geometric data that is essay stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images. 3d is a type of graphics in which its images look like they are real world images i. e. War. omputer games and animated movies are the common examples of 3d, 3d graphics are modeled or originated by a process known as 3d modeling, this process is done by of carmen guerrero nakpil, a software having 3d modeling tools by engineers or artists, either they import real world images and then transform them into of the spanish american 3d animation or they originate their own ideas and compose them through the help of the tools, 3d animation is the board ap world, process of taking a 3D object and getting it to essay war, move in this process u create 3d objects and of carmen guerrero combine them to make an animation this includes importing motion capture data and applying it to a character or making the objects to of the war, follow the artist’s/engineer’s own curves. Texturing is a phase in which the ready 3d animation is textured or colored to make it look like more effective in its role because colors and textures play an important role in making the animation look more realistic and effective to the viewer. Rendering is the last phase in that was the last essay which the animation is finally exported to a format or copy that can be viewed easily by essay of the, the viewers, it is an important part of 3d animation process, as more efficient and good rendering will result in of carmen guerrero nakpil good looking and effective 3d animation. A good 3d animation is essay based upon Visual Communication, Good Design, and Aesthetics, if these 3 features are kept in mind while creating 3d’s they can have good results as expected.
3d animation has totally changed today’s market, people are giving more attention to 3d because of its realistic look, 3d movies are commonly being viewed in cinema houses, 3d games are much popular in today’s era. Resume. Uses in Mass Communication 3d animation is widely being used in today’s era like computer games that are made in 3d are more popular than the older ones, Movies in 3d are greatly being viewed in cinema houses and especially 3d animated cartoon movies are grabbing the attention of people greatly, field of mass communication is having a very good effect of 3d animation i. e. Advertisement is a major part of mass communication in which products are advertised in different ways so the buyer and seller meet their needs, Now a day’s all advertisements are majorly being produced in 3d because of the cost effectiveness and unique look of of the spanish war 3d animation, viewers are more attracted towards 3d advertisements as compared to the adds that are shot and produced in 2d, Digital 3d Advertising a new media to focus the viewers sight on analyzing when composing a shot, they count on a powerful instrument the closeness of the objects. Before, the creators needed to direct the essay of the spanish american war, viewer’s sight using the 2d composition. Now, we can use deepness to accentuate the element we want to emphasize. Higher tendency of the viewer to receive the messages this media requires the analyzing visuals essay, usage of glasses. When a viewer puts such elements on, there is spanish war a higher tendency of the viewer to receive the messages. The viewer is change essays receptive to see the spot, just because of the essay of the american, immersion format of its exhibition. Greater detail in the volume and shape of the objects How many times we have heard it is not the same to see, for example, a car on essays of carmen guerrero nakpil television and war personally, this revolution has made 3d much popular among people, new television’s supporting 3d view are being launched in market in a great number by leading companies like Sony, JVC and Samsung etc. College Essay Questions. Mass media organizations are using 3d widely in their programs and advertisements, there are properly established studio’s in which 3d modeling/designing is being done for these purposes, Artificial Rides are also common i. e. n which viewers experience real life scenes of a roller coaster ride in an artificial 3d environment that looks so realistic,3d Movies are much popular in today’s era and are widely being watched all over the world that has increase the number of spanish war 3d cinema houses. 3d technology is widely being used in Movies and short films to achieve the college ap world essay questions, results which were not possible in old times, before this technology film makers used to have stunt Mans and proper training and a high budget to perform action and horror scene’s for of the spanish, the movies that consumed more time, more money and sometimes dangerous stunt’s took life’s of many stunt men, but now it is easy to have these scenes designed and animated in 3d environment which gives more enjoyable look to the viewer’s because now acial structure’s and real life scene’s can easily be regenerated in 3d environment more efficiently because of new 3d technology human, animal or any facial expressions can easily be recreated and animated according to of carmen, the needs After generation of spanish american 3d face model next important stage is the proper recreation of human expressions.
One of the ways of college board essay achieving realism is modeling of facial expressions and animation on synthesized human face. However, this task was complicated to essay spanish american, achieve in a way that everyone has his own style of expressing so one model can’t fulfill the requirements but the new way proposed by Narendra Patel Mukesh Zaveri in reference paper ,study of college ap world this research show a new method of re creating the facial expressions of 3d models that is more effective and realistic in 3d world especially for its use in animation like movies etc Other than these usages 3d is now being used in medical fields also i. e. He therapy of mentally injured people,in this process patient is subjected to a 3d environment where a virtual therapist is used to treat the patient this reduces cost of the essay of the american war, therapy system’s and that really straw essay rehabilitates the of the war, condition of the patients faster, Patients see a clone of them and a therapist in this environment, what he sees is known as virtual reality, in which he sees his wrist moving faster than the actual movement done by him by doing so, he will activate the coupling between the perceptive and motor circuits hence improving the recovery, Virtual reality helps in improving the condition of patient in such a way that it makes him realize that he is to an essay progressing slightly more than the normal condition so this results in faster rehabilitation, this is spanish american helping the medical specialists as they have a laboratory controlled 3d environment so they can change it according to essay, the recovery needs of the of the spanish american, patient. Virtual reality technology has been used for several decades for a variety of psychosocial applications. 0 The most widely used feature is to create realistic simulations for management change essays, the patients according to the therapist’s need for example(HDM) Head mounted display in which patient see’s what the therapist wants to make him see, other visions are blocked in this case. This helps in of the spanish curing diseases like cognitive disorders, attention disorders etc. Management Change. Another form of disease caused by a cerebral vascular accident CVA is also being cured by the use of 3d animation technology, in this disease brain functionality is lost temporarily or permanently depending upon which areas of the essay spanish war, brain have been affected some of them get paralyzed. This kind of stroke can affect their ability of reading writing even swallowing, These type of problems are common in western countries, by to an essay, the use of 3d technology it has been discovered that patients are recovering more fastly as compared to older treatments 5-10% of them recovered a fully functional upper limb however 80% of them recover their complete ability to walk.
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cmmi resume scampi Welcome to essay of the war, our brutally honest, totally hip CMMIFAQ. We're probably going to make as many enemies as friends with this FAQ, but hey, we expect it to be worth it. :-) We also did a bit of research and found it pretty hard (if not impossible) to essay, find this kind of essay of the spanish american war, information anywhere else on the web. So anyone who has a problem with our posting this information is probably the college board, kind of person who wants you to pay to get it out of them before you have enough information to even make a good decision. American. But we digress. College Ap World Essay Questions. We do that a lot. This site was designed to provide help with CMMI for people who are researching, trying to get to the truth about CMMI, or just looking for answers to essay of the american war, basic, frequently asked questions about CMMI and resume the process of of the american war, having an appraisal for getting a level rating (or CMMI certification as some people (inaccurately) prefer to say). The information on this site has also been demonstrated to disrespect essay, provide answers and new insights to people who are already (or thought they were) very familiar with CMMI and the appraisal.
Feedback has indicated that there is more than a fair amount of incomplete and actual incorrect information being put forth by supposed experts in CMMI. Your feedback is of the war, therefore very important to us. If you have any suggestions for other questions, or especially corrections, please don't hesitate to send them to management change essays, us. This is a work-in-progress, not all questions have been answered yet -- simply a matter of time to write them, not that we don't know the answers -- but we didn't want to keep you waiting, so we're starting with that we have. For your own self-study, and for additional information, the essay american war, source material for many of the college questions, answers on CMMI come from the of the war, CMMI Institute. They're not hiding anything; it's all there. We've broken up the FAQs into the following sections (there will be much cross-over, as can be expected): CMMI, Agile, Kanban, Lean, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. SEI / CMMI Institute Transition Out of SEI FAQs. Specific Model Content FAQs.
A: CMMI stands for Capability Maturity Model Integration. It's the integration of several other CMMs (Capability Maturity Models). By integrating these other CMMs, it also becomes an integration of the process areas and practices within the model in ways that previous incarnations of the model(s) didn't achieve. The CMMI is a framework for essays business process improvement. In other words, it is a model for building process improvement systems. In the same way that models are used to essay of the spanish american, guide thinking and analysis on how to build other things (algorithms, buildings, molecules), CMMI is used to management change essays, build process improvement systems. There are currently three flavors of CMMI called constellations. Essay Of The Spanish. The most famous one is the CMMI for Development -- i.e., DEV . It has been around (in one version or another) for roughly 10 years and has been the analyzing visuals essay, subject of much energy for over 20 years when including its CMM ancestors. More recently, two other constellations have been created: CMMI for Acquisition -- i.e., ACQ , and CMMI for Services -- i.e., SVC . All constellations share many things, but fundamentally, they are all nothing more than frameworks for american assembling process improvement systems. Each constellation has content that targets improvements in particular areas, tuned to organizations whose primary work effort either:
Develops products and really was the complex services, and/or Acquires goods and essay of the services from others, and/or Provides/ delivers services. NONE of the constellations actually contain processes themselves. None of them alone can be used to actually develop products, acquire goods or fulfill services. The assumption with all CMMIs is analyzing visuals, that the organization has its own standards, processes and procedures by which they actually get things done. The content of CMMIs are to improve upon the performance of those standards, processes and procedures -- not to define them. Having said that, it should be noted that there will (hopefully) be overlaps between what any given organization already does and content of CMMIs. Essay Of The American. This overlap should not be misinterpreted as a sign that CMMI content *is*, in fact, process content.
It can't be over-emphasized, CMMIs, while chock-full-o examples and explanations, do not contain how to anything other than building improvement systems . The overlap is easy to explain: activities that help improve a process can also be activities to effectively perform a process, and, not every organization performs even the that really straw, basic activities necessary to perform the process area well. So, to one organization, what seems trivial and commonplace, to spanish war, another is salvation from despair. Another way to that really was the straw, look at CMMIs are that they focus on the business processes of developing engineered solutions (DEV), acquiring goods and services (ACQ) and spanish american delivering services (SVC). To date, CMMI has most widely applied in resume of director, software and spanish american systems engineering organizations. Now, with the expansion of the constellations, where it is applied is a significantly distinct matter from being anything even remotely akin to of director, a standard or certification mechanism for the engineering, methods, technologies, or accreditation necessary to of the american, build stuff, buy stuff or do stuff, . If an organization chose to do so, CMMI could be applied in the construction or even media production industries. (Exactly, how would be an *entirely* different discussion!) Before we get too off-track. Essay. CMMI is meant to help organizations improve their performance of and capability to consistently and predictably deliver the products, services, and sourced goods their customers want, when they want them and at essay american, a price they're willing to pay. From a purely inwardly-facing perspective, CMMI helps companies improve operational performance by management change essays lowering the spanish american, cost of production, delivery, and sourcing. Without some insight into and control over their internal business processes, how else can a company know how well they're doing before it's too late to do anything about it?
And if/ when they wait until the end of a project or work package to see how close/far they were to really last essay, their promises/expectations, without some idea of what their processes are and how they work, how else could a company ever make whatever changes or improvements they'd want/need to make in order to do better next time? CMMI provides the models from of the spanish war, which to pursue these sorts of insights and activities for improvement. Board Questions. It's a place to start, not a final destination. CMMI can't tell an organization what is or isn't important to them. Spanish American War. CMMI, however, can provide a path for an organization to achieve its performance goals. Furthermore, CMMI is just a model, it's not reality.
Like any other model, CMMI reflects one version of reality, and like most models, it's rather idealistic and unrealistic -- at least in some ways. When understood as *just* a model, people implementing CMMI have a much higher chance of implementing something of lasting value. As a model, what CMMI lacks is really was the straw essay, context. Specifically, the context of the organization in which it will be implemented for essay of the spanish process improvement. Together with the college ap world essay questions, organization's context, CMMI can be applied to create a process improvement solution appropriate to essay spanish american war, the context of each unique organization.
Putting it all together: CMMI is a model for building process improvement systems from which (astute) organizations will abstract and create process improvement solutions that fit their unique environment to help them improve their operational performance. At the resume of director, risk of of the spanish, seeming self-serving, the really essay, following addresses the question of what CMMI is: A: We should start the answer to of the spanish american, this question with a quick sentence about what CMMI itself *is*. CMMI is about improving performance through improving operational processes. In particular, it's improving processes associated with managing how organizations develop or acquire solution-based wares and define and deliver their services. Board Ap World Essay Questions. So we should ask you a question before we answer yours: Do you feel that you ought to be looking at improving your processes?
What business performance improvements would you like to see from your operations? SO, is CMMI right for essay of the spanish american war you? Obviously this depends on board ap world essay questions what you're trying to accomplish. Sometimes it's best to divide and conquer. So we'll divide the world into two groups: those who develop wares and provide services for US Federal agencies (or their prime contractors) and those who don't. Those of you in the former group will probably come across CMMI in the form of a pre-qualifier in some RFP. As such, you're probably looking at the CMMI as a necessary evil regardless of essay of the spanish american war, whether or not you feel your processes need to be addressed in any way. If you're in this group, there aren't many loop-holes.
One strong case for why your company might not need to mess with CMMI would be if you are selling a product of your own specification. Something that might be called shrink-wrapped or even COTS (Commercial Off-The-Shelf). While looking at that really was the, CMMI for process improvement wouldn't be a bad idea, the point is that unless you are developing wares from scratch to a government (or a Prime's) specification, you ought to be able to essay american, elude having someone else require or expect you to pursue CMMI practices when you otherwise might not do so. A couple of exceptions to this rule of thumb would be (a) if you are entering into the world of custom wares for the Feds, even though you currently aren't in it, and/or (b) if the extent to which your product might need modifications or out-of-spec maintenance for it to be bought/used by the government. Governments have an all-too-regular habit of buying a product as is functionally, and then realizing that what they need kinda only of director, looks like the original product but is really different. Knowing this, many agencies and prime contractors are using the essay spanish american, CMMI's appraisal method (called SCAMPI) as part of their due diligence before wedding themselves to a product or vendor.
If you're in the latter group, (remember. College Essay Questions. those who don't sell to the Feds or their Primes) then the question is really this, what's not working for you with your current way of running your operation? You'll need to get crystal clear about that. Certain things CMMI can't really help you with such as marketing and communications. OK, it could, but if managing your customers and essay of the american war marketing are your biggest challenges, you've got other fish to visuals, fry and frying them with CMMI is a really long way around to get them into the pan. Don't get us wrong, there are aspects of CMMI that can be applied to anything related to *how* you do business. But, if you are worrying about where the next meal is coming from, you might be hungry for a while before the essay of the american war, ROI from CMMI will bring home the bacon. It usually takes a number of months. Having said that. If you're finding that. customer acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or project success, profitability, predictability, or timeliness, and/or employee acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or service level accuracy, predictability, cycle or lead time.
are tied to a certain level of uncertainty, inconsistency, and/or lack of insight into or control over work activities, then you could do worse than investigating CMMI for what it offers in rectifying these concerns. NOTE: This answer assumes you know a thing or two about CMMI, so we won't be explaining some terms you'll find answered elsewhere in this FAQ. How many processes are there in CMMI? A: NONE. Zero.
Zip. Nada. Rien. Nil. Bupkis. Resume. Big ol' goose-egg. There's not a single process in all of CMMI. They're called Process Areas (PAs) in CMMI, and we're not being obtuse or overly pedantic about semantics. It's an important distinction to understand between processes and Process Areas (PAs).
So, there are *no* processes in CMMI. No processes, no procedures, no work instructions, nothing. This is often very confusing to CMMI newcomers. Essay Of The Spanish American War. You see, there are many practices in CMMI that *are* part of typical work practices. Sometimes they are almost exactly what a given project, work effort, service group or organization might do, but sometimes the practices in to an, CMMI sound the same as likely typical practices in name only and the similarity ends there. Despite the similar names used in typical work practices and in CMMI, they are *not* to be assumed to be referring to one-in-the-same activities. American War. That alone is enough to cause endless hours, days, or months of confusion.
What CMMI practices are, are practices that improve existing work practices, but do not *define* what those work practices must be for any given activity or organization. The sad reality is so many organizations haven't taken the time to look at and understand the present state of their actual work practices, so as a result not only do they not know everything they would need to essays of carmen nakpil, know to merely run their operation, they then look to CMMI as a means of defining their own practices! As one might guess, this approach often rapidly leads to failure and disillusionment. How you run your operation would undoubtedly include practices that may happen at any point and time in an effort and during the essay of the spanish, course of doing the work. Irrespective of essays of carmen, where these activities take place in reality, the CMMI PAs are collections of practices to improve those activities. CMMI practices are not to essay american, be interpreted as being necessarily in a sequence or to be intrinsically distinct from existing activities or from one CMMI practices to another. Simply, CMMI practices (or alternatives to them) are the activities collectively performed to achieve improvement goals . Goals, we might add, that ought to be tied to business objectives more substantial than simply achieving a rating. There's so much more to say here, but it would be a site unto itself to do so. Besides, we never answered the question.
. in the current version of CMMI for DEVELOPMENT (v1.3, released October 2010) there are 22 Process Areas . (There were 25 in v1.1, and also 22 in v1.2.) CMMI v1.3 can actually now refer to three different flavors of of director, CMMI, called constellations. CMMI for Development is one constellation of PAs. There are two other constellations, one for improving services , and one for acquisition . Each constellation has particular practices meant to of the, improve those particular uses. CMMI for Acquisition and CMMI for Services are now all at v1.3. While much of the focus of resume of director, this list is on CMMI for Development, we're updating it slowly but surely to at least address CMMI for american war Services, too. Meanwhile, we'll just point out that the disrespect to an, three constellations share 16 core process areas; CMMI for Development and for Services share the Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) process area. Of The. The CMMI for Acquisition has a total of 21 PAs, and management change Services has a total of 24 PAs.
The delta between core, core + shared, and essay of the spanish war total are those PAs specific to the constellation. More on that later. We would like to thank our friend, Saif, for pointing out that our original answer was not nearly doing justice to those in need of help. The update to this answer was a result of management change essays, his keen observation. Thanks Saif! The Process Areas of CMMI are listed below.
They were taken directly from essay of the spanish, their respective SEI/CMMI Institute publications. We first list the core process areas, also called the CMMI Model Foundation or, CMF. Analyzing Visuals Essay. Then we list the essay of the spanish, process area shared by two of the constellations, DEV and SVC, then we list the process areas unique to each of the three constellations, in order of chronological appearance: DEV, ACQ, then SVC. All the PAs are listed in alphabetical order by acronym, and for those who are interested in Maturity Levels, we include in disrespect to an, brackets '' which Maturity Level each PA is part of. Essay Of The Spanish American. We're also listing the purpose statement of essays nakpil, each one. We should also note that in process area names, purpose statements, and throughout the text, in CMMI for Services , the notion of project has largely been replaced with the notion (and use of the term) work. For example, in CMMI for Services , Project Planning becomes Work Planning , and so forth. The rationale for that is the result of months of debate over the relevance and subsequent confusion over spanish war, the concept of a project in the context of service work. While the concept of a project *is* appropriate for many types of services , it is quite inappropriate for management most services, and, substituting the notion (and use of the term) work for project has effectively zero negative consequences in a service context.
This may raise the essay spanish american war, question of why not merely replace work for college essay questions project in all three constellations? In the attitude of this CMMIFAQ, our flippant answer would be something like, let's take our victories where we can get them and walk away quietly, but a more accurate/appropriate answer would be that product development and of the spanish american acquisition events are generally more discrete entities than services, and the vast majority of that really essay, product development and of the spanish war acquisition events are, in fact, uniquely identified by the notion of a project. Essays. Furthermore, there is nothing in the models that prevent users from american, restricting the interpretation of project or work. It's just that re-framing project and work in their respective contexts made sense in a broader effort to reduce sources of confusion. Process Areas of CMMI Model Foundation (CMF) -- Common to visuals, All CMMI Constellations. The purpose of Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) is to identify causes of defects and other problems and take action to essay spanish, prevent them from occurring in questions, the future. Configuration Management, [ML 2] The purpose of Configuration Management (CM) is to establish and spanish maintain the integrity of analyzing visuals, work products using configuration identification, configuration control, configuration status accounting, and configuration audits. Essay Spanish American War. Decision Analysis Resolution, [ML 3]
The purpose of Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR) is to analyze possible decisions using a formal evaluation process that evaluates identified alternatives against established criteria. Integrated Project Management, [ML 3] The purpose of management change, Integrated Project Management (IPM) is to establish and essay of the spanish manage the project and the involvement of the relevant stakeholders according to essay, an integrated and defined process that is tailored from the organization's set of standard processes. Measurement Analysis, [ML 2] The purpose of Measurement and Analysis (MA) is to develop and sustain a measurement capability that is used to support management information needs.
Organizational Process Definition, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Process Definition (OPD) is to essay spanish american, establish and maintain a usable set of analyzing visuals essay, organizational process assets and work environment standards. Organizational Process Focus, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Process Focus (OPF) is to plan, implement, and deploy organizational process improvements based on a thorough understanding of the current strengths and weaknesses of the organization's processes and of the war process assets. Organizational Performance Management, [ML5] The purpose of essay, Organizational Performance Management (OPM) is to proactively manage the organization's performance to meet its business objectives. Organizational Process Performance, [ML 4] The purpose of Organizational Process Performance (OPP) is to establish and of the spanish maintain a quantitative understanding of the performance of the change essays, organization's set of standard processes in support of quality and process-performance objectives, and to war, provide the disrespect, process performance data, baselines, and models to quantitatively manage the essay of the american war, organization's projects. Organizational Training, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Training (OT) is to develop the skills and management change knowledge of people so they can perform their roles effectively and spanish war efficiently.
Project Monitoring and Control, [ML 2] The purpose of analyzing, project Monitoring and Control (PMC) is to essay spanish war, provide an understanding of the management change, ongoing work so that appropriate corrective actions can be taken when performance deviates significantly from the of the spanish, plan. Project Planning, [ML 2] The purpose of Project Planning (PP) is to establish and maintain plans that define project activities. Process and Product Quality Assurance, [ML 2] The purpose of Process and questions Product Quality Assurance (PPQA) is to of the war, provide staff and management with objective insight into processes and associated work products. Quantitative Project Management, [ML 4] The purpose of disrespect to an essay, Quantitative Project Management (QPM) is to quantitatively manage the project's defined process to achieve the project's established quality and process-performance objectives. Requirements Management, [ML 2]
The purpose of Requirements Management (REQM) is to of the spanish american war, manage requirements of the management, products and product components and to identify inconsistencies between those requirements and the work plans and work products. Risk Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Risk Management (RSKM) is to identify potential problems before they occur so that risk-handling activities can be planned and invoked as needed across the life of the of the spanish american, product or project to mitigate adverse impacts on resume of director achieving objectives. Shared by CMMI for Development and CMMI for essay american Services. The purpose of Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) is to manage the acquisition of products from suppliers. Process Areas Unique to essays of carmen nakpil, CMMI for Development. The purpose of Product Integration (PI) is to assemble the product from the product components, ensure that the spanish american, product, as integrated, functions properly, and deliver the product. Requirements Development, [ML 3] The purpose of Requirements Development (RD) is to produce and analyze customer, product, and product component requirements. Technical Solution, [ML 3]
The purpose of Technical Solution (TS) is to essays, design, develop, and implement solutions to requirements. Solutions, designs, and implementations encompass products, product components, and product-related lifecycle processes either singly or in combination as appropriate. Spanish. Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of visuals, Validation (VAL) is to demonstrate that a product or product component fulfills its intended use when placed in of the spanish war, its intended environment. Verification, [ML 3]
The purpose of Verification (VER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Process Areas Unique to that, CMMI for Acquisition. The purpose of Agreement Management (AM) is to essay of the, ensure that the supplier and resume of director the acquirer perform according to essay of the american war, the terms of the essay, supplier agreement. Acquisition Requirements Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Acquisition Requirements Development (ARD) is to develop and analyze customer and contractual requirements. Acquisition Technical Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Technical Management (ATM) is to essay spanish american, evaluate the supplier's technical solution and to manage selected interfaces of that solution. Acquisition Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Validation (AVAL) is to demonstrate that an acquired product or service fulfills its intended use when placed in ap world essay questions, its intended environment. Acquisition Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of of the spanish, Acquisition Verification (AVER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements.
Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development (SSAD) is to essays nakpil, prepare a solicitation package, select one or more suppliers to deliver the product or service, and establish and essay of the spanish war maintain the management essays, supplier agreement. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for essay of the american Services. The purpose of Capacity and that really straw essay Availability Management (CAM) is to ensure effective service system performance and ensure that resources are provided and used effectively to of the spanish war, support service requirements. Incident Resolution and Prevention, [ML 3] The purpose of Incident Resolution and Prevention (IRP) is to ensure timely and effective resolution of service incidents and essay prevention of war, service incidents as appropriate. Service Continuity, [ML 3] The purpose of Service Continuity (SCON) is to establish and maintain plans to ensure continuity of management essays, services during and following any significant disruption of normal operations. Service Delivery, [ML 2]
The purpose of spanish war, Service Delivery (SD) is to deliver services in accordance with service agreements. Service System Development * , [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Development (SSD) is to analyze, design, develop, integrate, verify, and validate service systems, including service system components, to satisfy existing or anticipated service agreements. * SSD is an Addition As such, it is at nakpil, the organization's discretion whether to implement SSD, and, whether to include SSD in a SCAMPI appraisal. Service System Transition, [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Transition (SST) is to deploy new or significantly changed service system components while managing their effect on ongoing service delivery. Strategic Service Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Strategic Service Management (STSM) is to establish and maintain standard services in concert with strategic needs and plans. How are the processes organized? A: This question will look at the organization of Process Areas as they are organized to one another. The next FAQ question addresses the elements of each Process Area. Process Areas are organized in two main ways, called Representations.
Two questions down, we answer the next obvious question: What's the difference between Staged and Continuous? For now, just trust us when we say that this really doesn't matter except to a very few people and organizations who really geek out over this idea of pathways through an improvement journey. Ultimately, if you really only care about improving performance, representations don't matter one bit. What is each process made up of? A: Each process area is made of two kinds of goals, two kinds of practices, and essay a whole lot of essay, informative material. The two goal types are: Specific Goals and essay of the american Generic Goals. Which then makes the two practices to also follow suit as: Specific Practices and to an Generic Practices. Astute readers can probably guess that Specific Goals are made up of Specific Practices and essay of the american Generic Goals are made up of Generic Practices. Every Process Area (PA) has at least one Specific Goal (SG), made up of at change, least two Specific Practices (SPs).
The SPs in any PA are unique to essay, that PA, whereas, other than the name of the PA in each of the Generic Practices (GPs), the essays, GPs and Generic Goals (GGs) are identical in every PA. Hence, the term Generic. PAs all have anywhere from 1 to 3 Generic Goals -- depending on which model representation (see the essay of the spanish american, previous question) the organization chooses to use, and, the path they intend to be on that straw to mature their process improvement capabilities. The informative material is very useful, and varies from PA to PA. Readers are well-advised to essay, focus on the Goals and Practices because they are the that really was the straw, required and expected components of CMMI when it comes time to be appraised.
Again, if improving performance is important to essay spanish war, you and appraisals are not something you care about, then these goal-practice relationships and normative/informative philosophies don't really matter at all. Resume Of Director. Read more about essay of the spanish american that here. If all you want is improvement, and appraisals are not necessarily important, then it doesn't really matter how the model is organized. Use anything in it to resume, make your operation perform better! How do the Maturity Levels relate to one another and how does one progress through them? A: We touch on this subject below but here is some additional thinking about the subject: Maturity Level 2 is very very basic. This is the minimum that an organization could achieve by merely hiring professional, experienced project managers and allowing them to do their jobs.
These project managers would work directly with the organization's leaders and owners to help projects be successful and of the spanish war the organization to visuals essay, be profitable. Essay Of The American War. They would routinely communicate with the of carmen guerrero, leaders and make adjustments. Companies struggling to incorporate or demonstrate use of the practices in CMMI ML2 are likely to be widely inconsistent with when they deliver, the quality of what they deliver and their profits are likely to essay spanish american, be highly unpredictable. Management Change. Such organizations frequently take on more work than they can handle. They then proceed to do a poor job of planning the level of effort and dependencies required to of the, complete the analyzing visuals essay, work. When projects don't meet financial or customer expectations, companies who don't perform ML2 practices don't know where to begin to start to essay spanish, understand why and they typically turn to essays of carmen guerrero nakpil, specific people to try to figure out essay spanish war, what went wrong. Very often people (internally or customers) get blamed for the missed expectations rather than realizing that the problems really started with their own lack of situational awareness.
ML2 does not guarantee project success (no ML does), but it increases awareness of what's going on, good or bad. Analyzing Visuals. WE often wonder how companies who fail to incorporate ML2 practices into their work even stay in business! process management, the technical/operational work of delivery (development or services, etc.), and organizational change and essay of the spanish american war development. to work with the PM (from ML2) would naturally perform the practices found in ML3. The reason to add such people is to: facilitate communication and coordination throughout the organization and to learn and share observations from the successes and failures of other projects, establish performance norms for how to resume, do the materially core work of the essay american, organization, and of carmen put in place the mechanisms for continuous improvement, learning, strategic growth, and decision-making. Furthermore, you would have the PM involved in ensuring the time and effort required to essay of the war, look across the of carmen, organization is not used-up by the projects. These additional experts would work with the PM to help them make use of the most effective approaches to meeting their projects' needs.
While projects often don't provide useful performance data until near the end of the work, these new experts would help the essay spanish american, organization's leaders understand how well the to an essay, organization is essay american, performing from the college, inside even while projects are in the middle of execution. ML3 organizations use data and metrics to help understand their internal costs and of the american effectiveness. They are also typically better than ML2 organizations at asking themselves whether or not their processes are good, not just whether their processes are followed. What's the difference between Staged and visuals essay Continuous? A: It's just different ways of looking at the same basic objects. The main difference is simply how the essay of the american war, model is organized around the path towards process improvement that an organization can take. That probably sounds meaningless, so let's get into a little bit about what that really means. The SEI, based on management essays the original idea behind the CMM for Software, promoted the of the american war, notion that there are more fundamental and more advanced (key)* process areas that organizations should endeavor to get good at on the way to college questions, maturing their processes towards higher and higher capabilities. In this notion, certain process areas were staged together with the expectation that the groupings made sense as building blocks.
Since the latter blocks depended on the prior blocks, the groupings resembled stair-steps, or levels. The idea then was that the first level didn't include any process areas, and that the of the, first staging of resume of director, (K)PAs* (the actual level 2) was a set of very fundamental practices that alone could make a significant difference in essay american war, performance. From there, the disrespect essay, next staging of PAs, or level 3, could begin to exploit the foundational PAs and essay of the spanish american war begin to affect process improvement changes from essay, a more detailed technical and managerial perspective. Whereas, up through Level 3, where PAs had some degree of autonomy from essay of the american war, one another, Levels 4 and 5 add Process Areas that look across all the other process areas as well as other activities not exclusively limited to process-area-related efforts. While Levels 4 and 5 only add a total of four PAs, they are not in the least trivial. They add the maturity and capability to manage processes by numbers rather than only by essays subjective feedback, and they add the ability to optimize and continuously improve process across the board based on a statistically-backed quantitative understanding of effort and process performance. Then along comes a group of essay of the war, people who said, in effect, why not be able to improve any one process area to the point of optimization without having all process areas needing to be there? In fact, why not be able to disrespect to an essay, focus on process areas with high value to essay of the spanish american, the organization first and then go after other process areas, or maybe even ignore any process areas that we don't really need to improve? In the staged representation, which is the original Software CMM approach, this ability to mature a capability in any one process area doesn't exist, so in CMMI, the idea of a Continuous representation was taken from a short-lived Systems Engineering CMM and implemented -- whereby an organization could choose to get really really good at any number of PAs without having to management essays, put forth the effort to implement low-value or unused PAs.
This becomes especially meaningful to organizations that want to be able to benchmark themselves (or be formally rated) in only areas that matter to them. *In the war, original CMM for Software, the process areas were called Key Process Areas, or KPAs, and, there was no distinction between types of really was the, levels (see below), therefore there was only one type of level, and spanish american war when someone said level 3 everyone understood. In CMMI, there are two level types which correspond to the two model representations.(see below) Saying, level in the context of CMMI is incomplete. Visuals Essay. However, for anyone reading this FAQ from the beginning, this concept has not yet been introduced, and we didn't want to start adding terms that had not yet been defined. What's the difference between Maturity Level and Capability Level? A: They are different ways of spanish war, rating your process areas.
Let's start with the basics. A Maturity Level is what you can be appraised to and rated as when the change essays, organization uses the Staged Representation of the CMMI, and a Capability Level is what you can be appraised to and rated as when the organization uses the Continuous Representation of the CMMI. As for the details. A Maturity Level X means that an organization, when appraised, was found to be satisfying the goals required by process areas in essay war, that level (X). Those goals are a combination of specific and analyzing visuals generic goals from essay of the spanish war, a pre-defined set of Process Areas.
Each Maturity Level has a particular set of PAs associated with it, and in turn, within those PAs have a delineated set of that was the essay, goals. Maturity Level 2 (ML 2) in CMMI for Development requires the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 2 within them: Requirements Management (REQM) Project Planning (PP) Project Monitoring and Control (PMC) Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) Measurement and Analysis (MA) Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA), and Configuration Management (CM) Maturity Level 3 (ML 3) in essay spanish american, CMMI for Development requires the ML 2 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Requirements Development (RD) Technical Solution (TS) Product Integration (PI) Verification (VER) Validation (VAL) Organizational Process Focus (OPF) Organizational Process Definition (OPD) Organizational Training (OT) Integrated Project Management (IPM) Risk Management (RSKM), and Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR)
Maturity Level 4 (ML 4) requires the ML 2 and 3 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Process Performance (OPP) and essays of carmen nakpil Quantitative Project Management (QPM) And finally, Maturity Level 5 (ML 5) requires the ML 2-4 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Performance Management (OPM) and Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) For CMMI for Services and CMMI for Acquisition, the idea is the same, only some of the process areas are swapped out at both ML 2 and ML 3 for their respective disciplines. Essay Of The American War. You can refer back to this question to fill in the blanks on which PAs to swap in/out for board questions CMMI for of the spanish american Services and CMMI for college board ap world essay questions Acquisition at ML2 and ML3. Essay Of The. You'll notice that MLs 4 and 5 are the same across all three constellations. Now, if you recall from the earlier FAQ, the Continuous representation is tied to the Generic Goals, and from above, Capability Levels are attained when using the resume, Continuous representation. So with that, Capability Levels are then tied to the Generic Goals. As we noted earlier, there are no collections of PAs in Capability Levels as there are in Maturity Levels or the staged representation.
Therefore, it is far simpler to explain that a Capability Level is american, attained PA by PA. An organization can choose (or perhaps not by choice, but by analyzing visuals essay de facto performance) to be a different Capability Levels (CLs) for different PAs. For this reason, the results of a SCAMPI based on the Continuous Representation determine a Capability Profile that conveys each PA and the Capability Level of each one. Basically, the Capability Level of a PA is the american war, highest Generic Goal at which the organization is capable of operating. Since there is actually 3 Generic Goals, 1-3, an organization can be found to be operating at a Capability Level of ZERO (CL 0), in resume, which they aren't even achieving the first Generic Goal which is of the american war, simply to Achieve Specific Goals Thus, the three Capability Levels are (in our own words): Capability Level 1: The organization achieves the specific goals of the respective process area(s). Capability Level 2: The organization institutionalizes a managed process for the respective process area(s). Capability Level 3: The organization institutionalizes a defined process for last essay the respective process area(s). What are the Generic Goals?
a.k.a. What are the differences among the Capability Levels? a.k.a. What do they mean when they say process institutionalization ? A: The Generic Goals *are*, in fact, perfectly parallel with the essay of the spanish american war, Capability Levels. Change. In other words, Generic Goal 1 (GG1) aligns with Capability Level 1 (CL1). GG2 with CL2, and GG3 with CL3. Essay. So when someone says their process area(s) are performing at Capability Level 3 they are saying that their process areas are achieving Generic Goal 3. The Generic Goals are cumulative, so saying that a process area is CL3 (or GG3) includes that they are achieving GG1 and GG2 as well. Generic Goal 1 [GG1]: The process supports and of carmen nakpil enables achievement of the of the american, specific goals of the process area by transforming identifiable input work products to produce identifiable output work products. So, you're wondering what's this business about institutionalization . What it means is the extent to which your processes have taken root within your organization. It's not just a matter of how widespread the processes are, because institutionalization can take place in even 1-project organizations. So then, it's really about how they're performed, how they're managed, how they're defined, what you measure and analyzing control the processes by, and how you go about american war continuously improving upon them.
What's High Maturity About? a.k.a. Disrespect To An. What's the fuss about High Maturity Lead Appraisers? a.k.a. What's the essay spanish war, fuss about the to an essay, informative materials in of the spanish war, the High Maturity process areas?
A: High Maturity refers to the four process areas that are added to achieve Maturity Levels, 4 and ap world questions 5: Organizational Process Performance (OPP), Quantitative Project Management (QPM), Organizational Performance Management (OPM), and Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) Collectively, these process areas are all about of the spanish making decisions about projects, work, and essay processes based on performance numbers, not opinions, not compliance, and of the american war eventually not on rearward-looking data, rather, forward-looking and predictive analysis. the only to an, required and expected components of the model are the goals and of the american war practice statements, respectively, and analyzing visuals misunderstanding and/or misinterpretation of the model high maturity practices. The action to address these facets stems from a flood of war, findings that many high maturity appraisals didn't accept as evidence those artifacts that convey the proper intent and implementation of these higher maturity concepts were applied at the organizations appraised. In fact, the opposite was found to be true. That, what *was* accepted as evidence conveyed that the high maturity practices were clearly indicating that the practices were *NOT* implemented properly.
It's not that organizations and/or appraisers purposely set out to deceive anyone. The matter was not one of ethics, it was one of understanding the concepts that made these practices add value. It was even found that organizations were able to generate erroneously-assumed high-maturity artifacts on foundations of erroneously interpreted Maturity Level 2 and 3 practices! What's a Constellation? A: A constellation is guerrero nakpil, a particular collection of process areas specifically chosen to essay war, help improve a given business need. Change. Currently there are three (3) constellations: Development: For improving the development of (product or complex service) solutions. Acquisition: For improving the purchasing of products, services and/or solutions. Services: For improving delivery of essay of the spanish american war, services and creation of service systems (say, to operate a solution but not buy it or build it in the first place).
There are 16 of the process areas common to all three constellations, Basically, in all CMMIs, you have all the process areas listed here minus the following process areas specific to CMMI-DEV: A quick reminder that the process ares listed here are for the DEV constellation only. Of Director. The SVC and ACQ constellations have the essay, core 16 noted above, plus some others for their respective constellation-specific disciplines. How many different ways are there to implement CMMI? A: Infinite, but 2 are most common.
But before we get into that, let's set the record straight. You do *not* implement CMMI the way someone implements the requirements of a product. The only thing getting implemented are your organization's work flows along with whatever standard processes and associated procedures your organization feels are appropriate--not what's in CMMI. CMMI has nothing more than a set of practices to help you *improve* whatever you've got going on. CAUTION: If whatever you've got going on is garbage, CMMI is really last straw essay, unlikely to help. AND, if you create your organization's processes only essay of the spanish american, using CMMI's practices as a template you'll not only never get anything of value done but your organization's work flows will be dreadfully lacking all the resume, important and necessary activities to essay war, operate the business!
Where in our workflow does *that* happen? How does *that* show up? What do we do that accomplishes *that*? Or simply, add the disrespect essay, words How do we ___ ahead of any practice and put a question mark at the end. For any practice where you don't have an answer or don't like the answer, consider that your operation is at risk. EVERY CMMI practice avoids a risk, reduces the impact of a risk, buys you options for future risks/opportunities, or reduces uncertainty.
EVERY.ONE. You might need a bit of expert guidance to help you refactor the practice so that it appears more relevant and useful to your particular needs, but there is american, a value-add or other benefit to analyzing visuals essay, every practice. Of The. Truly. (Admittedly, whether or not there's value to *your* business to modify your behavior to realize the benefit of a given practice is an entirely different question.) The blunt-object approach resembles what many process improvement experts call process silos, stove pipes, or layers. Resume. This approach is also often implemented *to* a development team *by* some external process entity with brute force and essay of the spanish american war very extreme prejudice. So, not only does the really was the essay, blunt approach employ some very unsavory techniques, subjecting its royal subjects to cruel and unusual process punishment, it also (in its design) is essay spanish american war, characterized by a look and feel of a process where each process is in its own vacuum, without any connection to visuals, other processes (or to reality, for that matter), and where the practices of the of the spanish, processes are somehow expected to be performed serially, from one to the next, in the absence of any other organizational context. A few other common (non-exhaustive, and not mutually-exclusive) characteristics of the non-recommended approach include:
Heavy emphasis on compliance irrespective of performance. Little or no input from staff on what the nakpil, processes should be. Using CMMI practices as project or process requirements. Measures and goals that have little/nothing to do with actual business performance. No one can answer the question: Outside of compliance, what has the process done for essay spanish american war my bottom line? Complaints about the cost of nakpil, compliance from essay of the war, people who actually watch things like the bottom line. If so many implementations of board, CMMI are guided by essay an (internal or external process) expert, one might (justifiably) wonder how and why CMMI processes could ever be implemented in such an obviously poorly conceived approach! There are two (sometimes inter-related) reasons: Lack of visuals, understanding of the of the spanish american war, model, and Being an expert process auditor, and essays guerrero not a process improvement expert.
Unfortunately, being an expert process auditor does not make someone a process improvement expert. However, one need not prove themselves an expert in process improvement to train, consult, or appraise in the CMMI. We wish it weren't so, and, it might be changing, but for essay of the war now, that's the way it is. Board Questions. So, what you have are many people who become experts in CMMI, but they're really only experts in the model's text and in essay american war, appraising an organization's ability to essay, read the text and produce text-book artifacts. They're not necessarily experts in process improvement or performance excellence , in essay spanish, general, or in implementing CMMI in particular. We've come across countless examples of organizations' attempts to resume, implement CMMI while being led by someone (or plural) who was at least one of the two types of persons, and too frequently, both at once. Frightening, but true. The jury is still out on whether it's worse to be led by such a non-expert or to attempt Do-It-Yourself CMMI implementation. What the jury is definitely in agreement on is that if your focus is on CMMI and not on improving business performance, you're really wasting your time.
Again, we digress. We can't allow ourselves to explain our favored reality-based approach without first explaining what the other approach really is. Not so that our approach looks better, and not because we must justify our approach, but because we feel that it's important for people new to of the spanish american war, CMMI and/or to visuals, process/performance improvement to of the spanish, be prepared to recognize the signs of doom and be able to do something about really was the last straw it before it's too late. All kidding aside, believe it or not, there are organizations for whom the essay spanish war, blunt/silo/stove-pipe approach actually works well, and resume we wouldn't necessarily recommend that they change it. Essay Of The Spanish American. These organizations tend to share certain characteristics including any number of the following: being larger, bureaucratic by necessity, managing very large and/or complex projects; and, there's an disrespect, actual, justifiable reason for american their approach. In fact, in these cases, the effect is actually neither blunt, nor particularly silo'd, but these types of organizations have other mechanisms for softening the essays, effect that such an approach would have on essay of the spanish war smaller projects/organizations. And, that is precisely, how we can characterize the main difference between the two approaches: we believe that the board essay, reality-based approach to essay war, implementing CMMI works well in most types of organizations and work/projects of most scope, where the brute-force approach would not.
What does the blunt/brute-force/silo/stove-pipe approach look like? In a nutshell, the disrespect to an essay, traits of that approach are: Organizational processes mirror the process areas. This alone makes no sense since the process areas aren't processes and don't actually get anything out the essay of the spanish war, door. Process area description documents are prescriptive and implementation of the processes do not easily account for college questions the inter-relatedness of the essay of the, process areas to one another, or of the generic practices to the specific practices. Furthermore, the processes seem to be implemented out-of-step with actual development/project/services work. Nowhere in the descriptions or artifacts of the processes is it clear how and when the process gets done. It's not a matter of poorly written processes, quite the opposite, many of these processes are the exemplar of essay, process documents. What these processes lack is a connection to essay of the, the work as it actually happens.
Without a process subject-matter expert on hand, it's unlikely that the process would actually get done. In many cases (thanks to the sheer size of the organization) such processes *are*, in disrespect essay, fact, done by a process specialist, and not by personnel doing the work. In other words, with such processes, if an of the spanish american war, organization doesn't have the of director, luxury of of the spanish american, process specialists to do the process work, it would be difficult for someone actually doing the resume of director, real work who is essay of the spanish american war, trying to follow the processes to see how the process activities relate to his or her activities and/or to see when/where/how to implement the process activities on college questions actual tasks at hand. Because of essay of the war, this, this approach to CMMI often has the feel (or the that really was the, actual experience) of an external organization coming in to do CMMI *to* the spanish american war, organization, or as often, that staff members must pause their revenue-oriented work to complete process-oriented activities. Therein lies the greatest draw-back (in our opinion) to essays of carmen guerrero, the most common approach. Essay Of The. Instead of process improvement being an integral and change essays transparent characteristic of everyday work, it becomes a non-productive layer of overhead activity superimposed on top of essay of the american war, real work. And yet, this seems to be the prevalent way of implementing CMMI! Crazy, huh? Why is it so prevalent?
That's where the two reasons of poor implementation, above, come in. People who don't understand the model as well as people who are not process experts (and therefore may have a weak understanding of the model) don't truly get that the model is not prescriptive, and so they attempt to change essays, make it a prescription. Auditing and appraising to essay american war, a prescription is far easier and less ambiguous than auditing and appraising to a robust integrated process infrastructure. Frankly, the common approach suits the lowest common denominator of companies and guerrero appraisers. Essay Spanish American War. Those companies and appraisers who aren't after true improvement, and are only that really was the straw, after a level rating, and who are willing (companies -- unknowingly -- (sometimes) ) to sacrifice the morale and essay of the spanish productivity of their projects for the short-term gain of what becomes a meaningless rating statement. Alright already! So what's the reality-based approach about?! The reality-based approach starts with a premise that a successful organization is really, already doing what it needs to be doing to be successful, and, that process improvement activities can be designed into of the spanish the organization's existing routines. Furthermore, the reality-based approach also assumes that, as a business, the organization actually *wants* to increase their operational performance. Note the use of designed into.
This is crucial. This means that for reality-based process improvement (reality-based CMMI implementation), the operational activities must be known, they must be definable, and, they must be at work for the organization. Then, activities that achieve the goals of really last essay, CMMI can be designed into those pre-existing activities. This whole business of designing process improvement activities into essay american war product/project activities illuminates a simple but powerful fact: effective process improvement (CMMI included) requires processes to be engineered. Sadly, a recent Google search on was the last essay process engineering turned up few instances where the search term was associated with software processes, and essay of the most of essays nakpil, those positive hits were about software products, not process improvement. The results were even more grim with respect to improving acquisition practices, but, happily, there are many strong associations between process engineering and the notion of services and other operations. There is hope. Besides the reality of essay of the spanish american war, what's already working, other attributes of our preferred implementation approach is that we don't expect the of director, processes to be done by someone else, and, we don't expect them to magically apparate into of the spanish war existence. For both of those attributes to be in place, the reality-based approach doesn't rely on process descriptions to make the to an essay, processes happen. Instead, the practices that achieve the goals of the processes are built into the very product, service and project activities of the organization's work, and, the process descriptions simply describe where in essay of the spanish war, that work to find the practices happening. One other attribute of our approach that is in stark contrast with the most common approaches is this: one of the expected practices of visuals, every managed process area is that they are planned for essay american war each project.
The common approach interprets this as requiring a distinct plan for each process area for each project/work effort. Our approach categorically rejects this notion in favor of an epiphany we like to share with clients: You can have a plan for resume of director performing each process without having to create an entirely new plan for essay of the spanish american doing so as long as you've already done all the planning. If a process works well, why re-plan it if the only thing that will change is who, when, and essay the project names (if that)? Planning for performing a process is part of institutionalizing a managed process, which is what Generic Goal 2 (thus, Capability Level 2) achieves. American War. If not re-inventing the that was the straw, planning piece for each project *is* appropriate, can't the same be said for the remainder of the practices in institutionalizing a managed process? We believe, yes.
In the end we extend this concept to account for the capabilities of of the american war, having managed and essays guerrero nakpil defined processes. Of The Spanish American War. We extend it in such a way that any and all processes an organization wants to improve can be managed and defined whether or not those processes come from CMMI. The reality-based process improvement approach (CMMI or not) results in process improvement artifacts that appear where the real work gets done, and not as an overhead process, or a process performed by process commandos, or a process that only generates artifacts if developers and project managers have to go searching for proof that the process was performed. For what it's worth, this approach is what we at Entinex call Agile CMMI. Do we have to do everything in the book?
Also known as: What's actually required to be said that someone's following CMMI? A: The Goals are required. Guerrero Nakpil. Everything else is mostly commentary. Let's be frank (as if we haven't been frank thus far). The only time whether or not you're doing what's in CMMI (or not) matters is if/when you're aiming to be appraised.
Otherwise, you'd just do whatever you want to get the most improvement out of and of the american war ignore what you don't need. Having said that, the context of board ap world, this answer is then about what's required for essay of the spanish american people who want it said that they are doing CMMI, and for visuals the most part, this means that they're going to determine this via an appraisal. In fact, nowhere in the CMMI model literature does it discuss CMMI requirements for process improvement. The model is essay of the spanish, very careful to only use terms that imply that requirements of the model are for the model, not for process improvement. That's why CMMI is just *a* model for process improvement, not *the* model for visuals essay it. The discussion of CMMI as far as requirements are concerned are in the materials that define the appraisal. This is also an often misunderstood aspect of of the war, CMMI. SO. in the context of performing activities that appear like they came from the model -- especially where an appraisal is concerned -- there are three types of model content components: required, expected, and informative The goals are required.
Achieving/satisfying all the goals of analyzing, a process area satisfies the process area. Spanish. Since goals don't get done by guerrero themselves (sports analogies work well here), an organization must be performing some kind of practices in order to achieve a goal, therefore, in of the spanish american, the absence of any other practices, CMMI provides some practices that an organization might perform to satisfy each goal. That's why the practices are expected, but not required. The organization might have entirely different practices and might have a different number of practices, either of which are entirely OK as far as CMMI goes, but *something* must be happening to achieve a goal. If an organization is *doing* something, then it must be resulting is resume of director, some form of identifiable, tangible output. However, not every organization does the same thing, therefore not every organization produces the same outputs, and therefore sub-practices, most narratives and sample work products of a process' practices are only informative, and neither expected, nor required.
Just to be technically complete, there is spanish, more content in the model, but it doesn't even fall into the informative content component. The appraisal even has a term for resume practices that achieve goals that aren't in the model. They're called (logically enough) alternative practices ! It logically leads to the reality that an essay spanish war, organization's alternative practices include sub-practices and essay produce work products that aren't in the model. What does this mean for an appraisal or the appraiser? It means that in order to demonstrate that an organization's process area (or a goal) is satisfied, they might not be able to solely rely on the stated practices, typical work products, or sub-practices of a process area. This means that not only essay, might it be a good bit of work before an appraisal for the appraiser(s) to get up to speed and elbow-deep into an organization's processes, but it could even drag with it the need to be somewhat competent in the kind of work an organization does or tools they use. Of Director. DANGER! That kind of in-depth involvement puts appraisers (and consultants) at essay spanish war, some risk: they might be exposed for not being competent in the ways and means of modern operations! (Did we just say that?) Well, in for a penny. let's go the whole way.
We have a saying around here, the first part most people have heard of: Those who cannot do, teach. [We added this next corollary:] Those who cannot teach, audit. It's much easier on the appraiser if the expected model components were investigated as required and if some of the informative materials were also expected or required in order to demonstrate the change, (now, newly promoted) required parts (in their minds). Essay Of The American War. This is closely tied to our discussion above regarding the implementation approaches. But until now, we didn't have enough background to get into was the straw essay it. The blunt approach to CMMI is replete with verbatim practices (which is often fine -- except where they're just floating out there without being tied to everyday work) and verbatim sub-practices, which starts to get a little fishy since sub-practices often change with the of the american war, context of the projects, and verbatim typical work products, which is even fishier since it's rare that any one piece of an organization's work will use/need/produce so many work products.
These are the tell-tale signs of an organization that doesn't really understand CMMI, or an appraiser/consultant who's just plain lazy (or worse, incompetent)! Why does it cost so much? A: Well that's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so much? We'll just tell you what goes into the costs here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for disrespect to an essay you or how you can go about minimizing cost or maximizing value.
Here are the essay of the spanish, variables that go into the factors that affect cost: Where you are *now* with respect to your implementation of process improvement using CMMI? (i.e., Present-State or Gap Analysis Results) How process-oriented is your company? Do you understand process improvement? Do you have a culture that embraces a disciplined approach to killing-off things that don't work in favor of things that do? Do you have process improvement professionals on staff? Are you dedicating explicit resources to managing your process improvement activities? How much process improvement implementation work will your company do on essays its own? vs. How much process improvement implementation work will your company need outsider help doing? How much progress do you think you'll be able to make? Meaning, how fast can you absorb change? Will implementing process improvement always be competing for resources from other work?
Will all the time for implementing a process improvement system be outside ordinary billable hours? And, How quickly do you want to make progress? Other considerations include your organization's size, the kind of work you do, the kind of products you build and techniques and of the american tools you employ to build them, the kind of contracts you find yourself in, your relationship with your clients, the way you manage your projects, skills your people have and resume of director the nature and essay of the spanish composition of disrespect, your organization and management structures. Spanish War. NOT trivial. Here's another reason people perceive that implementing CMMI costs so much: Implementations that went bad. There are far more bad implementation stories than success stories. By bad we simply mean those implementations that, while many of them did achieve a maturity level ratings, and all the of carmen guerrero, while they were spending lots of time and money, they were also causing disillusionment, cynicism, and processes that fundamentally didn't work! It's very easy to essay of the spanish, screw-up process improvement implementation, with or without CMMI.
Because CMMI is a very complete model, it has the side-effect of further complicating process improvement. The easiest way to screw it up is to attempt to implement the CMMI model as either a development standard and/or as a checklist (making all non-required pieces to CMMI required), and/or by buying so-called CMMI-enabling tools. While there are also many ways to being a CMMI implementation success story, what these stories share in resume, common are the following attributes: Treat process improvement with the same rigor as a technical project. Essay Spanish War. Create a process architecture that reflects how real work is visuals, done, then find where/how that reality can be improved as a business process. American. Executive management understands the model, what's being done, what's going to change, how *their* jobs will change, and the meaning of commitment.
Create and sustain a culture of process improvement. Recognize that process improvement takes time and discipline, exactly like a nutrition and that essay exercise program. Of The Spanish American. And, Process Improvement can't be done *to* a project, it's done *by* the project by the very nature of their work, not by any explicit CMMI activities But, we are not in a position to give numbers. We hope you now understand why. Why does it take so long? A: That's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so long? We'll just tell you what goes into visuals essay the time frames here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about of the spanish war minimizing time or maximizing progress.
Please see the previous question. Why would anyone want to do CMMI if they didn't have to do it to get business? A: Because they must be perceiving that the way they do technology development or services now isn't giving them everything they want or need to be confident in their ability to of director, produce the results they want/expect (profit, happy clients, low overhead, etc.) and to do it in a consistent way. If that's not you, move on. Otherwise, give CMMI a shot and check back here for more elaboration on this topic soon. Isn't CMMI just about software development? A: Nope.
It can be used for Systems Engineering, Integrated Product Development (i.e., large, complex projects), and Supplier Sourcing. It can even be abstracted so it can help organizations who do technology services as well. More on war that coming up. What's the difference between CMMI v1.1 and v1.2? A: Since the really was the straw, current version of american war, CMMI is that really was the last straw, v1.3, we won't get into essay of the american war detailed differences between v1.1 and v1.2, but a summary of major changes to the model (only) are as follows: Both representations (Staged/Continuous) are packaged together. The advanced practices and common feature concepts were eliminated.
Hardware amplifications and essays nakpil examples were added. Essay Of The American War. All definitions were consolidated in the glossary. IPPD practices were consolidated and simplified. There are no longer separate IPPD process areas; IPPD concepts became additions noted by +IPPD after two PAs (OPD and IPM). College Essay Questions. These PAs gained new goals and of the spanish american practices invoked only for organizations wanting IPPD. Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) and Integrated Supplier Management (ISM) were consolidated, and the original v1.1 Supplier Sourcing addition was eliminated. Generic practice (GP) elaborations were added to to an, the (maturity/capability) level 3 GPs. Essay. An explanation of how process areas support the implementation of GPs was added.
Material was added to ensure that standard processes are deployed on essay projects at essay american, their startup. Analyzing Visuals Essay. With v1.2, there were changes to the SCAMPI process and all CMMI training courses as well. What's the difference between CMMI v1.2 and v1.3? A: CMMI v1.3 does several things: Aligns all three (3) constellations (DEV, SVC, ACQ) at once. Clarifies language around many practices and goals by removing unnecessary (and sometimes confusion-adding) language. Focuses more on improvement -- without assuming things are necessarily bad now and that all users need CMMI just to of the american war, bad to good and that users might just be looking for CMMI to that really was the straw essay, help them go from good to great. Essay Spanish American. Tightens language so that goals and practices more clearly state what was intended. Resume Of Director. Substantially re-writes high maturity process areas (i.e., maturity level 4 and 5) to reflect the original intentions of those areas (that somehow got lost in committee) and to close loop-holes exploited by less scrupulous users. In that effort, the Organizational Innovation and Deployment (OID) process area has been replaced with Organizational Performance Management (OPM) Eliminates Generic Goals 4 and 5, and as a result,. Eliminates Capability Levels 4 and 5. Eliminates the IPPD addition from the DEV constellation. Removes references to projects where there is spanish american, no reason to limit the use of that really last, practices to such specific management constructs.
Re-orients the concept of a project to that of work in CMMI-SVC. Adds several narratives to help CMMI practices be interpreted in agile environments. Of The Spanish War. In all three constellations now, the text elaborating Generic Practices from all process areas were consolidated to one location instead of repeated in each process area. This only means that in one place you'll see elaborations for all process areas for each generic practice. For example, you'll see Generic Practice 2.6 (Control Work Products) listed once and that really was the last essay under it you'll see elaborations for essay of the war each of the that last straw essay, process areas to help understand how it applies to each one. Essay American War. Substantial changes to the SCAMPI appraisal method (which, technically, isn't part of CMMI), but *is* part of the CMMI Product Suite. To An Essay. With each new version, there were changes to all CMMI training courses as well. What's the key limitation for approaching CMMI? A: This question comes to us from one of our readers.
We love our readers! What's the key effort required in essay spanish war, CMMI implementation? A: This question also comes to us from one of our readers. Disrespect To An. We love our readers! How do we determine whether to use CMMI for Development or CMMI for Services? A: This question (paraphrased) also comes to of the spanish american, us from one of our readers.
We love our readers! How do customers get from us what we do? Do they submit a request into an existing request system where everyone goes through the same request process and the resulting transaction is only alive for as long (typically short) as the request is outstanding, or, do we build something specific to a specification and/or statement of work where each effort is on a stand-alone contract? How do customers pay for straw what we do? Do they pay per essay spanish american war, request or do they pay for effort/results over time?
Is there a Service Level Agreement in essay, place that we have to meet? Do we operate more on a transaction basis or more on essay of the a trusted advisor basis? (Ignore, for now, what your marketing people say.) What are we trying to improve? How we manage and develop products, or how we provide services? Hopefully, the essays of carmen guerrero nakpil, answers to these questions make the answer to which CMMI constellation to of the american war, use self-evident. If not, write back, give us some more detail about the situation, and we'll be happy to analyzing visuals essay, help you think this through. How do we get certified? A: OK, let's get something straight here and essay spanish american forever-after: You do not get certified in CMMI. At least not yet. Analyzing Visuals Essay. In the US, the concept of a certification carries a specific legal expectation and companies who are *rated* (and that *IS* the right term) to a level of the CMMI are not being certified to of the war, anything.
So the correct question is, 'how do you get rated?'. And an even more complete question is, 'how do we get rated to a maturity/capability level X?' We'll get to disrespect essay, the difference between Maturity Levels and essay war Capability Levels and what the level numbers mean shortly. The short answer for how to get rated still leaves a lot of resume, information on spanish war the table. So, if all you read is this short answer, you'll be doing yourself a disservice. The really short answer on getting a level rating is that you get appraised by an appraisal team led by disrespect to an an CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser who determine whether you are performing the practices of the CMMI. This answer is so loaded with hidden terms it's frightening. So just so you know that you've been warned that this answer is too short, we'll point out essay war, each of the terms in essays of carmen guerrero nakpil, our previous answer that has hidden meaning in it: getting level rating you get appraised appraisal team led CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser determine whether performing practices CMMI. There's a condition, requirement or definition in and of themselves for each one of these words. Essay War. Don't get annoyed, SEI isn't the first, last, only, or worst organization to create such things.
Every non-trivial discipline is loaded with concepts that experts can do in their sleep but that requires effort to understand by change everyone else. It's true of EVERY profession so, _CHILL_OUT_. Need an essay american war, example? Think of resume, it like getting into shape. Essay American War. The short answer is diet and exercise. Board Essay. Brilliant. Wonderful.
What do you eat? How much? How often? What sort of american, work-out routine is right for you? How do you work out so that you're not just wasting time or harming yourself? See? Don't be so indignant just because you don't like the idea that you need to get a rating and you don't want to. The trend is, that most people asking about what it takes to get a rating are more interested in essays, the rating than the war, improvement.
That's OK. Analyzing Visuals Essay. We understand. Essay Spanish American. Sadly, too well. Keep reading this FAQ. What else did you have to analyzing visuals essay, do today anyway? How long does it take?
A: Here's another one of those dead give-away questions that a company is more interested in essay of the, the rating than the improvement. OK, that's a little unfair. Let's just say that as often as we hear this question, our judgmental attitude holds for ALMOST everyone who asks it. Disrespect To An Essay. Allright, so maybe you are the exception. The truth is, it's a fair question. For every company.
A rare few companies don't care how long it takes. Lucky them. Applying a generous dose of benefit of the doubt, we can assume that the question is asked not for how soon can we get this out of the way? as much as from are there any rules that dictate a minimum time before performing an appraisal? How we can tell whether the company is interested in the improvements vs. the essay war, rating is simply a linear function of how long into essays guerrero nakpil the conversation we are before it gets asked. All-too-often, the source of the question is less ignorance of the essay, process and more ignorance of the that was the last straw, point behind going through the process. Process improvement purists wish more people were more interested in the journey than in american, the destination. We are process improvement pragmatists. Disrespect To An. We know you're not looking at CMMI because you had nothing better to do with your time and money.
That's for Bill Gates and essay spanish american his very worthy charitable endeavors. The company he's famous for founding is resume, still in business for essay the money. Management Change Essays. FAST. So, how long it takes is a real question regardless of how you spend your money. Fortunately, or unfortunately, the answer lies within you, young grasshopper. Really. We can't give you a much better answer than that. What we can do, however, is essay spanish american war, give you a list of the attributes that you can use to estimate how long it will take you, and give you a few example cases and some very general time-ranges. Let's start again with our favorite analogy.
Say you're carrying around about 40lbs. (18.18kg) of excess body fat. How long will it take you to lose the fat? A year? Two? 6 months? Can one person do in 6 months what another person needs 2 years? We all know the answer to these questions. Visuals. IT DEPENDS! EXACTLY! How quickly a company can become rated to of the spanish, a pre-determined point in the CMMI's rating scale depends entirely on them and their circumstances.
It depends on: their level of visuals, commitment, their tolerance for and ability to implement change, how busy they are, what they know about process improvement in general and CMMI in particular, and it depends on where they are as a starting point and how much of the organization they want to include in the rating. Working backwards from the appraisal itself (NOT including process changes to essay of the american, incorporate the that really last essay, CMMI practices or goals--only for planning and conducting the appraisal), the essay spanish, absolute minimum calendar time a company should expect between when the starting gun is fired and when they cross the finish line is a simple matter of logistics. Probably about a month if they're lucky. Resume. Two months would be more realistic. Spanish. These 2 months, of course, are just the disrespect, logistics and prep-work necessary to plan and spanish conduct the appraisal and management change the activities that lead to of the american war, an appraisal. Obviously, this time frame would only that last straw essay, be realistic if the company was completely ready for the appraisal, had done all their homework, knew exactly what the state of their process implementation was and were literally trying to do nothing more than figure out essay spanish war, how much time they had before they could conduct the appraisal. Of course, such a company wouldn't be asking the to an essay, question.
They'd already know. So then there's almost everyone else. Everyone else needs time to essay american, first determine where they are in resume, their implementation of essay of the spanish, CMMI practices. Was The Straw. This is like saying, first we need to. find out essay, how much excess fat we're carrying around. A trip to the right physician would answer this. For CMMI, it's called a Gap Analysis (a term we, here, don't like because it presumes something's missing where we prefer to merely look at the Present State ) and can take a week or two. Straw Essay. Then, depending on those factors bulleted earlier, the gap found by the analysis would need to be filled. American. This is the part where a company would need to figure out what it's optimum sustainable diet and exercise routine should be, and, how long to stick with it to see the desired results. In CMMI v1.1, there were 25 Process Areas, and in v1.2 and v1.3 there are 22 for CMMI for Development and Acquisition , and 24 for Services . There are two ways to look at them. Of Director. The duration of the gap closure activities would also be a function of how many (and which ones) of the Process Areas the organization wanted appraised.
Each of the spanish american war, Process Areas could be analogous to some aspect of change essays, a healthy lifestyle such as food choices, food quantity, shopping, cooking, meal planning, exercises, frequency, repetitions, technique, equipment, blood work, rest, stress management, work environment, time management, and so on. Obviously, the spanish war, more of the management change essays, lifestyle someone wanted to adopt, the longer it would likely take. Once a gap is filled (i.e., the weight is lost and/or new muscle mass is added), an of the spanish war, organization should give itself at least 2-3 months (on the college ap world, short-project end) to 12-16 months (on the larger project end) to actually use their processes. This would provide them with enough data to actually conduct an appraisal. However, the essay spanish war, actual metric isn't the calendar , it's the cycle-time of their development processes. Often called their development life-cycle. Clearly, projects that get from estimate to to an, delivery ( life-cycle ) quickly are going through their processes and essay spanish war generating artifacts of that really last, doing so. Essay Of The War. This is the value to key off of moreso than the management change, clock. On the fat-loss analogy, this would be like finding that point where diet and exercise are enough to keep the weight off and one is able to demonstrate to themselves (or others, as needed) that they can, in fact, live and sustain a healthy lifestyle -- in essay spanish american, the face of temptation and other uncertainties.
Once people internalize how process improvement works, how long it takes to earn a rating is that was the last straw essay, a question such people stop asking. Like fat loss and getting into shape, process improvement is a discipline backed by american war many best practices. Analyzing Essay. And, just like getting into shape, people are still seeking a silver bullet. We, on the other hand, stick to of the american war, a healthy diet and exercise program. Resume. When we're off track we know it. Spanish. We gain fat and feel like crap. When we're on it, we see the essays of carmen guerrero nakpil, results. How much does it cost? A: If you've read the answer to essay american, the previous question and are still asking this question then you must really only be wondering about of director fees, attributes of cost or other general costs.
Otherwise, go and read the answer to essay of the war, How long does it take? because time is resume, money and what it costs is largely a matter of what you spend time doing. As for fees, attributes of of the spanish american war, cost and other general costs, here's break-down of things that can or will cost you money towards being rated to a capability or maturity level of the management essays, CMMI: The Lead Appraiser will need time to of the war, meet with you to resume of director, plan the appraisal, perform some preliminary evidence review (called Readiness Review) and then to perform the appraisal. The range of what Lead Appraisers charge is pretty wide. Most charge about $2000/day +/- $1000. As a benchmark for your ball-park, the essay, CMMI Institute has a small cadre of Lead Appraisers who can be hired (NOTE: only a few handfuls of Lead Appraisers actually work for the CMMI Institute, most are employees of other companies or operate independently of the CMMI Institute.). Prior to transferring to the CMMI Institute, the SEI used to charge at least $1800/day from the of director, moment they leave their home (or their last engagement) to the moment they get back home (or to spanish war, their next engagement). They also charge for management essays all travel expenses as well as time they spend away from your site to do their preparatory and concluding activities. Also, they will often work by of the spanish american the book.
Meaning, a guidebook exists that assists with planning appraisals. The guide suggests that, based on the scope of the appraisal, appraisals be scheduled for a certain duration and not be condensed into fewer days and longer hours. Lead Appraisers are free to charge whatever they want. Change Essays. not many charge the way the SEI once did. (The CMMI Institute will have its own rates that, as of this udpdate, were not known to us at the CMMIFAQ.info site.) Someone will also need to provide Appraisal Team Training to the people you plan to american war, have on change essays the Appraisal Team. Essay War. This takes 2 days and is usually done by a Lead Appraiser, and best if done by essays the Lead Appraiser you plan to have doing your appraisal. So, plan on the Lead Appraiser needing about 1-3 weeks to do the preparatory work for an appraisal, including Appraisal Team Training and at least one Readiness Review, and then 1-3 weeks to perform the appraisal itself (depending on the scope), then another day to wrap-up all the paperwork. Spanish American. Appraisal Team Members.
Every Appraisal for guerrero a rating is done by a team. Essay Spanish American War. The minimum number of people is 4 and that can include the Lead Appraiser. Every person on the team must meet certain individual pre-requisites and contribute to certain team-wide qualifications. (More on that in answer.) It is best if the team's constituents include people from your company as well as outsiders. At the appraisal, if you don't have (and can't create) qualified people in your company to be on the team, then you will need to bring in outside team members. (Most Lead Appraisers keep these in visuals essay, their back pockets -- kinda.) Outside team members are essentially consultants and charge as such. You're doing well if you can get outside team members for $1000/day. This would be very high-value. And, if you're only essay spanish, charged for a day where 1 day = the date on the calendar, and not 1 day = 8 hours, you're doing VERY well. Process Improvement Consulting. If your organization needs to essays guerrero, get up to spanish war, speed on CMMI, you'll probably do one of two things: (1) Look to hire an that really last essay, employee with the expected expertise, or (2) Look to hire a consultant with the expertise.
Which you choose to essay of the american, do depends on your organization's needs. Was The. The pros and cons of either approach are a basic matter of spanish war, business and strategy. Either way, there's a cost. As for consultants, they're a lot like Lead Appraisers. That Really Straw. And yes, many Lead Appraisers are also consultants. So, what and how they charge is largely up to of the american, them. Fees. There are no SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for management change essays improving your processes, using their models, or getting an essay of the spanish american, appraisal.
The only fees charged by the SEI or CMMI Institute are for courses licensed by college questions them to the providers of such services, and for using their own in-house consultants or Lead Appraisers. There *are* fees for people using their materials when delivering licensed training. First of all, only authorized or certified people can use the material and of the spanish war when such people do so, and the people in class want it to analyzing visuals essay, be official, there's a licensing fee that goes to essay spanish, the SEI and/or CMMI Institute. Management Change Essays. Consulting firms can charge whatever they want and call it whatever they want, but if anyone is implying that there are SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for consulting or appraising, they're only implying this. Essay American War. What they're really doing is simply separating the of director, time you're paying for doing certain things from the time you're paying for essay of the spanish american doing other things. For example, they might say that there's a fee to file your appraisal results.
Not with the SEI or CMMI Institute, there's not, but it does take time and to an essay it's reasonable for of the them to simply charge you some amount for the time it takes them to put in all the paperwork. Other General Costs. As above, the only other general costs associated with an appraisal are: Official training, and your employees' time on the clock. NOTICE what's *NOT* in the list above: TOOLS. There is NO requirement for the purchase or use of any tool. Anyone saying that in order to straw, comply with CMMI (or the appraisal) that you must purchase a tool, they're full of *crap!* Some consultants do use tools as part of their work and as part of you hiring them you are also buying a license to use the tool. That's OK.
Since you will end up using the spanish, tool after they're gone, it's reasonable that you should pay for disrespect to an essay using something that is either the consultant's intellectual property, or something they bought and are bringing to the table. And, it's up to you if you want to hire that company. It's not reasonable for you to hire a consultant who tells you they use a tool and then tell them not to use it so you don't have to pay for their tools. Many consultants work their pricing structure into the productivity and efficiencies they gain by using a tool and asking them to stand by their rates when you've asked them to leave their tools in the shed is not playing nice. Spanish. On the other hand, anyone telling you that if you don't buy their tool then you are not going to essays of carmen nakpil, meet the CMMI's requirements or pass the appraisal is FLAT OUT LYING LYING LYING. and should be reported to the SEI/CMMI Institute! And, you can do that by american war taking a number of actions listed here. What's involved (in getting a rating)? A: Um. Resume. that's a little broad, don'chya think? But, we get that question frequently enough so we might as well answer it. At least at a very high altitude. There are three broad steps towards achieving a level rating:
This is usually called a gap analysis or present state analysis. The right person to do this is someone who really understands the CMMI and how to appraise for the CMMI. Too often we get into companies who thought they were simply smart enough to do it themselves -- in some cases doing nothing more than downloading the model and reading it which is enough for very few organizations, but it's extremely rare. Spanish War. Even taking the SEI's licensed Introduction to CMMI course(s) seldom provides enough of an understanding to determine, without any other direct experience, how closely your company is performing the expected practices of essay, CMMI, or how your particular implementation of the practices will fare in an appraisal. Also, please don't make the following mistake: Assume you're golden just because you've been through an of the, ISO 9000 audit, you've won the Malcolm Baldridge Award, or even been in an organization assessed to the intent of SW-CMM. Visuals Essay. We've actually found that prior experience with other process-oriented bodies of work can work against a company's true understanding of what CMMI is about, how to implement it effectively, and how to appraise their practices. Once you know what and where your gaps are in american, implementation you're ready for the next broad step. This is usually called, in CMMI circles, Process Improvement Although this step implies that your processes aren't up to the task as they stand now, what it really implies is essays of carmen guerrero, that you will likely be making some changes to your current processes as you implement CMMI's practices and the method you should follow is one of process improvement and not simply a re-skinning of your paper trail.
The entire purpose behind CMMI is essay of the, that of performance improvement via process improvement , and companies that simply slap a layer of CMMI processes over top of what they're currently doing is not process improvement, it's death by process; it's WASTE. It's come to our attention that CMMI has a reputation as being death by process as it is. We firmly believe that it's the latter approach towards CMMI implementation, as described in analyzing visuals, the previous paragraph, that causes this, not CMMI. To be blunt (you're used to it by now, yes?), slapping CMMI over spanish war, top of college, your existing process, those processes that you feel have been working all along, is a STUPID way to implement CMMI. On the other hand, if you do find value in practices CMMI promotes, then what you want to be doing is implementing them in a way that continues to provide you with the value-proposition of the essay spanish war, things you like about your current processes and replacing or adding with CMMI those things that could use some strengthening. That Straw. The smoothest way to this approach is by following CMMI as a guide to spanish american, building a systemic process improvement infrastructure. Again, please be advised that doing this on your own without a CMMI expert employee or consultant is essays of carmen guerrero nakpil, not advisable for the same reasons having an expert is best for performing the present state analysis.
One last comment on this step (and it's a bit of an unsung truism about the of the spanish american, CMMI): companies who are honestly thrilled with their current process and really have a handle on the outcome of their efforts are probably doing a lot of change essays, what the CMMI would have you doing. Such companies may call their activities by essay of the american different names, they might reach the goals in a less traditional way, but ultimately, they are getting the job done and are still in business, so they must be doing things right. Analyzing Visuals. (Or at least doing the right things.) If this is you, then your effort towards implementing CMMI is going to essay of the, be quite painless and enjoyable. Oh, OK. there really is one other important point: CMMI says precious little about organizational culture and leadership necessary to make any of to an essay, this work. First and foremost, improving performance must address the organizational psychology of the essay of the spanish american war, business. If/when there are issues with the organizational psychology, they are nearly always a negative effect on improvement. If the organizational culture and psychology are not conducive to improvement, give it up.
Getting appraised is what most people think about when they are looking at CMMI. The appraisal is what gives an organization their Level. Once the appropriate expert can make a sound call on your organization's implementation of the CMMI practices, you can start planning for an appraisal. Details of the appraisal are answered elsewhere in this FAQ. How does the appraisal work? A: NOTE: This answer is for v1.3 of the management, appraisal method. Users of prior appraisal methods may not recognize this. Just so you understand that the complete answer to this question is american war, ordinarily delivered in 2 days' worth of training.
We're obviously limited in what we can explain here. We're going to pick up the appraisal with the portion of the appraisal that most people think about: the on-site period. It's that period of to an, time when there's an appraisal team at your company and they're looking at your evidence and conducting interviews (or performing some other accepted form of verbal affirmation). It's at the end of this period that a company gets the results of the appraisal and, when all goes well, a rating. So. Essay American. that's pretty much what happens at the appraisal: A team, lead by a Lead Appraiser looks at evidence and was the straw makes a judgment on that evidence regarding the extent to which the it demonstrates that CMMI's practices are being implemented. There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. The evidence comes from the work products of actual organizational activities (projects, services, etc.). Essay Spanish American. In actuality, instead of specifying that evidence come from projects the term is Basic Units. The number of projects (er, Basic Units) is a function of the organization to resume of director, which the rating will apply.
You need a sample of Basic Units representative of the organization. Essay Of The. And, no, you can't pick them, the college board essay questions, Lead Appraiser works with you to pick them; and, no, you can't look at only the best aspects of the organization and puzzle together all the good-looking evidence from a bunch of different activities. The characterizations are then looked at of the spanish american war, in aggregate according to rules in that really was the straw essay, the MDD across all Basic Units. Basically, after aggregating the characterizations across all Basic Units, no single practice can be characterized as less than Largely Implemented or it will spell disaster. Even then, if certain practices are found even Largely Implemented, and of the spanish war the appraisal team believes there's a pattern in what they're seeing that causes these practices to only be found as Largely Implemented, the team may still choose to say that whatever's causing these practices to not be Fully Implemented is worrisome enough to preclude the organization from achieving the to an essay, goals of the essay of the american, Process Area, and if any goal in a Process Area isn't achieved, then it can't be said that the whole Process Area is being satisfied, can it? And, that, our friends, is how the appraisal works: it's a search for essay whether the organization is satisfying the goals of those Process Areas in scope of the appraisal. Basic Units are drawn from Sub-Groups. Sub-Groups are distinguished by of the spanish a set of disrespect essay, key factors that differentiate on Sub-Group from another.
Location: if work is of the spanish, performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the college board essay questions, processes and essay of the other relevant attributes are different). Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the customer is or what they require. Disrespect To An Essay. Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Essay Of The Spanish. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. College Board Essay Questions. electronic components). Once you distinguish Sub-Groups based on these factors (and others, that you and your lead appraiser may determine to be relevant), there's an essay of the, equation that is used to resume, ensure that the number of Basic Units chosen from each Sub-Group is representative of the size of the spanish american, Sub-Group and is representative of the Sub-Group's sizes in relation to the entire organization under consideration. A: Ah-ha! Finally! A quick and easy question!
Who can do the appraisal? A: Another quick and easy question, thanks! A Certified Lead Appraiser. Certified by who? The SEI and/or CMMI Institute. Lead Appraisers (as of this writing) have to qualify by surviving the following activities in this order (sort-a): Introduction to CMMI Intermediate Concepts of CMMI, or two distinct CMMI for Practitioners courses Being a team member on at least 2 SCAMPIs* SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training, various examinations throughout, and Being observed performing a SCAMPI by one of a very few number of people the CMMI Institute trusts to do that sort of thing *Participating on 2 SCAMPIs can happen any time after the Introduction to CMMI course but must happen prior to applying for SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training. The placement of SCAMPI participation is unrelated to when someone takes Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or the two CMMI for Practitioners courses. NOTE: There is essays, a distinction for High Maturity appraisals and Lead Appraisers.
High Maturity are appraisals performed to essay war, a target maturity level of 4 or 5. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLA) are required to take more coursework, more exams (written and oral), and to qualify in much greater depth of experience and knowledge in concepts found in analyzing visuals, the Maturity Level 4 and 5 process areas. Essay War. For all SCAMPI A Lead Appraisers, the now obsolete designation was authorized. Was The Last. Authorized Lead Appraisers who have not moved forward to become certified Lead Appraisers (whether or not high maturity) are no longer qualified to perform SCAMPI A appraisals. Make sure your Lead Appraiser is of the, qualified by asking them for this certification. (This certification does not apply to that really last, SCAMPI B C Team Leaders -- they are not certified, they remain authorized.) IMPORTANT!
ALSO, as of v1.2 (2006) of the MDD: The organization being appraised needs to have a contractual relationship with the Partner Organization sponsoring the Lead Appraiser performing the appraisal in order for the appraisal to of the spanish american war, be valid. This rule stayed in place in MDD v1.3. Can we have our own people on the appraisal? A: Yes! Yes, in fact, it's encouraged. The appraisal team must be at least 4 people strong (including the of director, Lead Appraiser), and with your company's employees on the appraisal team you increase the odds of buy-in to the appraisal process as well as follow-up and follow-through on any recommended actions from the appraisal. There are a number of qualifications potential team members must meet, the most logistically challenging of of the american, them being that candidate team members must have had a licensed delivery of the Introduction to CMMI before going into the appraisal activities (which begin a month or more before the actual on-site period). A few other details are also expected which should be worked out between your company and your Lead Appraiser. Can we have observers at the appraisal?
A: Let's first start by defining what an essays guerrero, observer is. An observer is someone who is not qualified to be on the appraisal team, or, despite being qualified is not actually on the appraisal team, but is hanging around with the appraisal team while they do their thing. OK, got that? What sort of evidence is required by the appraisal? A: There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and of the american war Affirmations. For each practice in the scope of an to an essay, appraisal, the requirement for evidence (in a SCAMPI Class A appraisal -- which we'll get to later) requires either Artifacts and essay of the american Affirmations, or either Artifacts or Affirmations, as a function of the volume of work being appraised and several other factors determined by the evidence sampling rules. These are the actual product or output of disrespect to an, following a procedure, performing a process or some direct or supporting output or outcome of implementing a practice. It's fairly simple. Essay Of The Spanish American War. If, for example, the way you implement a practice says you are to fill out a certain template, then the of carmen nakpil, filled-out template is a Direct artifact of the practice. It doesn't matter whether the artifacts are a direct work product of the process or whether the artifact is essay of the spanish american, a clear support to performing the work necessary to resume of director, produce a work product.
Artifacts are simply something tangible coming from having the practice performed. Sometimes these are agendas or minutes from essay spanish, meetings where it can be seen that a certain topic was addressed, and it happens that working through the issue is, in effect, doing a practice. Another common example would be where different versions of the same work product demonstrate that the work product was updated over of director, time. Essay War. And, successive versions would indicate that a process was in place to make the changes. If the essays, practice says to keep track of changes, these versions could be used to demonstrate that changes were made, and essay of the spanish war one could infer that there was some way to analyzing visuals essay, keep track of them even though the essay, fact that changes were made isn't actually the of carmen guerrero, same as keeping track of essay spanish american war, changes. Sometimes, it might even be something the really was the essay, appraisal team can observe while it's happening. All of which are tangible.
Essentially interviews. Essay Of The Spanish. These can also be obtained through other means such as surveys and to an demonstrations, most appraisals find it useful to conduct face-to-face interviews with the people who are actually doing the work, and hopefully, performing the essay spanish, practices. Again, the mix of that last, artifacts and affirmations are an important detail that follow specific rules. The rules themselves are HIGHLY context-dependent. You're best working with a Certified Lead Appraiser on how to apply the rules to your specific situation.
The rules themselves are in the Method Definition Document (MDD v1.3). Look for the terms Coverage, Sampling, or Data Sufficiency. How much of our company can we get appraised? A: The part of your company that gets the actual rating is essay spanish american, called the Organizational Unit. This can be the really last straw, entire company or only parts of it as determined by the types of essay american war, work (and as such, the types of processes) the company wants the appraisal to be performed on, and as a result, the that was the, appraisal results to apply towards. How many projects (basic units) need to be appraised? A: NOTE: Since the SCAMPI (appraisal) method applies to more than just CMMI for Development, the notion of essay american, what is appraised is no longer limited to projects. The broader (if, admittedly, more vague) term, basic unit is used.
Basic Unit is the name applied by the CMMI appraisal method to the dimension of work performaned by an organization as evaluated in an appraisal. In many cases, these Basic Units are discrete projects or types of services . Essays Of Carmen Nakpil. But because projects or types of spanish, services don't always meet the needs of an appraisal (or of an organization scoping an appraisal), we use Basic Units as a more generic term. Of Director. Basic units are drawn from Sub-Groups of the organization. Location: if work is performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different). Essay Spanish American. Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the customer is or what they require. Size: if work is of director, performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Of The Spanish American. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the college board ap world essay, organizational structure. Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. Of The. electronic components). Can we have more than one appraisal and inch our way towards a rating?
A: No, At least not yet. Well, at least not in essays, the way you're thinking. You can have as many appraisals as you want, however, at this time, if you want a Maturity Level rating (or even a Capability Level rating -- more on that later), you will only essay war, achieve that if the appraisal looks at all the evidence for all the Process Areas in the scope of the appraisal in a single appraisal. College Board Questions. There is spanish american war, talk afoot of allowing something like a cumulative appraisals where you can do some subset of an appraisal scope then come back and do a little more, and so on until you've completed the scope and resume of director then putting it all together for a rating, but that's not how it works today. If you do perform several appraisals where none (except, perhaps, the last) are for a complete Maturity Level, it would only of the spanish, serve to provide you a sense of how you're doing, you couldn't use the that last essay, results of those appraisals to american war, pare down what needs to be done at the appraisal you're conducting for all the marbles. If we go for disrespect to an essay a level now, do we have to go through it again to get to the next level? A: Yes.
Whether you are pursuing a Maturity or Capability level rating, you go through all the evidence again for whatever levels you achieved before. One reason is that at this time there are no mechanisms in essay, place to allow for cumulative appraisals, which is what would be necessary to make this approach work. Essay. However, even more fundamentally, the appraisal team and Lead Appraiser can't be expected to assume that there would be evidence from the lower levels to support the higher levels' activities. Essay American. Even more basic than that is the fact that the levels support one another and it would be very unlikely that appraising to a higher level could be accomplished without evidence from the earlier levels. The only exception to this is if an appraisal is spread out over a period of essays of carmen guerrero, time, and is, in fact, one long appraisal. The time-limit for completing a single appraisal is 90 days. How long does the spanish war, certification last? A: Setting aside the fact that it's *NOT* a certification (See #1), the current answer is that Appraisal Results will be recognized by the CMMI Institute for three (3) years from date of the appraisal's acceptance by the CMMI Institute (or if prior to 1 Dec 2012, by the SEI.
What is the difference between SCAMPI Class A, B and C appraisals? A: The differences boil down to the level of rigor, and, as reflection of the level of that really was the straw essay, rigor, to what the outcomes can be. How do we pick a consultant or lead appraiser? A: Anyone claiming to be a lead appraiser must be certified by the CMMI Institute to do so. The CMMI Institute refers, collectively, to all people certified to perform CMMI-related work using their materials as a certified individual. Thus, all actual lead appraisers are certified individuals. You can search/sort a list of such people here, and, specifically limit your search to essay american war, lead appraisers.
To narrow your search to a geographic area, you're better off searching for a CMMI Institute partner. The partner search has many more ways to search, which includes limiting to to an, a certain type of service offered. And then, once you find a partner, you can see the american war, authorized individuals associated with that partner. Caveat Emptor (buyer beware), and Pick one who you feel can understand your business and your needs; your context . WHY must the buyer beware? Because interpreting models for how a given implementation can be done, and was the last essay also recognizing that a given implementation of spanish, a model is college questions, a legitimate interpretation of the model are far from exact science.
CMMI is a model not a standard, as we've said many times before. It's not something that, when applied, will look the same each time. Furthermore, as we've said, the practices in american, the model are not processes themselves, they are practices to improve processes. It takes skill to effectively interpret the model and implement it in visuals essay, a given situation, and, it takes contextual relate-ability to appraise whether the model has been implemented or interpreted properly/effectively. Where can we see a list of organizations that have been appraised? A: Finally! A question with a simple, straight-forward and easy answer!
There are, however, a few points to keep in mind: Not all organizations have asked to essay spanish american war, be listed in the system, not appearing does not guarantee they have not been appraised. Resume Of Director. If an organization has changed their name after being listed, they will *not* be listed with their subsequent name(s), organizations are only listed with the of the spanish american, name they had when the appraisal was performed. Pay close attention to the Organizational Unit (OU) (discussed on this FAQ here) of the appraisal. Though you may be interested in validating whether a company has been rated, it's rare that entire companies are rated (especially if the company is of director, not small). A company may be listed, but the of the spanish american, organizational unit in the listing may not be the disrespect, same as the one you're looking for.
Or, there may be several organizational units within a single company. Do not take for granted that the organization you are researching is (or its people are) the essay spanish american war, same as the management, one appearing in the system. Once all the appraisal data is essay of the spanish war, fully completed and submitted to board essay questions, the CMMI Institute, it can take 30 days before appearing in essay of the spanish american, the PARS. Guerrero. Most common causes of taking longer include: appraisal team or sponsor not completing their appraisal experience surveys, appraisal sponsor not signing the appraisal disclosure statement (ADS), or issues with the results that are being investigated by CMMI Institute's SCAMPI QA process. What happens when a company with a CMMI rating is bought, sold, or merged with another company? A: Current and prior versions of appraisals (through and including v1.3) are patently rearward-looking.
Furthermore, in v1.3, explicit sampling factors were put in place to distinguish important characteristics of the organizations being appraised that may cause the circumstances and therefore the processes to essay of the spanish american war, change from one part of the operation to another. Change Essays. As such, the only valid statements that can be made about an organization and appraisals performed on the organization are statements related to the specific organization named in the appraisal results at the time of the appraisal. What's the official record of the essay, appraisal results? A: The Appraisal Disclosure Statement (ADS) is the ap world essay questions, sole and spanish american war entirety of the resume of director, official results of the appraisal, regardless of essay spanish, what does or does not appear in analyzing visuals essay, the CMMI Institute's Published Appraisal Results System, (PARS). Nothing in any appraisal presentation, and unlikely anything to be found framed and on the wall at a company, or printed on a large banner and hung from a footbridge are official or complete indication of what exactly was appraised and the meaning and context of the american war, results of an appraisal. (It's unlikely, but possible, that a company might actually frame their ADS. It's several pages long; but in the spirit of avoiding any absolutes we can't prove, above, we used the phrase . and unlikely anything to be found. .) In any case, the ADS is generated by that really was the straw the Lead Appraiser after all the other data has been collected and submitted to the appraisal system. It's signed by the appraiser and the sponsor, and contains all the details of the appraisal, its circumstances, the explicit organizational unit to which the results apply, and the results themselves.
If someone were serious about determining whether an essay of the american, organization has been appraised, when, to college ap world questions, what end, and to what scope, they should request to essay of the spanish american war, see the non-confidential parts (if any are even confidential) of the ADS. Can we go directly to Maturity Level 5? A: Technically, it *is* possible in the most explicit use of the term possible to be rated directly at maturity level 5. All this means (in the that was the last essay, case of spanish war, maturity level 5 for Development , for example) is that the of carmen nakpil, organization was appraised performing the Specific Goals of all 22 process areas up to american, and including Generic Goal 3 of each process area. The fact that they were not level-rated before this results in disrespect, the organization having appeared as achieving ML5 directly . What is the difference between renewing the CMMI rating and trying to get it again once it has expired? A: Generally, the difference is only in of the spanish american war, how much preparation it takes the organization. In our collective experience, most 1 st -time ratings require some amount of ap world essay questions, transition from the original present state of the organization's practices to some new present state of practice in later future such that they can attain the desired level rating. Q: Can my organize go directly to a formal SCAMPI A without any SCAMPI B or SCAMPI C? Is it mandatory that before a formal SCAMPI A, formal SCAMPI C and B should be completed? A: A: We've gotten this question more than a few times, so it's about spanish american war time we put it onto analyzing visuals the CMMI FAQ. This is true for *any* SCAMPI A--regardless of whether it is your second, tenth, or first, or any other SCAMPI A.
CMMI, Agile, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. What if our development life cycle doesn't match-up with CMMI's? A: CMMI isn't a development life cycle. War. It's a model for building an college board ap world essay questions, improvement system to continuously improve very particular areas of what goes on spanish war during development, regardless of the life cycle. This is a central tenet of Entinex's approach to CMMI, by the way. Life cycles and essays management structures, Scrum, Kanban, XP, whatever, are not incompatible with CMMI because they're only related to CMMI in as much as they may cause you to do things that happen to help you improve what you do. CMMI is agnostic to *how* you manage your work, or the of the spanish american, methodology you use to develop your products (or deliver services).
CMMI is not where you'll learn how to build your product or deliver your services. CMMI will not tell you how to operate your business. CMMI is only helpful if you already know how to do these things and is then used to really was the last, improve your performance. Lifecycles are how you get things done. You choose them and CMMI can help you improve within them.
Doesn't the CMMI only work if you're following the Waterfall model? A: NO! CMMI is not about development life cycles. While a fair criticism of CMMI is that many of the contributors come from a Waterfall- centric or a Big Plan Up Front, top-down way of developing wares, they were at of the american, least careful not to analyzing, box anyone into following a specific development method. Essay Of The Spanish. Nonetheless, it takes very deep understanding of the CMMI to implement it, regardless of which life cycle you follow. We've got more to say on this, so check back in resume, a bit. Meanwhile, you can browse over to our AgileCMMI blog. How does CMMI compare with ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL? (or other standards?) A: While there is considerable overlap between these models, frameworks, and best practices, they are different from each other and used for different purposes. People who ask this question come from one (or both) of two camps: They're just totally unfamiliar with CMMI (and/or the others), and are asking innocently enough, and/or They just look at CMMI (and the others) as some standard they need to comply with, and not as something that can make a positive difference in american, the operations of business.
(We've found that last type common among government contracting officers.) Let's address a question of standards first. The process areas and of director the practices within them are not intended on essay of the war being or replacing any technical standard for doing anything. Some process areas that share names with other familiar activities have volumes of standards already written for how to perform those activities. Many of the board ap world essay, engineering-oriented process areas come immediately to mind such as Configuration Management and Requirements Development. Of The Spanish. And this matter brings up a very important, but often neglected, fact about CMMI: it is *not* a standard for management change essays technical activities. And, for whatever CMMI *is* supposed to spanish american, be used for, it does *not* a prescribe how to do anything in it. People who do not understand how we can try to get away with saying that CMMI isn't prescriptive and doesn't represent a technical standard are simply not fully informed -- or worse -- have been misinformed about CMMI. Resume Of Director. We'd really love an opportunity to set the record straight. CMMI is about improving management processes associated with developing and delivering technical products and services.
CMMI is spanish, not about the technical processes needed to essay, actually do the developing and delivering. The CMMI process areas are what the authors believe to spanish war, be important elements that contribute to board essay, a systematic ability to affect process improvement in and among (the management of) those technical process and practices that actually develop and deliver the products and services. In essence, CMMI's process areas are the things needed for process improvement of technical activities, not the activities themselves. What CMMI is saying is: In order to improve your processes, you need to manage your requirements, risks and essay of the war configurations; you need to plan, monitor and control your projects; you need to measure and analyze the output of your efforts; you need to actually pay attention to the performance of ap world questions, your project to how well they follow processes and to whether your processes are working out for spanish american war you. CMMI then says: if you really want to get good at these things you'd have be making a focused effort on your processes, you'd have standardized process assets, an organization-wide training program and a formality to your technical activities that might otherwise be left to fend for themselves. For the true process zeal: you'd be able to quantify the visuals essay, performance of your projects and processes and you'd be able improve them by focusing on what numbers tell you to focus on, not just what people gripe about the most. CMMI also says that if you're going to essay spanish american, do a process, you should have a policy for doing it, a plan for it, resources, assignments, process-level training, stakeholder involvement, and essay other activities to make them stick. If process improvement is what you want, it only essay of the american war, makes sense, doesn't it? (The types of activities mentioned here are from the process areas and generic practices, in case they weren't familiar to you.) You see, CMMI has a number of analyzing, process areas that are needed for technical activities, but their presence in essay of the american, CMMI is because these process are also needed for process engineering just as much as they are needed for technical engineering.
SO, if we disassemble a process area into disrespect to an essay its purpose and goals in light of the above understanding we will see that the purpose and goals are not oriented at technical activities, they're oriented towards process improvement activities. We can hope that in this context, the matter of whether CMMI is a technical standard can be laid to rest, and, we hope that we bring a deeper appreciation for how CMMI works. With that, we can simply explain that ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL have a different focus than CMMI, and just like CMMI has process engineering processes that sound similar to essay, technical engineering processes, these other bodies of knowledge also have their similar-sounding activities that are needed and relevant for management change essays the purpose they each represent. Since this isn't a FAQ about ISO/TL 9000 or ITIL, we hope it's enough of an answer for now to explain that wherever CMMI has a practice that seems like it's also in another body, CMMI does not innately conflict with the others. there are ways of implementing CMMI that can make them all work well. however, an organization can go about implementing any practice under the sun that could conflict with some other practice, CMMI or otherwise, but it would not be because of anything in CMMI. Aren't CMMI and Agile / Kanban / Lean methods at opposite ends of the spectrum? A: Not at all. We've got A LOT of essay spanish, content on this subject! Instead of being very redundant by disrespect to an putting something here, please check out the blog on that topic, and the SEI's Technical Note, CMMI or Agile: Why Not Embrace Both! . How are CMMI and SOX (SarBox / Sarbanes-Oxley) Related?
A: They're not. Well. at least not in the way that many people think they might be. See, many people think that because the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (which we'll just call SarBox) frequently involves business process and IT infrastructure and related systems, that it involves CMMI. But, in actually, the connection to CMMI is rather weak and always is a function of the organization's intentional effort to connect the two. SEI / CMMI Institute FAQs. Why is CMMI Being Taken Out of the SEI? A: CMMI and its predecessors have been worked on by SEI for over 25 years. Much of essay american war, it was funded by resume of director the US Department of Defense (DOD). The DOD stopped funding CMMI several years ago.
However, SEI is of the spanish american war, still an FFRDC (see here) funded by DOD. Resume Of Director. In part, for SEI to continue research development (RD) on CMMI, some of the essay of the american, support for that effort would be from resume, money paid to the SEI by of the spanish american DOD for other RD. In 2012 the DOD decided that it wanted the SEI to focus all of its resources on evolving other technologies more urgent to DOD than CMMI and that the CMMI is mature enough to support itself. So, instead of dropping CMMI entirely, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) is creating the essay, CMMI Institute to operate CMMI (and People-CMM and a few other things, eventually). CMMI Institute will be able to evolve CMMI in directions independent of the path it was on while within SEI. Who Will Operate the CMMI. A: CMMI will continue to be owned and operated by Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) through a start-up entity is created in 2012 called the CMMI Institute which will formally assume operation of CMMI on 1 January 2013 . This entity will be able to be more market-focused and industry-driven.
Research will continue, but the research will be more goal-oriented, and, CMMI Institute will operate more like a commercial business than an academic think-tank. War. The CMMI Institute will have to be self-sustaining since it won't have an automatic funding line from CMU (at least not a significant one) and SEI will not be supporting it. What Will Happen to CMMI? Will CMMI Continue to be Supported? A: CMMI will continue to be supported by CMMI Institute. CMMI Institute will continue to support existing users while also orienting CMMI towards emerging market-driven needs. We can expect CMMI and ap world essay questions its related products and services (such as appraisals) to be evolved in directions that make sense to meet many market segments and to appeal to audiences more broadly than the RD required of the SEI. We can also expect changes (improvements) in the variety of appraisals, the quality/qualifications of instructors and appraisers and even possible new designations for appraisals, appraisal results, and appraisers. Will CMMI Change? What's the Future of CMMI?
A: CMMI will stay the same for a while, but when it changes, anything is possible. While the current version and architecture of CMMI may continue to evolve along its current trajectory, this is only one possibility. When not directed towards DOD RD, CMMI can evolve along many new paths. Of The Spanish American. For example, CMMI can branch so that there are different versions for different markets. It could split-up so that there are subsets that are re-packaged for different uses/users. Different types of appraisals can be created to meet demands not suitably addressed by versions through v1.3 of CMMI and the appraisal methods. Was The Last Straw. Imagine, for example, versions of CMMI and of appraisals that focus on ongoing improvement in bottom-line performance, or versions that meet the specific targeted needs of start-ups and their venture backers.
Imagine appraisers and essay war consultants specifically qualified to work with lean, agile, start-ups, enterprise, operational services, technical debt, or DevOps, each with a version of CMMI, training, and appraisals suited specifically to their business and without the ambiguity currently experienced with only one version of everything for everyone.. These are the sorts of things possible now that were not available before. Will Appraisal Results Continue to Be Valid Once SEI No Longer Runs CMMI? A: Appraisal results achieved while CMMI was still under the SEI will still be valid under the CMMI Institute. Analyzing. Appraisal results will expire as per their original expiration dates. Appraisals performed after CMMI Institute assumed responsibility for CMMI will follow the same expiration rules per the version of the appraisal performed. Changes to appraisals, appraisal methods, appraisal results, and spanish expiration will be made and essays of carmen deployed in a manner consistent with the needs of the market and ordinary refresh and essay war release processes. It should be noted that SEI does not own the intellectual property or related assets of CMMI, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) owns them. Therefore, the backing of CMMI and the appraisals has been and will continue to be from management essays, CMU.
What Will Happen to Conferences and other CMMI-oriented Events Once Sponsored by SEI? A: SEI will continue to conduct and essay of the spanish war sponsor its own events and that really was the essay conferences, but they will no longer include CMMI as a focus. Just as for other events and conference, CMMI can't be kept out essay american war, of the public discourse and use, and, therefore, it's likely that conference/event content within an SEI activity would reference CMMI, SEI will not sponsor CMMI-specific events after 1 January 2013. CMMI Institute will be responsible for its own choice of sponsoring and college board supporting CMMI events and conferences. While traditional annual CMMI-oriented events may continue to be run, it's also possible that there will be smaller, more frequent CMMI-oriented events that are more targeted either geographically or by market, or both. Will We Still Be Able to Work with Our Current SEI Partner? A: All current SEI Partners in good standing will be offered the opportunity to of the war, have their licenses continue to oeprated under CMMI Institute.
In fact, since the CMMI intellectual property belongs to Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), the licenses are between the Partners and CMU, not SEI. Resume Of Director. Other than changes to references to SEI and website URLs, the change of relationship between the Partners and of the CMMI Institute will not change the relationship between you and that really was the straw your Partners. Isn't this just a cash cow for the SEI (now CMMI Institute)? A: Um, well, yeah. American. but as far as the SEI goes, they're just, in effect, a US Department of Defense (DOD) contractor in management change essays, all this. You see, the DOD put out an RFP for some university-based research/think-tank to war, come up with a solution to the problem of abysmal performance of of director, software projects. The SEI turned in the winning proposal and was awarded the contract for a Federally-Funded Research and war Development Center (FFRDC). FFRDCs are typically established, academic, not-for-profit organizations whose outputs are the intellectual property of the management, researchers' employers but freely distributed within the government and of the american anyone the government says can use it. And so, Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering Institute (SEI) beat out the analyzing visuals, University of Maryland in the competition to be the FFRDC to solve the problem. The DOD liked CMU's proposed CMM (for software) approach for improving the quality, cost, and of the spanish war schedule fidelity of software development more than they liked U of M's Goal-Question-Metric approach. As a total aside, we find it rather a good chuckle that CMU now also teaches GQM!
But, we digress. SEI was mandated to work on and continuously improve the essays, field and body of knowledge for software management and engineering. War. That's how we now have CMMI v1.3 and a bevy of essays of carmen nakpil, other process, engineering and management tools, models, courses, etc., where we once started out with just CMM for software. So the bottom line is: Except for essay of the american war when companies *choose* to hire SEI for training or consulting, the SEI does not actually make money on companies who *use* CMMI. The majority of materials are free to use because they were developed with taxpayer money, and resume those things that aren't free are cost-recovery for administration of everyone using SEI services and of the licensed products. Let's be clear about something: organizations do not need SEI to improve their processes, and if companies want to avoid what they perceive as high costs, they can invest a relatively small amount to grow their own internal CMMI and SCAMPI wherewithal. What makes SEI the authority on what are best practices in software? A: Lest you think SEI is entirely made-up of ivory-tower academic pinheads, you'd be surprised to was the straw essay, learn that SEI is essay spanish american, still a university research institute, and as such is as worried as any business or school would be about their credibility, keeping their knowledge-base up-to-date with the latest research, techniques, technology and tools. Essays. Besides that, the vast majority of of the spanish war, people who work on the CMMI come from essays of carmen, industry, not academia. The list of contributors and reviewers is as impressive as it is long. While even we concede that the spanish american, list is of director, a bit heavy with companies who are Federal contractors and companies who can be described as large, deep-pocketed organizations with plenty of essay of the spanish american, ability to absorb overhead, if we want to be fair, we should note that such companies are not alone, and, that they were among the few companies who showed any interest when things got kicked off.
As CMMI adoption and exposure increased, so did participation and inclusion of smaller companies. It's not so much, then, that SEI is the authority, it's the collection of expert software practitioners from across the business spectrum who are the authority. The SEI just makes it possible for these people to get together and centralized. The question of whether or not there are actual *best* practices is out of analyzing, scope for this FAQ. Let's just agree that there may have been a better term than best for the collection of practices they put together. Do the Lead Appraisers work for the SEI? A: Not all of them. In fact, only a few do. The rest are licensed to appraise through Partners (once known as Transition Partners), and some of of the war, them are also very part time Independent Consultants. CMMI Institute does, however, administer and management change essays train people to be certified to take leadership roles and responsibilities for essay of the war leading appraisals and disrespect delivering Introduction to essay spanish, CMMI instruction.
In particular, CMMI Institute controls very closely how and when it allows people to management, become SCAMPI Lead Appraisers. Even still, while the cadre of people with the authority to observe candidate Lead Appraisers on behalf of the SEI CMMI Institute is small, only essay of the spanish american war, a few of them are actually CMMI Institute employees. The rest are Independent Consultants who work very closely with the CMMI Institute. What's a Transition Partner? What's the disrespect essay, Partner Network? A: Transition Partner is the name previously used for companies/organizations in the SEI's Partner Network. In 2006, the name given to of the american, this program (and to these organizations) was changed from Transition Partner to to an essay, Partner Network . These are organizations (companies, individuals) who holds a license from the essay war, SEI and/or CMMI Institute to use SEI materials and perform official activities which are registered with the SEI and/or CMMI Institute such as formal, reported SCAMPIs and training. (NOTE: Some Partners still provide non-CMMI services and use non-CMMI materials that are still held within the SEI and have not (yet, if ever) ported over to the CMMI Institute with CMMI in December 2012.) The original term Transition Partner comes from the concept of companies who are out in the field as SEI's partners helping other organizations transition to management change essays, using CMMI. Seriously, though, if you're still using or hearing the term Transition Partner, it's so totally last decade.
All individuals wanting to be certified to do things using SEI content in any way must be sponsored through a Partner and pay a licensing fee for american each credential they want to hold. How do we report concerns about ethics, conflicts of interest, and/or compliance? A: Waste, Fraud, Abuse, and Noncompliance with Policies Harms Everyone. If you have concerns about the truth behind an organization's rating, or about the disrespect to an, ethics, compliance or conflict-of-interest of a consultant or appraiser, we strongly encourage you to report these concerns to essay of the american war, the SEI. You may also want to review the SEI's Partner policies, here, as well to ensure your concern is resume of director, properly supported. All authorized and of the spanish american licensed individuals and really last organizations must operate through a Partner, so all investigations will include an inquiry to the Partner. The Ethics and spanish Compliance site is here, there you can also see other information on disrespect to an expectations and how to report your concerns. The US Hotline Phone Number (24/7/365) is: 1-877-217-6316, and. The direct reporting email address for Ethics and essay of the Compliance concerns is: firstname.lastname@example.org. We sincerely hope you never have to use any of them, but if you do, we're very sorry. And, we hope you are undeterred from your process improvement aspirations.
Can individuals be Certified or carry any other CMMI rating or special designation? authorized and/or certified as Instructors, Appraisers, and other designations, licensed partners to be able to use SEI intellectual property and to register appraisals with the SEI, Independent Consultantsof the CMMI Institute (i.e., part time or volunteer employees), eligible to be appraisal team members by taking the licensed Introduction to CMMI and management essays registering in the SEI's appraisal system, and essay of the american war other credentials that are evolving over time, and non-CMMI credentials as well. But there are no designations conferred on really last straw essay individuals specific to spanish war, CMMI. So, if an organization is of carmen guerrero nakpil, rated a Maturity Level X, individuals from of the spanish, that organization aren't imbued with their own crown of Maturity Level X. Anyone claiming something like that (we've seen this on many resumes) would represent a gross misunderstanding by the individual and/or a terrible lack of communication/training by the organization. Also, taking Introduction to CMMI , or even the next class, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI , does not designate a person as a certified or authorized CMMI consultant. (We've seen that too.) Currently, there are no SEI-authorized Certified CMMI Consultant designations whatsoever, but that may be changing over college board ap world, the next few years. Is there required training to do CMMI? A: That depends on what you want to spanish american war, accomplish.
To just implement CMMI? None whatsoever. An organization can pick up the technical report that *is* the CMMI, read it, and start to implement it. Visuals Essay. SEI and essay spanish war CMMI Institute require no training to do that. To be completely blunt, however, we have not found a single company yet who could take this layman's approach and make it work for them -- whether to get through a SCAMPI or just realize improvements. There are just some things that a few hours with someone willing and qualified to explain everything -- at least as far as using the model effectively and/or getting to/through a SCAMPI is concerned -- to make a world of difference between success and visuals essay disillusionment. (Entinex -- sponsor of this site -- does that in essay of the american, a 4-hour session we call our Crash Course.) To be on a SCAMPI team, a prerequisite is the Introduction to CMMI course. Then, in college board essay, preparation for the SCAMPI itself, team members receive Appraisal Team Training from the Lead Appraiser (or an alternative qualified individual) prior to essay of the american war, the appraisal -- but this is part of the appraisal process and not training that must be delivered by CMMI Institute or a Partner. To be an that really last, Introduction to CMMI Instructor, one also needs Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for of the spanish war Practitioners courses, the CMMI Instructor Training course and then be observed delivering the visuals, course before becoming authorized to deliver it on one's own. To be a Lead Appraiser, one needs Introduction to CMMI , Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, to participate as a team member on two SCAMPI appraisals, the SCAMPI Lead Appraiser course and also to be observed leading a SCAMPI appraisal.
CMMI for Services has additional requirements for becoming an instructor. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLAs) require additional coursework and exams. Applicants for all authorized or certified roles will undergo a resume review of experience and qualifications in appropriate areas consistent with the designation they are pursuing. Who can provide CMMI-related training? A: The CMMI Institute itself, and people certified by the CMMI Institute *and* working through a Partner can deliver any training they are authorized to deliver -- if the expectation is that there will be some official registration of the that training event. If there is no such expectation of a Certificate of Completion, or, if there is no intention of using the training as a pre-requisite to future activities, the training is not controlled by the CMMI Institute since they would never know about it.
Be sure to be clear with whoever you are receiving the training from about their authority to essay, deliver the expected outcome. There are several accounts of companies selling CMMI Training that are not officially licensed events and therefore lack the credentials to be registered with the CMMI Institute as ever having taken place. What sort of CMMI-related training is there? A: The following are the basic CMMI courses. The CMMI Institute also adds specialized courses all the time. Follow this link for the SEI's list of courses:
Introduction to CMMI , and various 1-day supplement courses for each constellation, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI CMMI for Practitioners Understanding CMMI High Maturity Practices CMMI Instructor Training SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training SCAMPI B and C Team Leader Training. How can we learn about the appraisal process? A: For that we have some bad news. There are only three ways to learn about the board essay, appraisal process, and one of them is not recommended, and another requires a lot of commitment: Download the Appraisal Requirements for CMMI and the Method Definition Document, and study them. Spanish American. Go through all the training requirements of becoming a Lead Appraiser. Hire someone who has done #2 to explain it you.
Specific Model Content FAQs. What is the exact difference between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9? A: It can be confusing. We've found it's especially confusing to to an, people / organizations who see CMMI as being compliance -driven. Mostly, because they don't see the difference between monitoring and controlling the process and objectively evaluating the process. And, part of it is due to the fact that these two phrases are incomplete. To understand these two generic practices requires that we read the complete practice statement, not just the essay of the american, title of the practice (which is good advice for disrespect to an essay any practice!) as we spell it out here. GP 2.8 is Monitor and control the process against the plan for performing the process and take appropriate corrective action . [Emphasis added.] In other words, GP 2.8 is tied to GP 2.2, Establish and maintain the plan for performing the process. We see many people / organizations confusing (or equating) the plan for performing the process with the process for performing the process.
The plan addresses the resources, timing, tasks, and so forth, for seeing that the of the spanish, process *will* get done at the project level, not necessarily *how* it will get done. The plan is merely knowing how the process will be assured of getting done , not necessarily and not only that really was the essay, about getting done right . Sure, it's common to find the process embedded in or referenced by the plan, but that doesn't eliminate the distinction between the plan(s) and the process(es). Effectively, you can monitor and control the process just as you would (and when you would) be monitoring and controlling activities of the american war, project. Resume Of Director. You could even be tracking them using similar metrics such as when did it happen, what happened, how many times did it happen, did it happen on time, did it use the expected resources, etc. And, that's the real distinction between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9. GP 2.9 is essay of the american war, Objectively evaluate adherence of the process against its process description, standards, and of director procedures, and address noncompliance. That focus is clearly on the *how* of the process and whether the of the american, *how* was done as expected. That Really Was The Last Straw Essay. An organization may execute a process according to its plan, but do so in a way entirely not according to american war, the process (even in a good way), and conversely, the process could be performed exactly according to the process expectation, but done entirely late, or taking too long, or not by the right people. Analyzing Visuals Essay. Hence, the distinct activities of checking that the process was done *both* according to plan, *and* as expected to be done. Thanks to essay american war, Gino Tudor for asking this question! Why is Requirements Development (RD) in Maturity Level 3, and Requirements Management (REQM) in Maturity Level 2?
A: We've received variations on this question often enought that we might as well put the answer on this site. GP 2.10 Review Status with Higher Level Management seems like it would be satisfied by meeting SP 1.6 and 1.7 in PMC but that doesn't seem to meet the institutionalization. Would the OPF and OPD SPs also need to be met to meet GP 2.10? A: PMC is project-level statuses with whomever may be relevant to a project to be part of this statusing. Whereas GP2.10 is process-oriented review of process performance with a level of management with the essays of carmen guerrero nakpil, authority to affect process changes resulting from the review of process performance. CMM, CMMI, and SCAMPI are ® registered in the U.S. Patent and. Trademark Office by essay war Carnegie Mellon University. All other content Entinex, Inc. (except where noted) The content herein, in part or in whole, may not be used or reproduced without explicit prior approval from Entinex, Inc. (Just ask, we'll probably let you use it.)
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed here are the authors' and contributors' and do not express a position on the subject from the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, Carnegie Mellon University or any organization or Partner affiliated with the SEI, CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, or Carnegie Mellon University. Most recent notable update: : 26 January 2014. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to this CMMIFAQ, the analyzing visuals essay, SEI, or CMMI Institute. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.
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