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objectstore resume Several introductory and tutorial articles on the Extensible Markup Language (XML) are referenced in my experiences, the shorter XML Introduction document. Most articles are accessible online. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the universal format for structured documents and data on the Web. -- W3C XML Web site, 2000-07-06. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is descriptively identified in the XML 1.0 W3C Recommendation as an extremely simple dialect [or 'subset'] of SGML the goal of which is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and resume police, processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML, for which reason XML has been designed for ease of my experiences essay implementation, and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. Resume Police! Note that the HTML referenced in the preceding sentence ( bis ) means HTML 4.0 and my experiences essay, 3.2 which were in common use as of 10-February-1998, when the XML 1.0 specification was published as a W3C Recommendation. Resume Police Chief! The next version of 'HTML' is expected to be reformulated as an my experiences in school XML application, so that it will be based upon XML rather than upon SGML. As of December 1998, 'Voyager' was the research paper, W3C code name for HTML reformulated as an my experiences application of XML. XML was initially developed by a W3C Generic SGML Editorial Review Board formed under the lead paper, auspices of the W3 Consortium in 1996 and chaired by Jon Bosak of Sun Microsystems, with the very active participation of a Generic SGML Working Group also organized by the W3C. An XML WG (Working Group) under W3C served initially as an in school editorial board, which received input from an XML Special Interest Group. As of late 1998, the XML design effort was re-chartered under the direction of an chief XML Coordination Group and XML Plenary Interest Group to be carried out in five new XML working groups: XML Schema Working Group, XML Fragment Working Group, XML Linking Working Group (XLink and XPointer), XML Information Set Working Group, and my experiences in school, XML Syntax Working Group.
These working groups were designed to have close liaison relationships with the W3C's Extensible Style[sheet] Language (XSL) Working Group and Document Object Model (DOM) Working Group. Extensible Markup Language, abbreviated XML, describes a class of data objects called XML documents and partially describes the behavior of computer programs which process them. XML is an application profile or restricted form of 25 best essay SGML, the Standard Generalized Markup Language. My Experiences In School Essay! By construction, XML documents are conforming SGML documents. XML is primarily intended to meet the requirements of large-scale Web content providers for industry-specific markup, vendor-neutral data exchange, media-independent publishing, one-on-one marketing, workflow management in collaborative authoring environments, and the processing of was the last straw essay Web documents by intelligent clients. It is also expected to find use in certain metadata applications. XML is fully internationalized for both European and Asian languages, with all conforming processors required to essay, support the Unicode character set in both its UTF-8 and UTF-16 encodings. The language is designed for the quickest possible client-side processing consistent with its primary purpose as an electronic publishing and data interchange format. [971208 W3C press release]
XML documents are made up of storage units called entities , which contain either parsed or unparsed data. Parsed data is essay made up of characters , some of which form the character data in the document, and some of which form markup . My Experiences! Markup encodes a description of the academic decathlon practice essay, document's storage layout and my experiences, logical structure. XML provides a mechanism to impose constraints on the storage layout and logical structure. A software module called an XML processor is used to 25 best moms essay, read XML documents and provide access to my experiences in school, their content and structure. Was The Last Essay! It is assumed that an my experiences essay XML processor is doing its work on behalf of moms another module, called the my experiences in school essay, application . This specification describes the required behavior of an XML processor in terms of 25 best essay contest how it must read XML data and the information it must provide to the application. [adapted from the Proposal] Valid XML documents are designed to be valid SGML documents, but XML documents have additional restrictions. The W3C XML WG has published a technical NOTE providing a detailed comparison of the additional restrictions that XML places on documents beyond those of SGML: see http://www.w3.org/TR/NOTE-sgml-xml for the details. The NOTE also includes an SGML declaration which describes the constraints of XML applicable to an SGML parser. [local archive copy] [This paragraph is superseded by the technical NOTE 'NOTE-sgml-xml' referenced immediately above.] Features in SGML but not in XML include [as of November 5, 1996]: Tag omission; The CONCUR, LINK, DATATAG, and my experiences in school, SHORTREF features; The connector in content models; Inclusions and exclusions in content models; CURRENT, CONREF, NAME, NAMES, NUMBER, NUMBERS, NUTOKEN, and NUTOKENS declarations for attributes; The NET construct; Abstract syntax; Capacities and quantities; Comments appearing within other markup declarations; Public Identifiers; Omission of was the last straw quotes on attribute values.
For a more recent/complete comparison of features, see the my experiences essay, relevant section in academic, the language specification, or What else has changed between SGML and essay, XML? in the FAQ, maintained by Peter Flynn. As of December 1997, the current and former members of the XML WG are: Jon Bosak, Sun (Chair); James Clark (Technical Lead); Tim Bray, Textuality and police, Netscape (XML Co-editor); Jean Paoli, Microsoft (XML Co-editor); C. Essay! M. Sperberg-McQueen, U. of Ill. (XML Co-editor); Dan Connolly, W3C; Steve DeRose, INSO; Dave Hollander, HP; Eliot Kimber, Highland; Eve Maler, ArborText; Tom Magliery, NCSA; Murray Maloney, Muzmo and Grif; Makoto Murata, Fuji Xerox Information Systems; Joel Nava, Adobe; Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad; John Tigue, DataChannel. Historically: The W3C SGML Editorial Review Board, as of November 5, 1996, had the following members: Jon Bosak, Sun (firstname.lastname@example.org), chair; Tim Bray, Textuality (email@example.com), editor; James Clark (firstname.lastname@example.org), technical lead; Dan Connolly (email@example.com), W3C contact; Steve DeRose, EBT (firstname.lastname@example.org), editor; Dave Hollander, HP (email@example.com); Eliot Kimber, Passage Systems (firstname.lastname@example.org); Tom Magliery, NCSA (email@example.com); Eve Maler, ArborText (firstname.lastname@example.org); Jean Paoli, Microsoft (email@example.com); Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad (firstname.lastname@example.org); C. Essay! Michael Sperberg-McQueen, U. of Ill. at Chicago (email@example.com), editor. XML/XLink/XSL Specifications: Reference Documents. Extensible Markup Language (XML) [Formerly: 'xml-lang'] Extensible Markup Language as a W3C Recommendation.
[February 10, 1998] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 . W3C Recommendation 10-February-1998. Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and essay, Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at Chicago). Reference: REC-xml-19980210. [October 06, 2000] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000. Edited by Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at Chicago and Text Encoding Initiative), and Eve Maler (Sun Microsystems, Inc. - Second Edition).
Reference: http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/REC-xml-20001006 . [December 13, 2001] XML 1.1 . W3C Working Draft 13-December-2001. Edited by that really John Cowan (Reuters). Version URL reference: http://www.w3.org/TR/2001/WD-xml11-20011213/. Latest Version URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/xml11/. Abstract: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a subset of SGML that is completely described in this document. Its goal is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML. XML has been designed for ease of implementation and for in school interoperability with both SGML and HTML. Sources: [see W3C for additional translations] Other Links: [October 09, 2000] XML 1.0 Second Edition as W3C Recommendation.
The W3C's XML Core Working Group has published a new W3C Recommendation for Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . Police Chief! Reference: W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000, edited by my experiences Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, C. M. Lead Paper! Sperberg-McQueen, and Eve Maler. This REC specification follows the earlier publication of a public Review Version. This second edition is my experiences not a new version of XML (first published 10-February-1998); it merely incorporates the changes dictated by the first-edition errata as a convenience to readers. The errata list for this second edition is academic available at my experiences in school essay http://www.w3.org/XML/xml-V10-2e-errata. The document abstract, unchanged from the 1998 first edition, appears to validate the hermeneutical theory that a text's intent escapes from the guide to writing paper, author and passes immediately into the control of the my experiences essay, community upon utterance: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a subset of SGML that is completely described in this document.
Its goal is to to writing research, enable generic SGML to be served, received, and my experiences essay, processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML. 25 Best! XML has been designed for ease of implementation and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. The specification is provided in the following formats: XHTML, XML, PDF, and XHTML review version with color-coded revision indicators. See also the (non-normative) Production Notes in Annex I: This Second Edition was encoded in the XMLspec DTD (which has documentation available). The HTML versions were produced with a combination of the xmlspec.xsl, diffspec.xsl, and REC-xml-2e.xsl XSLT stylesheets. The PDF version was produced with the my experiences in school, html2ps facility and a distiller program. [August 15, 2000] Paul Grosso (Co-Chair XML Core WG) announced that the W3C XML Core Working Group has released a draft of the Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 Second Edition for to writing research public review: Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) Review Version ; Reference: W3C Working Draft 14-August-2000. The second edition is not a new version of XML; it is designed to bring the XML 1.0 Recommendation up to date with the my experiences in school, XML 1.0 Specification Errata (first edition).
Reviewers are asked to report errors to the 'firstname.lastname@example.org' mailing list, which is publicly archived. Paul writes: At this time, we are making two versions of the decathlon, draft Second Edition available for a four week public review, and all interested parties are invited to review the my experiences, current drafts and submit comments. This review period ends September 11, 2000, and soon thereafter, the XML Core WG plans to make these documents (possibly as amended per comments) the official XML 1.0 Recommendation Second Edition. All these public review documents are linked from the W3C TR page. The 'plain' draft Second Edition is at http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/WD-xml-2e-20000814.html, and this is the version that would become the official Second Edition.
We have also produced a 'review copy' which highlights changes between the first edition and this Second Edition, and it is at 25 best http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/WD-xml-2e-review-20000814. This may be provided along with the my experiences in school, official Second Edition if it is deemed useful and appropriate, but the 'plain' version is the official one. Both versions contain embedded [Exx] references/links to 25 best essay, the Errata document for each individual erratum that has been applied. (If we decide to maintain the 'review' version, we may decide to delete the [Exx] references from the 'plain' one.) Please note that this review period is to allow everyone a chance to check that the errata that have been applied to the Second Edition are correct and correctly applied. Reports of further errata or ambiguities in XML 1.0 are welcome, but they will likely be saved to be considered for possible application to in school, a later edition, not added to this Second Edition. [cache] Annotated Version of the XML specification, from problem sets, Tim Bray. See further description below.
Bob DuCharme. XML: The Annotated Specification. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. My Experiences! The Definitive XML Series from how to write problem, Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. [January 15, 1999] Michel Goossens (Président GUTenberg) posted an open invitation for assistance in my experiences in school essay, the creation of a French translation of the XML 1.0 Specification and Peter Flynn's XML FAQ document. Alternately, if any readers are aware of the availability of such a translation already, or of a similar initiative, please communicate with Goossens about it so as to avoid duplication of resume chief efforts. Press release: The World Wide Web Consortium Issues XML 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. Key Industry Players, Experts Collaborate to Develop Interoperable Data Format for my experiences the Web. [local archive copy] Announcement on TEI-L, XML 1.0 Is Official.
From TEI Editor, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen. Quotes Allen Renear (ACH President), Susan Hockey, and others in the academic community. XML 1.0 Fact Sheet; ;[local archive copy] XML 1.0 Testimonials, - from ACCESS, Adobe, Agranat Systems, Alis Technologies, ArborText, Bitstream, CNET, DataChannel, IBM, Inso, Junglee, Lotus, Microsoft, Open Market, Open SoftwareAssociates, POET Software, SoftQuad, Texcel, Textuality, Unwired Planet, Vignette, and webMethods. [local archive copy] W3C Endorses First XML Standard for Global Use. By Dana Gardner. To Writing Research Paper! In InfoWorld Electric . Posted at 11:40 AM PT, February 10, 1998.
Details on my experiences, the German translation: Deutsche Übersetzungen der XML-Spezifikationen, von Henning Behme (iX) und Stefan Mintert (Universität Dortmund). Also available in .ZIP format. Extensible Markup Language as a Proposed Recommendation. [December 08 , 1997] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0, issued as a W3C Proposed Recommendation. December 8, 1997. Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and ins research paper, Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and C. M. My Experiences In School Essay! Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at write problem sets Chicago).
Reference: PR-xml-971208. Version URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/PR-xml-971208. Announced at the SGML/XML '97 Conference in Washington, D.C. See the press release, or a press release, alternate source. XML WG Chair Jon Bosak clarified the WG's new work focus in light of the publication of this PR. HTML Format Postscript format Postscript, .ZIP compressed RTF format XML format local archive copy (HTML) Japanese translation of the XML PR, in my experiences essay, HTML format and in XML format Associated and referenced NOTE: Comparison of SGML and XML.
By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. Extensible Markup Language - Other Earlier Working Draft Versions. [November 25, 1997] New draft specification for the Extensible Markup Language (XML), published by police chief the W3C. References: W3C Working Draft 17-November-1997, WD-xml-971117, Version 1.0. The version URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/WD-xml-971117; [local archive copy]. Extensible Markup Language (XML). Version 1.0. My Experiences In School Essay! Edited by Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen. Resume Police Chief! W3C Working Draft 07-Aug-97. WD-xml-970807.
From W3C, HTML format, local archive copy in HTML format In XML format In Postscript format, local archive copy in Postscript format Part 1: Japanese translation Previous version: Draft 30-June-97. HTML version, Postscript; local archive copy in my experiences, HTML, or Postscript. Previous version: Draft 31-March-97. from ins research, W3C, from Textuality, local copy Previous version: Draft 14-November-96. HTML version, from W3C. Extensible Linking Language (XLL/XLink) [Formerly: 'xml-link'] Note: A separate document xll.html with more complete information on the Extensible Linking Language (XLL) is under construction. Extensible Style Language (XSL) [Formerly: 'xml-style'] Note: A separate document xsl.html with more complete information on the Extensible Style Language (XSL) is under construction. Extensible Style Language Proposal [September 11, 1997].
Submission to the W3C by Microsoft, Inso, and Arbortext for Extensible Style Language (XSL) based on in school, DSSSL. August 27, 1997. Title: A Proposal for police chief XSL . Reference: NOTE-XSL.html. Submitted by: Sharon Adler, Inso Corporation; Anders Berglund, Inso Corporation; James Clark; Istvan Cseri, Microsoft Corporation; Paul Grosso, ArborText; Jonathan Marsh, Microsoft Corporation; Gavin Nicol, Inso Corporation; Jean Paoli, Microsoft Corporation; David Schach, Microsoft Corporation; Henry S. Essay! Thompson, University of Edinburgh; Chris Wilson, Microsoft Corporation. HTML version from W3C.
SGML, XML, and Structured Document Interchange - W3C activity statement Extensible Markup Language (XML) - W3C Overview Overview of SGML and XML Resources - W3C XML at my experiences in school essay Sun Microsystems - 'Standards and technologies driving the DOT-COM world' XML Resources - James Clark XML.com - Seybold, O'Reilly, Songline. Includes an index of XML articles from Seybold Publications. XML Resources from Textuality (maintained by XML Co-editor, Tim Bray) UNC Sunsite WWW [and FTP] Server, maintained by W3C XML Chair, Jon Bosak XML Community - An Inso XML Forum XML: Some hyperlinks minus the really was the straw essay, hype. By Philip Wadler (Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies). XML (Extensible Markup Language) is my experiences a magnet for hype: the successor to HTML for web publishing, electronic data interchange, and e-commerce. In fact, XML is write problem just a notation for trees, little more than a verbose variant of Lisp S-expressions; and a way to define tree grammars, a poor-man's BNF. Yet this simple basis has spawned scores of specialized sub-languages: for airlines, banks, and my experiences essay, cell phones; for academic essay astronomy, biology, and chemistry; for the DOD and the IRS. In School Essay! This note is a brief guide to web resources that explain XML. Research Paper! XML Reference Guide - From Web Review InformationWeek XML Toolbox IBM XML Web Site XML Competence Center at GMD-IPSI - 'conducting active research on XML-based information systems' XML - Links from James K. Tauber's XML page XML Files - GCA's XML Magazine.
Edited by Dianne Kennedy, published by my experiences Norm Scharpf. Resume! Partially/provisionally online: Issues 1 (September 20, 1997) - 4(March 17, 1998). In School! Xmlu.com Website XML Software Guide - WDVL xmlTree - Resource listing for a list of sites and resources which offer data according to XML formatting rules. By James Carlyle. XML - Links from guide, The Virtual School of Molecular Sciences (VSMS) XML Resources - Links from ArborText finetuning.com - XML Resources collected by Lisa Rein XML School - Jan Egil Refsnes XML/XSL Resources - from Bryan Van Hook Cafe con Leche XML News and in school, Resources - from Elliotte Rusty Harold Content-X. Focused on the application of server-side XML. XML Adam Rifkin's Collection of Links XML Links - From DataChannel. Including DataChannel's XML Technology Demo Microsoft's XML Support: Overview, XML White Paper, XML Parser in Java, CDF, XML-Data. Was The Last! Also: XML Object Model XML Francophone SGML Cafe (Japanese) XML Resources - Italian Language Site.
Paolo De Lazzaro. Essay! Korean XML site from Techno 2000 Project Inc. Chinese XML Now! = Chinese XML Web Site. 'A project to help developers of Chinese XML Software.' Chinese XML Site - Open China/Open XML. Korean XML Web site XMLis.com Contact: Kwangmin Lee. Ins Research! World Wide Weave - Weave allows people to publicize new XML-based web sites and documents Weave contains only in school sites that provide content in XML-based markup. XML Information in the Document Interchange Standards Page, OII Standards and essay, Specifications List Section on XML Software Tools in the SGML/XML Web Page Internet Toolkit - XML. PC Magazine/ZDNet.
XMLshareware.com. XML: Proposed Applications and Industry Initiatives. The XML applications and in school essay, announced industry initiatives listed below have not been evaluated according to any serious criteria for quality and genuineness. Since the resume, various specifications documents for XML/XLink/XSL are still in some flux, it would often be unfair or difficult to make such a judgment. Obviously, many of these application areas provide exemplary models, having unquestioned integrity and high quality. Some already play a vital role in profitable commercial enterprise.
It is also to be expected that some early XML/XLink/XSL applications may be merely demonstrations, toys, proof-of-concept applications; still others might be naive or ill conceived. In School! It may be necessary to regard some of these ideas 'in draft' like some of the specifications documents themselves. The good news is this: Net users are seeing clearly that a fixed tag set (like HTML) is not the solution. Write Sets! . . Contents Listing for XML Applications and Industry Initiatives. W3C Specifications Documentation aka 'XML Spec DTD' See now the separate document IEEE Standard DTD. [June 30, 1999] A 'TEI Lite DTD in XML' was made available from the my experiences in school essay, TEI Web site.
See the references for TEI - the XML version in a separate document, and the section 'Academic Applications' for background on the SGML version of the guide to writing paper, TEI DTD. Channel Definition Format, CDF (Based on my experiences in school, XML) Channel Definition Format (CDF) is an application of the Extensible Markup Language designed for push technology. The proposal has been submitted to the World Wide Web Consortium. My Netscape Network (MNN) is a free Netcenter service that lets you create your own My Netscape channel.
Create an RDF Site Summary (RSS) 0.9 file that describes your content. Guide To Writing Research! See description and references in my experiences essay, a separate document. Note 'OCS' below. W3C Document Object Model (DOM), Level 1 Specification. In early January 1999, a W3C Working Draft for the Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 Specification Version 1.0 (WD-DOM-Level-2-19981228) was released. It defines the Document Object Model Level 2, a platform- and language-neutral interface that allows programs and scripts to lead ins research, dynamically access and update the my experiences, content, structure and style of guide to writing paper documents.
The Document Object Model Level 2 builds on in school essay, the Document Object Model Level 1. Level 2 adds interfaces for a Cascading Style Sheets object model, an event model, and a query interface, amongst others. On October 1, 1998, the World Wide Web Consortium published the Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification, Version 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. The Document Object Model is paper a platform- and in school essay, language-neutral interface that will allow programs and scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure and chief, style of documents. The document can be further processed and the results of that processing can be incorporated back into the presented page. The main database entry for the W3C DOM has been moved to a separate document. Web Collections are an application of XML - a meta-data syntax that fits easily within the framework of the World Wide Web. Web Collections are an application of XML, the my experiences in school essay, Extensible Markup Language. In addition, Web Collections can be expressed inside HTML documents or on their own. In addition they are stylistically similar to HTML to enable easy authoring. . . Some of the anticipated applications of Web Collections include Web Maps, HTML Email Threading, PIM functions, scheduling, content labeling, and distributed authoring. Resume Police! [work in progress] Web Collections using XML - March 09, 1997.
By Alex Hopmann, with Scott Berkun, George Hatoun, Yaron Goland, Thomas Reardon, Lauren Antonoff, Eric Berman, and others. [mirror copy] Netscape Communications announced a new proposed XML application. According to my experiences, the notice on the Netscape Developer's page: The Meta Content Framework, or MCF, provides a standard way to describe files or collections of information. A new Netsape document describes how to apply MCF using XML, the Extensible Markup Language. On January 5, 1998, a new (revised) submission on XML-Data was presented to guide to writing, the W3C by Microsoft, ArborText, DataChannel, and Inso. Reference: W3C Note 05 Jan 1998. Authors: Andrew Layman, Edward Jung, Eve Maler, Henry S. In School! Thompson, Jean Paoli, John Tigue, Norbert H. Mikula, and really last straw essay, Steve DeRose. According to my experiences in school, the introduction, XML-Data describes an academic decathlon essay XML vocabulary for schemas, that is, for defining and documenting object classes. It can be used for classes which as strictly syntactic (for example, XML) or those which indicate concepts and relations among concepts (as used in relational databases, KR graphs and RDF). The former are called 'syntactic schemas;' the latter 'conceptual schemas.' The text of this NOTE thus provides a specification (XML-Data) for describing and exchanging structured and networked data on the Web.
Such exchange is facilitated by schemas defining the characteristics of classes of objects. The objects can be syntactic constructs such as are used in XML instances, or may be more abstract such as are found in databases, information models or directed, labeled graphs. In School! This paper describes an XML vocabulary for schemas. How To! One immediate implication of these ideas is a substantive part of the functionalities of XML document types can now be described using the XML instance syntax itself, rather than DTD syntax. We expect XML-Data to essay, be useful for a wide range of moms applications, such as describing database transfers or remotely-located Web resources. [Previous draft:] On June 22 1997, Jean Paoli announced a draft specification of an XML application called XML-Data. The specification is documented in a Position Paper from Microsoft, written by my experiences Andrew Layman (Microsoft Corporation), Jean Paoli (Microsoft Corporation), Steve De Rose (Inso Corporation), and Henry S. Thompson (University of Edinburgh), with contributions from Paul Grosso, Sharon Adler, Anders Berglund, François Chahuneau, and Edward Jung. Write Problem Sets! XML-Data is an application of XML for exchanging structured data and metadata on the Internet. The paper outlines a number of XML-Data design features which are not in the MCF specification. The position paper has been sent to multiple working groups in the W3C currently dealing with XML and meta-data.
XML namespaces provide a simple method for qualifying names used in Extensible Markup Language documents by associating them with namespaces identified by URI. A W3C Working Draft Namespaces in XML was published on my experiences in school, September 16, 1998 (WD-xml-names-19980916). Description of the XML namespace work and references are provided in a separate document. Resource Description Framework (RDF) The RDF section currently provides information and references for both the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Model and guide, Syntax Specification and the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Schema Specification . The Australia New Zealand Land Information Council (ANZLIC) - Metadata. The Environmental Resources Information Network (ERIN) and my experiences in school, ANZLIC Working Group on Metadata created a version 1 draft DTD using SGML. Really Last Straw! The ANZMETA DTD Version 1.1 (19th January 1998) now has been written to conform to the requirements of essay XML 1.0. The Coastal Atlas Spatial Data Guidelines (ACA-STD-0001) now under development also by guide research ERIN will use the same XML-based metadata language (e.g., metadata records for my experiences essay the 'Blue Pages' of the lead ins research paper, Marine and Coastal Data Directory of Australia, [MCDD], which is part of the Australian Coastal Atlas). XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) - Object Management Group (OMG) The design of the XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) represents an extremely important initiative.
It has a goal of unifying XML and related W3C specifications with several object/component modeling standards, as well as with STEP schemas, and more. Particularly, it would combine the benefits of the web-based XML standard for defining, validating, and sharing document formats on the web with the benefits of the object-oriented Unified Modeling Language (UML), a specification of the Object Management Group (OMG) that provides application developers a common language for my experiences essay specifying, visualizing, constructing, and guide research paper, documenting distributed objects and business models. Information on XMI is maintained in a separate document. Educom Instructional Management Systems Project (IMS) Metadata Specification. The IMS project has released XML-based technical specifications for how learning materials will flow over the Internet, and for how organizations and in school, individual learners will manage the learning process, [which] have broad support among industry and among leaders in higher education, training, government, and K-12 schools. See IMS Metadata Specification. Fighting for Standards in our Browsers is the motto of the was the, Web Standards Project (WSP). The Web Standards Project is in school essay a collective effort of web developers and end users whose mission is to academic decathlon essay, stop the fragmentation of the my experiences in school essay, web, by persuading the browser makers that common standards are in everyone's best interest. Its goal is to support these core standards of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and to encourage browser makers to do the same, thereby ensuring simple, affordable access to Web technologies for all. Decathlon Essay! At the time of WSP's launch (August 10, 1998), standards for the Web included 'Structural Languages' (HTML 4.0, XML 1.0), 'Presentation Languages' (CSS, XSL), 'Object Models' (Document Object Model 1 Core HTML/XML), and 'Scripting' (ECMAScript). HTML Threading - Use of HTML in Email.
On January 27, 1998, the submission of a proposal for HTML Threading: Conventions for Use of HTML in Email was made to the W3C by Microsoft Corporation, Lotus Development Corporation, and in school, Qualcomm Corporation. Reference: W3C NOTE 05-Jan-1998. The document editor is Eric Berman (Microsoft), and authors include Pete Resnick (Qualcomm) and Nick Shelness (Lotus). According to the press release, the HTML Threading Proposal outlines how Extensible Markup Language (XML) can be used to enable data-rich features in HTML email applications. How To Problem Sets! The document abstract clarifies: As [email] messages go back and forth between participants in a discussion, it is interesting to my experiences, be able to track properties of the text in the message and properties of the message itself, such as who wrote what or what message a quoted excerpt is originally from. This proposal defines a mechanism for embedding this information within an email message in a manner that degrades gracefully to downlevel mail clients. Appendix B of the NOTE provides some sample mail messages using the guide to writing research paper, HTML Threading. Open Software Description Format (OSD) A joint submission was made to W3C on August 13, 1997 by my experiences in school Marimba Incorporated and Microsoft Corporation for a proposed Open Software Description Format (OSD). A document 'NOTE-OSD' written by Arthur van Hoff (Marimba, Incorporated), Hadi Partovi and Tom Thai (Microsoft Corporation) bears this abstract: This document provides an initial proposal for paper the Open Software Description (OSD) format. OSD, an application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML), is a vocabulary used for describing software packages and their dependencies for heterogeneous clients.
We expect OSD to be useful in automated software distribution environments. The proposed specification has apparently been endorsed by other companies, including CyberMedia, InstallShield Software, LANovation, Lotus Development, and Netscape Communications. [from Net.Com article] And: The goal of the OSD format is to provide an in school XML-based vocabulary for describing software packages and their inter-dependencies, whether it is user initiated (pulled), or automatic (pushed). XML (eXtensible Markup Language) provides a general method of representing structured data in the form of lexical trees. How To Write Sets! Using this data model, markup tags in the OSD vocabulary are represented as elements of a tree. The three basic relationships between elements are parent-of, child-of, and sibling-of. Essay! Distant relationships can be formed from recursive applications of the three basic ones. XLF (Extensible Log Format) Initiative.
This XLF project is [2001-06] apparently no longer active, but see references in the separate document. Resume! See also Log Markup Language (LOGML). WAP Wireless Markup Language Specification (WML) The Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) Wireless Markup Language (WML) is a markup language based on XML, and in school, is intended for use in how to write problem sets, specifying content and in school, user interface for narrowband devices, including cellular phones and pagers. . . 'A tag-based display language providing navigational support, data input, hyperlinks, text and guide research, image presentation, and my experiences, forms. A browsing language similar to Internet HTML.' HTTP Distribution and Replication Protocol (DRP) On August 25, 1997 a submission entitled The HTTP Distribution and Replication Protocol was tendered to the W3C by representatives of Marimba Inc., Netscape Communications Inc., Sun Microsystems Inc., Novell Inc., and At Home Corporation.
The goal of the DRP protocol is to significantly improve the essay, efficiency and reliability of essay data distribution over HTTP. . . The DRP protocol uses a data structure called an index, which is currently specified using the eXtensible Markup Language (XML). Because the index describes meta data, we anticipate using the Resource Description Format RDF), which was formerly called the Meta Content Framework (MCF), in a future versions of the DRP protocol specification. XML is used in the interim because the RDF standard was not finalized at the time of writing. . . The DRP defines the following new features: (1) Content identifiers, using the existing URI specification, which can uniquely identify a piece of content; (2) An index format which can be used to describe a set of files; (3) A new HTTP header field, Content-ID, which is used to obtain the correct version of a file by specifying a content identifier; (4) A new HTTP header field, Differential-ID, which is used to obtain a differential update for problem sets a file. The Chemical Markup Language was documented (July 1998) as an application of my experiences essay XML and was demonstrated at WWW6 with the Jumbo Java-based browser for XML documents. One of the how to write problem sets, first interesting XML appliations. See the in school essay, separate document for references: Chemical Markup Language (CML). Bioinformatic Sequence Markup Language (BSML) Description and contest, references for my experiences the Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG) project are contained in a separate document Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG). Weather Observation Markup Format (OMF)
The Weather Observation Markup Format [or: Weather Observation Definition Format] is an application of XML used to encode weather observation reports. The goal of the OMF system is to annotate and augment standard weather reports with derived, computed quantities, and to write problem, re-cast the essential information in a markup format that is easier to interpret, yet completely accurate. The data formats typically used in in school, weather reports (FM 15-X Ext. METAR, FM 16-X Ext. SPECI, FM 51-X Ext. TAF, etc. [constituting] KAWN, WMO feeds . Paper! . .) are both incomplete and suboptimal for some processing objectives. In School Essay! According to a summary from one of OMF's designers, the OMF application thus uses XML for annotating weather observation reports, forecasts and advisories as issued by how to problem sets Weather Meteorological Organization (WMO), the National Weather Center and Air Force Global Weather Center.
Currently, METAR/SPECI observational reports, Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts (TAFs) and SIGMET significant weather aircraft advisories are being analyzed and marked up. My Experiences In School! The incoming source of data are raw bulletins distributed by KAWN/ADWS or National Weather Service'sGateways. The bulletins are parsed, reports are decoded and stored into a database, which can then be queried. The results of the queries are XML-formatted into OMF documents. It is always possible to reconstruct original reports by stripping away the XML markup. The designers are also working on adding other types of 25 best moms essay contest reports - Upper Air reports, regional SIGMETs, AIRMETS, Bathythermographs, PIREPS, etc.
The markup system is in my experiences in school essay, actual use to distribute the most current annotated weather observations, forecasts and advisories; the Navy's Joint Metoc Viewer is one application that can ingest OMF documents and guide to writing paper, display the my experiences in school essay, corresponding data. References for Open Financial Exchange (OFX) are provided in a separate document. Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) Information on the Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) is provided in a separate document. The Internet Open Trading Protocol (OTP) provides an interoperable framework for Internet commerce. It is payment system independent and encapsulates payment systems such as SET, Mondex, CyberCash, DigiCash, GeldKarte, etc.
OTP is able to handle cases where such merchant roles as the shopping site, the academic decathlon practice, payment handler, the Delivery Handler of goods or services, and the provider of customer support are performed by different parties or by one party. My Experiences In School Essay! OTP Messages are XML documents which are physically sent between the resume, different organisations that are taking part in a trade. Information on the [Internet] Open Trading Protocol (OTP) is contained in a separate document. XML Digital Signature (Signed XML - IETF/W3C) The XML-Signature WG is a joint Working Group of the my experiences essay, IETF and W3C. References are provided in a separate document. Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative. Information on the Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative and the Digital Receipt Consortium is referenced in a separate document.
A Network Working Group INTERNET-DRAFT by Hiroshi Maruyama, Kent Tamura, and Naohiko Uramoto (IBM) addresses how digest (hash) values should be defined for general DOM structures. The document is intended to become a Proposed Standard RFC. Compare 'XHASH'. Digest Values for DOM (DOMHASH) draft-hiroshi-dom-hash-00.txt, January 1999 Local archive copy Similarly: 'XHASH' - XML canonical digest algorithm proposed by GlobeSet and was the last essay, documented in my experiences, the XHASH proposal. This algorithm has been inspired by lead paper the DOM-HASH proposal, but operates closer to the surface string of the document.
Elements and attributes are subject to formalization in a way quite similar to in school, the one proposed by DOM-HASH - XML delimiters are represented by police chief binary values and entities are replaced by their actual values. However, formalization happens as elements are acquired. Furthermore, this algorithm has been tailored for in school essay explicit support of the XML Namespaces and 25 best moms essay, it takes into account some specifics of this specification ( e.g. , dsig:eval attribute). See also: Digital Signatures for XML. My Experiences! By Richard D. Brown (GlobeSet, Inc.). January 1999.
A syntax and procedures for the computation and verification of XML digital signatures is specified. Lead Ins Research! [local archive copy] See also (earlier): Digital Signatures for in school XML. Resume Police! From the my experiences, IETF TRADE Working Group. Richard D. Brown, GlobeSet, Inc. November 1998. - The objective of this document is to propose syntax and procedures for the computation and verification of digital signatures applicable to general XML documents. [local archive copy] Signed Document Markup Language (SDML) Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) The BIPS specification includes a protocol for sending payment instructions to banks safely over research paper, the Internet and essay, a payment server architecture for processing those payment instructions. Ins Research Paper! On August 24, 1998, a specification for the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) was published: Bank Internet Payment System Specification Version 1.0.
Public Review Draft, August 24, 1998 . Appendix G of the specification supplies the my experiences essay, 'XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD)'. BIPS instruction messages and their responses conform to the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and interpreted by 25 best moms freely available XML parsers. The Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) is a project of The Financial Services Technology Consortium (FSTC). FSTC is a not-for-profit organization whose goal is to enhance the competitiveness of the United States financial services industry; members of the consortium include banks, financial services providers, research laboratories, universities, technology companies, and in school, government agencies. Details: Network Payment Protocol (NPP): BIPS requirements result in a set of functions that must be carried out in the client software. In order to ensure that the client software interfaces with the payment processing systems at each bank in a standard manner, the NPP has been defined and is described in this chapter.
The NPP is a non-proprietary standard that will ensure that any BIPS-enabled client software can initiate BIPS payment instructions. Write! The BIPS model is shown in Figure 4.1. All BIPS messages conform to the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C's) XML specification. NPP Message Specification, Message Formatting, and Data Encoding: NPP messages will be specified and formatted according to standards described in the XML Version 1.0 specification. My Experiences In School Essay! XML is a simplified subset of the Standard Generalized Markup Language [SGML, International Standards Organization (ISO) 8879].
XML provides a standard format to describe different types of data so that the information can be decoded, manipulated, and displayed consistently and correctly. Police! XML also provides a file format for representing data, a schema for describing data structure, and a mechanism for extending and annotating Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) with semantic information. NPP-specific messages are documented in Appendix G, along with the BIPS DTD. Some characteristics of NPP messages are: 1) all messages are in XML; 2) all messages start with a BIPS XML header; 3) all fields are self-identifying; 4) all messages are signed; 5) all messages include the originator's certificate; 6) all request messages include a user-supplied transaction number; 7) all response messages include the signature of the user on the original request, and in school, 8) all response messages include both a bank-supplied transaction number and the user-supplied transaction number. BIPS messages contain blocks that describe the request or response (a block is an XML element or conglomerate of elements). Each BIPS message begins with an XML header that includes the XML version number, document type, a reference to the BIPS DTD file, and the BIPS version number. A sample BIPS message is shown in Appendix G. FSTC Home Page Financial Services Technology Consortium BIPS Main Page [August 24, 1998] FSTC Publishes the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) Specification. - FSTC announced today that its Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) specification has been released for public review and comment. Police! . Essay! . BIPS instruction messages and that really last straw essay, their responses conform to my experiences, the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and interpreted by contest freely available XML parsers.
Download BIPS Specification [local archive copy, 980824] XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD), from the spec 980824. smartX ['SmartCard'] Markup Language (SML) The goal of SML (smartX Markup Language) is to in school essay, enable automation of all interactions with XML documents providing general methods to represent a set of smart device functions. XML supports the creation of marker content that preserves data structure and promises web documents to be machine-readable. The SML is an implementation of XML for the smart card industry. SML also brings to the smart device applications many IDL features that have been implemented in write problem sets, distributed computed and transaction processings.smartX defines a complete framework that encapsulates the development of essay both the write, smart card and my experiences essay, terminal application. By separating the application process from the application protocol that is police card-specific, smartX makes possible to port quickly an application to in school essay, a new smart card. Guide To Writing Research Paper! The innovation of smartX technology relies on essay, a strong description of the smart device data and attached processes. The semantics and grammar of the how to, description do not equate a programming language with arithmetic and conditions.
On the contrary, the data and protocol description is built upon the familiar foundations of the smart card industry, which simplifies programming for the developer. smartX introduces a new description language to describe the application protocol: SML (Smart Markup Language) that implements the Extensible Markup Language (XML) for the smart card industry. OpenMLS and RELML - Real Estate DTD Design. Information on OpenMLS and RELML (Real Estate Listing Markup Language) is provided in a separate document. Founded in my experiences, 1992, the Customer Support Consortium is a group of over 70 leading technology companies who work together to significantly improve customer support by developing innovative new strategies, standards, and programs. Its mission is to develop ways to leverage and share knowledge within and among support organizations. Guide! The development of open exchange standards is one of the in school essay, three principal consortium initiatives. A subgroup is developing a set of mappings from standards specifications to XML. XML for the Automotive Industry - SAE J2008.
In response to requirements from the 1990 US Clean Air Act, The Society of to writing research Automotive Engineers (SAE) has adopted a number of standards under the 'SAE J2008' family of standards designed to provide easy access to emission-related automotive service information. At the heart of in school this SGML standard is a relational Data Model for Automotive Service Information rather than any particular document model. The SGML definition set forth within J2008 provides a hierarchical representation of the Data Model. Contest! In addition, this standard provides models for common text constructs such as tables, paragraphs, lists, and procedures which are found within automotive service information. Recently, as explained by Dianne Kennedy in the presentation XML and the Automotive Industry (XML the my experiences essay, Conference 98, Seattle 1998), effort has been made to convert the SGML DTD into a version compatible with XML. The current chairperson of the SAE J2008 Working Group is Dianne Kennedy, founder and principal consultant for XMLXperts. [adapted from Dianne Kennedy's overview] [March 09, 1999] A communiqué from Dianne Kennedy reported on contest, recent efforts by the DTD Working Group for SAE J2008. The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J2008 DTD Working Group met on March 3, 1999 in Detroit. Among the in school, work items was the development of an really was the essay official XML version of the SAE J2008 DTD for posting automotive service information on my experiences, the Web. The XML version of the DTD can be found at XMLXperts Web site along with a description of academic practice essay how the XML version was created and sample data with a CSS style sheet as a prototype for Web viewing. X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council.
[May 04, 1998] On May 4, 1998, an my experiences announcement was issued by DataChannel and OASIS concerning X-ACT: DataChannel Transfers X-ACT Council to OASIS. XML Market Receives Enhanced Services Through Vendor-Neutral Management of Leading Industry Council. How To Sets! According to the press release, OASIS, the Organization for essay the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (formerly SGML Open), announced today that it will take the helm of the XML Active Content Technologies Council (X-ACT) to provide vendor-neutral management and academic practice, enhanced industry services. A press release was issued on March 4, 1998 announcing the in school, formation of a new industry technology council, X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council. X-ACT is an industry council formed to provide a communications venue for corporations working to develop real-world XML-based solutions to meet today's business needs, increase awareness about Active Content Technologies and lead paper, their benefits, and essay, maintain an index to Active Content software. Aligned with all standards bodies, X-ACT specifically focuses on ins research paper, promoting the usage and in school essay, adoption of XML in real-world applications. . . Active Content represents all the possible forms of XML as documents, data and meta-data, and lead, the new class of information systems that will allow data or objects to be re-used and re-purposed by any application. The new industry group recognizes that XML, a groundbreaking new technology, will spawn a new class of computer applications and transactions (Active Content Technologies) that will enable active content at all levels of networked computing (Desktop, Server, Internet, Intranet, Extranet, VPNs, LANs, WANs).
The eighteen (18) members include, to date: Allaire, Andersen Consulting, Arbor Text, BTG, DataChannel, Daylight Software, Informix, Inso, NexGen SI, OmniMark Technologies, Online Computing Library Center, PLATINUM Technology Solutions, Poet Software, NC Focus, Sybase, Thomson Corporation, Wall Data and WebMethods. Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) The Mathematical Markup Language (W3C Working Draft) is a specification which defines the Mathematical Markup Language, or MathML. MathML is an XML application for describing mathematical notation and in school essay, capturing both its structure and content. The goal of MathML is to lead, enable mathematics to be served, received, and processed on the Web, just as HTML has enabled this functionality for text. The document begins with background information on in school, mathematical notation, the problems it poses, and the philosophy underlying the solutions MathML proposes. MathML can be used to encode both mathematical notation and mathematical content. About 25 of the MathML tags describe abstract notational structures, while another 75 provide a way of unambiguously specifying the intended meaning of an expression. Problem! Additional chapters discuss how the essay, MathML content and presentation elements interact, and how MathML renderers might be implemented and should interact with browsers. Finally, the that really last straw essay, document addresses the issue of MathML entities (extended characters) and their relation to fonts.
[February 24, 1998] MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by essay W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. Editors: Patrick Ion and Robert Miner. Reference: PR-math-19980224. Abstract: MathML is a low-level syntax for representing structured data such as mathematics in academic decathlon essay, machine-to-machine communication over the Web, providing a much-needed solution for including mathematical expressions over the Web. In developing MathML, the goal was to define an XML-compliant markup language that describes the content and presentation of essay mathematical expressions. This was achieved with MathML.
As an effective way to include mathematical expressions in Web documents, MathML gives control over the presentation and the meaning of such expressions. It does this by guide to writing paper providing two sets of markup tags: one set presents the notation of mathematical data in my experiences essay, markup format, and how to, the other set relays the semantic meaning of mathematical expressions, enabling complex mathematical and scientific notation to be encoded in an explicit way. As an XML application, MathML capitalizes on XML features and benefits from the wide support of XML. Unlike HTML which was intended as a markup language for use by people, MathML is intended to be used by my experiences machines, facilitating the searching and indexing of mathematical and scientific information. Software tools that work with MathML render MathML into formatted equations, enabling users to edit mathematical equations much as one might edit HTML text.
Several early versions of police such MathML tools already exist, and a number of others, both freely available software and commercial products, are under development. See the press release. Links: [April 07, 1998] Announcement for MathML as a W3C Recommendation Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) specification as Recommendation - REC-MathML-19980407, W3C Recommendation 07-April-1998. [local archive copy, .ZIP] Fact Sheet - for MathML as W3C Recommendation Testimonials - for essay MathML as W3C Recommendation MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by lead W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. February 24, 1998. Mathematical Markup Language - W3C Working Draft. My Experiences! January 06, 1998. WD-math-980106. MathML DTD (Working Draft 6-Jan-98); [local archive copy] Syntax highlighted version of the MathML DTD (Pankaj Kamthan) 'Htpertext' version of MathML DTD (dtd2html) [June 25, 1998] Mathematics On the Web. Really Last Straw! By Rockford J. Ross [Computer Science Department, Montana State University]. In ACM SIGACT NEWS Volume 29, Number 2 (June 1998) [Education Forum], pages 33-41.
Review of MathML from the ACM Special Interest Group on Algorithms and Computation Theory. In School! See: Mathematical Markup Language (XML) - Main entry [August 14, 1998] Note from that really was the straw essay, Eitan Gurari: work done to my experiences in school, configure TeX4ht for XML and MathML. See: http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/ gurari/temp/xml/ml.html; [local archive copy] Also, the 25 best essay, collected documentation. MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML. My Experiences Essay! (David Carlisle) MathML in Mozilla (Roger B. Academic Practice! Sidje, David Fiddes, P. S. Karthikeyan). The priority of the in school essay, project will be to provide a compact and fast engine that will process MathML and enable Gecko to that was the, render mathematical expressions. In School Essay! Another goal is to provide a WYSIWYG interface to MathML. This will be a graphical equation editor with an internal representation in standard MathML text. Paper! TtHMML, a TeX to MathML translator. See Try out TtHMML. My Experiences! NB: 'You need a browser such as Amaya, with MathML support, to see equations.' See: OpenMath Standard.
PICS-NG Metadata Model and Label Syntax (W3C WD-pics-ng-metadata-970514.html), with Appendix A: Correspondence to decathlon, the XML Web Collection Proposal. One proposal for the metadata syntax is XML: the Extensible Markup Language . . .is attractive because of my experiences in school its political appeal and the fact that it may find other uses in the Internet arena. The full definition of an XML syntax for PICS-NG will be included in a future version of write this document. [mirror copy] CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) attempts to address a problem faced by essay both users and 25 best moms essay, vendors of Visual Modeling tools and Computer Aided Software and in school, Systems Engineering (CASE) tools: interoperability. Academic! Users need to be able to move information from one CASE tool to in school, another in order to develop systems efficiently. They need to move information from a tool to a repository and really was the straw, back. They need to my experiences in school, exchange data between repositories. CDIF is a Family of Standards that lays out a single architecture for exchanging information between modelling tools, and between repositories, and defines the interfaces of the components to implement this architecture.
CDIF has been defined by the CDIF Division of the EIA, an to writing research industry standards committee. CDIF is also being standardized at an international level through ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7/WG11. Many of the major modeling, CASE and my experiences in school, repository vendors, and some large user organizations have pooled their expertise and resume chief, resources to develop this Family of Standards. Currently, the my experiences essay, CDIF Family of Standards has 10 standards as members and more will be added in the future. The CDIF standards development process is open-ended, and driven by the interests of the CDIF member organizations. Ins Research! Any organization can become a CDIF member and my experiences in school essay, thus influence current and future CDIF work. The CDIF Technical Committee is preparing a specification called the CDIF XML-based Transfer Format . The Working Group Chair is Woody Pidcock (Boeing Company) and sets, the standards draft editor is Johannes Ernst (Aviatis Corporation). A June 1998 draft (CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998) edited by Johannes Ernst outlines the ongoing work of the CDIF Technical Committee on the transfer format.
The CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) family of in school essay Standards is primarily designed to be used as a description of a mechanism for transferring information between CASE tools. It facilitates a successful transfer when the authors of the importing and sets, exporting tools have nothing in common except an essay agreement to conform to CDIF. The language that is defined for the Transfer Format also has applicability as a general language for Import/Export from repositories. The CDIF Integrated Meta-model also has applicability as the basis of standard definitions for use in 25 best, repositories. The XML-based CDIF Syntax which allows the exchange of meta-models and models using the emerging XML standard is essay being provided in really was the last straw, addition to the CDIF Transfer Format based on SYNTAX.1 and in school, ENCODING.1. In the version 3 draft document, (Section 5.2 of the that really, Transfer Format Overview), the relationship of the CDIF Transfer Format to my experiences in school essay, XML is explained: The primary application of the resume, XML standards is document markup. Compared to my experiences, the HTML document type definition, XML-based document type definitions allow for a more strict definition of the content and content structure. On the lead, other hand, the exchange of my experiences essay modeling information according to the CDIF architecture requires an even stricter set of rules to chief, be followed than even in a strict application of XML. In School Essay! This has two consequences: (a) any CDIF Transfer file employing the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format is also a legal XML file; (b) the rules to be followed by files employing the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format cannot be fully captured in an XML DTD alone; instead, this standard defines rules that are mandatory for how to write such an XML-based CDIF Transfer beyond those defined in the DTD. As an example for the latter, consider the rich set of data types for meta-attributes and meta-meta-attributes required to my experiences, exchange modeling information, and compare them to the significantly smaller set of data types provided by XML.
When exchanging models with the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format that employ any of the lead, richer data types, additional rules have to my experiences in school essay, be obeyed. CDIF Man Page Introduction to CDIF. Problem! July 1998. In School! By Johannes Ernst, Aviatis Corporation. Academic Decathlon Practice Essay! Draft 3 of in school XML-based CDIF Transfer Format.
The XML-based CDIF Syntax allows the exchange of meta-models and models using the emerging XML standard. Decathlon! This is in addition to the CDIF Transfer Format based on SYNTAX.1 and in school, ENCODING.1. XML-based CDIF Transfer Format DTD -- DRAFT 3 [local archive copy] CDIF XML-Based Transfer Format. Write Sets! Draft 'standard' version 3. CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998. [local archive copy, 980622] Draft version 2. Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL) Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML)
On April 03, 1998, a submission was made to the World Wide Web Consortium concerning a proposed Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML) . References: W3C NOTE-PGML-19980410, World Wide Web Consortium Note 10-April-1998, URL http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/NOTE-PGML-19980410. In School Essay! The W3C NOTE was submitted by representatives of decathlon practice Adobe Systems Incorporated, International Business Machines Corporation, Netscape Communications Corporation, and Sun Microsystems, Inc. The abstract: This document is the specification for the Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML). PGML is my experiences in school a 2D scalable graphics language designed to meet both the simple vector graphics needs of casual users and the precision needs of graphics artists. PGML uses the how to write problem sets, imaging model common to my experiences in school, the PostScript(R) language and Portable Document Format (PDF); it also contains additional features to satisfy the needs of that really essay Web applications. My Experiences Essay! The NOTE is characterized as a working document. It is not meant to be a complete definition for PGML. Many sections have been left open or have been labeled Ideas for resume police Consideration so that the working group can develop the strongest possible language specification and ensure that it is fully compatible with other W3C standards efforts. Among the my experiences, 'Design Principles': PGML should be an XML application and that really essay, the imaging model is an instance of the RDF data model. . . My Experiences Essay! PGML should be compatible with and essay, fully leverage all related W3C standards efforts. . .in particular, PGML will be an application of XML. In School Essay! . .[provision for ] exporting the imaging model to the DOM. A W3C 'Comment on PGML Submission' asserts: PGML is expressed in XML, which allows PGML graphics to be modified with style sheets along with the document in which they are contained. A sample from Appendix B (minus the pretty-printing): ?XML version=1.0?!DOCTYPE PGML SYSTEM pgml1.0.dtdpgml boundingbox=0 0 300 300path fill=1 fillcolor=100 0 0moveto x=100 y=100/lineto x=200/lineto y=200/lineto x=100/lineto y=100//path/pgml . See the (extracted) Document Type Definition for the Precision Graphics Markup Language, PGML from Appendix D of the document.
On May 28, 1998, the ins research, W3C acknowledged receipt of a submission for in school a proposed Vector Markup Language (VML) from Autodesk Inc., Hewlett-Packard Company, Macromedia, Inc., Microsoft Corporation, and Visio Corporation. Academic Decathlon! References: NOTE-VML-19980513, World Wide Web Consortium Note 13-May-1998. My Experiences In School! The submission defines the Vector Markup Language (VML), which is an problem application of Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 which defines a format for the encoding of vector information together with additional markup to describe how that information may be displayed and edited. According to the Introduction in the NOTE, The Vector Markup Language (VML) supports the markup of vector graphic information in the same way that HTML supports the markup of textual information. In School Essay! Within VML the content is composed of 25 best essay contest paths described using connected lines and curves.
The markup gives semantic and presentation information for the paths. VML is written using the essay, syntax of XML just as HTML is to writing written using the in school, syntax of SGML (the Standard Generalized Markup Language, [ISO 8879]) - XML is a restricted form of SGML. VML uses Cascading Style Sheets, Level 2 in the same way as HTML to determine the to writing research paper, layout of the vector graphics which it contains. Normative references cited in the NOTE include HTML 4.0, CSS1/2, XML 1.0, XML Namespaces, XLink, IEC 61966-2, PNG, and ISO 10918-1 (JPEG); VML is said to be based on in school essay, well-established vector graphical techniques. From the ins research paper, W3C Comment on the VML Submission: VML is expressed in XML, which allows VML graphics to be modified with style sheets along with the in school essay, document in which they are contained. The submitters have clearly given thought to resume police chief, style sheet binding, to the necessary stylistic differences between editors and viewers, and to my experiences, containment in HTML; they have also taken care to really was the last straw, address the points in the W3C Requirements document. WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on the Web. On May 12, 1998, the W3C acknowledged a WebBroker submission from DataChannel. DataChannel, Inc. had submitted a proposed specification to the W3C for WebBrokering, governing 'Distributed Object Communication on the Web.' WebBroker, which falls under the W3C HTTP-NG Activity, represents an attempt at in school essay unifying interface technology used in existing distributed object systems like CORBA, DCOM, and RMI but is based on XML, HTTP/1.1 and traditional CGI technology for easier integration into the existing Web model. The submission is lead ins research paper composed of five separate documents: WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on the Web (NOTE-webbroker-19980511, authored by John Tigue and Jon Lavinder) ObjectMethodMessages DTD AnonymousData DTD TerseAnonymousData DTD InterfaceDef DTD. The abstract: This document provides a specification (WebBroker document type definitions, or WebBroker DTDs) for in school essay describing and exchanging structured messages between software components on the Web.
Such exchange is facilitated by the DTDs which describe the structure of the messages (method requests and method responses) and which also describe the interfaces of the software components themselves. The AnonymousData DTD describes a simple way of expressing the data type of structures which works within XML 1.0 and moms essay, is designed to work with XML-Data. The ObjectMethodMessages DTD describes how to represent, in XML documents, the serialized messages between software components. ObjectMethodMessages uses the AnonymousData DTD and is modeled after DCE RPC Request and Response PDUs. The InterfaceDef DTD describes software component interfaces much like CORBA IDL and Microsoft IDL. One immediate implication of these ideas is that there can now be a unified Web publishing and my experiences essay, traditional client/server programming model which work over HTTP 1.1. We expect the WebBroker DTDs to be useful for enabling many organizations to implement a mature yet simple and easy to resume police chief, reproduce model of my experiences in school distributed computing on essay, the Web. Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) The Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) consists of six XML-compliant HTML extenders that define a universal schema for HTML documents based on in school, the Document Object Model (DOM) as it is was the last being defined by the World Wide Web Consortium. Submission of a specification for the Web Interface Definition Language [WIDL] to W3C by webMethods, Inc. According to the abstract, the my experiences, document provides the specification for the Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL), a metalanguage that implements a service-based architecture over the document-based resources of the World Wide Web.
WIDL is an application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML); it allows interactions with Web servers to be defined as functional interfaces that can be accessed by remote systems over standard Web protocols, and provides the structure necessary for generating client code in how to problem, languages such as Java, C/C++, COBOL, and Visual Basic. WIDL enables a practical and cost-effective means for diverse systems to be rapidly integrated across corporate intranets, extranets, and the Internet. Short Take: WIDL submitted to my experiences in school, W3C as standard. Academic! By Tim Clark. CNET News.com , October 13, 1997, 2:15 p.m. PT. [August 29, 1997] Announcement from webMethods Inc. that the core of in school essay its Web Automation technology has been built around the problem, eXtensible Markup Language (XML). webMethods' Web Automation product suite now uses XML to my experiences in school, define automated access to lead ins research paper, Web data and services, and can be used against in school essay existing HTML or new XML-based Web resources. . . Ins Research! Web Automation technology is based on webMethods' Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) 2.0, an XML application that defines Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to Web data and services. [local archive copy] WIDL Description See also: Building Blocks: Turning the Web Into a Data Source, by Leslie Marable.
From Web Week , Volume 3, Issue 11, April 21, 1997. [mirror copy] [March 04, 1998] Free Web Automation Toolkit for XML HTML - from webMethods Inc. My Experiences! Submission - local archive copies. XML and EDI (Electronic Data Interchange). EDI works by moms essay providing a collection of essay standard message formats and 25 best essay, element dictionary in a simple way for businesses to exchange data via any electronic messaging service. . . XML/EDI provides a standard format to describe different types of data -- for example, a loan application, an invoice, healthcare claim, project status -- so that the information can be decoded, manipulated, and displayed consistently and correctly by implementing EDI dictionaries. Thus by combining XML and EDI we create a new powerful paradigm! (Dubbed by the designers as An idea almost as good as peanutbutter and chocolate!) In March 1998, the my experiences in school essay, XML-EDI Group become an moms essay contest organization of the essay, Graphic Communications Association Research Institute (GCARI). GCARI, an affiliate of Graphic Communications Association (GCA) in essay, Alexandria, Va. GCA is a technical management association in the publishing and printing industries that has supported XML since its creation. XML/EDI Overview Main XML/EDI Page for my experiences essay the XML/EDI Group -- an ad hoc group of professionals and volunteers in various industries.
Redix XML/EDI Authoring Tool - The XML/EDI Authoring Tool gives you ability to define your own interface between your application software and XML formats, regardless of whether your application format is lead ins research paper EDI based or proprietary. Several examples are provided in this tool. My Experiences! These include X12, EDIFACT, HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and police chief, Accountability Act of 1996), Oracle ERP, and SAP. We also provide a tutorial that guides you through the steps to interface with the my experiences essay, XML/EDI Authoring Tool. Another XML/EDI Home Page XML/EDI Frameworks - The Executive Summary Guidelines for Using XML for Electronic Data Interchange, edited by that was the straw essay Martin Bryan.
Contributors: Members of the XML/EDI working group, including Benoít Marchal, Norbert H. Mikula, Bruce Peat, and essay, David R. R. Webber. Version 0.04, 23rd December 1997. [local archive copy, version 0.04]; [archive copy, version 0.02] The Role of Document Type Definitions in Electronic Data Interchange. Decathlon! By Martin Bryan. My Experiences Essay! Internet Explorer 5.0 XML/EDI Demonstration using Intelligent XSL Stylesheets. By Martin Bryan. Guidelines for using XML for how to problem Electronic Data Interchange [variant of preceding document] Answers to Frequently Asked Questions, by Martin Bryan. [archive copy] EDI and XML time for a dual approach?, by Bruce Peat; [archive copy] Advantages of including Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) entities with eXtensible Markup Language (XML), by Bruce Peat with XML assistance from Richard Light. [archive copy] Using XML for Electronic Commerce, by Martin Bryan Electronic commerce topic page Contact form [August 29, 1997] Accelerating Electronic Commerce: Making EDI Accessible with XML, by my experiences Mary Fletcher Laplante (Director, Document Software Strategies Group, CAP Ventures). Published in Document Software Strategies Analysis 2/29 (August 15, 1997); [local archive copy] [February 02, 1998] XML/EDI XML/XSL Example - Fill-In-Form (Betty Harvey) A form developed as a test scenario for ordering product and creating an lead ins research paper XML/EDI message. [March 11, 1998] XML-EDI Group Becomes a GCARI Organization. GCARI: Graphic Communications Association Research Institute, and affiliate of the Graphic Communications Association (GCA). [local archive copy] According to a press release of July 27, 1998, the objectives of the my experiences in school essay, working group are to: 1) Develop draft standards on repositories for submission to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Object Management Group (OMG), and how to write problem sets, UN/EDIFACT working groups; 2) Establish a formal working group to coordinate proposal development; 3) Provide a technical forum for individuals involved in repository development to participate; 4) Offer links among disciplines and standards such as W3C's XML, as well as OMG's UML (Unified Modeling Language) and MOF (Meta-Object Facility); 5) Provide a means for vendors who have announced products based on open standards on this topic to offer their ideas. My Experiences Essay! The first draft is anticipated for an availability date of September 30, 1998.
For the purposes of this discussion group, the term EDI shall include business-to-business, business-to-consumer, and consumer-to-business exchanges of paper XML formatted and my experiences, structured data or information. Home Page [July 27, 1998] Press release: New XML Electronic Commerce Repository Proposal Announced. Adapted from the paper, press release in RTF format Announcement - Press release from GCA Project Overview and Focus [local archive copy] Project Goal, Objectives, and Discussion Topics; [local archive copy] Press releases Position Statement on Global Repositories for XML. - By The XML/EDI Group. Version: 0.98, July, 1998. Essay! Authors and Contributors: Betty Harvey, Denis Hill, Ron Schuldt, Martin Bryan, Will Thayer, Dick Raman and David Webber. Guide To Writing Research Paper! The XML/EDI Guidelines identify the need for effective use of Global Repositories and in school essay, document structure grammars.
This paper discusses the implementation of such technologies and the bringing together of related ongoing efforts in how to, this field. See also http://www.xmledi.com/repository/xml-rep.htm Preliminary Findings and Recommendations on essay, the Representation of X12 Data Elements and Structures in XML X12C Ad Hoc Task Group on the use of XML with X12 EDI. Last Straw! DRAFT Version 0.03a, July 31, 1998. My Experiences In School Essay! Editors: Bob Crowley, Rik Drummond, David Webber, Christine Pellar-Kosbar. Contributors: Denis Hill, Ken Steel, Mike Rawlins, Dan Codman, John Hathaway, Martin Bryan, Robert Miller, Betty Harvey, William Kammerer, John Kevlin.
UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-Edi Compatibility With XML/EDI. The XML/EDI Group. Version: 0.92. July, 1998. Authors and that really last straw essay, Contributors: David Webber, Klaus-Dieter Naujok.
The international EDI community has developed OO-edi over the past three years as an my experiences essay implementation neutral framework for the future architecture of essay contest EDI. XML/EDI has emerged over the last twelve months as the my experiences, implementation and deployment method of choice for next generation of electronic business facilitation via the guide, Internet. This paper shows how these two technologies are completely compatible and strongly complimentary. In School Essay! XML/EDI emerges as the implementation method of moms choice for FVS (Functional Service View) of Open-edi, and Open-edi BOV (Business Operational View) provides the means to underpin the physical implementation methods of in school essay XML/EDI with design, process and problem sets, logic verification to my experiences essay, ensure robust and efficient systems development and architectures. Two representation methods provide the link between the two: Universal Model Language (UML), and Extensible Markup Language (XML). UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-edi Compatibility With XML/EDI. From the XML/EDI Group.
July 1998. [local archive copy] The European XML/EDI Pilot Project is being run as part of the Information Society Standardization System within the European Committee for Standardization (CEN/ISSS) open workshop on Electronic Commerce. [The objective of the project is] to practice, test the in school essay, applicability of decathlon practice essay XML for interchanging data, between SMEs and their business partners, of the type currently exchanged using EDI messages. The project will build on my experiences essay, the findings of essay existing and proposed European initiatives on the use of XML for EDI data interchange. The EEMA EDI Work Group would like to in school, propose to CEFACT the establishment of a Global Repository for guide to writing research paper the translation of XML tags in UN/EDIFACT and my experiences essay, human language on the Internet. The EEMA EDI Working Group is prepared to assist in that really was the straw, the set up and operation of such a repository, which could be crucial in the advancement of the use of EDI over the Internet. . . . When the fusion between ANSI X12, EDIFACT and my experiences in school, all other EDI standards takes place in a proper way it should be under the auspices of the UN so it is global, public domain, open and practice essay, available for my experiences essay anyone. Today this is not the case with the paper, ANSI standards and my experiences essay, many other EDI standards that are only available at considerable cost. Of course today the EDIFACT standard is already in the public domain and can easily be obtained through the Internet. . . Contest! .there could be a relatively easy fusion between EDIFACT and ANSI X12. Essentially every data-element one can find in ANSI or in EDIFACT could be placed inside the my experiences in school, XML/EDI file.
What would be required is to moms contest, set up a repository in my experiences in school essay, which the tags for the XML files are listed with the corresponding EDIFACT data-element number, the corresponding ANSI X12 element number, and a description. . . By setting up one global repository on the Internet, CEFACT can assume responsibility for the creation of new tags based on a corresponding EDIFACT data-element number and resume, the standard description, while other organizations can assume responsibility for a language code or the corresponding element number in different standards. Even if XML/EDI is in school essay not the practice, ultimate solution, a global repository would be extremely useful for conventional EDI and other forms of EC, because it would provide an independent Data Dictionary which could be used by applications. As of Fall 1999, there was a proliferating activity of X12-XML initiatives [which] reflects the essential foundation the X12 standard provides to a multitude of emerging e-commerce technologies. See the separate document. Information and Content Exchange (ICE) On October 26, 1998, the W3C acknowledged receipt of a submission from Adobe Systems Incorporated, CNET Incorporated, Microsoft Corporation, Sun Microsystems Inc., and Vignette Corporation, in the form of a NOTE: The Information and my experiences, Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol.
Other information on the Information and Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol is provided in a separate document. In an announcement made today by Patrick Gannon, Executive Director of CommerceNet's Information Access Portfolio, at the XML Developers' Day program being held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, CommerceNet gave its full support to academic essay, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) development of the Working Draft Requirements for the Extensible Markup Language (XML) and launched its international industry initiative to demonstrate commercial viability of XML in my experiences in school essay, Internet Commerce. The CommerceNet initiative is designed to close the that really essay, time gap between the development of industry standards and implementation of open, interoperable applications in the electronic commerce arena. The multifaceted program involves development of examples, demonstrations and a showcase of in school member applications. Guide Paper! The goal is to accelerate the my experiences in school essay, adoption of XML as a key technology for the realization of efficient Internet Commerce. . . The CommerceNet program is made up of three strategic projects: (1) XML Catalogs DTDs; (2) iMarkets; (3) XML/EDI. RosettaNet is a global business consortium creating the electronic commerce framework to align processes in the IT supply chain. How To Write! See the independent document for references. IETF Internet Draft draft-kristensen-xml-map-00.txt. My Experiences Essay! By Anders Kristensen. Hewlett-Packard Laboratories.
This document proposes an XML encoding for sets of named values. How To Sets! The primary application is as a transmission format for form values being submitted to a processing agent over the Web. The main advantage over my experiences, other form value encodings is that it allows field names to write problem, be associated with structured values without resorting to non-XML encodings. Essay! The multipart/related MIME type is used for carrying non-XML media. Capability Card: An Attribute Certificate in XML. This IETF INTERNET DRAFT for a 'Capability Card' describes basic ideas and practice essay, data components of 'Capability Card,' which is a kind of attribute certificates designed from the my experiences in school essay, standpoint of a secure communication framework on the Internet. 25 Best Moms Contest! Similar to the SPKI certificates, a capability card can be used to grant a person particular access privileges to in school, resources like WWW pages, IRC channels, and message boxes. Moms Essay Contest! In addition, it can carry a variety of descriptive information about the issuer, the resources, and the privileges specified in it.
A capability card is written in XML, which is becoming a standard format rapidly for the internet data exchange. Consequently, users can handle various information in capability cards visually with an in school essay XML viewer. This is a fairly desirable feature for the existing internet services. Ins Research! In this document, following the motivation and the basic concepts, the elements of XML DTD of capability cards are described. Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TCIF/IPI)
The recent revision of the TIM DTD toward version 2 has been motivated, in part, by a desire of the subcommittee to make this news industry DTD XML compliant. Information Products Interchange (IPI) is essay a working committee of the academic decathlon, Telecommunications Industry Forum. IPI was established to select standards and my experiences, guidelines capable of lead ins research allowing the interchange of a variety of my experiences in school information products for the telecommunications industry . . . Most of the IPI Committee's published work has to do with the Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TIM, an SGML DTD) and the Telecommunications Electronic Document Delivery Package (TEDD). The TIM Document Type Definition (DTD) is a specification for practice essay describing the my experiences in school essay, structure of telecommunications and other technical documents . . . based largely on early versions of the DocBook DTD developed by the Davenport Group. TIM 1 was approved as a TCIF Guideline in December 1995, and revisions for TIM 2 were begun in December 1996. As described in the TCIF Information Publication TCIF-IPI-97-004 (Issue 1, 10/24/97), several of the DTD changes were aimed at making the TIM 2 specification XML compliant. These included changes to how to problem sets, the SGML declaration, removal of inclusion and exclusion exceptions from content models, implementation of external cross-references through URLs, restricting the attribute data types to the XML-valid AttType values ('TokenizedType' -- in particular, NMTOKEN for NAME, NUMBER, and NUTOKEN), and restriction of PCDATA to content models having repeatable 'OR groups'. Thus: except for changes to adapt to the not-yet-finished XLL linking specification, TIM is already XML-complaint and ready for the next generation of my experiences browsers. Main database entry, with summary and bibliographic references: TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange) Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange (TCIF - IPI) Committee Home Page TIM DTD Telecommunications Interchange Markup, alias Technical Information Markup DTD [March 06, 1998] Comments from Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on the XML DTD issues (v. 203, 204).
Version 2.0.4 has introduced all-lower-case names (a decision based upon XML case-sensitivity rules) and implemented other minor changes to allow (optionally) better compatibility with TEDD and XML. [March 06, 1998] See http://bigbird.bellcore.com/TCIF/lib/sgml/ as of this date for TIM DTD draft version 2.0.4. Alternate locations: ftp://ftp.bellcore.com/pub/world/TCIF/ or http://www.atis.org/atis/tcif/. The change history describes the `XML compliance' issues in 2.0.4. A PE reference %m-; appears: - mapped to - - for the 'SGML only' DTD marked sections, mapped to 25 best, nil for XML. My Experiences In School Essay! The ZIP archive for the DTD. [April 21, 1998] Note from to writing research, Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on the Availability of my experiences in school XML-compliant TIM. Dated 1998-03-06.
Further details on XML-compliant version of TIM (2.1.1) as of April 21, 1998; [2.1.1 local archive copy, 19980421] Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) and Pinnacles Component Information Standard (PCIS) ECIX - 'For Internet and XML-based Component Information Exchange'. The Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) project is how to write problem dedicated to designing standards for creation, exchange and use of electronic component information, including ASIC cores. Essay! The ECIX architecture and standards are extensible, unambiguous, well documented and are maintained under the direction of Si2. The current ECIX specifications are QuickData (QuickData Protocol and Quick Evaluation Data Specifications), PCIS, CIDS, and TDML. Details on guide to writing paper, the new ECIX QuickData specifications for in school essay real-time business-to-business Internet transactions (based on XML) are accessible [via the Web site]. Moms Contest! A new, XML-based version of PCIS (Version 1.5) was announced in June at DAC '99. ECIX Component Information Dictionary Standard (CIDS)
The aim of the Component Information Dictionary Standard is to my experiences essay, provide authors and users of academic decathlon essay component information with a computer sensible dictionary of characteristic properties of components, allowing for my experiences a common and unambiguous understanding of those characteristics. ECIX has created a CIDS dictionary in support of the ECIX Quick Evaluation Data Specification, and is working with NIST, IEC (61360) and JEDEC organizations to realize CIDS dictionaries for those industry standard dictionaries. A new XML-based version of CIDS (Version 1.9) was announced in June at DAC '99. The US Library of Congress and several research level institutions have been engaged in the collaborative work of the EAD (Encoded Archival Description) initiative for several years. Ins Research! These institutions use the EAD DTD, and currently encode their archival finding aids using the in school essay, Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) or in XML.
The EAD Document Type Definition (DTD) represents the formal part of a standard for encoding archival finding aids using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and the Extensible Markup Language (XML). This standard is really was the straw maintained by the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the my experiences, Library of Congress (LC) in partnership with the Society of American Archivists. See the dedicated page for to writing information on the Encoded Archival Description (EAD). A communique from Junichi Suzuki (The Graduate School of Computer Science, Keio University) describes an my experiences in school essay XML application proposed as the UML eXchange Format (UXF). The UML (Unified Modeling Language) is an academic practice essay emerging standard modeling language for the description of software systems. My Experiences In School! UXF is a XML-based format to interchange software analysis/design models with UML (Unified Modeling Language), which is an object-oriented analysis/design methodology. According to the description on the UXF Web site, the project addresses how UML (Unified Modeling Language) models can be interchanged and proposes an application-neutral format called UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an exchange format for UML models based on XML (Extensible Markup Language).
It is a format powerful enough to really was the essay, express, publish, access and exchange UML models, and a natural extension from the existing Internet environment. It serves as a communication vehicle for developers, and as a well-structured data format for development tools. In School Essay! With UXF, UML models can be distributed universally. UXF is thus expected to support intercommunications between software developers, interconnectivity between development tools, and a natural and transparent extension from the moms essay contest, existing Web environment. Several related DTDs are now available or in draft: Parent DTD for all subset DTDs, DTD for my experiences essay class diagrams, DTD for collaboration diagrams, DTD for how to write problem sets statechart diagrams, UXF DTD for sequence diagrams.
The designers are using 'XSL' stylesheets for UXF data. Links: UML - Unified Modeling Language Version 1.4 of the UML Documentation set was scheduled for release in April of my experiences in school 1999. Main UXF Page UXF Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Making UML Models Exchangeable over the Internet with XML: UXF Approach. By Junichi Suzuki and how to sets, Yoshikazu Yamamoto. Paper presented at my experiences the International Workshop UML'98 (3rd-4th June 98, Mulhouse - France). Available in Word97, PDF, and Postscript formats. [local archive copy] Managing the resume police, Software Design Documents with XML. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto, Keio University. Essay! Presented in Session 11: 'Working with XML', Thursday, September 24, 1998, Loews Le Concorde Hotel, Quebec City, Canada, ACM SIGDOC 1998. In the 25 best moms contest, software engineering community, Unified Modeling Language (UML) has been widely accepted as an object-oriented software analysis/design methodology, since it provides most of the concepts and notations that are essential for documenting object oriented models. My Experiences Essay! UML, however, does not have an explicit format for interchanging its models intentionally. This paper addresses this lack and proposes UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an exchange format for UML models, based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). Paper! [local archive copy] [September 16, 1999] Leveraging Distributed Software Development.
By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. In IEEE Computer [IEEE Computer Society] Volume 32, Number 9 (September), pages 59-65, with 6 references. Toward the Interoperable Software Design Models: Quartet of UML, XML, DOM and CORBA. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. My Experiences Essay! Second draft, presented to ISESS '99 (Fourth IEEE International Software Engineering Standards Symposium, May 17-21, 1999). This paper addresses a standard-based UML model interchange and presents our effort to make UML interoperable. We developed a XML-based exchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) and a distributed model management system for guide research UML. The system leverages the team development, reuse of design models and tool interoperability by interchanging the model information with XML through the Document Object Model (DOM) interface that is in school implemented on top of CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). DOM provides a platform and was the straw, programming language neutral interface to manipulate the content, structure and style of documents. [local archive copy] Making UML Models Interoperable with UXF. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto.
This paper addresses the UML model interchange and presents our efforts to make UML highly interoperable. We developed an my experiences in school interchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) based on decathlon, XML (Extensible Markup Language). [local archive copy] Archived Samples (DTDs, instances, stylesheets) in a .ZIP collection, 19980528 Contact: Junichi Suzuki. Email email@example.com; WWW: http://www.yy.cs.keio.ac.jp/ suzuki/jsuzuki.html Compare: UML-Xchange from Normand Rivard, 07-09-98. UML-Xchange is in school essay a SGML DTD for that last essay exchanging data models between CASE tools that use the UML language. All of the six kinds of UML diagrams are supported.
See the DTD, [local archive copy] Compare: Object Management Group (OMG) and XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI). Related: Pattern Markup Language (PML) - an XML-based format to describe software patterns. My Experiences! . . Guide Research Paper! PML internally uses UXF. Information on the LISA/OSCAR 'TMX' DTD for translation memory exchange is my experiences essay provided in a separate document. P3P Syntax Specification: Platform for resume police Privacy Preferences. [March 23, 1998] Frontier 5 is now an XML database with a programming and my experiences in school essay, storage model. Lead! . .; see http://www.scripting.com/frontier5/xml/code/.
[January 1998] In one of a series of in school essay articles on XML, Frontier 5 and academic decathlon, XML: Scripting News in XML, Dave Winer describes how he puts Scripting News in XML. The [publication] format is my experiences regular enough so that with a reasonable script I can also generate a new format called scriptingNews format, that could be read by a new kind of guide paper browser, specially designed to carry news items with links, a possible picture, and a rare comment from in school, my evilTwin. [. How To Write! ] I also converted all the back issues of Scripting News, dating back to April 1997, each in its own XML file. Through the InterX.org initiative, SGML Open and its members pledge to promote: (1) open standards; (2) elimination of my experiences in school proprietary extensions; (3) complete interoperability. The name 'InterX.org' embodies the concepts of XML and serves as an abbreviation for interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and international. Press Release: SGML Open Launches InterX.org Initiative in Support of XML. Monday September 22 3:14 PM EDT. Lead paragraph: SGML Open, the international consortium dedicated to promoting structured document and lead paper, data interchange based on the SGML family of standards, today announced the adoption of a new initiative, InterX.org.
Serving as a forum and resource center for developers and users of XML tools, InterX.org will work to bridge the gap between the XML specification and tool interoperability. 'InterX.org' represents the concepts of my experiences essay interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and international -- together with XML. Information on 'InterX.org' from SGML Open. NuDoc is a technology for describing, editing, and viewing highly designed pages for print and on-line distribution. NuDoc supports applications for ins research WYSIWYG page layout, online XML browsing, and database driven, variable-data publishing. In NuDoc, a document object is made of style, content, and page layout sub-objects. A style object contains rules that govern the form (or visual appearance) of the my experiences essay, document. Content elements such as words, images, movies, etc. are organized into 25 best moms contest, a tagged tree structure that represents the logical organization of the information (sections, sub-sections, etc.). The W3C's Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the default content data representation. XML files are the my experiences in school, default representation for the structured, tagged content. NuDoc reads and writes XML content files during the authoring process. NuDoc's TSL files are used to 25 best moms contest, define the style sheets.
For rapid saving and restoring of the entire document object's state, NuDoc can save to disk (and re-read) the post-composition document containing the style, content, and resulting page layouts (including all user edits and mark-up) to an external XML-format checkpoint file. Finally, if the shared content feature is required, external shared content is stored in yet another XML format file. [from the Technology Briefing, August 1997] PageFlex is a NuDoc-based Application under development as of mid-1998. PageFlex is a high-end solution built from modular components and open standards. It is the first solution to use XML as the my experiences essay, intermediate data format between databases and the page composition process. To Writing! The output formatter is based on Bitstream's revolutionary NuDoc page composition engine, NuDoc offers unprecedented control over the graphic design of page templates while maintaining a strict separation of essay form from the input XML content. Coins: Tightly Coupled JavaBeans and XML Elements. Coins is essay a programming project undertaken by Bill la Forge. Description: A coin has two faces, an XML element and an instance of my experiences a JavaBean: a) the lead ins research paper, XML element is the essay, persistent form, an b) the 25 best, JavaBean instance is the runtime form.
One of the primary operations of a coins program is the binding of XML element types to specific Java classes. My Experiences In School! In some cases (runtime program composition), an initial set of bindings is assumed and the XML document being processed uses that initial set to specify additional bindings in a bootstrapping process. Paper! The bindings used to process a document are not always fixed, but are often determined by essay the application or server processing the chief, document. In these cases, the XML document is simply a vehicle for moving information between applications, and the coins technology simply provides the my experiences in school essay, means for processing that document. 25 Best Moms! A particularly interesting feature of coins is its use of hyper-links. Java serialization has no equivalent capability, forcing the .ser files generated by my experiences Java serialization to be self-contained. . . Coins Web site: http://www.jxml.com Coins Overview XML-Based Components: Coins.
Presentation to ACM Greater Boston Web Tech Chapter, by decathlon essay Bill la Forge Source and Documentation Contact: Bill la Forge. [June 21, 1998] Two-faced Coins Catching On. By Jeff Walsh. My Experiences In School Essay! In InfoWorld Electric (June 19, 1998) Posted at 4:56 PM PT. How To Write! A new programming paradigm called Coins is gaining momentum with developers as a way to deliver JavaBeans using the Extensible Markup Language (XML) without the need for Java serialization. DMTF Common Information Model (CIM) On October 19, 1998, The Desktop Management Task Force, Inc. (DMTF) announced the availability of its XML Encoding Specification for the encoding of the Common Information Model (CIM) schema in XML. Information on DMTF's CIM and WBEM technology solutions is held in a separate document. Process Interchange Format XML (PIF-XML) On June 12, 1998, Jeffrey Ricker posted an announcement for an initial design of PIF-XML (Process Interchange Format XML). My Experiences In School! PIF is an interchange format designed to help automatically exchange process descriptions among a wide variety of 25 best essay business process modeling and support system such as workflow software, flow charting tools, process simulation systems, and my experiences in school, process repositories. PIF itself is based on the Knowledge Interchange Format (KIF), which is in turn based on LiSP.
Since both LiSP and XML are text-based and nested trees, the translation is relatively straightforward. Essay! However, PIF also includes an object-oriented design with inheritance, which does not directly translate into XML. The initial work attempts a direct translation of PIF version 1.2, and in school, is not optimized for economy in XML; a provisional DTD and example encoded PIF-XML document are available. Ontology and moms, Conceptual Knowledge Markup Languages. QAML is a new language created using XML. The purpose of QAML is to provide a more specific format for my experiences documents dealing with questions and answers.
Why use QAML instead of HTML? Because unconstrained HTML is that really was the last straw essay too powerful and loose! In particular QAML is meant for my experiences essay FAQs, or Frequently Asked Questions. QAML was originally meant to be a broader language, but we have decided to focus it specifically on moms essay contest, FAQs. We are programming a CGI which will format QAML documents and convert them to HTML, so it will be possible to implement QAML without having to worry about when XML browsers are commonplace. Rick Jelliffe (firstname.lastname@example.org) has helped us to make QAML fully XML-compliant. In School! We have posted the new, full XML QAML DTD. [October 07, 1999] New version of the DTD.
[February 26, 1999] A recent communiqué from lead, Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica Computing Centre) announces a 'Call for Comments' on a proposed XML DTD for 'Frequently Asked Questions' documents. The new QAML 2.0X XML DTD is based on the QAML 1.0 SGML DTD, with backwards-compatible augmentations for in school essay XML, I18N (internationalization), XLL [XLink] hypertext linking, style, accessability and tracking. Comments on the proposed DTD are solicited by the authors, Justin Higgins of digitalNation Network Services, and Rick Jelliffe. The XML DTD is available online from the 25 best moms essay, FAQ.org website (http://www.faq.org/qaml/) and from the 'Chinese XML Now!' website (http://www.ascc.net/xml/). LACITO Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles [Linguistic Data Archiving Project] Boyd Michailovsky (LACITO/CNRS, project coordinateur) forwarded a communique concerning a linguistic data archiving project which uses XML and SGML encoding. Principal investigators include Boyd Michailovsky, John B. Lowe, and Michel Jacobson. The 'Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles', under the my experiences in school essay, auspices of the larger LACITO programme (Laboratoire de langues et civilisations à tradition orale) and direction from CNRS, concentrates on the encoding, archiving, and sets, distribution of speech data, particularly for in school essay rare languages that are researched within the unit. The main source of data for the project is the mass of documents recorded and transcribed in the field by members of the LACITO over the last thirty years. These unique recordings, mainly of spontaneous speech in unwritten languages, serve as the basis for research on the languages and resume chief, the cultures concerned. Some of the transcriptions and translations have been published, but the original sound recordings have never been published or properly archived. . My Experiences Essay! . An explicit XML (Extensible Markup Language) markup has been adopted for the text materials.
In many cases, older documents whose structure is implicit are marked up automatically by program. The interlinearized text (annotated and glossed) is displayed using XSL stylesheets. Audio portions corresponding to resume police chief, the encoded text are aligned using XML linking elements. . .The structure of the XML documents prepared by the project is defined by my experiences in school a DTD (Document Type Definition); all project documents are validated using public-domain tools. c/o Boyd Michailovsky. 44 rue de l'Amiral Mouchez.
75014 Paris, FRANCE. GedML: [GEDCOM] Genealogical Data in XML. GedML is a way of encoding genealogical data sets in XML. It combines the well-established GEDCOM data model with the new XML standard for encoding complex information. The result is that a representation that can easily be converted to and from GEDCOM, but can be manipulated much more easily using standard tools. See now the document Genealogical Data and XML for my experiences in school information on GedML and other specifications using XML for genealogical information. Newspaper Association of resume police chief America (NAA) - Standard for Classified Advertising Data. The NAA Classified Advertising Standards Task Force was organized by the NAA Technology Department to facilitate the electronic exchange of classified ads. References to the commmitte work and the XML DTD are provided in a separate document. The International Press Telecommunications Council (IPTC) has made an XML version of the NITF (News Industry Text Format) DTD available from its Web site. Description and references are found in my experiences in school, a separate document.
As of January 1999, a News Markup Language (NML) was under development through the lead ins research, effort of the American Press Institute's Media Center. In a meeting of April 1999, it was decided to incorporate the requirements for in school NML into the NITF design and development work. Further information is provided in a separate document. An announcement for write a new XML application initiative (Notes Flat File Format Initiative) was posted by Sean McGrath on May 14, 1998. NFF is an XML based interchange format for the Lotus Notes/Domino platform. The NFF DTD supports the majority of the constructs that can occur in Lotus Notes data such as structured fields, rich text, doclinks, import objects and so on. Essay! Once data is in XML conforming to the NFF DTD it can be imported using an import filter (NINFF.DLL) into Lotus Notes using a simple 'File-Import'. The download package includes the necessary software along with a sample application - Timon Of Athens by William Shakespeare in NFF format.
Java Help API: The structure of write problem a HelpSet is XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data. . . See Byte Magazine (May 1998) page 108, sidebar So, Help Me, Java. My Experiences In School Essay! The HelpSet formats in XML were presented in: Introduction to the JavaHelp API. By Eduardo Pelegrí-Llopart, Roger Brinkley, and Nancy K. Lee (Sun Microsystems, Inc.) Presented at JavaOne (Sun's 1998 Worldwide Java Developer Conference). So, Help Me, Java. From Byte , May 1998: . . . The new Java Help API, currently in beta testing, is an police chief all-Java 'über alles' help system for JavaBean components, applications, desktops, and HTML pages. . . [it's] written purely in Java, [which] means you can embed a help system within an application or compress it into a Jar file for transport to another destination. . . Java Help permits a single help system to support varying navigational views of in school essay help content. . . How To! The data structure that carries all the information needed to provide a view into a help system is bundled into my experiences, a HelpSet file. Note that there are two loose terms at use here. Lead! First, a HelpSet file isn't necessarily a file, in the same sense as files that you store on your hard disk. In School! A HelpSet file could be bound into an application, for example. Second, it's probably more accurate to say that the information is rooted in research paper, the HelpSet file. The structure of my experiences in school a HelpSet is to writing XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data.
The data points to in school essay, the URLs from which you can find the info necessary to build the help system. Cold Fusion is a general-purpose Web development system for rapidly building Web applications that integrate browser, server and database technologies. It consists of the Cold Fusion Markup Language (CFML), the that was the last essay, Cold Fusion Application Server (NT UNIX) and essay, the forthcoming Cold Fusion Studio, a visual tool for that was the last straw essay building dynamic Web applications. . My Experiences! . In essence, CFML provides a generalized markup language for handling the richness of programming, logic and integration required to build full-scale applications on the Web platform. It achieves this based on the same inspiration that is driving interest in XML -- simplicity and practice essay, power. . . Syntactically, Custom Tags are XML compliant custom markup language elements that allow developers to build reusable components that can be easily dropped into a dynamic Web application. These tags are processed by the Cold Fusion server, and can dynamically generate and execute client and server-side code. Press release, September 15, 1997: Allaire Introduces Online Exchange for Cold Fusion Custom Tags. Third-party Custom Tags Extend the Cold Fusion development system with cross platform XML-compatible components. Cold Fusion and Custom Tags FAQ The Allaire Tag Gallery [August 04, 2000] ColdFusion Markup Language. By Mark Cyzyk. In WebTechniques Volume 5, Issue 8 (August 2000), pages 74-77. Consider the selection of server-side scripting languages: The big contenders in this arena are Active Server Pages (ASP) and JavaServer Pages (JSP).
Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) is also starting to edge in on the market. While each is powerful in essay, its own way, neither of the environments is particularly aesthetic by Gelernter's definition. Performing simple tasks with these technologies often requires a lot of guide to writing overhead, resulting in code-heavy, convoluted programs. If you're choosing a server-side scripting language, you should consider a fourth option: ColdFusion. Because it acts more like a markup language than a programming language, ColdFusion is an elegant solution for embedding code in HTML files. Allaire, the company that also makes the popular HomeSite HTML editor, has a whole suite of ColdFusion technologies consisting of an essay application server, an integrated development environment, and of course, the markup language.
It is this ColdFusion Markup Language (CFML) that competes directly with ASP and lead, JSP. Within CFML you'll find all the usual conditional logic constructs, data structures, and utility functions available in most mature programming languages. Further, CFML provides tags to easily implement email interactions, LDAP integration, and FTP and HTTP agent creation -- functions that other Web application development platforms require third-party modules to support. Finally, the Web application developer can create custom tags in CFML, thereby extending the language's power. Contact: Jeremy Allaire.
Document Content Description for XML (DCD) [August 10, 1998] International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) and Microsoft Corporation have submitted a proposal to the World Wide Web Consortium defining a vocabulary for describing constraints upon XML documents: Document Content Description for XML. My Experiences! References: NOTE-dcd-19980731, Submission to really was the straw essay, the World Wide Web Consortium 31-July-1998. The document proposes a structural schema facility, Document Content Description (DCD), for specifying rules covering the structure and content of XML documents. My Experiences Essay! The DCD proposal incorporates a subset of the XML-Data Submission and expresses it in a way which is consistent with the ongoing W3C RDF (Resource Description Framework) effort; in particular, DCD is an RDF vocabulary. DCD is guide to writing research intended to define document constraints in an XML syntax; these constraints may be used in the same fashion as traditional XML DTDs. DCD also provides additional properties, such as basic datatypes.
The abbreviation 'DCD' is used to essay, describe both the general facility described in this document and individual schema instances that conform to it. Editors listed for the document include Tim Bray (Textuality), Charles Frankston (Microsoft), and Ashok Malhotra (IBM). Other credits: The specification has benefited greatly as a result of input from David Fallside and David Singer, both of IBM, Andrew Layman and Jean Paoli both of Microsoft, and from Lauren Wood of SoftQuad. We also wish to thank Henry Thompson of the University of resume police Edinburgh and all the my experiences in school, authors of the XML-Data specification. XSchema is the name of that really straw essay a collaborative effort hosted on the XML-DEV mailing list. The principal goal of the XSchema project is to produce an XSchema specification which, when complete, will provide a means for XML developers to describe their XML document structures using XML document syntax. The target date for a complete initial XSchema 1.0 proposal is June 30, 1998. As of June 1, 1998, discussion had resulted in in school essay, the creation of a list of to writing research twelve XSchema Goals, as refined through four draft documents. This XSchema work was initiated by Simon St.Laurent with the publication of a paper A Proposal for the Representation of XML DTDs as XML Documents and by several supportive postings, including a position paper authored by my experiences Paul Prescod.
During the initial period of ins research discussion on XML-DEV, the project proposal went under the name XSD (Extensible or XML Structure Definitions). [November 03, 1998] Simon St.Laurent and Ronald Bourret report that a final draft of the XSchema Specification, Version 1.0 is now available (November 1, 1998). Public comments on my experiences in school essay, the draft should be posted to the XML-DEV mailing list. General information on the XSchema project is available at http://purl.oclc.org/NET/xschema. Note that this borderlands effort is not part of the W3C work (it parallels work already begun within the W3C, e.g. , XML Data). Its authors declare that XSchema is guide to writing not intended to compete with proposals from the World Wide Web Consortium, and they envision that the in school essay, results may profitably feed into really straw essay, the W3C activity on XML schemas. According to Jon Bosak (XML WG Chair), design work by the XML WG on XML schemas using instance syntax is in school likely to be re-chartered. Practice Essay! Of course, it also bears note that concrete proposals for enhanced 'DTD's using instance syntax have been made by my experiences in school many individuals over the past decade or so. 25 Best Moms Contest! See, for my experiences example, references in chapter 8 of The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the resume police, Foundation of HTML and XML by Steve DeRose: SGML: It's 3, 3, 3 Languages in One. Document Definition Markup Language (DDML)
The Document Definition Markup Language (DDML) a schema language for XML documents, and a the successor to XSchema. WEBDAV (Extensions for Distributed Authoring and in school, Versioning on the World Wide Web. WebDAV stands for that really straw 'Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning. It is a set of extensions to the HTTP protocol which allows users to collaboratively edit and manage files on remote web servers. My Experiences In School! WebDAV uses XML. See references in a separate document. Graphic Communications Association - GCA 'Paper' DTD. For several years, the Graphic Communications Association (GCA) has requested (or required) that papers for GCA conferences be prepared according to guidelines in SGML/XML DTDs. To Writing Research! Conference proceedings volumes, both paper and my experiences in school, electronic, are generated from the SGML/XML source provided by the authors. DocBk XML is an XML version of the DocBook DTD.
DocBook is an SGML DTD maintained by academic the DocBook Technical Committee of OASIS. It is particularly well suited to books and papers about computer hardware and software (though it is by no means limited to these applications). References are provided in a separate document. SABLE: A Standard for my experiences in school essay Text-to-Speech Synthesis Markup. SABLE is an XML/SGML-based markup scheme for text-to-speech synthesis, developed to address the to writing, need for a common TTS control paradigm.
The SABLE specification evolved as an initiative to combine three existing speech synthesis markup languages: 1) SSML, the Speech Synthesis Markup Language; 2) STML, the Spoken Text Markup Language; 3) JSML, the Java Synthesis Markup Language. The draft SABLE specification is an initiative to establish a standard system for my experiences essay marking up text input to speech synthesizers. The current draft is being circulated for comment by users, developers and lead ins research paper, researchers of speech synthesis. Java Speech Markup Language (JSML/JSpeech) The JSpeech Markup Language is referenced in a separate document. SpeechML from my experiences, IBM's alphaWorks Laboratory is a[n XML] markup language for chief building distributed network-based conversational applications. Together with Guillaume Belrose, W3C's Dave Raggett (on assignment from HP Labs) is my experiences in school developing a voice browser to test out ideas for using context free grammars for more flexible voice interaction dialogs. The applications are written in XML and CSS using a language we are calling TalkML. We plan to lead paper, extend this work to look at how to deal with existing Web content developed for desktop browsers. Some ideas for my experiences in school essay this are covered in a W3C NOTE ['Voice Browsers'] I wrote last year with Microsoft's Or Ben-Natan. The goal is to make it easy to create dual access Web-sites which can be accessed via visual or voice browsers.
See also my talk on Style sheets for Voice Browsers, as presented at lead paper the Developer's Day at WWW8. TalkML is an experimental XML language for my experiences essay voice browsers, and is being developed by HP Labs for use in the following markets: (1) Call centers (IVR++) -- sales and support services accessed via 800 numbers, adding speech recognition to today's DTMF (touch tone) systems; (2) Smart phones with displays; (3) Access to email, appointments, news and paper, travel services etc. while your are on the road (in-car systems); (4) Mobile devices too small for decent displays or keyboards, WCDMA palmtop organizers/pagers with low enough cost to be a must-have (like cell-phones). Guillaume Belrose helped to devise TalkML and develop the sofware. A NIST project cordinated through MEL (The Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory) at the National Institute of my experiences Standards and last, Technology, under Project Leader Joshua Lubell. The objective of this NIST-sponsored project is to explore the use of my experiences in school essay XML (eXtensible Markup Language), a standard for structured document interchange on write, the Web, for exchanging complex data objects between tasks in a distributed workflow application. In details: The WebWork workflow application development tool kit, created by my experiences in school essay the University of Georgia with funding from NIST's Advanced Technology Program, supports the building of distributed, web-based workflow applications. NIST has demonstrated the that really was the last straw, benefits of XML for representing highly structured documents such as product data standard specifications and has shown that WebWork can be integrated with an XML repository. Leveraging this implementation experience, NIST will extend WebWork to support the exchange of XML-structured objects between workflow tasks. NIST will demonstrate the in school essay, efficacy of this approach by moms contest building a small application to manage a subset of the workflow in ISO TC184/SC4 (International Organization for my experiences in school Standardization Technical Committee 184, Subcommittee 4), an international standards body developing specifications for resume the representation and exchange of industrial data for which NIST serves as Secretariat. SWAP - Simple Workflow Access Protocol.
The SWAP (Simple Workflow Access Protocol) working group has submitted a charter to the ETF Application Area Directors and my experiences in school essay, is expected to become authorized by the IETF. How To Write Problem Sets! SWAP is a protocol designed to allow for interoperability between workflow systems and between workflow systems and essay, other applications. SWAP allows for the programmatic initiation of a workflow process by an application, and the exchange of process data and state information between the the workflow process and application. The proposed SWAP protocol defines four primary interfaces, which are used to manage, monitor, initiate and decathlon essay, control the execution of processes on external workflow systems. . . SWAP is not intended to my experiences in school essay, overlap with the WebDAV in that really was the straw, any way. They are designed to be complimentary, use the same basic encoding (XML), and in fact use the same commands where appropriate for the same things (getting object properties). The goals of the my experiences, two specs are different. WebDAV is for document management: how to police, check out check in, handle multiple versions, lock, unlock, and move documents. There is nothing in my experiences, WebDAV about applications. SWAP is for starting, monitoring, controlling, and receiving notifications from a remote asynchronous service. That Was The Last Essay! The idea is that you have some application out there that takes a long time to complete, you want to my experiences, pass it some data and invoke it. This is all about applications development, and almost nothing to do with document management. [adapted from the FAQ and main Web page, by Keith Swenson]
See: SWAP references in Asynchronous Transactions and Web Services. Police Chief! SWAP Working Group Simple Workflow Access Protocol (SWAP) The Simple Workflow Access Protocol is a proposed way to essay, solve this problem through use of HTTP protocol, and by transferring structured information encoded in XML. A new set of essay HTTP methods is defined, as well as the information to be supplied and essay, the information returned in XML, that accomplish the control of generic asynchronous services. - draft-swenson-swap-prot-00.txt SWAP Main Page SWAP FAQ document SWAP Issues and Action Items. VSI (V-Systems Inc.), an industry 'Leader in Integrated Fax,' has recently proposed an XML Interface for FAX. XML-F ('XML for FAX'), under VSI's new proposal, would be used for for connecting fax servers to applications, other fax servers, and fax service providers. VSI has outlined a simple method for integrating applications to fax servers using XML, the latest Internet technology for 25 best essay contest data interchange between applications. Launched at a time when both network fax and XML are coming into the mainstream, VSI believes that their proposal, called 'XML-F', has the potential to solve a major issue facing the fax service community. XML-F Specifications (including DTDs) have been written, and are to be released in the near future. The XML-F interface provides a simple framework for software applications to essay, use in employing a network fax service to send an ins research electronic document to a terminating fax machine.
The XML-F interface supports three basic features: 1) Submit a Fax for my experiences Transmission; 2) Get Status of resume chief a Fax Transmission; 3) Cancel a current Fax Transmission or Request. XML-F employs six XML document types to implement these three features: three requests and three responses. Using a simple request/response model, each feature has a corresponding request and response document. The request/response model lends itself well to in school, internet transports and to applications which might require off-line use. All data is formatted as text and guide to writing research, binary data is encoded using Base64 encoding.
XML-F can be coupled with internet transports such as TCP/IP and HTTP and security mechanisms such as SSL to provide secure transactions over public networks. My Experiences! XML-F does not imply or require any particular transport, however. XML-F is an open specification that anyone can implement: any fax server or fax service provider, any application software developer, or other party. It is lead paper recommended that any public implementation of a server representing this interface fully implement all of the interface, while client systems might opt to my experiences in school, implement only those portions which are relevant to the application. [from the 0.1.90 draft] VSI (V-Systems Inc.) Home Page Press release: VSI Proposes New XML Interface for essay Fax. Fax over my experiences in school essay, XML Could Solve Key Issues in the Fax Service Community. - Announcement for to writing research paper XML-F. [also from VSI] Fax Integration using XML. August, 1998. 6 pages. - VSI has created a document that explains how application vendors, fax service providers, and fax servers can integrate using XML and XML-F. [local archive copy] XML-F Specifications. In School Essay! XML-F Preliminary Specification.
Revision 0.1.90, August 1998. 23 pages. - VSI has also created a document that outlines the XML-F DTD's and recommendations for use by write problem application developers, integrated and fax server vendors. [local archive copy] Email discussion forum: email@example.com VSI Contact: Lydia Loizides (Product Marketing Manager) [January 11, 1999] VSI Announces VSI-Fax Gold Series 3.5 -- Introduces Faxing From Outlook. New Outlook Fax Integration Brings Proven Enterprise Fax Capabilities to Popular Messaging Client -- Allows Faxing Right from the Inbox. In School Essay! - XML-F Integration: As the first step in VSI's implementation of XML for fax communications, VSI-FAX 3.5 features the ability to use XML Documents to send, receive, and cancel faxes, as well as obtain status information. What is XML? - From VSI. To Writing Research! [local archive copy] [February 15, 1999] Fax Integration Using XML Technology. By Dave Droman and Gila Jones [V-Systems, Inc.]. In Computer Technology Review Volume XVIII , Number 1(January 1999), pages 28, 32-33. As it stands today, there is no standard means of communicating between (1) fax servers and the applications that need faxing services and (2) among various fax servers or fax service providers across a network, including the Internet. . . To solve these problems, VSI has created a common faxing interface using XML, called XML-F. As many people now know, XML is a markup language, like HTML, with a vocabulary that consists primarily of 'tags.' HTML was specifically designed for marking up documents to communicate how they should be formatted for display on the World Wide Web. My Experiences! The purpose of XML is far more open-ended, but in general it is a 'meta-language' intended to be used to define other standard markup languages (known as Document Type Definitions or DTDs) that can be used to moms essay contest, allow different systems to my experiences in school essay, exchange information in a standard, process-readable format. Businesses can define their own vocabulary of XML tags and rules that are embedded within the DTD inside the XML document or made publicly available to any program that wants to was the last straw, comply with the my experiences in school essay, agreed-upon information exchange format. The use of XML-specific parsers eliminate the burden of parsing and validating XML interchange documents, reducing the decathlon practice essay, work and support required to implement an application reading XML. [local archive copy]
Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) The main entry for the Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) is my experiences found in essay contest, a separate document. Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML) The ATSC T3/S17 specialist group is in the process of defining the application programming interfaces for essay a Digital Television Application Software Environment (DASE) compliant receiver. Moms Contest! As this process evolves, the elements, attributes, properties, and values of BHTML will solidify. T3/S17 has selected the Java virtual machine (VM) as the my experiences, application execution engine. As specified by T3/S17, the Java VM will be found on all DASE-compliant receivers. Aninda DasGupta, the T3/S17 chairman, proposed [what] he called 'Broadcast HTML' [which] uses Internet technologies favored by many T3/S17 members: it is written in was the, XML, scales back HTML elements and attributes, and integrates synchronization functionality as new elements, attributes, and style properties. BHTML is an XML compliant language based on a reduced set of my experiences HTML 3.2 elements and attributes.
Media synchronization functions from SMIL and style elements from CSS 1 and lead paper, CSS 2 are added to my experiences essay, this base functionality (into Broadcast CSS or BCSS). Appendix C of the August 6, 1998 draft (XML-Data Specifying BHTML using the XML-Data Syntax) represents 'a first pass at defining the BHTML elements and attributes using the XML-Data (XMLD) notation'. xHTML specifies a collection of document type definition (DTD) sets that can be combined to specify an xHTML-based platform. Three such platforms are used as examples throughout this specification: w3HTML, bHTML, and cHTML. xHTML is designed to meet the requirements of consumer electronic and that was the last essay, computer manufacturers that wish to produce a broad range of products with various levels of Internet connectivity and product features. xHTML started with HTML 4.0 and HTML 3.2. These elements and attributes were converted to XML, in my experiences in school essay, line with the stated goals of the guide to writing research paper, W3C for future HTML. The XML-based markup language was partitioned into DTD sets that correlated with the needs of in school platform developers to chief, differentiated based on internet connectivity, memory footprint, and power management. xHTML is written in XML, therefore element names are case-sensitive. Digital-TV Application Software Environments (DASE) - Main Page BHTML Draft Specification - BHTML Draft #2. Document Number ATSC T3/S17 092, prepared for ATSC T3/S17 (DASE) by Ted Wugofski, Gateway. A Modular Hypertext Markup Language for my experiences Broadcast Applications.. Prepared by Ted Wugofski. Last Straw Essay! 1 Oct 98, Draft #4. [local archive copy] Synchronization and in school essay, Transitions in Broadcast HTML.
Ted Wugofski, Over the Moon Productions. This is an addendum to the Broadcast HTML (bHTML) Proposal in the area of specifying timing, synchronization, and special effects. The design is based on functional requirements specified in guide to writing paper, the Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) specialist group (T3/S17) that is defining the my experiences in school essay, digital television application software environment (DASE). [local archive copy] Broadcast HTML Specification - General Information DASE Introduction [August 25, 1998] As Intel-led group sideswipes standards body, Thomson and chief, Microsoft roll spec of their own - Debate rages over how to bring data to TV. By Junko Yoshida. In EETimes Issue 1022 (August 24, 1998). Excerpt: The debate over how to bring data and Internet technologies to digital television will bubble up this week, as a key industry group reconvenes here to in school, discuss a set of proposals that has come under fire. . . To Writing Paper! Where the ATVEF's technology is based on in school essay, standard Internet specifications such as HTML 4.0, BHTML is written in the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), a new language for advanced Web applications. BHTML scales back HTML elements and attributes by using parts of HTML 3.2, while it integrates synchronization functionality. The biggest difference between the two lies in resume chief, the use of the Java software technology. BHTML is designed to be tightly integrated with the Application Execution Engine, or Java Virtual Machine, and with the Java framework.
See the database entry, Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML). [September 24, 1998] Group Seeks Integrated Multimedia, DTV. By Junko Yoshida. In CMPNet TechWeb News (September 20, 1998). With a goal to integrate 2-D, 3-D, and my experiences in school essay, streaming content for guide research digital TV (DTV) programming, leaders from key international technology-development forums gathered [in Leidschendam, Netherlands] last week to my experiences in school, launch a new initiative to harmonize the various multimedia streams. Taking part in the AIC meeting were representatives from the Motion Picture Experts Group, Virtual Reality Modeling Language organization, and Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC). Write! The initiative will 'write an open specification to essay, integrate and harmonize VRML, MPEG-4, and Broadcast HTML BHTML into a seamless stream,' said Rob Glidden, co-chairman of VRML 3-D Integrated Media Working Group and one of 12 founding members of AIC. BHTML, written in the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), is designed for tight integration with the Java framework. Pointing to longstanding integration efforts between VRML and XML, as well as between MPEG-4 and VRML, Glidden said, 'This is lead ins research paper a natural extension of what we have been doing at each of the groups'.
The International Standard 12083 presents a reference document type definition which facilitates the my experiences, authoring, interchange and archiving of a variety of publications. This document type definition is deliberately general. It is a reference document type definition which provides a set of paper building blocks for the structuring of books, articles, serials, and similar publications in print and electronic form. This International Standard is intended to provide a document architecture to facilitate the creation of various application-specific document type definitions. [January 25, 1999] ISO 12083 (AAP, EPSIG) DTDs for article, book, serials, and in school essay, math are being edited for XML compatability. [November 06, 2000] ISO 12083 is available free in PDF format from guide to writing research paper, NISO: ANSI/NISO/ISO 12083 Electronic Manuscript Preparation and in school essay, Markup (The standard specifies the SGML declaration defining the syntax used by the document type definitions [DTD] and document instances, and a definition for mathematics which may be embedded in other SGML applications). Extensible User Interface Language (XUL) XUL stands for 'extensible user interface language'.
It is an XML-based language for describing the contents of windows and dialogs. XUL has language constructs for all of the 25 best essay contest, typical dialog controls, as well as for widgets like toolbars, trees, progress bars, and menus. User Interface Markup Language (UIML) The User Interface Markup Language (UIML) allows designers to my experiences essay, describe the chief, user interface in generic terms, and my experiences essay, then use a style description to map the interface to various operating systems (OSs) and how to write problem, appliances. Thus, the essay, universality of UIML makes it possible to describe a rich set of interfaces and reduces the work in porting the user interface to police, another platform (e.g., from a graphical windowing system to a hand-held appliance) to changing the style description. See the my experiences, separate document. Commerce XML (cXML) is an open Internet-based standard for that really last essay e-commerce. In School Essay! cXML reduces on-line business trading costs by facilitating the exchange of content and lead, transactions over the Internet. Developed in concert with more than 40 leading companies, cXML is in school a set of lightweight XML DTDs -- based on the World Wide Web Consortium's XML standard -- with their associated request/response processes. XML DTD for Phone Books was published as a Network Working Group Internet-Draft (draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt) in February, 1999. The authors are Max Riegel (Siemens AG) and Glen Zorn (Microsoft Corporation). In addition to providing a DTD, the document describes the information to be included in the standard phone book for roaming applications.
All data is described in XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for the phone book. How To Write Problem! The goals of this document include: 1) Creating a flexible, extensible and robust framework upon which to build a standard phone book; 2) Promoting a standard phone book format, to enhance interoperability between ISPs and my experiences in school essay, roaming consortia. XML DTD for how to write Phone Books. Proceedings URL. XML DTD for Phone Books, February 1999. This version expires on August 15, 1999. Local archive copy, draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt See also: XML DTD for Roaming Access Phone Book.
IETF RFC 3017. December 2000. This document defines the syntax as well as the semantics of the information to be included in in school essay, the phone book for that was the roaming applications. It comprises the information necessary to select the most appropriate ISP and to my experiences essay, configure the host to lead, get access to the network of the my experiences in school essay, provider. The specification consists of to writing paper a small set of in school essay required information elements and a variety of possible extensions. Guide To Writing! All data is specified in XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for my experiences essay the phone book. The Data Documentation Initiative. The Data Documentation Initiative is a Project to Develop an XML Document Type Definition for Data Documentation [germane to datasets in the social and behavioral sciences.] See Data Documentation Initiative: A Project of the Social Science Community. XML General Articles and Papers: Surveys, Overviews, Presentations, Introductions, Announcements.
The document with Current XML Articles/Papers represents a more mixed collection of references: articles in professional journals, slide sets from presentations, press releases, articles in research, trade magazines, Usenet News postings, etc. Some are from experts and some are not; some are refereed and others are not; some are semi-technical and others are popular; some contain errors and others don't. Discretion is strongly advised. The articles are listed approximately in the reverse chronological order of their appearance. Publications covering specific XML applications may be referenced in the dedicated sections rather than in the main reference lists. Books on XML are referenced only briefly in the following section. They are described more fully in the SGML/XML Books section, and in the main SGML/XML bibliography. For now, only books already published are listed. See the section on planned and rumored works for my experiences in school books apparently not yet available.
A collection of Introductions to XML is provided in a separate document. A more complete XML book list is maintained by Charles F. Goldfarb in All the XML Books in Print. Henning Behme and Stefan Mintert. XML in der Praxis: Professionelles Web-Publishing mit der Extensible Markup Language. Bonn: Addison Wesley Longman, [June] 1998.
Extent: 328 pages, CD-ROM. That Really Last Essay! ISBN 3-8273-1330-9. Price: DM 69,90. Neil Bradley. The XML Companion . Harlow, Essex: Addison Wesley Longman, 1998. Extent: 464 pages. ISBN: 0-201-41999-8. Dan Connolly (guest editor).
XML: Principles, Tools, and Techniques . World Wide Web Journal [edited by essay Rohit Khare] Volume 2, Issue 4. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Associates, Inc., Fall 1997. Extent: xii + 248 pages. ISBN: 1-56592-349-9. ISSN: 1085-2301. Steven J. DeRose. Lead Paper! The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the Foundation of HTML and XML . Electronic Publishing Series, Number 7. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997. Extent: xxiv + 250 pages, appendices.
ISBN: 0-7923-9943-9. [Chapter 8. XML: A Simple, Standard Subset.] Bob DuCharme. XML: The Annotated Specification. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. My Experiences Essay! The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. Extent: xx + 339 pages. ISBN: 0-13-082676-6. Peter Flynn. Understanding SGML and XML Tools. Practical Programs for Handling Structured Text. . Foreword by Steve DeRose.
Kluwer Academic Publishers SGML Bookshelf, Electronic Publishing Series. Dordrecht, Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998. Extent: xxvi + 432 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7923-8169-6. [description] Charles F. Goldfarb and 25 best essay contest, Paul Prescod. The XML Handbook. Essay! Foreword by Jean Paoli. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on moms, Open Information Management.
The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1998. Extent: xlvi + 642 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-13-081152-1. Ian S. Graham and my experiences in school, Liam Quin. Academic Decathlon Practice Essay! XML Specification Guide . New York, NY: John Wiley Sons, 1999. Extent: xiv + 432 pages; with [technical online] 'Supplementary Material and Resources'. ISBN: 0-471-32753-0. Has a supporting Web site.
Elliotte Rusty Harold. XML: Extensible Markup Language. Structuring Complex Content for the Web. My Experiences! Foster City/Chicago/New York: IDG Books Worldwide, 1998. Extent: xxiv + 426 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7645-3199-9. Rick Jelliffe.
The XML and SGML Cookbook. Recipes for Structured Information. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, May 1998. Guide To Writing Research Paper! Extent: 650 pages, with CD-ROM. ISBN: 0-13-614223-0. [provisional description] Michael Leventhal, David Lewis, and my experiences in school essay, Matthew Fuchs; with contributions from Stuart Culshaw and Gene Kan. Designing XML Internet Applications. Practice Essay! The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. [Subseries:] The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb.
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [May] 1998. My Experiences! Extent: xxxii + 584 pages, CD-ROM. Academic Decathlon Practice Essay! ISBN: 0-13-616822-1. In School! Price: $44.95 U.S./$63.00 Canada. Henning Lobin. Informationsmodellierung in XML und SGML . Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, [May] 1999. 250 pages. ISBN: 3-540-65356-2. Richard Light, Simon North, Charles Allen ( et al. ). Presenting XML . Indianapolis, IN: SAMS.NET [Sams Publishing, Macmillan Publishing USA], 1997.
Extent: 400+ pages. ISBN: 1-57521-334-6. Sean McGrath. XML by Example. Building E-Commerce Applications. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on police, Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [June] 1998. Extent: xlviii + 476 pages, CDROM.
ISBN: 0-13-960162-7. David Megginson. In School! Structuring XML Documents . Charles F. Really Essay! Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [March] 1998. Extent: xxxviii + 425 pages, CDROM.
ISBN: 0-13-642299-3. Murata Makoto, Atsuhito Momma, and Kyoichi Arai. XML Nyuumon [Introduction to XML. In Japanese] . Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Shimbunsha, 1998. Extent: 224 pages. My Experiences In School Essay! ISBN: 4-532-14610-0. Details: see the abstract in English, or the Fujixerox Web site, or bookseller descriptions (1), (2). Simon St.
Laurent. XML: A Primer . Foster City, CA: MIS Press/IDG Books, 1998. Extent: xx + 348 pages. ISBN: 1-5582-8592-X. Also in Korean, Japanese, and Italian translation. Simon St. Laurent and Robert Biggar. Inside XML DTDs: Scientific and Technical . New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1999. Extent: xii + 468 pages, CDROM. Practice Essay! ISBN: 0-07-134621-X.
Simon St. Laurent and Ethan Cerami. Building XML Applications. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, (May) 1999. Extent: 512 pages, 150 illustrations. ISBN: 0-07-134116-1. Ed Tittel, Norbert Mikula, and in school, Ramesh Chandak XML for Dummies. Academic Decathlon Practice! Foreword by Dan Connolly. [Series: For Dummies.] Foster City, CA: IDG Books Worldwide, Inc., 1998. Extent: xxviii + 367 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7645-0360-X. XML Mailing Lists, Discussion Groups, Newsgroups.
A more complete reference list of discussion groups, mailing lists, and hyer-mailed fora appears in the dedicated document. In School Essay! Discussion groups focused upon style languages are referenced in the main XSL document. XML-DEV, an essay XML development mailing list, maintained/organized by Peter Murray-Rust and Henry Rzepa. See the text of the essay, announcement. Resume Police Chief! To subscribe to the digest, mailed on Monday of each week, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the message line 'subscribe xml-dev-digest'. [October 3, 1997] The XML-L mailing list was set up on September 30, 1997 as a general discussion of the in school, Extensible Markup Language. Moms Contest! The list owner is Peter Flynn, University College Cork. My Experiences! To subscribe to to writing, the list, send email to email@example.com with the essay, command 'subscribe xml-l [your name]' in chief, the body of the message. For questions about the list, write to in school essay, the list owners: XML-L-request@LISTSERV.HEA.IE. [July 15, 1998] [Provisional/planned Usenet Newsgroup], comp.text.xml . See the draft RFD (Request for Discussion): http://www.jtauber.com/xml/CTX_RFD.txt, [local archive copy, 980408.] The first call for votes was issued on June 23, 1998.
On July 14, 1998, Neil Crellin published the results of the Call for Votes (CFV) for a new unmoderated Usenet Newsgroup comp.text.xml . The voting period closed at 23:59:59 UTC, July 14, 1998. The vote passed, 365:22. On December 01, 1998, Ralph Ferris of Fujitsu Software Corporation posted an announcement for a new XLink/XPointer Developer's List. This email forum has been launched in order to promote wide discussion of XLink/XPointer development issues. To subscribe to the new xlxp-dev list, send an ins research paper email message to firstname.lastname@example.org with the following in the body of the message: subscribe xlxp-dev . Information on the W3C's XML Linking Language is accessible in the XLink/XPointer document. [July 20, 1998] A German language discussion group for in school essay XML has been set up: XML-DE. Resume! The list is essay hosted by GMD and DFN, two German national research institutes; this host arrangement is meant to help ensure neutrality in commercial questions and professional maintainance.
The goals of this group are to provide a native German language forum for to writing paper general XML discussion, to promote XML in the German industry, and to build a pool of experts for know-how transfer. Topics for discussion include core technologies (XML, XSL, XLink, DOM), related standards (SMIL, . ) and software (browsers, parsers, . ). To subscribe to the group, send a mail to listserv.gmd.de with the my experiences, message subscribe xml-de [firstName lastName] in the body of the message. See further information in the main entry: XML-DE. xml-litprog-l: Literate Programming with XML List. Guide Paper! A mailing list for discussions about how best to use XML/XSL/XLink/XPtr for constructing literate programming frameworks and in school essay, tools. Organized initially by academic practice essay Anthony B. Coates (Educational Multimedia Services, TEDI, The University of Queensland). As of my experiences essay September 25, 1998, the list moved to moms contest, an Allette server. See: http://www.allette.com.au/xml-litprog/. To subscribe, send email to email@example.com. See [the database entry XML and in school essay, Literate Programming, the list entry xml-litprog-l - Literate Programming with XML List and] the document SGML/XML and resume police, Literate Programming. JXML: Java--XML, the Java and XML mailing list.
This list is intended for discussions relating to Java and XML, particularly with reguard to my experiences in school, the following: 1) Java Class and Bean metadata expressed as XML documents; 2) Conversion of Java Class metadata to bytecodes defining simple, data-only classes; 3) Reversable conversion of lead paper Java Object Streams to XML documents while maintaining type safety (JSXML); 4) Description of Jar Resources as an XML document; XML document-driven construction of my experiences in school essay Jar files (etc.). See the more complete description: http://www.camb.opengroup.org/ Related discussion and development forum: DSSSList, with the DSSSList Archive, sponsored by Mulberry Technologies, Inc. and managed by Tony Graham. XSL-List is provided by Mulberry Technologies as a service to ins research paper, the XSL user community and the XSL standardization effort. It hosts discussion of XSL (Extensible Style Language) itself, XSL applications and implementation, and my experiences in school, XSL user questions. Python XML-SIG: A Special Interest Group for XML Processing in Python. The SIG was created to provide a forum for discussion and implementation of tools to make Python an guide research paper excellent choice for XML processing. My Experiences In School! The goal of this SIG is to decide what software is required for this purpose, and coordinate its implementation and documentation. See the announcement and the main list entry for details.
The Python XML-SIG Status page describes project deliverables and 25 best essay, the resources page describes some Python Software for XML. See also the dedicated database section Python for my experiences essay XML/SGML Processing. Perl-XML list, a mailing list is dedicated to police chief, the discussion of enhancing Perl's ability to work with XML and for using Perl with XML documents. Send 'SUBSCRIBE Perl-XML' to firstname.lastname@example.org. Send list contributions to: Perl-XML@ActiveState.com. XML: Working Groups, SIGS, Design and Development Initiatives. [January 28, 2000] SAX 2/Java (beta). My Experiences! David Megginson has posted an to writing announcement for my experiences in school the beta release of SAX2-beta. SAX is the Simple API for practice XML, a very-widely implemented event-based interface for essay processing XML documents. The beta release of SAX2/Java is now available for download at http://www.megginson.com/SAX/SAX2/.
Highlights of the release: (1) Namespace support; (2) Configurability and extensibility through features and properties; (3) A new interface and base class for SAX filters; (4) Adapters for using SAX1 parsers with SAX2 and vice-versa; (5) Way too much JavaDoc documentation; (6) Public domain (even less restrictive than Open Source). SAX2 adds standard methods to query and set features and properties in an XMLReader. It is now possible to request an XML reader to validate (or not to 25 best essay contest, validate) a document, or to internalize (or not to in school, internalize) all names, using the getFeature , setFeature , getProperty , and setProperty methods. There is no fixed set of features or properties available for SAX2: implementors are free to ins research paper, define new features and properties as needed. All feature and property names are fully-qualified URIs (often URLs), such as http://www.acme.com/features/foo; as with Namespace URIs, people should always define feature and property names based on URIs that they control. All XML readers are required to recognize the http://xml.org/sax/features/namespaces and the http://xml.org/sax/features/namespace-prefixes features (see below), and to support a true value for the namespaces property and a false value for my experiences the namespace-prefixes property: these requirements ensure that all SAX2 XML readers can provide the minimal required Namespace support for higher-level specs such as RDF, XSL, XML Schemas, and XLink. XML readers are not required to recognize or support any other features or any properties, even the core ones. [. ] WRT SAX version 1: Of the core classes and interfaces, only Parser, AttributeList, DocumentHandler, and HandlerBase (which is really a helper anyway) are deprecated. Write Problem Sets! All of the rest -- InputSource, Locator, EntityResolver, DTDHandler, ErrorHandler, SAXException, and SAXParseException -- are left untouched. [June 01, 1999] David Megginson has announced that an alpha version of in school essay SAX2 for how to problem Java is now available for download. SAX2 is an my experiences in school essay update to the widely-implemented SAX 1.0 interface for XML parsers. SAX2 consists of resume two parts: (1) a new, extensible mechanism for in school querying and setting features and properties in that last straw essay, SAX parsers in a standard way; and my experiences in school essay, (2) a set of recommended core feature and property names.
SAX Home Page, and Microstar mirror site [May 12, 1998] Announcement for the public release of guide research SAX 1.0. See: http://www.megginson.com/SAX/. My Experiences Essay! [May 14, 1998] SAX Parsers and Applications Quick Start for SAX Application Writers [September 25, 1999] SAX C/C++ Implementations: I have just successfully completed a C++ implementation of SAX/SAX2 and academic essay, DOM, based upon expat. Currently I'm in the process of testing the whole thing ;). Eventually I will make it available to the public; however, some parts of the implementation use my company's proprietary C++ class library, so certain things need to my experiences, be sorted out last straw essay first. Feel free to contact me for more information. My Experiences! Guenter Obiltschnig, Sat, 25 Sep 1999 20:11:21 +0200, XML Developers' List. Update 2000-08-10: the XML class library for C++ is now available as open source at http://www.cpointc.com/XML. saxlib, a Python version of SAX, with drivers (Lars Marius Garshol) [April 27, 1998] For developers only: SAX 1.0 beta, almost ready for announcement. [April 10, 1998] For developers only: test re-release beta version of was the last straw SAX, and demo which does the identity transform What is an Event-Based Interface? By David Megginson. Draft Interface Specification for SAX [March 20, 1998] , per the posting from David Megginson SAX - Simple API for XML.
The SAX API was developed collaboratively during a month (December 1997 - January 1998) of essay discussion on the XML-DEV mailing list. SAX is a simple, common, event-based API for guide research XML parsers written in object-oriented languages like Java, C++, or Perl5 (the reference implementation is in Java). SAX is similar in philosophy to in school, JavaSoft's JDBC -- it allows you to write an application once, then plug in any XML parser that has a SAX driver, just as the JDBC allows you to plug in any SQL database that has a JDBC driver. See the main database entry, the announcement from David Megginson , or the Microstar Web site. References for 'XML and Literate Programming' have been moved to a separate document under the how to write sets, title SGML/XML and Literate Programming.
This document provides a collection of references for literate programming techniques and style in the context of descriptive markup languages, e.g. , SGML, XML, DSSSL, HyTime, etc. Numerous researchers have observed that the goals of information re-use and data normalization embraced by both literate programming and SGML-based markup languages provide the in school, basis for using the two technologies together. GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) XML Library. References for 'XML and Python' are provided in resume police chief, a separate document, XML and Python. XML in in school, Microsoft Internet Explorer. A press release of October 13, 1998 clarified Microsoft's plans for XML support in really was the essay, the MS Windows operating system and in essay, Microsoft Internet Explorer 5. 'XML 1.0, XSL, XML DOM, and XML Namespaces'. Support features as announced include: Direct viewing of XML; High-performance, validating XML engine; Extensible Style Language (XSL) support; XML Schemas; Server-side XML; XML document object model (DOM). Description of guide paper Microsoft's XML support is provided in a collection of references accessible from a separate document.
[December 17, 1998] Sun Microsystem's Java Project X: Java Services for XML Technology is the new name for the Java services formerly released as the Sun XML Library. On December 01, 1998, this development project was renamed Java Project X, and my experiences in school, moved to Early Access 2 with API updates, some speedup, and minor bug fixes. Java Project X is the chief, codename for a set of core XML-enabling services written completely in the Java programming language. With Java Project X's extensible Java services, developers can build robust yet flexible XML-oriented network services and applications that are internet-ready. This release requires JDK 1.1.6 or later or JDK 1.2, and approximately 3.5M bytes of disk space. Sun's Java services in my experiences essay, this new release provide full XML processing capabilities, including a fast XML parser with optional validation, an ins research paper in-memory object model tree that supports the W3C DOM Level 1 recommendation, and basic support for my experiences essay JavaBeans integration with XML. The development tools in 25 best, the Java Project X are freely available, but one must register through the Java Developer Connection. The second early access release is addressed to Java developers who want access to Sun's fast and in school essay, fully conformant core XML software for their development. How To Problem! The library supports an optional in-memory object model tree for manipulating and in school, writing XML structured data. The library is 'core' in the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only this functionality, and that it is intended that other XML software be layered on top of it. That is, it is a building block for developers.
According to the Release Notes, the Java Project X library conforms fully with open standards: 1) the parsers conform to the W3C's XML 1.0 recommendation; 2) the parse tree supports the XML (core) part of W3C's DOM Level 1 recommendation; 3) in that was the last essay, combination, the my experiences in school, two also support the current W3C XML Namespaces proposed recommendation; 4) the parser supports the SAX 1.0 API; 5) the entity resolution used within the parser normally conforms to the IETF's RFC 2376 registration for XML-related MIME content types, [but] this can be overridden as required. [September 25, 1998] On September 16, 1998, Sun Microsystems, Inc. released an lead paper 'Early Access 1' version of The Sun XML Library. As described by my experiences essay David Brownell at the Montréal XML Developers' Conference, the XML Library is a highly modular XML library that has been developed by the Java Software Division of Sun. Guide Research Paper! The XML library is written in the Java programming language and provides support for the latest version (July) of the W3C DOM APIs and for the SAX 1.0 API. The XML package includes fast validating and my experiences, nonvalidating XML parsers, preliminary support for XML Beans , and examples, including an XML Validation Service . The September 16th version is the first early access release, addressed to Java developers who want access to Sun's fast and fully conformant XML library core for their development of extensible, conformant XML-enabled services and resume chief, applications. That library supports fast parsing of XML documents, including optional validation, and supports an optional in-memory object model tree for manipulating and writing XML structured data.
In addition, the core functionality supports an implementation of the W3C DOM APIs and the XML Namespaces proposal. The library is my experiences 'core' in the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only this functionality, and that it is intended that other XML software be layered on top of it. All classes are written exclusively in the Java[tm] language, and how to problem sets, accordingly may be used with any JDK 1.1 conformant system, including JDK 1.2 conformant systems. Developers have expressed strong interest in my experiences, seeing XML enabling technology emerge from Sun because of the key role Sun has played in developing the guide research paper, XML specification and in creating the Java platform. My Experiences In School Essay! The Java technology's 'portable code' along with XML's 'portable data' are valuable complements in creating truly platform-independent applications. Through the lead ins research paper, early access release, developers have an unique opportunity to participate in defining and evolving the XML Library. In School Essay! [adapted from the XML Library 'README' and 'FAQ' documents] References: Java Project X Early Access 2 Release Notes Introduction README document FAQ Document. Write Sets! [local archive copy, 1998-09-25] Library Installation Developer feedback: email@example.com The Sun XML Library. Presented by David Brownell at the Montréal XML Developers' Conference. My Experiences! How fast is Sun's XML parser included in the core toolkit? In Sun's testing using JDK 1.1.6, the validating parser (doing lots of error testing) was significantly faster than the majority of the non-validating parsers tested and was an order of magnitude faster than other validating parsers.
Of course, Sun's non-validating parser is faster still. [December 08, 1998] XML and Java Technology - An Interview with Dave Brownell. [Part One] From java.sun.com ['The Source for Java Technology']. December, 1998. Decathlon! XML, the eXtensible Markup Language, is the universal syntax for describing and structuring data independent from application logic. This past February, XML 1.0 became a Technical Recommendation of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). From this milestone, numerous applications of XML are popping up far and wide - and more often than not they're using Java technology. We asked David Brownell, designer of Sun's Java Project X, for some perspective. [Excerpt:] Q: Is there some special, natural affinity between Java technology and XML? A: You bet. Java software is portable code . XML is portable data.
By themselves, neither of these technologies provides such a solution. My Experiences In School! To get portable data, you need to academic practice essay, pick a representation that is my experiences essay usable in essay contest, most programming languages . like XML, which is structured text. To get portable behavior, you need a maintainable program standard that runs on most computer systems . My Experiences In School! like Java language class files. Use Java and XML together, and you get both. . . A Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J) Collaborative project for A Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J). Includes: (1) Statement on Informal Work on a Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J), and (2) Collected Suggestions -- ideas for post XAPI-J 1.0 W3C XML/XLL/XSL Working Groups and SIGs. Generally, documents produced by W3C editorial boards, working groups, and SIGS are available only to guide paper, W3C members. See, however: XML Development: Technical Documents and Development Resources.
Comparison of SGML and XML. My Experiences In School Essay! By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. The document provides a detailed comparison of SGML (ISO 8879) and XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to lead, XML; 3) SGML Declaration for in school XML. [local archive copy] Annotated Version of the XML specification, from XML co-editor Tim Bray. This resource presents the unaltered text of the 25 best essay, XML specification in one pane (frame) of the display, augmented by graphically distinct note markers of five types: (1) Historical or cultural commentary; some entertainment value; (2) Technical explanations, including amplifications, corrections, and answers to Frequently Asked Questions; (3) Advice on how to use this specification; (4) Examples to illustrate what the spec is saying; (5) Annotations that it's hard to find a category for. My Experiences Essay! A second pane provides the text of the commentary for each linked annotation. Write Problem! The resource also features a linked list of Terms Defined in XML 1.0, and links to relevant sections of the my experiences in school, XML specification from a list of EBNF productions. The annotations (some 308) are accessible from their titles as well. [March 26, 1999] Supplementary Resources and Tools - A collection of additional resources, not found in how to, the book [ The XML Specification Guide ], that are useful for understanding the XML specifications and using XML.
These include [1999-03-26]: (1) A searchable index of all XML specifications (2) A searchable index of EBNF productions (3) A set of XML design patterns -- based on in school, the approach of the same name introduced in lead ins research, object oriented design -- applied here to my experiences, modeling document architecture; (4) Extracted EBNF for to writing research paper XML - defines, along with the well-formedness and validity constraints, the rules for writing well-formed or valid XML documents; (5) A list of useful online resources. [February 10, 2000] Hyperlinked EBNF Productions Available for XML Standards. Essay! A recent posting from Dan Vint reports on lead ins research, a new Web site which contains all the EBNF productions, validation and well-formedness constraints for the following specifications: XML, Namespaces, XPath, XSLT, XPointer, XML Stylesheet PI, and XML Fragments. Essay! I have linked together information where the Namespaces or Fragments specification have modified the basic XML productions and I have included all of the constraints for each of these productions. The symbols within the productions are linked to their descriptions and all the references to a production are also listed so you can follow the logic in both directions. The menu on the left side needs a little time to build, but once available you can get to any production in alphabetical order by the specification.
Let me know what you think about the site and if there is anything I should add. [October 01, 1998] Stylesheet Linking. Associating Stylesheets With XML Documents . Academic Practice! Version 1.0 WD-xml-stylesheet-19981001. Edited by James Clark. Essay! World Wide Web Consortium Working Draft 1-October-1998. This document allows a stylesheet to essay contest, be associated with an XML document by including one or more processing instructions with a target of xml-stylesheet in the document's prolog. In School Essay! Pseudo-attributes are used in a processing instruction (href, type, title, media, charset, alternate), or in multiple xml-stylesheet processing instructions. Examples: ?xml-stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? and ?xml-stylesheet alternate=yes href=mystyle.css title=Medium type=text/css? . [local archive copy] XML Catalog proposal. By John Cowan.
This is that really last essay a proposal for XML Catalogs, a system based on SGML/Open catalogs (Socats) for translating XML public identifiers to XML system identifiers, which are Uniform Resource Identifiers [URI]. Note (1999-04-06): 'XCatalog' is now called 'XML Catalog'. [May 11, 1998] An earlier proposal [see preceding item] for a standard mechanism to associate a stylesheet with an XML document by means of an XML processing instruction is documented in a recent W3C NOTE, Associating Stylesheets with XML Documents. The NOTE, authored by James Clark, has been submitted to the W3C at my experiences in school essay the request of the XML Working Group. The proposed syntax and semantics are analogous to the HTML LINK element used to identity stylesheets, as illustrated in the following example: LINK rel=stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css ?xml:stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? . The XML processing instruction uses pseudo-attributes like href, type, title, etc. The examples shown in the NOTE are for CSS client-side stylesheets.
Document identifier: NOTE-xml-stylesheet-19980405, W3C Note 5 Apr 1998. [local archive copy] [December 01 , 1997] Announcement from James Clark for a test suite of files for XML processors. Write Problem Sets! The collection of XML test cases in my experiences essay, the ZIP archive contains 141 small files that (in my view) fail to be well-formed XML documents, and should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to report a fatal error. See: ftp://ftp.jclark.com/pub/test/xmltest.zip. Updated December 13, 1997 to bring the test suite into write, alignment with the Proposed Recommendation of 1997-12-08. My Experiences! Also updated apparently February 9, 1998; [local archive copy] [April 03, 1998] David Megginson's book Structuring XML Documents (1998) devotes all of Part 4: DTD Design with Architectural Forms to architectural forms. Specifically: Chapter 9. Architectural-Forms Concepts; Chapter 10.
Basic Architectural-Forms Syntax; Chapter 11. Advanced Architectural-Forms Syntax. [June 10, 1998] XAF is XML Architectural Forms Processor. Accompanying David Megginson's XAF software package is detailed, tutorial-oriented documentation about XAF and architectural forms (Using the XAF package for Java), appropriate for both XML document designers and XML software designers. Adding Strong Data Typing to SGML and XML, by Tim Bray. Paper! May [21,] 1997. archive copy, May 21, 1997; or: previous archive copy, May 15, 1997]. Note: Jean Paoli of Microsoft has submitted a related proposal in connection with the XML discussion XML for Structured Data [December 06, 1997] Why I Demand Schemata: Element Type Hierarchies for Transparent Document Structure Definition. By Henry S. Thompson (Language Technology Group, University of Edinburgh).
Draft date: October 15, 1997. Overview: In this paper I describe the XML-Data schemata proposal, concentrating on the motivation for and nature of the provision of an element-type hierarchy, in which element types can inherit attribute declarations and positions in content models from my experiences in school, ancestors in the hierarchy. I argue that this represents a major improvement over sets, the use of in school parameter entities to structure and maintain DTDs. [local archive copy] [April 24, 1998] xml:lang resources for parser writers. Contributed by Murray Altheim (Sun Microsystems, SunSoft). Currently there are XML versions of files providing the ISO 639 (language), ISO 3166 (country), and IANA charset values required for support of the xml:lang attribute values in XML 1.0.
Please direct comments and corrections to Murray Altheim. These 'xml:lang resources' will be made available later on Sunsite. See other language-code information in the dedicated section, Names of academic essay Languages - ISO 639. [May 08, 1998] The 'standalone document declaration' in XML 1.0. Some questions were raised about its design/use in the XML 1.0 specification. See the essay, collection of XML-DEV postings. [October 02, 1997] Architectural Forms handout from a presentation Java Beans and police chief, Architectural Forms, (August 21, 1997 - XML Dev Day), by David Megginson: Proposal: Architectural Forms for XML.
See the accompanying XML-DEV posting (October 2, 1997); [archive copy] [December 13, 1997] Architecture processing in XML: at the WG4 meeting in Alexandria, Virginia (December 1997), WG4 N1957 was accepted as the proposed text of an amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997 (HyTime). As a subclause to Annex A.3 (A.3.4.4 Architecture Use Declaration Processing Instruction), the proposed architecture use declaration (arch) processing instruction would provide an alternative form of architecture use declaration for use in environments where notations or data attributes are not supported. The amendment was sponsored by my experiences in school essay Charles F. Goldfarb, Steven R. Newcomb, W. Eliot Kimber, and essay, Peter Newcomb. See the related posting by Eliot Kimber Architectures, Schemas, and XML: Proposed Amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997, with followup by David Megginson. [N1957, local archive copy] [November 01, 1997] A new submission to the W3C from Electricité de France, Research and Development Division. In School! The STTS2 submission for Simple Tree Transformation Sheets 2 would in principle govern the transformation of well-formed XML documents in order to render them in a HTML browser.
The submission abstract: This document describes a proprietary specification of Electricité de France. It specifies the format of STTS2 transformation rules that can be applied to a HTML document (without CSS styles) in ins research, order to take advantage of the my experiences, Cascading Style Sheets and remove deprecated HTML elements or attributes in favor of CSS. Academic Decathlon! Even if the specification deals only with HTML, this kind of transformation, or an extension of this specification, can be easily applied on the fly to well-formed XML documents in order to render them in a HTML browser without any XML plug-in or internal knowledge. The grammar of this specification is mainly based on the CSS2 grammar and extends it in some ways. [December 18, 1997] Reports from the my experiences in school essay, W3C SGML ERB to the SGML WG and from the W3C XML ERB to the XML SIG. Complied by ins research paper C. In School! M. Problem Sets! Sperberg-McQueen for the use of the WG and SIG. Covers October 9, 1996 through December 1, 1997.
Date: 4 December 1997. [local archive copy] [June 19, 1997] A proposal written by John Tigue of DataChannel for collaborative effort toward XML Java API Standardization. The document title is Informal Work on XML API Standarization for Java. Since the announcement of this proposal, other leading XML developers have registered their willingness to cooperate. The proposal's first goal is to find a lowest common denominator for the current implementations and abstract that to a set of interfaces such that a developer could use this new API independent of an underlying implementation of the XML processor and/or invest in learning the particular benefits a specific implementation provides. See: http://www.datachannel.com/ChannelWorld/XML/dev/.
[January 23, 1998] SGML Exceptions and XML, by my experiences essay Eve Maler (ArborText) - briefly describes SGML exceptions (inclusions and exclusions) and discusses how 'exception users' can handle their DTDs and data in XML, which does not allow exceptions. See the how to problem, database section: Use (and Non-use) of in school Exceptions in DTDs. [July 26, 1997] XML-ized ISO 8879 entity sets, by Rick Jelliffe of Allette Systems. The postings were made to the XML Development list. A typical header comment: This version of the entity set can be used with any SGML document which uses ISO 10646 as its document character set. This includes XML documents and ISO HTML documents.
This entity set uses hexadecimal numeric character references. Please report any errors to research paper, Rick: firstname.lastname@example.org. In School! The entities mapped to hex are in the following files: ISOgrk4.pen, ISOtech.pen, ISOdia.pen, ISOlat1.pen, ISOgrk1.pen, ISOlat2.pen, ISOgrk2.pen, ISOnum.pen, ISOgrk3.pen, ISOpub.pen. How To Problem Sets! Available in a concatenated file, or archived as separate files in a .ZIP package. Note the my experiences, disclaimer. See also the alternate source for XML entity sets, from James Tauber. XML BNF, generated by paper Henry S. In School! Thompson [March 7, 1997] [August 29, 1997] David G. Durand's Five Paragraphs on 'Whitespace in XML', posted to XML-DEV. See also the discussion thread: http://www.lists.ic.ac.uk/hypermail/xml-dev/9708/0147.html.
Revised SGML Declaration for XML 1.0, submitted by Rick Jelliffe [June 27, 1997]. Probably out-of-date. TEI Extended Pointers (Links) tutorial, by Lou Burnard. February 4, 1997. Part 2 of the XML specification (link) is based in part upon this TEI extended pointer syntax. If you prefer, see this unofficial archive copy as a single-file document. See also chapter 14 of the TEI Guidelines, and the alternate location of the tutorial on the UIC TEI server, as a single document.
[August 28, 1997] Steve DeRose on TEI Extended Pointers vs. XML-LINK. Clarifies the relationship. XML Notes by Dan Connolly,W3C SGML ERB member, and lead ins research, W3C contact for in school essay the XML effort. Python module for XML, Perl script for checking XML well-formedness [xml-check.pl], Converting XML to Lout, XML Typing, XML Modules, etc. Date: 1997/05/22. W3C Notes - Some thoughts and software on how to problem sets, XML, by Bert Bos. A simpler XML. Date: May 23, 1997. [August 09, 1997] ADT and Marshalling for XML, by Bert Bos. In School! Abstract: This is an attempt at defining XML ( i.e. , XML proper, not the meta-grammar for defining XML applications, nor the hyperlinking conventions) in a formal, mathematical way, that hopefully takes away all ambiguity as to what an XML document contains, or what the relation is between the document and its linearized, textual representation. [archive copy] [October 23, 1998] XML and academic practice essay, Semantic Transparency.
By Robin Cover. [op - comments requested] The notion of my experiences essay XML conformance is addressed directly in the XML specification (Version 1.0, REC-xml-19980210) section 5. Resume Police! Conformance, which includes a discussion on 5.1 Validating and essay, Non-Validating Processors and another on 5.2 Using XML Processors. Information on the OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee and how to, Testing and Validation Resources is provided in a separate document. See the XML/XSL/XLink Software entries in the Public Software section of the SGML/XML Web Page for more complete descriptions of these tools. The software tools listed below are free or available for use under nominal constraints, sometimes as evaluation/demo versions. Software tools specific to XLink and to XSL are listed in their respective sections. Some 'query language' tools are referenced in the document XML and Query Languages.
Commercial XML/XSL/XLink software support is provided by the vendors, of course. For other listing of XML software tools, see also: Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to SGML Tools and Vendors , the Free XML Tools and Software from Lars Marius Garshol [ANN], and the XML Software Guide from WDVL. A list of SAX 1.0 Parsers and Applications is available on David Megginson's Web site. [ This section under revision ] [January 14, 2001] How to validate XML. This is not an XML parser, but a note of essay potential importance to developers contemplating XML parser design. From Joe English. XML validation is an instance of the regular expression matching problem. The most commonly-used technique to solve this problem is ins research based on finite automata.
There is another algorithm, based on derivatives of regular expressions, which deserves to be more widely known. In this connection, see the my experiences, discussions referenced in SGML/XML Notion of Ambiguity (non-deterministic content models). Ælfred XML Parser. From Microstar. A small, fast, DTD-aware Java-based XML parser, especially suitable for use in Java applets. Free for write problem both commercial and non-commercial use. In School Essay! Updated to version 1.2 May 02, 1998. [Updated to version 1.1: 980309]. [cache copy] Larval. Lead Ins Research! Larval is in school a validating XML processor built on the same code base as Lark. From Tim Bray.
[October 06, 2000] expat - XML Parser Toolkit. See the guide to writing research, announcement for the release of version 1.2 [2000-10-06]; see also two entries following. expat is a high-performance, fully conforming, non-validating XML 1.0 parser toolkit written C. Described by Clark Cooper 1999-09-03. My Experiences In School! Comes with Win32 binaries and an xmlwf application. Test version 19990626 supports parsing external DTDs and parameter entities. Updated to that really was the essay, version 1.1 29-May-1999.
Pre-1.1 test release 1999-04-25. In School! From James Clark, released 980405. Updated to version 1.02, January 11, 1999. Police Chief! Version 1.0, August 14, 1998 (first production release). Previously updated June 21, 1998; Updated May 14, 1998; and updated 19980504. In School Essay! expat is the successor to xmltok.
See the description on Clark's server, or in the software page. Note 2000-07, The Thai Open Source Software Center as a source for guide to writing paper expat. [July 02, 2000] expat - 12-May-00 01:11 145k [cache] [October 05, 2000] expat development on essay, SourceForge. That Really Was The Straw! According to a note from Clark Cooper: Maintenance of the expat XML parser has been delegated by James Clark to essay, a team that includes James, Fred Drake, Paul Prescod, and [Clark Cooper]. SourceForge is hosting this project. [March 21, 2002] A posting from Dare Obasanjo of Microsoft announces the release of chief MSXML 4 SP 1 (Microsoft XML Core Services).
This version 40SP1 (14-March-2002) release offers a number of in school new features and improvements over how to write problem, the MSXML 3.0, including support for the XML Schema language and essay, substantially faster parser and XSLT engine. MSXML 4.0 SP1 is to writing research paper a complete replacement for MSXML 4.0 RTM. [July 21, 2001] Microsoft XML Parser (MSXML) 4.0 July 2001 Technology Preview. The Beta 2 release offers a faster SAX and XSLT, complete XSD, etc. XSD validation with SAX; XSD validation with DOM, using the schemaLocation attribute. DOCTYPE replacement using a Java FilterReader/FilterStream. From Simon St.Laurent. DOCTYPEChanger and DOCTYPEChangerStream are Java classes that allow you to change the DOCTYPE declarations as a document is being read into essay, an XML parser. This may be useful in several cases: (1) You want to add a default DOCTYPE declaration to documents that arrive without one to feed them to a validating parser. Guide To Writing Research! (2) You want to test documents against a different DOCTYPE declaration than the one they arrived with. (3) You want to prevent document creators from making changes to the DOCTYPE your application understands. These classes allow you to set a root element, public identifiers, system identifiers, and an internal subset independently, and also let you specify whether the DOCTYPE declaration should be changed if present. My Experiences Essay! ['It's not real sophisticated, but you might want to check out my DOCTYPEChanger, which lets you specify a DOCTYPE.
It's a Java FilterReader (or FilterStream) which strips out the old DOCTYPE (if you insist) and puts in a new one. You can put it in academic essay, front of an XML parser if you want, or just run documents through it.'] ElCel Technology XML Validator. The ElCel Technology XML Validator is a free command-line utility built using our C++ XML Toolkit. As its name implies, this is a validating XML processor. It contains complete and up-to-date support for XML 1.0 (second edition and errata) and XML Namespaces. It has been designed to my experiences essay, highlight some of the that last, strengths of the in school, underlying XML Toolkit, allowing you to judge its speed and accuracy for yourself. Features include: fast and accurate, proven against the OASIS/NIST conformance suite; XML catalog support for resolution of academic practice public identifiers; any number of files can be validated in one go; validating or well-formedness mode; will report and recover from multiple errors, even 'fatal' ones; user-friendly error messages with optional location arrow; options to support batch processing; input can be via pipes, the local file system or HTTP URLs; freely available for both Windows and Linux. See the online manual. Canonical XML Processor. The ElCel Technology Canonical XML Processor is a free command-line utility built using the SAX 2.0 interface of our C++ XML Toolkit.
It implements the canonicalization algorithm as described by in school the W3C's Canonical XML recommendation. It also implements the 25 best contest, original Canonical XML specification from James Clark. My Experiences! This is a very useful program for converting valid XML with a DTD into resume police, a standalone document. We also use it internally to my experiences essay, check the lead paper, conformance of our XML Toolkit against the OASIS/NIST conformance tests. ObjectStore XML Parser - Microsoft's Java-based XML Parser integrated with ObjectStore PSE PSE Pro for Java. XJParser From DataChannel. Also has advanced query language support through emerging W3C standards support like data typing, XSL pattern matching, and in school essay, node transformation. The DataChannel - Microsoft XML Parser for academic Java (Beta 2). Includes a validating XML engine, XSL support, and transformations of data. December 1998 and later. In School Essay! See the FAQ document.
[May 07, 1999] Redistributable 'Microsoft XML Parser' - Microsoft Corporation announced the release of the Microsoft XML Parser for incorporation by was the essay third-party developers into their applications. DataChannel XML Development Environment (DXDE) and DXP XML Parser. DXP is a validating XML parser written in Java. It is specifically aimed at providing a utility for server-side applications that need to integrate XML capabilities into existing systems and for my experiences in school out-of-the-browser Java-based software. Updated 980211 or later.
IBM XML for Java. XML for 25 best moms Java is a validating XML parser written in 100% pure Java. The package ( com.ibm.xml.parser ) contains classes and methods for parsing, generating, manipulating, and validating XML documents. Last updated 1999-02-10 (version 2.0.0). My Experiences Essay! Updated July 28, 1998 for bug fixes, new samples, additional command line options, and updated API documentation.
Released with a free commercial license Version 1.0.0 June 23, 1998. Updated 19980612. Previously updated May 13, 1998, and updated 1998-04-16. [December 07, 2000] miniXML parser. Chief! David Cox presents a tree-based miniXML parser for in school essay XML that is written in C++ using the Standard Template Library for strings and various containers. The parser works with canonical XML, and is very fast, though limited to smaller XML documents. See the January 2001 issue of guide to writing Dr. Dobb's Journal . My Experiences In School Essay! With code listings and the complete and source code; [cache listings, [cache sources] [June 29, 1999] XML Parser for the C++ Language (XML4C). IBM alphaWorks' XML4C is a validating XML parser written in a portable subset of C++. Resume Police Chief! XML4C makes it easy to in school essay, give an application the moms, ability to read and write XML data. It is a single shared library that provides classes for parsing, generating, manipulating, and validating XML documents.
XML4C is in school faithful to the XML 1.0 Recommendation and was the essay, associated standards (DOM 1.0, SAX 1.0). Source code, samples and API documentation are provided with the essay, parser distribution. Version 2.2.0 released 1999-06-25. Version 2.3.1 released August 26, 1999. SP Parser.
SP 1.3.4 released 1999-10-13. SP version 1.3 has better support for XML based on the Web SGML Adaptations Annex to ISO 8879. SP adds support for (XML) documents that are merely well-formed. This is ins research enabled by essay using -wno-valid . There's also a -wxml switch that warns about write problem sets various things that are legal SGML but not XML. Update 971013: test release of SP with much more XML support. xmlwf - Clark's XML well-formedness checker, [now] part of my experiences in school XMLTok.
A program built with the XML tokenizer that checks the well-formedness of to writing research paper XML entities. See: ftp://ftp.jclark.com/pub/test/xmltok.zip.  And, note that the WebTechs' Validation Service now supports 'XML' - (possibly using this code?). XXX: eXperimental Xml leXer - from my experiences essay, Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica). 25 Best Essay Contest! experimental software. the in school essay, basic idea of XXX is that XML can be parsed using a recursive descent parser made from a highlyparameterized general-purpose lexical analyser. See also XXX Notation Processors. Sun Java Project X [XML Library] parser - a fast XML document parser with optional validation in the core of the Sun Java Project X toolkit. OpenXML Parser - Version 1.0.5 introduces the X3P Publisher API, provides support for XHTML 1.0, and academic decathlon essay, offers and essay, major performance improvements. [February 24, 2000] Java pull parser built on SAX. This (XP) package contains a wrapper that converts a pushing SAX parser into a pulling parser and problem sets, some related classes.
Namespace support added 2000-01. From Stefan Haustein. John Cowan announced the availability of a preliminary version of DOMParser (alpha source code). In School! DOMParser is a compliant SAX parser, except that its input (elements, attributes, and so on) comes from a DOM implementation rather than an really straw InputSource (XML source code). Silfide XML Parser (SXP), a parser and a complete XML API in Java. Withe other client.server components.
XSilfide is a client/server. In School! P. Bonhomme: I have developed an XML Parser in essay, Java and a tree based API which works fine. My Experiences In School Essay! I have implemented the whole XML 1.0 (REC 10-02-1998), the XML Namespaces (WD 27-03-1998, the Document Object Model Level 1 (DOM Core and XML, WD 16-04-1998) and academic, both XML links and XML pointers. Updated 980731. RXP - RXP, a GPL'd validating XML parser in C. The parser program reads and parses XML from the (or standard input if none is provided) and writes it to standard output, optionally expanding entities, defaulting attributes, and translating to a different output encoding. Available also with MSDOS/Windows32 binaries.
Watch for 'Sparse, a companion XSL parser.' Updated 980219. HXP - Hubick's XML Parser. 'Work in in school essay, progress' by Chris Hubick as of July 23, 1998. See the to writing research paper, associated 'HXA - Hubick's XML Analyzer' tool. Sam Blackburn's freeware C++ XML parser. In the WFC package (Win32 Foundation Classes). In Release 35, entity resolution was added to the XML classes.
XMLCheck - a new sample utility that loads an XML file and tells you if it is valid or not. XMLParser class and xmllib module in in school essay, the Python distribution. Expat (XML Parser Toolkit) Module for practice essay Ruby. Essay! The XML Parser Module for Ruby uses James Clark's expat XML toolkit, Version 1.0. It has two kinds of interfaces (event handler and iterator) and supports several encodings (UTF-8 and UTF-16, and with the 'Uconv' module, EUC-JP, Shift_JIS, and ISO-2022-JP). Version 0.3.3 description.
RUWF - XML well-formedness Syntax Checker with HTML interface, from XML.com. Police! Built with Tim Bray's Lark parser. XML Syntax Checker - from Frontier 5. Essay! Use the moms essay, blox XML parser based on expat, or the my experiences in school essay, Frontier 5.1.3 built-in XML parser to check well-formedness of an XML document. 'XML-by-hand' (a (non-validating) XML parser written in Java) and parser take two (variant of the contest, earlier parser above which may be more suitable for certain kinds of XML data . . .). XML software from Bert Bos. ISO-to-UTF [UTF-8 or UTF-16] XML Conversion Tool. From Richard Goerwitz, Brown University, STG. Use this utility to convert an my experiences in school existing XML document in an ISO format ( e.g. , ISO-8859-1) to UTF-8 or UTF-16.
To facilitate autodetection of the document's existing format (as per appendix F to decathlon essay, the W3C XML spec), please be sure to prepend a valid XML declaration to your document. See the Open eBook Validator from Brown University, Scholarly Technology Group. The Open eBook Validator, a free service provided by Brown University's Scholarly Technology Group (STG) and NuvoMedia, Inc. HEX - The HTML Enabled XML Parser. From Anders Kristensen (HP Labs, Bristol). HEX is a simple, 100% Java, non-validating XML parser with some hooks for mostly correct parsing of HTML pages.
It doesn't understand either SGML or XML DTD's but the parser API allows the application to my experiences essay, control its operation in ways that facilitate HTML parsing. Paper! It implements the DOM core level one API and the SAX event-driven API. The HEX parser is freely available, with source code for non-commercial use. It comes with a couple of sample applications. Essay! See: the HEX main page. Delphi XML parsers. 1) CUESoft version ['CUESoft is offering free Delphi and police, ActiveX XML components for a limited time. . . My Experiences In School! CUESoft will be adding XML capability to its powerful CUEBase database for providing the ability to index and search large XML document databases']; 2) ICOM Datenverarbeitungs GmbH 'XML Parser Component for Delphi'. . . the first version of a XML Parser component for the Borland Delphi development environment. Academic Practice! The current version supports all major features of the XML standard. We will enhance the in school essay, component to guide to writing paper, support the full XML standard as soon as possible. Contact: email@example.com.
Whisper Mac/Win32 C++ application framework - 'The Esoterica [layer] includes automata classes, a regular expression class, a compression class (based on in school, zlib), a simple text parser, a more complex parser (it builds parse trees), and a validating XML parser.' MuXML - An XML Document Multiplexor. MuXML is academic decathlon practice a prototype Perl module that implements configurable multiplexing of XML document streams accessed via the LWPng module and essay, parsed using the XML::Parser module. Its returns its results using the XML::Grove module. Its primary purpose is to serve as a demonstration of the use of non-blocking design approaches with XML and Perl. . . MuXML is a demonstration of the guide research, utility of the in school, partial parsing capability that Clark Cooper added to the 2.22 release of XML::Parser. From Gabe Beged-Dov. Really Straw Essay! [local archive copy] PHP XML Parser Functions. In School! PHP - Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP Version 3.0 is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of unique PHP-specific features thrown in. How To Sets! The goal of the in school essay, language is to allow web developers to write dynamically generated pages quickly.
See the PHP Manual [Section] XLVIII. XML Parser Functions. This PHP extension implements support for James Clark's expat in PHP. This toolkit lets you parse, but not validate, XML documents. Lead Ins Research! It supports three source character encodings also provided by PHP: US-ASCII, ISO-8859-1 and UTF-8. UTF-16 is not supported. This extension lets you create XML parsers and essay, then define handlers for different XML events. Each XML parser also has a few parameters you can adjust. See further the PHP3 Manual. Erlang XML parser. - (pre) release of an experimental XML parser. . . This parser has 5 Erlang modules. By Joe Armstrong. ['Erlang is a concurrent functional programming language suitable for 25 best moms implementing large systems with soft real time demands.']
XML Document Editing, DTD Editing, Stylesheet Editing, Formatting, Browsing, and Delivery Tools. XML in MS Internet Explorer - XML Browser support in Internet Explorer. XML in Mozilla - XML Browser support in Netscape. XED - A WYSIWYG XML instance editor. My Experiences Essay! From Henry S. 25 Best Essay Contest! Thompson, 980318. My Experiences In School! Updated 1999-09-13 [FreeBSD, Linux, WIN32, and Solaris 2.5 versions]. Updated to version 0.5 1999-07-20 [local archive copy]. Updated to beta July 12, 1998.
Updated to 'final alpha' 980427. Updated to academic decathlon practice essay, alpha version 0.2.1.4 980402. XML Editing Mode in PSGML. XML patches from David Megginson. My Experiences! Version 1.2.0 (XML support, beta) 1999-10-13. See: 'PSGML Tricks', by Bob DuCharme. . . . Really Was The Straw! [including] an Acrobat file with the 99-page chapter on using Emacs with PSGML, the SGML/XML mode for Emacs.
The Web page also has a link to a page of PSGML tricks contributed by various users, and I'm always happy to add new ones. In School Essay! [1999-10-14] Kai Grossjohann described a problem with incompatible system identifiers when using psgml to edit XML documents; David Megginson supplied the lisp code for practice essay a provisional fix. Note: Unicode encoding for GNU Emacs - If your file is encoded in UTF-8, you can use the my experiences essay, Unicode encoding package for guide Emacs (http://www.cs.ust.hk/ otfried/Mule/) so that characters beyond US-ASCII are displayed properly. (I keep meaning to write a hook for in school essay psgml so that it can use the XML declaration to set the encoding automatically, but for now it's easy enough to use `C-x C-m c' before opening the academic practice essay, file to set it manually. My Experiences In School Essay! [XSL List] See the how to write problem, source for PSGML version 1.2.2. [PSGML version 1.2.3, November 8, 2001, cache] [December 06, 1999] XFA Edit - An Advanced XML Editor. My Experiences In School! A new XML editing tool with source code is available, as announced: XML For All Announces XFA Edit, an Advanced XML Editor. - XML For All, Inc. Write! today announced the release of XFA Edit, an advanced text editor for XML and HTML documents that runs under Microsoft Windows operating systems. AuthorIT - According to the AuthorIT folks, the essay, next version, to be released in about two weeks [ca 2001-01-19], is supposed to have full XML output implementation. XRay from Architag International. (1) Can be used to create any XML document: [XML documents, XSL Stylesheets, XML Schemas, Document type definitions (DTD)]; (2) Support for XSLT: [XSLT transformation window updates with every keystroke See changes as you type Multiple windows are allowed for each XML document Full XPath support]; (3) Fully validating XML editor: [Verifies well-formedness, Validates structure according to DTD, Validates structure and datatypes according to XML Data schema]; (4) HTML Viewing Window. Interactive Authoring and Display System (IADS). The IADS program distribution includes an XML DTD. The IADS Software is classified as a Class 3 IETM package, however, IADS has the capability of producing a Class 4 and 5 IETM. IADS uses SGML as its underlying text format. WYSIWYG editing is now provided which allows text entry, graphic manipulation, tag insertion, and modification within the context of the formatted display. Lead! This mode is turned on or off using the 'Edit mode' option under the 'Authoring' menu.
The DTD (if specified in in school essay, the DOCTYPE) is loaded, processed, and its rules stored for use when inserting or editing tags in the document. The tag editor dialog box will only allow tags and paper, tag attributes to be inserted that are defined in the DTD. 'Currently [2001-10], IADS is the only software able to in school, parse and practice, display IETMs meeting MIL-STD-40051A.' Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org ([Neil Frazier] IADS / Publications Services, US Army AMCOM). jEdit for XML - jEdit has an easy to use interface that resembles that of many other Windows and MacOS text editors. jEdit is extremely customizable, and has an extensive feature set, that includes, among other things: Syntax highlighting for 46 file types; Auto indent with support for intelligent indent in my experiences, Java, C and Python source; Search and replace with support for that straw regular expressions, and searching in my experiences essay, multiple files; Bracket matching; Abbreviations; Multiple clipboards; Rectangular editing; Split-window operation; Word wrap; Macro recording; BeanShell scripting. See also Thomas Passin's comments. XMetaL from decathlon, SoftQuad Software. Is shipping as of 1999-05-26.
Was in beta (1999-03). [October 14, 2000] [Star Division / Sun] StarOffice. In School Essay! See StarOffice and XML for anouncement of source code and StarOffice XML DTDs. Earlier StarOffice entry (1999): The Sun product is resume expected to support XML -- in light of a Webcast statement by in school essay Star Division's Marco Boerries to the effect that XML specifications created as part of the StarPortal initiative would be submitted to the W3C, and that the APIs would be submitted to ECMA. An article by decathlon practice essay Stephen Shankland in my experiences essay, CNET News.com offers the same hint from an interview with Marco Boerries: In line with the plan to become more open, Star Office file formats eventually will become XML, and the standard for interacting with it will become published openly and that really straw, contributed to the ECMA standardization group. My Experiences! Possible hints of some SGML pedigree in decathlon practice essay, a couple help files: one shows that the color of SGML can be changed for display purposes, and another shows that SGML is in the glossary. [credits kd] Note: As of in school 2000-07, OpenOffice.org is the open source project through which Sun Microsystems is releasing the technology for the popular StarOffice productivity suite. a principal goal is the establishment of open, XML-based standards for lead ins research office productivity file formats and language-independent bindings to component APIs. [January 04, 2000] epcEdit - A full-featured SGML/XML editor, which makes extensive use of the my experiences in school, TkSGML library included in the epcEdit package. The epcEdit package consists of: (1)the source code of that last essay epcEdit, which is written entirely in Tcl/Tk.
If you have some programming experience, it will be easy for you to adapt epcEdit to your needs; (2) the TkSGML widget library (binary) and documentation. In School! TkSGML is an SP-based SGML system that could best be described as a generic toolkit for building integrated SGML applications. How To Write Problem Sets! epcEdit supports Unicode for SGML and my experiences in school, XML documents; internally handles all data as UTF-8; Release 0.92 contains a very early version of academic decathlon practice a WYSIWYG editor for CALS tables. Support for HTML tables will be added later. See the in school, technical description. XMLware - Java based editor that ses the parser XML4J from IBM; a validating and specifying editor based on the DTD definition. Research! Download evaluation version. EditML - EditML is a windows based editor for in school essay creating well-formed/valid XML documents.
The document can be a data file, schema file or a stylesheet. It is based on Microsoft's MSXML parser conforming to XML specification 1.0 (W3C standard). By Saravanan Lakshmanan. DocZilla XML/SGML Browser. See the announcement for that was the last straw essay DocZilla SGML/XML browser for WinNT/95/98 and Linux [1999-06-03]. Envision XML - An industrial strength XML schema development tool.
Has a fully graphical interface and a central data dictionary; well suited to larger development teams; designed to reduces the need to learn complex syntax. Contact: James Knowles. GO. GO is a [GNOME] word processor with a plugin system, hyphenation and justification, undo system, an xml file format, printing, and other features. My Experiences In School Essay! From Chris Lahey. AbiWord - a full-featured word processor, he first application in a suite from research paper, AbiSource, Inc. which is developing a cross-platform, open-source office suite called AbiSuite. 'Why does AbiWord use XML as its native file format?
Because we like XML.' See the AbiWord DTD, cache; also XML Schema for AbiWord Markup Language, cache. KWord - a Linux-based word processor that uses XML for its native file format. A FrameMaker-like wordprocessor of the KOffice. Frame oriented, not page oriented. Morphon XML Editor, based on Java. From Lunatech Research. Beta 1 version 1999-06-28.
Also: http://www.morphon.com/. Documentor from Excosoft AB. In School! Evaluation version available for download. See screenshots. [September 30, 1999] Stilo recently announced an paper introductory offer [reduced price, 'try and buy'] for its Stilo WebWriter, described as a comprehensive editor for creating XML. sxml-mode for (X)Emacs. From Philippe Le Hégaret. My Experiences In School Essay! This emacs mode uses psgml-1.0.1 and font-lock (with a Java Virtual Machine) to 'validate' XML documents with SAX (The Simple API for XML) in Emacs. LiveDTD. a perl program which converts an SGML/XML Document Type Definition (DTD) into a hypertext document. Really Was The Straw Essay! See the announcement.
Visual XML - alpha version 980406, designed to assist in the creation and editing of XML documents, including DTDs. In School Essay! From Pierre Morel. Academic Decathlon Practice! An application written in Java, with support for in school essay internationalization and essay contest, customization ( e.g. , Metal, Windows, Motif interfaces) features. Adobe 'ReadXML' for FrameMaker Sample Code. 'ReadXML' is a sample plug-in that demonstrates reading XML into FrameMaker+SGML 6.0. This plug-in parses XML and outputs an my experiences SGML document. The resulting SGML document is passed to FrameMaker+SGML's built-in SGML parser. Note opnly a sample as of 2001-01-05, not fully functional and will not correctly handle most XML files; its purpose is to illustrate how a developer could create a robust XML-based solution. XML Authority - a graphical design tool accelerating the creation and enhancing the management of schemas for XML. Police Chief! With support for data typing, solutions for data interchange and document oriented applications converge.
XML Authority includes a toolset to help convert existing application and document structures to schemas, defining the basis for well formed XML documents and enabling valid XML. My Experiences! Beta, 1999-03-25. Zveno Swish XML Editor - Swish is a non-validating XML document editor. Moms Essay Contest! It allows the user to view and edit a XML document in both a tree-mode and my experiences in school, a document-mode simultaneously. Linux, Windows 95/98/NT and guide to writing research paper, Macintosh PPC. Version 1.0 beta 1 released 1999-03-27. Emilé - XML Editor for Macintosh. My Experiences! Version 1.0 1999-06-10. Resume Chief! An introductory price of $79.
A demo copy of the editor can be downloaded from the company's website. HyBrick SGML/XML Browser. HyBrick is an advanced SGML/XML browser developed by Fujitsu Laboratories, the research arm of my experiences in school Fujitsu. HyBrick is guide paper based on my experiences in school, an architecture that supports advanced linking and formatting capabilities. HyBrick includes a DSSSL renderer and how to write, XLink/XPointer engine running on top of James Clark's SP and Jade. My Experiences In School Essay! See also the announcement. SixPack - an decathlon open source code XML editor for Macintosh designed in REALbasic. In School! includes an XML parser (that complies to the XML 1.0 specification as a well-formed processor), a set of classes that emulate the resume chief, DOM, and a variety of visual components for editing and displaying XML documents. In School! all in 100% native REALbasic. Microsoft XML Notepad. Resume Chief! A simple prototyping application for HTML authors and in school, developers that enables the rapid building and editing of small sets of XML-based data. Validates instance against an XML DTD at load time.
First released 980722. DTDGenerator - XML DTD Generator. From Michael Kay (ICL). SAXON DTDGenerator is a program that takes an XML document as input and produces a Document Type Definition (DTD) as output. The aim of the program is to give you a quick start in writing a DTD. Really Was The Last! [19980505.] Note 2000-01-05: DTDGen is now part of SAXON. DTDGenerator Frontend - A perl script written by my experiences Paul Tchistopolskii, as a frond end to Michael Kay's DTDGenerator. Near Far Designer. - An XML and police, SGML DTD authoring tool; visual, drag-and-drop interface. tdtd - Emacs Major Mode for editing SGML/XML DTDs. Updated [version 0.7] March 15, 1999 or later.
Previously updated (version 0.6) 980801. My Experiences In School! Previously updated (version 0.5) 980524. XML Spy - a professional validating XML editor that provides three integrated views on XML documents: an enhanced grid view for structured display and guide to writing paper, editing, a low-level source view with syntax coloring, and an integrated browser view that supports CSS and XSL style-sheets. My Experiences! Detailed find, replace, and lead ins research, print options are available in my experiences in school essay, all views. Complete Unicode and character-set encoding support is included. XML Styler - ArborText tool for creating and modifying XSL stylesheets. MIOW browser - miow can render XML documents, using CSS style sheets; XSL is how to problem not yet supported [soon-to-be-released, 1998-08-26] XSL Authoring Studio, from ContentWare.
Soon to be available in my experiences in school, alpha version on the Web. Write Problem! It was demonstrated by Ray Cromwell and Shawn O'Connor at in school 'XML: The Conference' Developers' Day, March 27, 1998. The tool as shown also supported an XML document instance editor from which the really last straw, XSL stylesheet editor may be launched. It uses Lark and DocProc. XSLJ - Henry Thompson's XSL-to-DSSSL translator. Updated: 980112. PrismEd. A configurable metadata editor which will cope with structured metadata values; reads and writes RDF. Written in Java 1.1 (1.1.6), and can be run either as an applet or as an my experiences in school essay application. Announced 1998-09-05.
Link - The tool ' Link is an XML-XSL-XLL browser'. 25 Best Moms Essay Contest! Link is a simple application written in Java that allows a user to view XML documents with XSL stylesheets and XLL hyperlinking. [April 09, 1998] JBX - Java XML Browser - JXB is a project to create a web browser in Java for the Extensible Markup Language (XML). Under development by Chris Hubick [now discontinued?]. [May 14, 1998] IRIS XML EDITOR, beta 1 and IRIS XML DTD GENERATOR, from innovation Partners and my experiences in school essay, CEI (Cabinet d'études Informatiques).
Demo/Beta-1-ware. Jade - DSSSL engine. The latest distributions include SP and other applications with XML support. XML Flow Object Tree backend: The -t xml option makes empty elements and processing instructions use the XML syntax. Jade 1.2.1 updated October 13, 1998. SGML/XML Kit - The SGML/XML Kit is decathlon practice a browser add-on that transforms SGML/XML documents into displayable entities; [it] is in school based on a DSSSL script engine. XML Application Environments, Development Toolkits, Conversion.
SAX - the Simple API for paper XML. SAX is a common event-based XML API now in use by many parsers and applications. David Megginson is the project leader. Essay! See also the ins research paper, references above. Version 1.0 released May 12, 1998. SAX 2/Java (beta).
Released by David Megginson 2000-01-28. DAE SDK and my experiences in school, DAE Server SDK (w/ XML processor for building groves from XML documents) - Copernican Solutions. [SAXDOM renamed 'FREE-DOM' as of 19980505] - see the ins research, following entry] SAXDOM - An implementation of W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API using Simple API for in school XML (SAX). From Don Park. Moms Essay Contest! See the main page. My Experiences Essay! Updated 980504 to support the 04/16/98 DOM spec. Essay Contest! Updated 980406 to support the DOM specification of 03/18/98, WD-DOM-19980318. Docuverse DOM SDK. Supersedes FREE-DOM, above From Don Park. Docuverse DOM SDK is an implementation of my experiences in school essay W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API in Java. Formerly 'FREE-DOM' and before that, called SAXDOM.
Updated September 06, 1998. Decathlon! Updated July 21, 1998 to support the DOM version of 19980720. C++ LGPL'ed Implementation of the Document Object Model (DOM) - From ÁNOQ of the Sun [Johnny Andersen]. 980818 DOM spec, . . . written for the Berlin project. My Experiences In School Essay! Berlin uses CORBA, but this DOM implementation can be used both with and without CORBA. . . . implements most of the core DOM API according to the DOM specification from 1998-08-18. That! There are still a few methods missing and some components doesn't behave correctly yet. The document type components are not implemented yet.
It should however be possible to build a usable DOM tree with this implementation. XML Testbed. An XML application environment written in Java. My Experiences! From Steve Withall. . uses an XML configuration file to define the (Swing-based) user interface; includes its own non-validating XML parser (though it can use any SAX parser instead), a nascent XSL engine (to the old submission standard - just in 25 best essay contest, time to in school essay, be out of date), and a few other odds and ends. SAXON - a Java class library for XML Applications. The SAXON package is resume police a Java interface for processing XML documents. It provides a set of services that are particularly useful for applications performing XML- XML or XML- HTML transformations. From Michael Kay. In School! Version 4.4, 1999-07-14; Version 4.3, 1999-06-15. Updated 1999-02-16. Earlier: Updated October 20, 1998.
Updated September 01, 1998. Updated 980721 to use the new Free-DOM release of really last straw July 21, 1998. Was updated 19980616. [Previously updated: 980513.] XAF - an XML Architectural Forms Processor. In School Essay! XAF is a Java-based XML architectural forms processor that acts as both a SAX application and a SAX parser. . Resume Police! . the client application sees the (virtual) architectural document instead of the actual XML document. From David Megginson. ExCost. ExCost is for 'Expat and Cost'. Uses an extension to TCL that allows it to in school, parse ESIS file and handle output in a event or tree driven behaviour. How To Problem! It provides about the same functionality as Cost [Copenhagen SGML Tool, from Joe English], but for XML. XML-DBMS - a set of Java packages you can use to transfer data between XML documents and relational databases.
DB2XML - a tool for transforming relational databases into XML documents. Delta XML - Monsell's standalone tools for comparing XML documents and comparing complex data in XML. identify and my experiences essay, monitor changes to XML documents and data files. That Was The Straw! Similar tools from IBM alphaWorks: (1) XML Diff and Merge Tool; (2) XML TreeDiff. WebBroker: XML for Distributed Computing - under development by John Tigue. The goal is to come up with a unified software object model for the Web. See slides from XML'98 in Seattle and the database entry. PLSXML From Oracle. a set of PL/SQL-based XML utilities and demonstrations. The PLSXML Suite consists of: (1) DBXML - For generating rich, nested XML documents from SQL queries; (2) DBDOM - For creating, parsing, traversing, and searching XML Documents using the Document Object Model API; (3) DBXSL - For generating a database-driven XSL stylesheet for a tree-rendering of data.
LT XML - XML toolset. LT XML is a set of C programs for manipulating XML files and my experiences in school essay, a C application program interface (API) designed to ease the that really was the last, writing of my experiences in school essay C programs which manipulate XML documents. Updated to version 1.0 980624. Previously updated 980508. OmniMark LE 4.0 Preview - a special early release (for Windows 95/NT only) that previews the enhanced XML functionality in the new, soon-to-be-launched full version of OmniMark 4.0; LE is a free product. XML Script - an guide XML compliant language designed to handle XML with a minimum of overhead. X-Tract is a freely available XML Script processor. From DecisionSoft Ltd. Contact: Paul Warren. [Notice posted for] a [script] conversion from RTF to my experiences in school essay, 'XML' [viz., SGML] that uses OMLE, rather like Rainbow, plus CALS tables support. Paper! The RTF2XML filter, formerly RTF2SGML, has been enhanced in my experiences in school essay, version 0.4 for handling XML, including built-in support for Unicode RTF.
Requires OmniMark or OmniMark LE from OmniMark Technologies, Inc. See RTF2XML, or the local archive copy. MajiX - Java compliant tool from write problem, Tetrasix, automatically transforms RTF files (Microsoft Word files) into XML. converts RTF styles and some document characteristics into a XML file conforming to a document type definition DTD. The names of the tags may be changed by the user. Majix version 1.1 is the third release; it corrects some bugs from version 1.0 and provides support for XSL through James Clark's XT. With online documentation. xtr2any - 'configurable filter, easy-to-use XML transcoder for prepress departments.' A Linux command or as a Win32 console application. Download the (restricted) demo version. masterplan - a convertor generator; you'll need gcc, bison and flex or equivalents to build both the my experiences in school essay, executable and the convertors.
Version 0.0.1 (1999-03-29). Ins Research! From: Paul Janssens. XML Enabler - a Java Servlet that converts XML-tagged data into essay, HTML using different stylesheets for different browsers. From IBM. Essay! See the white paper, Accessing XML on the Client.
XTAL (XML Translation for my experiences AntLr) is a general conversion tool for 25 best moms essay contest XML and SGML. ANTLR and Java serve as basis and description language. From Oliver Zeigermann. MetaMorphosis - SGML/XML Tree Transformer. My Experiences! MetaMorphosis is a target-driven SGML/XML tree transformer that uses a declarative language. Ace utility program. Ace is a freely available scripting language which allows powerful manipulation of SGML and XML documents.
XTL - A C++ XML toolkit with DOM SAX support. OpenXML - An open source, pure Java, commercial-grade, fully featured framework for XML-based applications. 25 Best Moms Essay! OpenXML covers the entire cycle of XML documents production, processing and delivery for dynamic content publishing and application to application communication. Updated 1999-04-01. Latex to XML Converter - This converter takes a latex file (*.tex) from your directory and outputs an XML file (*.html) to in school essay, the browser.
The math modes in latex are converted to MathML (Mathematical Markup Language). To view the output, you will need to download the W3C test-bed browser Amaya. From Ashes Dhanna Ganguly. Extensible Protocol (XP) - a bidirectional protocol on which XML documents are exchanged between two endpoints. The com.thinlink.xp package implements XP draft 00 using stream sockets and the IBM xml4j processor.
It uses an event-listener interface and the Document Object Model to send and receive XML documents. From Tom harding. Implements IETF 'draft-harding-extensible-protocol-00.txt'; [local archive copy]. See: Extensible Protocol. See also: XML tools in Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to SGML Tools and Vendors , SGML TOOLS - By Tool Category Main entry for W3C Recommendation 'Namespaces in XML' (REC-xml-names-19990114) and its commentary: Namespaces in XML
A Proposal for Namespaces in XML, by Henry S. Thompson. Language Technology Group, HCRC, Edinburgh. May 27, 1997. Overview: . . .a quite simple proposal for namespaces, lighter weight than those seen heretofore, but admittedly NOT valid SGML as things stand. I think its light weight, flexibility and functionality commend it. Guide Paper! See also a free-form XML version submitted to the W3C SGML WG list. [HTML mirror copy] [June 06, 1998] A Proposal to Introduce 'Module' Structures into SGML.
By Toru Takahashi. My Experiences In School Essay! ISO/IEC JTC1/WG4 N1987. 98-05-15. Supersedes WG8 N1873. From the Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is a very difficult job. Resume Chief! One reason of this difficulty comes from SGML's restriction on essay, namespaces. For element type names, SGML allows only one name space throughout a document.
This restriction means, that if you intend to design a new DTD, you have to be familiar with all the element types you wish to academic essay, use to construct the DTD, and have to my experiences in school essay, select their names very carefully to avoid name conflicts. This lack of modularity makes difficult to use separately designed declaration sets (DTD fragments) in mixture to build up a complete DTD. Academic Practice! For example, if you want to use pre-defined declaration sets for 'tables' and 'math expressions' together to construct your own 'report' DTD, you have to my experiences, examine whether there are any name conflicts between them or not. If there are any such conflicts, you have to modify several declarations. This restriction in name space makes impossible to treat these declaration sets as public (read only) texts. Similar problems may occur on the parameter entity names. To solve these problems, I propose to introduce the concept of 'Module' into decathlon practice, SGML. [local archive copy] [See preceding entry] Relative (also) to 'namespaces' in my experiences, XML: A Proposal to Introduce 'Module' Structures into essay, SGML [namespaces], by Toru Takahashi.
12 November 1996. From the Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is a very difficult job. One reason of my experiences essay this difficulty comes from guide to writing paper, SGML's restriction on name spaces. In School! For element type names, SGML allows only one name space per document. . . [mirror copy], also available as http://www.ornl.gov/sgml/wg8/document/1873.doc. Web Architecture: Extensible Languages. How To Write Problem! W3C Note 10 Feb 1998. My Experiences Essay! NOTE-webarch-extlang. By Tim Berners-Lee and Dan Connolly (W3C). This document is meant to be a fairly explanatory synthesis of the requirements for namespace extension in languages on the web, and in police, particular for the general language planned to be the my experiences in school, common basis of many future applications, XML. How To Problem Sets! It was originally written as part of the 'Design Issues' series of notes.
Whilst technically the personal opinion of the authors, it their best attempt as technical coordinators at outlining common architectural principles for W3C development. [local archive copy] xml-bind - XLinks from Types and Names. In School Essay! By Rick Jelliffe. Reference: Note 13 March, 1998 (Note-xml-bind-19980313). This document is a NOTE for discussion by the W3C XML-related groups. It is primarily an alternative to the namespace proposal and a contribution to write problem, defining XLink requirements. RDF and XML-data designers may also find it relevant. In School Essay! [Abstract:] Current linking systems are based on decathlon, links from elements ( i.e. , instances of element types in a document). This paper holds that several of the my experiences in school essay, technologies under development by the W3C working groups are better characterized as links from lead paper, types and names. Suggestions are made for a general architecture to handle this, and for how this can be integrated into XLink. In School! Namespaces, parts of RDF, and that really was the last straw, SGML Open Catalogs are re-characterized as XLinks from types and names. [local archive copy]
A Cut and Paste Infrastructure for XML. By Rick Jelliffe. Reference: Note-xml-cnp-19980131, Note 1-February-1998. This document is a NOTE for discussion by the W3C XML-related groups. It is a personal critique of XML 1.0 PR, especially in the light of the namespace proposal, RDF and XML-data. It may be seen as a contribution to user requirements for an XML 1.1. XML Cut'n'Paste is a proposal for various conventions which address many sophisticated uses in my experiences in school, Extensible Markup Language (XML) while retaining true to its underlying model, as an application of SGML. [local archive copy] Comparison of SGML and XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. The document provides a detailed comparison of SGML (ISO 8879) and XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to resume chief, XML; 3) SGML Declaration for XML, in two variants: (a) one which takes advantage of the Extended Naming Rules Technical Corrigendum to ISO 8879, but does not make use of the Web SGML Adaptations Annex; (b) one which takes advantage of the my experiences, Web SGML Adaptations Annex to ISO 8879. 25 Best Moms Essay Contest! [local archive copy]
The new (informative) ISO 8879 Annex L: Added Requirements for XML illustrates the relationship of SGML declarations to 'added requirements' by means of a real-world example, XML. In School Essay! The annex has a prose application summary and sample SGML declaration. Some of the Recent Changes to ISO 8879 (Annex K, Web SGML Adaptations; also Annex L, Added Requirements for XML) are motivated by lead ins research paper the goal of bringing SGML and XML into alignment. See Bob DuCharme, SGML: Changing to Accommodate XML. [July 19, 1998] Converting an SGML DTD to XML. By Norman Walsh [ArborText]. Norm Walsh itemizes the steps in SGML-to-XML DTD conversion in a couple categories: Many of these changes are straightforward and, for a large number of SGML DTDs, they will be fairly easy to accomplish. . . There are also some changes that may have a large impact on the semantics of the DTD. Luckily, these are mostly infrequently-used SGML features so they don't turn up often in most DTDs. Also at my experiences in school XML.com [XML QA] (July 08, 1998). [September 17, 1999] XML/SGML: On the Web and Behind the Web.
By Alfred Attipoe and Philippe Vijghen [The SGML Technologies Group]. In InterChange: Newsletter of the International SGML/XML Users' Group Volume 5, Issue 3 (July 1999), pages 25-29. There is some confusion as to when [to] use SGML and when to use XML. In this paper we argue that both have their rightful place in publishing systems. We discuss the impact of the write sets, new Web technologies on publishing systems by clarifying the relationship between XML and essay, SGML. We describe available features of both markup languages and evaluate them empirically, taking into consideration several distinct points of view. Our analysis should help you decide which (SGML or XML) to use where (behind or on chief, the Web). . . we argue that XML, devoid of in school essay SGML complexity, is ideally suited for the exchange and publication of documents/information on the Web. However, XML lacks some features which are very useful when creating behind-the-Web systems where reqirements stress the need for academic decathlon expressive information models and data-processing functionality. SX , a converter from my experiences essay, SGML to XML.
Part of James Clark's SP parser toolkit; new in the distribution of police SP version 1.3 . SX converts SGML to XML. SX parses and validates the SGML document contained in sysid. . My Experiences! . and writes an essay contest equivalent XML document to the standard output. SX will warn about SGML constructs which have no XML equivalent. [local archive copy] Using an XML Audit to in school essay, Move SGML Data towards XML. Was The Straw! By Charlie Halpern-Hamu, Incremental Development, Inc. Presented at XML'98 in my experiences, Chicago. This paper describes, at really was the last straw essay a technical level, how to assess the XML-readiness of your SGML data as a first step towards moving it towards XML. This paper suggests an 'XML audit': a technical review of my experiences in school essay current markup practice with eye towards simplification. The goal of an XML audit is to understand which portions of your current SGML application are not XML. The next step might be to start deemphasizing your use of those features. Write Problem Sets! . . [November 06, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 1).
By Bob DuCharme. In TAG Volume 11, Number 10 (October 1998), pages 9-10. In School! DuCharme introduces his serialized article by noting that a DTD conversion might not be just a one-time affair, and by categorizing DTD editing/conversion tasks into ranked groupings. [December 09, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 2). By Bob DuCharme. In TAG Volume 11, Number 11 (November 1998), pages 5-7. In this second part of a two-part TAG article, the 25 best essay, author discusses SGML-XML DTD conversion in the case of mixed content models, RCDATA, CONREF, and SUBDOC.
SGML, XML, and HTML Document Components Compared. From a poster session, by Dennis J. O'Connor, Consultant, Mulberry Technologies, Inc. MicroStar Ltd. is in school essay developing a set of decathlon essay heuristics (and software) for automatic conversion of SGML DTDs to XML DTDs. Steph Tryphonas presented a paper on DTD Conversions at the Seattle XML '98 conference. TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum, Information Products Interchange) has provided a record of its recent efforts to my experiences in school essay, XML-ize the TIM Telecommunications Interchange Markup DTD, version 2.0.4. Police! See provisionally the March 06, 1998 entries. One now also encounters the phrase XML-compliant HTML . . . [May 13, 1998] W3C published a NOTE entitled XML in HTML Meeting Report.
This report, edited by Dan Connolly (W3C) and Lauren Wood (SoftQuad), addresses a number of issues relating to the use of XML encoding within HTML documents. At a meeting of February 11-12, 1998 (San Jose, California, Sun Microsystems), participants from a variety of W3C working groups met to discuss these issues, and in particular, concerns relating to the support of MathML and RDF written in XML and intended to be used in HTML documents. The W3C NOTE (NOTE-xh-19980511, W3C Note 11 May 1998) summarizes the discussion and my experiences essay, conclusions of research this meeting. [local archive copy] [July 27, 1998] IBTWSH (Itsy Bitsy Teeny Weeny Simple Hypertext) DTD - from John Cowan. This is an XML DTD which describes a subset of HTML 4.0 for embedded use within other XML DTDs. It is by my experiences in school intention equivalent (within its scope) to -//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN, but is not a derived work in the copyright sense. [local archive copy, 980727]
The development of new vocabularies and the design of how to write problem namespace syntaxes have increased public interest in my experiences in school, registration authorities and authentication services which could be set up to manage name conflicts. Facilities are needed for how to sets support of globally-unique names, persistent links and resources, name (public identifier) resolution, mapping between public and system identifiers, etc. Essay! Online libraries/repositories with public text resources also present a strong desideratum. Several initiatives for how to problem sets registries and repositories have been announced. A few of the early initiatives which have been publicized are referenced in a separate document. References to literature on XML Media/MIME Types are held in a separate document. In the following lists of XML Examples and Non-Examples, a certain number of items in the former category undoubtedly will (come to) belong to the latter category, given the evolution of the XML specifications and other factors. Note also that most of the proposed XML applications also contain sample XML documents and DTDs in the documentation. The XML Recommendation 1.0 (February 1998) in XML format. The corresponding XML specification DTD (-//W3C//DTD Specification::19980323//EN) is available online, as well as commentary: Design Report for the W3C XML Specification DTD . My Experiences In School! Version 2.0 of the XML Spec DTD 1999-07.
See the updated XML Specification DTD and corresponding XML Spec DTD - Data Modeling Report, Version 1.2, 1998-09-10. See the XML versions of the XLink and XPointer specifications ( i.e. , 3-March-1998). XML source files for PR-DOM-Level-1-19980818. That Was The Essay! The DOM specification serves as a good example of the power of using XML: all of the HTML documents, Java bindings, OMG IDL bindings, and in school essay, ECMA Script bindings are generated from a single set of write sets XML source files. [local archive copy] See the my experiences in school, Production Notes for details. [July 1999] Updated Shakespeare XML documents, from Jon Bosak. See: shakespeare.2.00.xml.zip, and shaks200.zip. Also: religion.2.00.xml.zip and 25 best contest, rel200.zip. Note 2001-01: URLs are now Four Religious Works '(1958896-byte zip file, http://metalab.unc.edu/bosak/xml/eg/rel200.zip)' and The Plays of Shakespeare '(2195143-byte zip file, http://metalab.unc.edu/bosak/xml/eg/shaks200.zip)'; I do not know if these are identical version 2 document sets. [October 12, 1998] See above.
Jon Bosak (Sun Microystems)) announced the availabilty of my experiences essay a major revision to the XML-tagged religion set. The collection includes a group of four religious works (The Old Testament, The New Testament, The Quran, and how to, The Book of Mormon) marked up for electronic publication from publicly available sources. The texts were originally marked up (1992) as an exercise in SGML DTD and style sheet design, and in essay, 1996 were released along with a companion Shakespeare set as the how to write problem, earliest examples of real documents marked up in XML. The current distribution conforms to the XML 1.0 Recommendation released February 8, 1998. Verse numbers for the referencing systems are now generated by style sheets, which are included in the distribution.
These texts are used as benchmarks for XML parsers by some developers. Source: http://metalab.unc.edu/pub/sun-info/standards/xml/eg/rel200.zip; [local archive copy]. Sample XML documents with DTDs ( e.g. , Bible, Shakespeare), for the benefit of anyone developing XML tools; provided by Jon Bosak. See the updated announcement of January 30, 1998. [See also the earlier announcement for other details.] Example XML documents in Japanese are available. They are encoded in my experiences essay, UTF-16 (big endian and that really was the last essay, little endian), UTF-8, iso-2022-jp, shift_jis, and euc-jp. One document is the translation of the XML PR, and it will soon be replaced with that of the XML recommendation. . . From Murata Makoto. [local archive copy/snapshot, 19980603] [April 09, 1999] xmlTree. - a list of sites and resources which offer data according to XML formatting rules collected by James Carlyle.
[February 18, 2000] We have approximately 160,000 XML documents indexed in the GoXML XML Search Engine. Many of my experiences these are in XML with XSL format. THe url is: www.goxml.com. We believe it is the largest repository of XML (and subsequently XSL) documents on the Internet. Resume Chief! Grab a copy of Microsoft's IE 5.+ and essay, have a blast. [Duane Nickull; Fri, 18 Feb 2000] XML served by police the Sun Microsystems corporate document server, docs.sun.com . The docs.sun.com service from my experiences in school essay, Sun stores information in a compiled SGML format and essay, can deliver either XML or HTML data dynamically, according to requests from my experiences, a client. See, for example, the docs.sun.com XML documents for display with Mozilla source: TocView.xml and disability.xml. Essay! [See also the database entry for the docs.sun AnswerBook Documentation.] [January 19, 1998] W3C NOTE Name Spaces in in school essay, XML: NOTE-xml-names in XML format from W3C; [local archive copy] [March 06, 1998] Sample chapters 'in XML format' from Richard Light's book, Presenting XML . How To Problem Sets! Presented on the companion Web site. [October 06, 1998] XML test data from Simon North's book Presenting XML , available from the Macmillan Web site. The author says: The material was written in Author/Editor using the TEI-lite DTD (freely available on the Web) and converted to Microsoft Word, via RTF, for printing using jade. The XML and HTML code was created from the SGML sources.
The text is copyright, of course, but for experimentation it's got a very rich mix of elements (including copious CDATA sections). [XML-L 6 Oct 1998] [December 07, 1998] XML release of the TEI Lite DTD (personal work, from Patrice Bonhomme, not an official release of the TEI Lite.) See also reference to work on preparation of an XML Version of the full TEI DTD. [October 05, 1997] XML Scenarios, sponsored by Microsoft and participating companies. This part of the Web site features a collection of articles that describe how industry leaders are using XML-based applications today to increase sales and my experiences in school essay, productivity, improve customer satisfaction, and lower costs. The companies represented are top ISVs who have built XML-based, three-tier Web applications. Each brief scenario demonstrates the sets, solution to a real business problem. It includes: 1) the specific business problem that was impacting mission-critical processes; 2) the role XML played in the solution; and 3) a discussion of how the problem was solved through the use of specific XML-based tools, with a behind-the-scenes look at exactly how the software components handled a typical user scenario. As of October 5, 1998, nine articles were available. [January 27, 1998] XML Auction Demo from essay, Microsoft. [January 25, 1998] XML Weather Station Demo - part of XML Online from moms essay contest, insideDHTML. University of Oregon Virtual Laboratory, serving HTML from the XML source.
Behind what you see, there is a Java servlet based on Lark that pumps out in school HTML. The applets at this site have been programmed by Sean Russell. [December 13, 1997] James Clark's test suite of files for XML processors. The collection of XML test cases in the ZIP archive contains 141 [now 164] small files that (in my view) fail to be well-formed XML documents, and should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to report a fatal error. See: ftp://ftp.jclark.com/pub/test/xmltest.zip. Updated December 13, 1997 to bring the test suite into alignment with the Proposed Recommendation of 1997-12-08. OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee (under the OASIS Technical Committe) will be working on an XML Conformance Test Methodology, etc.
Contact G. Ken Holman for additional information, and research paper, see the dedicated entry. For online WF checking via HTML-forms, see above: well-formedness checking of my experiences in school documents by how to problem URL and by pasted-up text. Provided by Tim Bray (Lark, XML.com) and James Clark (XP, WebTechs). XML Conferences, Seminars, Workshops. Since XML is a subset of SGML, most 'SGML' and events now prominently feature XML. The Conferences section of the SGML/XML Web Page contains the full entries, often with pointers to conference reports or proceedings volumes.
Summary information for special XML events is in school essay provided below. XML '99. December 6 - 9, 1999. Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA. XML One - The International Users Conference. Increasing Your Productivity with XML. 25 Best Essay Contest! May 24 - 27, 1999. Austin Marriott at the Capital, Austin, Texas. XML Europe '99. April 26 - 30, 1999.
Granada, Spain. XML/SGML '99 Sweden. March 16-17, 1999 in in school, Stockholm, Sweden. XTech '99. XML Application Developers Conference XIO Expo March 7 - 11, 1999. San Jose Convention Center, California. Markup Technologies Conference. November 19 - 20, 1998. Lead Ins Research Paper! Chicago, Illinois, USA. . . .technical issues relating to the design, development, and deployment of a variety of markup technologies including but not limited to SGML, XML, HyTime, and DSSSL. XML '98.
November 15 - 18, 1998. Chicago, Illinois. TAG '98. November 4 - 6, 1998. My Experiences In School Essay! Washington, D.C. SGML/XML BeLux '98 Conference. Fifth Annual Conference on the Practical Use of that really was the last essay *ML.
October 21, 1998 - Antwerp, Belgium. SGML, XML, and Databases. Tuesday, October 20, 1998. The Brunei Gallery Lecture Theatre, School of my experiences essay Oriental and ins research paper, African Studies (SOAS), Russell Square, London. SGML/XML Asia-Pacific '98. October 12 - 15, 1998. Sydney, Australia and Tokyo, Japan. SGML/XML Japan '98. September 30 - October 3, 1998. Nippon Convention Center, Makuhari Messe, Chiba, Japan.
XML World Conference and Exposition. September 14 - 17, 1998. Palais des Congrès de Hull, 200 Promenade de Portage, Ottawa/Hull, Québec, Canada. XML-seminar 98 Göteborg. September 8 - 9, 1998. At the Novotel in Gothenburg, Sweden.
A two-day XML workshop and my experiences in school, seminar, sponsored by the Swedish Chapter of the International SGML Users' Group. Seybold San Francisco/Publishing '98. How To! August 30 - September 4, 1998. Moscone Convention Center, San Francisco, CA. With XML Day. Metastructures 1998 Conference. August 17 - 19, 1998. Le Sheraton Hotel, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
Proposals for the XML-related metastructures, such as XLink, XPointers, Resource Description Format, SMIL, and XML-EDI, are welcome. My Experiences! . . SGML/XML Europe '98. From Theory to New Practices. May 17 - 21, 1998. Hotel Sofitel - Forum Rive Gauche, Paris, France. W3C Workshop - Shaping the Future of HTML. May 4 - 5, 1998. San Francisco Airport Hyatt Regency, California. Several position papers address XML, architectural forms, and practice essay, related matters. Electronic Publishing '98. The Seventh International Conference on in school essay, Electronic Publishing, Document Manipulation and to writing research, Typography. April 1 - 4, 1998.
Palais des Congrès, Saint Malo, France. Tutorials on SGML, XML, DSSSL, XSL, TEI-SGML. My Experiences In School! Conference presentations on SGML. SGML UK. March 31, 1998. Putting on the Style! - DSSSL, CSS, XSL, . Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon. Academic Essay! Slide sets and in school, sample stylesheets (CSS, XSL, DSSSL) are available from some of the presentations. XML Developers Day within XML: The Conference (1998).
Enabling Intelligent Content on the Web. March 23 - 27, 1998. Seattle, Washington. 25 Best! The 'XML Developers Day' in this conference, chaired by Jon Bosak, is on my experiences essay, March 27, 1998. Proposals for paper XML DevDay should be sent to Jon Bosak, W3C XML WG Chair. See the XML DevDay Call for in school essay Presentations, and the XML Developers' Day, Preliminary Schedule. Seybold Seminars New York / Publishing '98. Event and Exposition, March 16 - 20, 1998. Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, New York NY.
Includes XML Xposed and XML Tutorials. Documation '98 West. Exposition The Document Software Conference. March 10 - 12, 1998. Santa Clara Convention Center. Santa Clara, California.
See the separate document which extracts the relevant listing of XML/XSL sessions. INRIA XML Workshop. The Potential of XML for Web-based Applications. October 23 - 24, 1997. INRIA Sophia Antipolis, (Nice), France. SGML UK October Meeting: The eXtensible Markup Language (XML). October 23, 1997. Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon, UK. Published agenda. Other details in the announcement from Francis Cave (Pira International), to whom inquiries should be directed. Seybold San Francisco '97.
September 29 - October 3, 1997. Mosconi Center, San Francisco, CA. The conference included an resume police XML tutorial, XML tools survey, and a dedicated XML session, XML: Publishing on the Web Just Got Easier. SGML Open for my experiences essay Business. Lead Ins Research! September 17, 1997. Clarion Hotel, Millbrae, California. [management and implementation information on SGML and XML. ] XML Developers Day. August 21, 1997. Montreal, Canada.
In connection with the my experiences in school, 1997 International Conference on 25 best essay contest, the Application of HyTime. Note also that Tim Bray will offer an XML Tutorial on Sunday and Monday, August 17-18 as part of the my experiences, HyTime/XML/DSSSL tutorials programme. European Conference on XML. Moms Essay! XML Ready for Prime Time? London, UK. April 22, 1997. WWW '97: Sixth International World Wide Web Conference.
April 7 - 12, 1997. Santa Clara Convention Centre, Santa Clara, California, USA. GCA XML Conference: XML SGML INTRANET. The New Publishing Business Case: XML, SGML, and the Intranet. March 10 - 12, 1997. The Mission Valley Marriott, San Diego, California. XML: Demos and Miscellaneous Uncategorized. A separate document contains references to in school essay, XML-related sites or documents for which I have had insufficient time to make investigation, or which are evidently tangential. Readers are invited to send email re: appropriate disposition.
Some are [or will become] serious applications; others may be interesting demos; others may be clearly experiments and 'just for fun'. XML: Of (Possible) Historical Interest. A separate document contains references to early draft versions of XML-related proposals, and was the last essay, so forth. My Experiences! 'Early' means about 1996-1997. It's not a maintained collection of links, but you might find what you're looking for. . That Was The Last Essay! .
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My Experiences In School Essay - …
What The Top Consulting Firms Look For in Resumes #038; CVs. Even if you have already secured your interviews, you should still read this article, because it explains why you were selected, what biases the my experiences essay firms have, and what areas of lead ins research paper concerns the firms may have that they will likely test you on during the in-person interview. In other words, what follows is an explanation of how the consulting firms think about recruiting new consultants. Once you understand this psychology, it makes everything the firms do very predictable . Keep in mind, these resume tips apply only to strategy consulting firms (as opposed to IT or HR consulting firms) such as McKinsey, Boston Consulting Group (BCG), Bain, AT Kearney, LEK, etc. In addition, my comments are largely true regardless of which level position you are applying to (analyst, associate, APD, experienced hire, etc..) To start, let me dispel one myth: Resume Format.
Many people obsess over how the resume is formatted. The truth is the words on in school the resume matter more than font size, columns, or margins. Simple example, if I see a resume that has the wrong margins but the resume says, Harvard University, #1 in Class, Physics (okay, I'm not even sure if Harvard ranks or has a physics degree). I will notice the that straw resume. So the my experiences in school first big takeaway is this: WHAT you say matters more than how you FORMAT what you say. In screening resumes, I have seen dozens if not hundreds of chief formats. In School Essay? Many different formats can work. The most important thing is the major accomplishments are easy to read. Here is ins research, what the big firms are looking for: 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. 2) Academic Performance (GPA)
3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math. 4) Evidence of Leadership and People Skills. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) Keep in my experiences in school mind, these are resume criteria for ALL levels of consulting, not just post-college roles. Let me explain WHY each one is problem, important. 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. To be blunt, the top consulting firms are school snobs. Essay? They like big brand name educational institutions for the simple fact that it impresses clients. If you're an academic decathlon practice essay, Associate making $150,000 - $200,000 USD per year, your employer is probably billing you out to clients at $600,000 USD/year. That's $50,000 USD/month.
The client is going to essay, want to essay contest, know what and who they are getting for that kind of money. When the answer is John or Jane Doe, who has a BS from Dartmouth, a MD from Yale and MBA from Harvard, clients respond with an Oh wow. that's impressive comment. It makes it easier to get new clients to say yes. Now plenty of people get into in school, the top firms (McKinsey included) that do not have such a perfect ivy pedigree. Write Sets? but if you got it, make sure it is OBVIOUS (it will help a lot). Let me explain the in school thought process of 25 best moms contest some of essay these biases. The thinking is that only super high achievers get into guide to writing research paper, the top schools. and the top firms really like hiring super high achievers. This is not to say that the firms do not hire from non-target schools (they do), but they assume the highest achievers from essay non-target schools will work really hard to contact the firm (generally via networking) -- thus demonstrating their determination.
(There is a lesson here. If you do not have a super pedigree, you'd better be super determined, as evidenced by the amount of effort you put into networking.) In addition, it is very expensive for the firms to do on campus recruiting. So they stick to schools where the that really essay offer rate vs. applicant ratio is in school, high (high being defined as greater than 1%). For example, Stanford (undergrad) is academic, a target school and my year, 400 students applied for full time jobs, 6 offers were extended. and in school essay, this was considered a very successful recruiting ratio by McKinsey). As a point of reference, when I was recruited by McKinsey, I heard a rumor that the academic decathlon firm spent $100,000 USD in recruiting expense to hire ONE Business Analyst. This figure included all billable hours of interviewers and consultants who go to on campus recruiting events as well as hard costs for travel, renting conference rooms, hotels, etc. The recruiters or resume screeners also look for recognizable employer names. It is in school, easier to understand a candidate's accomplishment via the implied credibility of the employer name and it is also easier to convey to clients. It is the same reason everyone wants to work for ins research, MBB - McKinsey, Bain or Boston Consulting Group -- it implies something on your resume that stays with you forever.
To this day, I am known as a Stanford Grad and an Ex-McKinsey Guy. It is how I am introduced formally or informally when I give speeches. It stays with you for a very long time. Let me give you a personal example that helps illustrate the importance of the big brand name on your resume. When I applied for consulting internships in my junior year at Stanford, I got rejected across the board -- not a single interview. The following year, I got interviews with every major consulting firm that I applied to my experiences in school, -- with no exceptions. I got interviews at paper, McKinsey, BCG, Bain, Booz, LEK, AT Kearney, Monitor (since acquired by Deloitte), Oliver Wyman (formerly Mercer), and a few others. (I also got offers from every consulting firm I interviewed with except BCG where I got rejected in round 1, and my experiences essay, Booz when I decided to cancel my final round.) So what did I do in the 12 months that made such a big difference? Well I looked at paper, who got interviews (most were friends of my experiences mine) and tried to figure out why they got interviews.
Their GPAs were identical to sets, mine. Their areas of academic study were identical to my experiences in school, mine. The only thing I noticed was many of them had worked for well known companies the guide to writing paper prior summer, and my experiences in school essay, I had not. I decided to focus on improving the brand name factor on lead ins research my resume in two ways. First, I did an internship at Merrill Lynch during the school year. I worked in in school the evenings doing telemarketing cold calls to wealthy families in Silicon Valley selling tax free investment income opportunities (LOL. I still remember my phone script, I said it so many times). By the way, this was an police, unpaid internship. so I worked for in school, about 4 months every other night making cold calls for Merrill. just so I could put Merrill Lynch on my resume. This decision was very deliberate as almost nobody else my year did an ins research paper, internship during the academic year. Second, I was able to essay, get an internship with a big company (now called ATT) for that summer. So when I applied again my senior year, I now had two big brand name employers on my resume, whereas just 12 months earlier I had none.
As I mentioned earlier, the lead ins research paper following year, I got interviews with every consulting firm I applied to, in large part because of the brand name employers on my resume (I was competing against 400 other Stanford students -- we all had the famous school on the resume so that was not a differentiator). Similarly as a resume screener, many of us would read resumes with a big red marker. Essay? All we would do for hours was skim resumes while circling certain brand names on the resume that jumped out as recognizable or impressive. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) The top firms want to know if you are smart. It helps to put your GPA on your resume. If you do not, they will either 1) ask you for it anyways and write it by hand on your resume after you submit it, or 2) assume it is low and assess your resume accordingly. If your school's grading system is not well understood by others, you should explain the grading scale your school uses. Most US schools use a 4.0 GPA system - perfect marks is a 4.0 GPA out of problem a possible 4.0.
If yours is different or you are applying from one country to my experiences, an office in a different country, then you want to put on your resume some way for resume chief, the reader to interpret your GPA (put your rank or put your %. like top 1% of in school essay class, something along those lines). For applicants coming out of college, many firms will ask for write sets, your transcript to see your specific grades on my experiences specific classes. Academic Decathlon? In particular, they are looking for your grades in quantitative classes. Oftentimes your resume will be read by my experiences in school essay, a recent graduate from your school. So if you went to 25 best, Stanford and took Geology 101, the my experiences essay reader is going to know that you took Rocks for Jocks (the nickname for that class amongst Stanford students) and interpret your grades accordingly. Again there is not a cutoff and the standard will vary by school.
Amongst the top undergraduate institutions, a 3.5 GPA or higher is good enough to practice essay, not get disqualified from the process purely because of GPA. The resume reader will most likely read the rest of your resume before deciding. My GPA at Stanford was 3.5 at the time I applied to in school essay, the major firms. Lead Paper? so nowhere near perfect, but in hindsight it was good enough when combined with other factors to get many interviews. 3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math. Many firms will want to see a standardized test score of some sort - SAT, GRE, GMAT, MCAT, LSAT. Because it is sometimes hard to compare GPAs from one university to in school, another, the standardized test score is an easy way to compare measure of one's math ability. Strong math skills do correlate strongly with the how to problem ability to in school, think in a logical and analytical way -- the preferred thinking style that consulting firms favor enormously.
Since I applied coming out of college, I had only 25 best moms essay contest taken the SAT (the US standardized test high school students take to apply to US colleges) and I had a score of 800 on the math section (800 out of 800). It is in school essay, not necessary to have a perfect score, but certainly the decathlon essay higher the better. There is no absolute cut-off as it depends on the impressiveness of the rest of my experiences in school essay your application. That being said, outperforming 95% of other test takers is was the last, ideal if applying to the top 3 firms. The standard is not as high with other firms.
4) Evidence of Leadership People Skills. Being smart (factors #2 and #3 above) is not enough to do well as a consultant. You also need to be able to work with clients who sometimes do not like you or resent you. So one of the things most firms look for is some evidence of people skills or leadership skills. The firms want to my experiences in school essay, know you can handle a difficult interpersonal situation -- especially any one involving high stress, deadlines, inter-personal conflicts. You will get asked about these kinds of moms essay contest leadership scenarios in your interview.
They also look for it in your resume and consulting cover letters too. If you have these experiences, PUT IT IN THE RESUME. It is a big mistake if you do not. These experiences can include: * Specific experiences at a particular job (especially people-skill type accomplishments that might not normally be valued by other employers in that industry, but would be valued by consulting firms.) The more technical your background, the more important it is to emphasize these leadership and people skills. If you have a PhD in Physics from MIT and have been published 10 times, this is my experiences, no guarantee of an interview. Here's why. With a PhD in Physics from resume police MIT, it is assumed you have the analytical skills to in school, do the police chief quantitative aspect of the my experiences essay consulting job.
But now the firms want to moms, know if you can work with people. or if you are a brilliant but arrogant ass. In your resume or CV, you want to deliberately emphasize team work opportunities, leadership experiences, public speaking experiences, conflict resolution, people management, and team management type experiences. Now if you had a PhD in in school essay Physics but also did sales jobs to pay your bills during school and you were the top producing sales person, that would be intriguing. and clearly someone worth interviewing. In other words, you need to be the OPPOSITE of the stereotype for your area of to writing research academic study. If you are an English major, the in school assumption will be you are good with people but lousy with numbers. On your resume, you need to prove the opposite to ins research paper, be true. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) For applicants of all types (undergrad, post-MBA, experienced hires), the firms are looking for essay, an impressive (career trajectory vs. length of that really last career) ratio. So if you've worked 1 year in your career, they want to see 1 impressive year. If you've worked 10 years, they want to see 10 impressive years.
Things to my experiences, emphasize in describing job experiences: * Emphasize OUTCOMES, not just responsibilities. * When possible, quantify your accomplishments with numbers. * Don't write everything you did on the job, focus on ins research what is most relevant to consulting firms. For example, if you have a very technical degree, really good math test scores, 4 years of in school work experience in a very technical field in a very technical role, it is lead paper, a waste of my experiences space to spend too much time emphasizing your technical accomplishments. Use those bullets to emphasize business results (derived from your technical work), the financial impact, quantify the measurable change in behavior from how to problem sets your work (because of this new system I developed, 8,000 people now get their performance metrics through this system vs. 0 when I started, that sort of in school thing). If you have a liberal arts background, a liberal arts major, lots of to writing extra-curricular activities where you showed you were a people person. in your job descriptions, emphasize how you built a statistical regression analysis and model to forecast prices of Gold in the commodities market. Or became a self-taught software developer in a particular job. So the key message here is this:
Pick your job description bullet points strategically . You don't have space to in school essay, put everything you did, so you must focus on research paper emphasizing those things you want to convey about each job to round out my experiences in school your profile. Another way to balance out which points you choose to emphasize in the bullet points under each job description -- look for the unusual combo. I remember one classmate of guide to writing paper mine who interned at my experiences, Bain. Lead Ins Research Paper? She was an English major, but took several advanced math classes -- well over my head as a Quantitative Economics Major -- and got perfect grades in each of them. That's an unusual combo. Another way to think about it is something one of essay my McKinsey colleagues said to me. We like to 25 best moms essay, hire engineers with people skills. And we like to hire poets who can do math. If you have an unusual combination of skills, be sure that comes through in essay your resume.
Bust the stereotype that you might get type cast in. Thoughts on Resume Formatting. Many different formats work, but a few general common sense rules of thumb apply: * Put your education experiences at decathlon, the top. Make sure the name of the school you went to is easy to read. Whether you've never worked full time or have been in industry 10 years, put the schooling at the top -- it's what resume readers look for my experiences, first, so don't bury it. (If it is buried, it is assumed that the school name must not be impressive.) No matter how long you have been out of school, put a standardized test score in the education section of your resume.
If it is missing, the assumption is it must be low (otherwise you would know to problem, put it). * List your career experiences in chronological order (most recent job at the top, following education) -- make sure employer names are easy to read. * Keep the resume concise -- 1 page for anyone with little work experience, 2 pages max for in school, experienced hires. * Use bullets to save space. Write? Keep the points short and to the point. A good rule of thumb is 2 - 4 bullets per job experience, ideally most bullets being 1 line long. * Make sure the font size is easy to read. Since a size 11 font will vary depending on my experiences in school which font is 25 best moms, used, just make sure the reader can read it. * Make sure to bold all school names and employer names. In School Essay? No need to bold your job titles. Recruiters look at employer name first, job title second.
Emphasize the things that will catch a recruiter's eye first, draw them into reading the resume, and then discovering everything else you have to offer. If you worked for a no name employer, but all your clients were famous. list the client names (possibly bold them too. might be a little over lead ins research paper the top, but at my experiences in school essay, least it will get seen). So if you worked for essay contest, John Doe Consultants. but the client you worked with most was Bill Gates or the founders of Google, say that! This is not resume writing, it is marketing! * Do NOT include everything you ever did in your life. The point of in school essay a resume is NOT to resume chief, write a personal biography. My Experiences? The point is to SELL YOU. The key to how to write, sales in essay any format (resume, cold call, powerpoint, sales meeting) is to essay, just show what the my experiences in school customer, or in this case employer, cares about. * Use language and that straw essay, descriptions that the my experiences in school essay resume reader will understand.
If you did your school work in Spain, but are applying for moms essay contest, a job in Paris, do not assume the recruiter in Paris will know what a 9.5 GPA is. explain it is a 9.5 (out of 10.0) GPA. If you won an equivalent of a Nobel Prize in your field, say won XYZ Award - awarded to 1 person out of 10,000 applicants. These are phrases that any resume reader can understand. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THE AUDIENCE before you write your resume. Do NOT assume they have the sufficient background to appreciate your accomplishments, you need to explain them on your resume. Good luck on my experiences in school essay your recruiting process.
Also keep in straw essay mind that my website has over in school 500 articles, all on the topic of case interviews. If you are looking for more information on a specific topic, just go to: If you found this post useful, I suggest becoming a registered member (it's free) to get access to the materials I used to pass 60 out of 61 case interviews, land 7 job offers, and end up working at McKinsey. Members get access to 6 hours of video tutorials on case interviews, the actual frameworks I used to pass my interviews, and over 500 articles on case interviews. To get access to really was the essay, these free resources, just fill out the form below: Note: All registrations require you to my experiences, confirm your email address.
Please type your email address carefully, entering your email also subscribes you to my Case Secrets Email Newsletter. This article was great Victor! The breakdown and examples were especially useful. I follow your site fervently and resume police, find your insights and in school essay, advice really authentic. I have a few questions if you would be able to give me some advice. I would absolutely love to work at Mckinsey (NYC office, because that is where I am from). I dont plan on applying anytime soon but am trying to lead paper, steer my career strategy towards an eventual move into Consulting. I am currently working for my experiences essay, a fortune 100 engineering company (Deere Co.) as a Product Engineer and am planning to get a Mba from how to write problem one of the top 5 schools. My concern is if I do make it to in school, the one of the ins research schools and then apply for a spot at in school essay, Mckinsey, would my company and Mba school be enough brand naming for moms contest, me to be considered? In regards to in school essay, GPA, my undergraduate GPA was quite low although I still managed to acquire a job at Deere which is consistantly considered a top engineering company. Also I went to a top 10 Engineering school (Purdue University), but not top 3 like MIT.
Would these things be detrimental to my future application? I will have about 3 years of work experience by the time I am ready to start my Mba. I was hoping that if I can secure a high GPA at the top Mba school, then I could use that for guide to writing, my GPA on my experiences in school essay the resume. Lastly I feel that I have great social skills in addition to my analytical prowess due to me being an Engineer. Although I am quite technical I have a varying array of how to problem interests, ranging from in school quantum physics/mathematics to economics to immigrant identity in the western cultures to was the, cultural/social processes of my experiences in school essay thought in eastern cultures compared to academic, western and the art of my experiences essay Comedy. Would any of lead ins research this be relevant to making me stand out as unique?
Im sorry for essay, the obnoxiously long comment lol, but I am hungry for some direction in my endeavor to get back home with the great prestige and opportunity of working for Mckinsey and am trying to get the best strategy to do so. Thanks for academic decathlon essay, all the help so far. Short answer: When you have a Harvard MBA, a lot is forgiven or forgotten. If you have a top 5 mba and essay, do well, have a strong GMAT score, a less competitive pre-mba can be compensated for. Yes, it is 25 best moms, noticed — but if the in school overall trajectory of your resume is strongly upwards, it can be a compensating factor. It might not be enough to get into really essay, the top 3 firms, but certainly the rest of the top 10 is a definite possibility. The GMAT score will be crucial for you. The interpretation you want the reader to have is 1) smart enough to have gone to harvard for my experiences essay, undergrad, but for whatever reason the opportunity didn’t exist for this person at problem, that time. In terms of the my experiences in school low undegrad gpa at a non target school, the interpretation you hope for is the person was smart, but lazy as an undergrad… and for a variety of reasons, got serious and write sets, the more recent accomplishments and test scores reflect being smart with the work ethic.
You don’t want the undergrad gpa to in school essay, be interpreted as that was the best the 25 best contest person could have done. My Experiences Essay? The person worked as hard as possible and the maximum performance the person’s intellect was capable of was the low gpa. Now if that happens to be true, it will most likely be reflected in a gmat score in a range similar to decathlon practice essay, the undergrad gpa. But if the my experiences essay GMAT score is substantially higher than the undergrad GPA and the mba GPA is 25 best essay contest, excellent, the my experiences interpretation (which they will never public admit) is the moms essay contest person was smart but lazy in in school college. Problem? (Or smart but suffered from illness while in college, or had some family tragedy, or some other non-intellect factor) Action Items: GMAT 720+, get into my experiences essay, top 5 mba, graduate at top 20% of your class. This is great! But do I have no real chance at ins research paper, the top three firms, even if I accomplish the essay said action items? I have become very keen on write problem being able to my experiences, work at guide to writing, Mckinsey and in school, from many of the stories I have read on your site it seems that people who have not gone to target schools as undergrad were still able to work at the top 3 firms. I was under the ins research paper impression that if I worked hard enough with all the my experiences in school material and advice you provide and also network well at one of the top 5 Mba programs, that I would have a fighting chance.
I mean I know that nothing is definite, but your opinion as a former Mck interviewer is obviously very potent and relevant. If my future application with all the things I am trying to accomplish is still by to writing research, your standards not up to par, I have to in school essay, respect that. I know you always say that anything could happen and to police chief, find my own way is key but knowing your experience as a resume screener and interviewer, I can’t help but re-evaluate. Still, I do intend on trying and striving towards a spot at the top and if it doesn’t happen then I will still have all my accomplishments to fall back on. Anything you can give me so to bolster my future candidacy would be of immense worth and my experiences in school, focus, this is the path I have set out and my determination to guide to writing research, go to Mck is absolute.
Thanks Victor for the direction, I will fervently strive to one day be on in school essay your success stories section. Hi Victor! As an police, undergraduate student applying for consulting internships for my experiences in school, next summer, I found this article incredibly helpful. Research? I have one question about the standardized test scores – I have 5’s on both Calculus AP tests and both the my experiences essay language and 25 best contest, literature AP tests. My Experiences In School? These scores are better than my SAT scores in that really was the straw essay math and critical reasoning – would it be acceptable to use my AP scores on my resume for the standardized test section? Hey Victor, I have been reading your articles all summer and they are super insightful! Question: Would any of the firms hire someone with a B.A. majoring in Biology and English who is medical school bound? I am going to medical school September 2015, and have a gap year. I ultimately want to work in a place like McKinsey after pursuing an MD and getting some clinical experience. How should I proceed?
Do you have any advice on moving from IT/HR consulting to Strategy consulting? Outside of going back to get an MBA or other advanced degree, I’ve heard the paths are extremely limited. I have an in school, undergrad degree in aeronautical engineering from an overseas university with a 7.00/10.00 GPA, and I’m currently working on paper my Master’s in Aerospace Engineering at Penn State University. My GPA will only be around 3 when I’m done, however I have 710/800 in in school Quants and decathlon practice essay, 700/800 in Verbal from my SAT in in school essay senior year of lead ins research paper high school. I also have 800/800 in Quants and 740/800 in Verbal on the GRE when I applied to grad school. Essay? I have realized only after coming to grad school that engineering isn’t what I really want. Paper? I have pretty good critical thinking and analytical skills. And I have been told my communication skills are very good too. I have been thinking hard about consulting over the past several months and I think consulting would be a great fit for me.
What do you think are my chances of getting a top 10 company to give me an interview shot with the above criteria? What else besides the GRE and SAT scores would I need to offset that bad GPA? I’m looking to attack all other areas of my experiences my profile as much as possible so I would really appreciate your feedback on lead paper this. My Experiences Essay? Thanks! Thank you for this great site too! Helpful and insightful article. Police Chief? You have answered all my questions. I have fired blanks all the time with Consulting companies though I considered myself well suited – Executive management experience more than 15 years management and project management experiences, two masters degree – one cum laude from private college in my home country. Re-reading your article suggest, i have no chance in in school essay hell in was the last essay landing that consulting career with a big consulting house.
What a pity. Should post-college graduates abridge resume to my experiences, 1 page? In terms of resume length, the rough rule of thumb is one page per write, decade of post college work experience. I am working as a procurement research analyst in in school essay a start up company in problem sets India. The company I work for my experiences in school, is 8 years old but all our clients are billion dollar global companies including the academic practice essay fortune 500 companies. Essay? I have 3 years work experience after an MBA from a state level top b-school.
I am aiming at the big 4. Do I have a chance? Resume might not be as impressive as Harvard but I will give my best in the interview. My question is am I even in academic practice essay the race? It’s hard to my experiences in school essay, tell. The easiest test is to look at other graduates for your business school to see if any are working at the too 4 consulting firms. Just wanted to guide to writing, give you some Kudos for that helpful article. Greetings from Germany, I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in essay the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. I moved into IT through a scholarship by NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. I’ve been admitted in police chief SBS (Oxford) for a MBA.
What are my chances of working with one of the my experiences essay top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and non-branded background rule me out as a candidate? Hey Victor, I’m an undergrad at resume, berkeleys business school but the problem is I transferred from community college. In School Essay? Berkeleys undergrad biz school is super hard to get into, about essay, 6% Acceptancce rate. If I do well at berkeley will any of the top consulting firms even give me a chance? Please feel free to be honest. Essay? Thanks. By itself, I don’t think it is a deal killer. But, you will have to do well at Cal and realistically better than you normally would if you went their directly from high school. My college roommate at Stanford was a community college transfer. He was a Stanford Computer Science major with a 4.0 GPA — needless to lead paper, say nobody cared how he got into Stanford, only how he performed as he left.
Incidentally, the “story” you want to imply (assuming it is true) is my experiences in school essay, that you went to community college to save money (which most consider an acceptable reason to go) but were qualified to attend an elite university (and your high gpa at the elite university is indicative of your ability to perform at a high level). The “I couldn’t afford it” is 25 best, a much more acceptable “excuse” than “I wasn’t ‘smart’ enough to get in”. It would help to have a super high SAT, GMAT or GRE score too. Thank so much for my experiences in school, the reply victor. For haas business there is a curved GPA, do you think they will take that into consideration if I don’t have a 4.0? I think I should have a 3.75-3.8 is that ok? That’s pretty good if it’s a STEM (science, technology, engineering or math) type major. Resumes get reviewed on the whole picture.
You don’t need everything to be perfect, but if one thing is low something else on the resume needs to stand out as a compensating factor. So a low GPA with a perfect GRE score might still get considered if a good explanation for that really was the last essay, the low GPA came along with it. A less prestigious school with a #1 rank amongst all students would often still get considered. My consulting resume toolkit includes a dozen or so resume grading calculators. You can find the link somewhere on the website, probably at the top. If everything across the board is poor, that’s a deal breaker. My Experiences In School Essay? If one thing is poor, but the rest exceptional that’s a possibility. If everything is above average, that’s a possibility, etc… Numerous ways to get considered. Also have you ever heard of people getting a job at a top consulting firm (MBB) with a lower GPA? 3.5 or higher is the ins research paper norm, under that would require exceptional circumstances.
I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. I moved into IT through a scholarship by NIH and my experiences in school essay, have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. I’ve been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. What are my chances of resume police chief working with one of the in school essay top three consulting firms? Does a not for guide to writing paper, profit background and non-branded background rule me out as a candidate? The non profit background does not rule you out. The lack of brand is an issue, but can be compensated for.
Oxford is a target school so that is going to be of enormous help for you. The lack of brand employers can be compensated in few different ways. If your prior work achievements were exceptional, that will help. Your performance at Oxford will be heavily scrutinized. I don’t know if they track and publish school rank, but if you were in the top 10% I think you would get interview opportunities. The final compensatory factor would be to network, meet people in the firms you want to target, and my experiences, get them to recommend to their recruiting departments to interview you. The above maximizes your chances of getting the guide research paper interview.
Then you have to perform exceptionally well on the case. It can not just be an my experiences in school essay, marginally acceptable performance (which someone with a stronger background might be able to get away with in the first round), in academic decathlon your case it really needs to be exceptional starting in round 1 to offset the perceived risk of hiring someone without a brand employer background. From an interviewers point of view, it is extremely, extremely difficult to turn down a candidate in round 1 who did exceptionally well. It is VERY hard to do that. If there is a resume issue, the thinking most interviews will do is they will struggle with the decision, and then decide to pass the decision to the round 2 interviewers. I should point out I have received many emails from people with backgrounds with a perceived negative item or two (some much “worse” than yours). They have gotten into the top firms. BUT, and I can’t stress this enough, they were EXTREMELY motivated and probably put 100 – 200 (the highest I’ve ever seen is 300+ hours) hours into case prep and several hundred hours into networking. It can be done, but the “worse” the resume (and I don’t consider your resume bad, the Oxford piece is in school, quite the accomplishment but the academic essay lack of brand employers is a valid issue in the eyes of consulting firms) the harder you just worker AND very importantly the EARLIER you must start.
If possible start 6 and preferably 12 months earlier than when you plan to interview. That is one of the common traits among those who got offers from the top 3 with some kind of disadvantaged resume. Flat out, they wanted the offer badly and in school essay, were willing to put in the effort. Thank you for academic practice essay, your reply. I am probably 7 months away from my experiences starting school and 14-15 months away from interviewing. Academic Practice Essay? What do you recommend I do to get started? I am a slow learner but a hard worker so what should my first step be? Is there a course I can join or should I get started with your videos? Also, I’ve heard the term “networking” thrown around a LOT since I got admitted. Is there a good place to learn networking 101? What should I be doing now to get placed a year later?
Thanks so much. Your reply was very helpful. Do you think regardless of your grades a referral/recommendation from a top employee within the firm can still get you a job within the company? No. It might be possible to essay, get a case interview opportunity based solely on the relationship, but absolutely impossible to get the job offer at ins research, the top few firms without doing well on the case. From the my experiences in school firm’s point of view, there is ENORMOUS risk in putting someone without certain skills in really last straw front of a client. The fear is that one mis-hire could ruin the reputation of the entire firm by saying something really “stupid” (e.g., in my experiences essay the firms’ eyes that would be stating a conclusion that is logically and factually incorrect). When I was a McKinsey consultant, if I made a major error with a client, it will not be described as “Victor made a mistake”, it will be described by the client as “McKinsey screwed up”.
THAT is why the that really straw firms are so intensely focused on the case interview. That are totally paranoid about the scenario I just described. Hey Victor, thanks for letting me know. What books do you recommend for case interviews? Or any tools that would help with acing case interviews? Thanks. I’m a bit biased on in school essay this one. I recommend my own book Case Interview Secrets. For more advanced training, my Look Over my Shoulder program is very effective. It contains recordings of 20+ hours of actual case interviews with candidates with my real time analysis and critique of the candidates performance.
It also specifically compares the differences between poor, average,and exceptional case interview performance so you can see, hear and experience the how to write sets differences between performance levels. Also if you do well in my experiences in school essay your interview (that is really was the straw, if you got an interview through an my experiences in school essay, employee) and how to write problem, your grades aren’t top notch, say maybe a. 3.4-3.5 can you still secure a job at one of the three (MBB)? Yes absolutely. Essay? I had a 3.5 GPA coming out of Stanford. I would really try to get or keep your GPA at 3.5 or higher. It also depends on 25 best moms essay the selectivity of your school.
So a person with a 3.5 GPA from an ivy would get looked at and could get in my experiences essay if they did well on the case. Someone from a top 200 university would be expected to have a higher GPA to compensate for lack of ivy. The same is true if the major is not technical or math oriented. An English major is expected to resume police chief, have a higher GPA than an my experiences, engineer because the ins research bias in consulting is in school essay, that math oriented majors are harder than the liberal arts oriented one. Hi victor, I have an resume police chief, upcoming interview at Bain for my experiences essay, a summer associate intern position but I’m struggling to find the police chief appropriate review and my experiences in school, prep materials. Do you think case in point would be a good place to start? Or is it a bit advanced for academic, a summer intern interview? Do you recommend any additional materials other than your videos (which are awesome btw!!) but I’m just stressing and want to be as prepared as possible. Thanks!! There is very little difference between undergrad intern and MBA level case interviews. The standard is essay, high mainly because clients demand it regardless of whether a consultant is an intent, and undergrad, or a MBA.
Logic is logic. Math is math. Accurate conclusions are accurate conclusions. In terms of resources, I would recommend the resume following listed in increasing order of cost. My free videos and in school essay, email newsletter. My Look Over My Shoulder Program – recordings and resume police, analysis of 20+ case interviews with actual candidates http://www.caseinterview.com/loms. Doing 1:1 practice with a case coach (a former Bain, BCG or McKinsey interviewer) http://www.CaseInterviewCoach.com. In addition I would recommend up to 50 practice interviews with a practice partner. If you don’t have one locally you can search for essay, one at http://www.caseinterviewpartner.com. I would recommend practicing with partners after LOMS and before using case coaching. Oh also sorry I forgot to mention I’m an write sets, undergraduate not an MBA student.
Thanks! Thank you for my experiences essay, the helpful advice. To Writing Research? I have sent an my experiences, online application to Deloitte for their NextGen Leaders program and their minimum GPA requirement is police chief, a 3.2 according to their website. My Experiences In School Essay? I am currently a community college student that will be transferring to a CSU in the fall. Resume Chief? I’m anticipating a 3.4 overall GPA at the time of transfer.
Is that worthy for a community college student that is prior military with no extra curricular work? Any advice or recommendations to help myself stand out? Thank you. I am an my experiences, undergraduate student at ins research, the University of Minnesota majoring in B.S Economics. Essay? I do have internship experiences in equity research, consulting and investment banking. My current GPA is 3.5.
However, I do not think my school brand is well know comparing to those Top schools. Also, two of the internship experiences that I had is from academic China which I think it’s not a big brand for US employer. The other one that I am working ( Consulting Intern) is a small consulting firm in Minneapolis which it is not really well known big brand as well. 1.Is that mean I am in my experiences in school essay really disadvantage situation among those applicants 2. Do you have any recommendation for how to write problem, me to in school, improve my chance of being accept into the firm ? Hi Victor, I have been working in science research / project management for several years, but am now looking to switch into MC. Do you have any advice on additional ways to enhance my resume and training prior to applying?
My education background includes a Masters (science) from moms essay Cambridge. I have also previously started an entrepreneur business venture. If I’ve had a total of 6-7 experiences (including pre-undergrad full time work and college internships). My Experiences? Is it necessary to include everything in my resume? An interviewer (non-US, non-top 50) brought it up during an interview and how to problem, said I should, even if it means exceeding the in school recommended 1 page length. Also, say I am working for a startup that isn’t doing that great and so decide to research, take another job (while still working for the startup), do I need to mention both as my current experience in my resume? What I am trying to understand is if a resume is indeed just a marketing document where you provide only the most relavent information or if its mandatory to in school, list every position you’ve ever held. Just for how to write, full disclosure, I always mention all my work experiences during the interview process itself (I am not really trying to hide anything).
Thanks a ton. Really appreciate the help. I think most people are somewhat split on this decision. I personally see the resume as a marketing document. Everything on there should be accurate, but I personally think it is in school, fine to exclude things that aren’t relevant.
For example, I do some volunteer work at my kids school. I helped them remove weeds from the garden next to the playground. Last Straw Essay? One could argue it is a “job”. But it isn’t relevant to my experiences in school essay, my reader. Depending on your experience level, it’s customary to paper, include coursework you took in school – though not practical to list every course. That’s my personal take.
Again, a number of people will disagree with this point of view. You should make your own decision on this based on what you are comfortable with. First of all, I really appreciate everything you put on the website. All of it is very useful and immensely informative. I d0 have one question that I am curious about.
My resume lists all of the my experiences essay things you listed above: A high GPA while committing over 40 hours a week to coaching/volunteering with various organizations. A big brand name internship as a sophomore, where I did some pretty meaningful things (as meaningful as an intern can do). Plenty of leadership/team experience. How To Write Sets? I haven’t taken a GMAT/SAT ever (took ACT as a sophomore in HS), but feel confident about my ability to do well on them if I were needed to list them. However, I go to my experiences in school, The Ohio State University, which is not exactly prestigious (although it is climbing up the rankings every year… Go Bucks!). What’s the likelihood that my resume hits the trash folder because of the name of the school at the top?
Is there anything I can do to still get an interview opportunity despite my school not being top 10? Lots of 25 best contest networking, I presume? If I don’t get a job because I interview and perform worse than the people they hire, I can sleep easy at night. It’s going to my experiences in school essay, nag at me if I don’t even get a swing at the plate because of my school. Anything you’ve got would really be appreciated. Your assessment of the situation is how to problem sets, fairly accurate.
There is a huge bias against non target schools. Networking is the key and also targeting in your case offices based in in school essay Ohio. You will have an easier time get a chance (though still a long shot) from someone in that really was the last an Ohio office than say New York or Boston. Other than, anticipate getting an informal case interview by phone or over coffee (unannounced) to determine if someone you meet wants to risk their reputation by recommending you for a real interview. In School Essay? You have to nail the case in the interview for the interview. You basically would have to blow them away with your case performance to provide the extra margin of comfort they would need to endorse you despite the last straw non target school on your resume.
Your article is very helpful. So my path is a bit non-traditional since I was previously a pre-med and graduated with a Neuroscience degree at UCLA. However, after a year of deliberation, I have decided to pursue the consulting path, particularly healthcare consulting. I did get an in school essay, 800 in the math portion of the SAT’s and my quantitative skills have always been very strong but I do not have much coursework at UCLA that further demonstrates that. While I am applying to jobs, I have been considering taking some math or analytical courses that will increase my marketability. Do you have any thoughts or suggestions about my approach? All of this is very new to guide to writing, me but your website has been a huge help! Thanks so much and looking forward to your response, From a consulting firms point of my experiences in school essay view, if you got an 800 on the math SAT and presuming your in major gpa in a hard science was pretty good, it’s safe to say you can add, subtract, multiply, divide and guide to writing research paper, calculate a percentage. (Truly that is my experiences in school, 95% of the math used in consulting). If you’ve taken organic chemistry (at my school that was a weeder class for premed) or any of the core science classes that’s sufficient. No need to take math classes unless you want to was the straw, for your own knowledge sake.
If you were going to take more for in school essay, you own benefit, I would recommend an intro statistics class and an intro economics class — both quite useful even outside of really was the essay consulting. Generally 800 math SAT is the end of the assessment as to whether or not this candidate do arithmetic. (at least at my experiences essay, the resume screening portion of the process). If I were screening your resume, I would presume you could do math. I would be curious to see your gpa in neuroscience. Did you excel or did you just get by? UCLA may not be a target school for most firms, so to be considered it would really help if you had a very high gpa from ucla — 3.9 or above ideally. So the lack of ivy is a bigger constraint for your background than lack of a math class on your transcript. Pardon my choice of words (but it reflects how these resume screeners think), are you UCLA average? or are you UCLA exceptional? The former probably not going to get an really last essay, interview, the latter is a definite possibility. At the ivy’s the essay presumption is the 25 best moms essay contest talent pool is my experiences, a higher caliber, so the guide to writing research paper firms will go lower on the gpa scale.
So a 3.5 Harvard is equal if not better than a 3.9 UCLA (as an illustrative example). A 4.0 UCLA in hard sciences, with 800 math SAT + a few interesting experiences with brand name employers on resume that’s worth a resume reader taking a closer look. Thanks so much for your helpful article! I just have a question after reading it: I’m a Stanford undergrad and my experiences in school, have the great brand name, so now I’m wondering how to differentiate myself in how to my extracurriculars. What sorts of extracurriculars do you think would be impressive? I’m currently a chair in student council and am team lead in the Business Association of Stanford Entrepreneurial Students. Are there other areas you’d recommend I get involved in? I’ve also competitively played the piano in high school (performed at Carnegie Hall and won other awards), but I stopped playing in college because I thought that student council and other leadership might be more relevant to consulting recruiting, and essay, that continued involvement with piano might not be as important for consulting. Is this true?
Thank you so much! I think you are somewhat asking the wrong question. Write Problem Sets? What extra curricular activities do you enjoy enough to be really good at? In general firms like activities that are demonstrate inter personal skills through actual achievement in the role. Essay? So a ground sounding extra curricular where you did nothing meaningful doesn’t help you much. If you landed a bunch of great extra curricular titles, but didn’t actually have to interact with anyone in those roles, it will be very obvious at the interview that your inter personal skills seem inconsistent with the interpersonal skills your resume would imply. So pursue meaningful opportunities that give you the opportunity to work with others and get much practice doing so. It’s important to BE good, not just LOOK good.
Also to me it is resume police chief, impressive you played at Carnegie Hall. My Experiences In School Essay? It’s different. Is it directly relevant to consulting? No. Does it stand out as different? Yes.
Consulting firms like people who can achieve things that are hard for the general public to achieve. It shows a track record of focus, commitment, discipline, etc… in many cases the specific field that achievement is in is less important than the academic essay fact that you achieved something difficult to achieve. If you won an Olympic medal, that too would be interesting even if not relevant. The hard part in the resume screening part of the my experiences in school essay process (see my consulting resume toolkit for more specific details and actual resume examples) is you need something that sticks out as different from the crowd. When I was at Stanford, 400 undegrads applied. My guess is 40 or so got 1st round interviews, 6 got offers. Keep in mind many of the 400 didn’t even know what a case interview was. My extra curriculars were being the paper Photo Editor of the my experiences in school Daily and later the guide to writing research yearbook. Hardly directly relevant to consulting, but it was what was interesting to my experiences in school essay, me at the time, I worked 30 hours a week at it, and got to contest, cover some breaking news events (riots/protests, vice presidential candidate announcements, etc..). The range of who gets interviews can be quite wide. Try not to essay, over think it and to game the system.
Instead, focus on developing your skills in your major as well as leadership / people skills that cross majors. Also it doesn’t hurt to do what you enjoy if it means you will put more effort into it and developed greater competence at it. On your resume, DEFINITELY put on the bottom that you played Carnegie Hall. It won’t get you the how to problem interview, but if you are borderline things like that can tip things in essay your favor. How would a MPP or a MA in Regional Studies from Harvard compare to MBA graduates if I am going into consulting after a number of years in government service from a country other than the US? (You mentioned earlier that HBS on resume will likely cause other factors to be forgotten, I assume other Harvard degrees are less prestigious?) Also, I am not sure if you are familiar with Japanese schools but how would you say Kyoto graduates compare with Tokyo grads or Keio grads vs Waseda grads? Are they on par on to writing research paper the prestige factor or are there differences? The MPP ore regional studies from Harvard is less prestigious than the bschool. In School Essay? It also depends what country and office you apply to. If you apply for the Boston office, you have no differentiation. If you apply for the Moscow office, any Harvard is better than no Harvard.
I’m not familiar with the Japanese universities and unfortunately would not be able to comment on that. I am currently an architecture student at one of the top ranked public schools in the US. I have recently come across the ins research paper consulting industry, and, after a lot of research and thought, I have decided that consulting is an industry I would like to go into after graduation. I am wondering what I can do to be able to prepare myself so that my resume is attractive to the Big 3 so that I can secure an interview. I still have 3 years left at school (I am in a 5 year program) and switching majors is not an option at this point. In School Essay? I have a 3.75 GPA, my math SAT was a 740, and resume police, I have held numerous leadership positions. I am currently the president of the School of Architecture council, and I represent our college at in school essay, the University-wide level.
I am also planning on founding a community service program related to architecture this fall. Resume Chief? I have great people skills and was voted Class Favorite and Most Likely to Succeed in high school senior year. What can I do to become more appealing to consulting firm recruits? I have no business background and I am afraid this will hurt me. My Experiences In School Essay? I have looked up many websites to teach myself some business terminology and concepts. There is a business certificate that we can complete along with our major, and I am wondering if this would be worthwhile. Thank you so much, I look forward to hearing back from you.
If your university has a business school or campus clubs than span schools within the university, consider jointing some business or entrepreneurship oriented ones. Yes it hurts you to resume chief, not have some indication of interest in my experiences essay business in your background. Certificates carry very little weight generally. The issue is police chief, two fold: 1) looking like you have interest in a business career, and 2) actually understanding basic business concepts. The first helps you get the interview, the latter to pass it. You can’t be googling every term you here in an interview. It’s just not practical. For the my experiences in school former, consider business oriented activities. For the resume chief latter, start reading Bloomberg Business Week and Fortune magazine. The first for essay, short news articles, that latter for indepth profile articles that go into depth about the academic essay issues of specific companies.
Google any terms or concepts you do not understand. Other options. Take an intro to economics class as an elective, maybe a financial analysis class… Both to add to your knowledge and to indicate interest. Many free classes online on in school essay these topics as well. Hello, I was recently accepted to the No. Lead? 15 US News Business School (UT-Austin) for the Part-Time program. I have 4 years work experience, a 3.3 Undergrad GPA in Aerospace Engineering (Texas AM), currently work as a Software Engineer at Dell, and a 670 GMAT (44Q, 38V). I’ve taken the GMAT once before and my experiences in school, scored a 560 (33Q, 34V), but this time, I really studied hard for the GMAT (Manhattan GMAT). I really want to lead ins research, enter the world of management consulting at in school, one of the police chief Big 4 (not MBB, but Deloitte, PwC, KPMG or EY), and plan to supplement my low GMAT with extracurricular activities (Graduate Consulting Club), networking, and my experiences, planning to switch career trajectories in about a year to a hybrid engineering-finance role at Dell before I graduate.
Should I retake GMAT given my profile?? It’s been weighing heavily on my mind.. Thanks in advance! For MBB you really need over lead ins research paper 700 on the GMAT. Since your goal is Big4, you’re probably in the range at 670. Whether or not to my experiences in school, retake it depends on your opportunity cost and likelihood of really last essay improving the score by in school essay, a significant enough amount to paper, warrant the effort. My sense is retaking the GMAT is probably not a high return on investment activity especially since you said you already studied hard for it. Networking harder will probably be a better use of your time as well as rounding out your resume and skill set with more people-oriented activities. When I see your profile, through Big4 eyes, I can’t help but wonder if I could put you in in school front of a client. If a client says you are wrong and does so in an aggressive or slightly combative way, will you be able to guide research, confidently and respectfully disagree and persuade the client otherwise? If a group of junior clients on your team are bickering, do you have skills to smooth out the situation?
These are the larger questions that pop into my mind based on your profile. I just completed my undergraduate in Business with a top notch school in India( But I am afraid no one outside India would be aware of the my experiences essay prestige on my institution.) I wish to work for 2-3 years, then apply for an ivy league school in USA, after which I aim to eventually get into MBB. Now the that last essay problem is, in India undergraduates are generally not offered good roles. The big firms such as MBB or big 4 only my experiences essay give research related jobs at this stage. And I have a offer for an analyst at a small firm. Its a smaller name, but it is better work and it is 25 best moms contest, easier to get noticed and promoted. Now, in in school order to how to write problem sets, achieve my long term goal of top school + MBB, do you suggest I take the job at the smaller firm but better work, or should I look for a job in the bigger firm but bad work? For cross border careers, people with well known brand name employers on their resume have a major advantage. In School Essay? You have to decide if the benefit out weights the downside of potentially less interesting work.
In addition, it helps to be at peace with your choice even if the straw second step of your career doesn’t work as planned. No easy answers on this one. I’m thinking of pursuing a masters degree in in school management science instead of an that really, MBA; simply because an my experiences essay, MBA is that really essay, longer and I do not want to work for 3 or 5 years before I do my masters. In School Essay? Would this affect my prospects of paper getting a consulting job at any of the MBB companies or any top consulting company? Thanks in advance. Yes. Most likely you would be slotted with the essay post undergrad candidates.
Having a masters with no work experience doesn’t qualify you to lead teams of analysts and client teams consisting of Vice President level professionals. It doesn’t negatively impact your ability to get into the top firms, just the level at how to, which your enter. Does one page CV applies to UK office applicants (from UK university)? I wanted your opinion on a quick question. If I am listing my SAT score on my resume, would it be sufficient to just include the math score? I got an 800 on my experiences in school essay the math but 650 in reading and 730 in writing and I’m not sure if the reading score in particular would raise any kind of red flag (if other applicants’ resumes have for police chief, instance very high Math and reading scores). You should list the in school full score and all the that really last essay sub scores. If you only list one sub score, they will either send it back to you to complete or just reject the app assuming the in school essay others scores are too low. As an really was the, undergrad, I just wanted to ask if there was any real downside to excluding the SAT score. When I had a McKinsey consultant look into my resume (without the SAT score), he made no mention of a SAT score. I actually just graduated from college after this summer semester, and essay, was thinking it might not make sense given I took the really straw essay test about 4-5 years ago and my experiences essay, have already graduated from decathlon practice essay college.
What do you think? Thank you for in school, all your help! Much appreciated! Best case, a recruiter will call you to ask you for your numbers. Worst case, they reject you out right assuming the scores must be poor. The former is likely if everything else looks good on your resume, the latter if everything else isn’t strong. On the job analytical performance is extremely highly correlated with math SAT (GMAT, GRE) scores. Victor, I got already on 25 best contest my resume the big brand companies names but for in school, a short period of time (less than a year).
Would you still suggest to keep the brand companies names on my resume? Generally speaking yes as it looks better than being unemployed. If it is only for 3 months and it is not clearly an internship, then you might want to think twice. Hi. I am a PhD student at Cambridge University, UK. That? I focus on tropical ecology- this is a science based subject which uses extensive statistical modelling. Prior to this I completed an MPhil in Environmental Sciences from in school Oxford Uni (with a 2.1) and a General Engineering degree. I will finish my PhD in resume late 2016.
I would like to my experiences in school essay, work in consulting and specifically target McKinsey. My background is pretty quantitative- perhap not as quantitative as aeronautical engineering but much more quant then liberal arts. Write Problem Sets? I have not done internships ( owing to my experiences essay, visa issues) but I have done fieldwork all over research SE Asia and built useful links. I have several peer reviewed publications to my name. Should I try to my experiences in school essay, gun for McKinsey?
Your background seems similar to the background of other McKinsey consultants coming out of a PhD in Europe. I don’t know the UK grading system, so I can’t comment on your marks. Everything else seems comparable and I would encourage you to apply. Also the level of math used in lead paper consulting 90% of the time involves adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, and calculating percentages. McK looks for in school essay, quantitative backgrounds not because the math is chief, difficult but rather because those with quantitative backgrounds think in my experiences a particular way that’s very useful in police consulting. I first wanted to comment on the number of posts you have replied to. My Experiences Essay? I’m really surprised you get back to so many people! That’s awesome and greatly appreciated. My first question is whether or not accounting is considered a quantitative enough background for consulting? I see most applicants are in engineering, science, economics, etc.
I have excellent grades and a Master’s in guide research paper Accounting but I wasn’t sure if this was an in school essay, automatic deal breaker. Although I have high grades, leadership, and internship experience, the school I attend has a very clear reputation as a “party school” and is not a target of really any consulting firms (Syracuse University). Moms Essay? Could work experience possibly compensate for this and essay, make me a more viable candidate in the future? Thank you so much for your help! Your school will be a bigger issue than your major. Accounting isn’t considered an lead paper, exceptionally quantifiable field from the consulting firms point of view. If you had strong standardized test scores, it would be fine. Networking can compensate for a non target school, a slightly below average GPA, or some other weakness is a candidates application, but it can’t compensate for more than one weak spot in most cases. I’d say the top 3 would most likely be out of in school essay reach for 25 best essay contest, you. The rest of the in school top 10 would be a stretch (depending on your overall application) if you networked a lot and did a ton of moms essay contest case prep (several hundred hours between the two activities). My consulting resume toolkit has a resume scoring calculator to estimate the likelihood of your resume getting an interview.
For networking advice, do a search on the site for “networking” and “non-target school” as there are several success stories from others that you can learn from. Thanks for all the useful information. In School? I am looking to that really was the last essay, break away from science and start a career in consulting. I have a BS in psychology from my experiences in school essay Michigan State with a 3.95 gpa, and am currently working on a PhD in academic neuroscience from Penn State College of Medicine (3.5 gpa). 730/800 quantitative on gre (no sat – got started at community college). What are my options and what firms should I be targeting? Should I try for an internship while I still have time?
I obtained a PhD from MIT Aerospace but my GRE was not the highest when I initially applied (Q700/800). How much do you think this will work against me when applying to MBB? Should I re-take the GRE just for boosting the numbers? Or should I just focus on polishing my well-earned analytical skills and networking? A PhD in Aerospace from MIT qualifies you do add, subtract, multiply, divide, and calculate percentages which is 90% of the math used in consulting. At this point, I wouldn’t worry about the GRE score. Make contacts via networking. If you are in a post doc, focus on publishing if that’s a possibility for my experiences, you. The general rule of thumb is firms want to see an upward sloping career trajectory. You inspired me a lot.
Thank you so much for providing very detailed information about the dos’ in a Resume. I am a Master’s student (Industrial Engineering) at 25 best contest, UIUC. My Experiences In School? I am looking for moms contest, summer internship in my experiences in school essay consulting firms. I graduated from Government College in India. I have couple of leadership experiences and internship experiences in lead ins research paper non-consulting background. My GRE quant score is 159/160(78 percentile) and Analytical Writing Score is 4.5/6.0. In my undergrad, I was in the top 7% of the class.
What can I do to in school essay, have a career in consulting? Most of your articles mentioned consulting career for undergrads, MBA and PhD students. What is the scope for decathlon essay, a Master’s student like me? I recently got an email from our graduate coordinator about my experiences, internship opportunities in Mckinsey. Could you please suggest the points I should emphasize in how to write my Resume? Do I stand a chance to be considered for the internship? P. S: Thanks much for your book.
I just got that and it is awesome! Thanks for all the great comments. I’m wondering if MBB is a possibility for me- I graduated with a 3.3 gpa from Emory and majored in Economics/Math. My Experiences In School? I got a 720 on the GMAT and worked 3 years doing business analytics at police chief, a top retailer with 1 promotion. I just joined the Peace Corps to in school, gain some international/volunteer experience and plan on attending a top 15 MBA program after. For MBB I am concerned about my undergraduate GPA but would definitely welcome the 25 best essay contest opportunity to work in an international office if that helps my chances. Realistically, MBB is out of reach with that GPA especially from in school essay a non target school. The GPA expectations internationally are often higher, so unfortunately that doesn’t help either.
I would suggest targeting the academic decathlon practice essay next two tiers of firms. I will be attending either LBS/Insead/Kellogg for my MBA next fall and essay, was wondering if you could help provide some feedback/guidance on getting into MBB. My background is: 700 gmat, 3.44/4.0 at how to write, a US state school, 4 years working in in school sales marketing roles. Does MBB have minimum gmat requirements? Also if I am unable to secure a consulting internship, are there any other actions I can take to help transition into management consulting? Greatly appreciate any suggestions you have. Write Problem Sets? Thanks. Thanks for your guidance. I am PhD candidate in biotechnology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, GPA :3.9/4.
GRE: 800/800 in my experiences in school Quant. 25 Best Essay Contest? (May 2015, expected graduation) I have worked extensively with various teams, contributed toward 5 publications. Lead on 3 projects for first author publications in my experiences reputed peer-reviewed journal. Filed 2 patent applications. Also won 2nd place in business plan event to commercialize our technology. But since my university is not as reputed as ivy league schools, I was not sure if I can make this transition to strategy consulting. Also I do not have an how to write sets, MBA or other formal business degree. Please advise if I should focus on the top firms or next tiers?
Any suggestions from you would be highly helpful. Thanks a lot, Best Regards,Ruchir Mundra. Thank you for your great articles. I am wondering if MBB is in school, out of reach because I have not yet taken GRE or GMAT even though I have a high GPA and am finishing up my PhD at a top Canadian university. Not necessarily. The purpose of the GMAT and that, GRE is to have some numerical measure of my experiences in school essay analytical skills that can be compared across candidates. If your university and program are well known, and its analytical rigor well understood, it may be sufficient.
McKinsey may ask you to take the research paper McKinsey Problem Solving Test — a kind of consulting version of the essay GMAT to contest, test your quantitative abilities. If you have a high GPA and a school the MBB firms recognize as a target school and in school essay, your PhD is in a technical field, the lack of a GRE wouldn’t be a deal breaker. I’ve recently applied to MBB for summer internships and how to write problem sets, I didn’t even get an interview! I was pretty surprised because I thought I had most of essay what was required on this article. I have a little under a 3.8 GPA from an practice essay, Ivy, and I’m a double major in the hard sciences. I have a 750+ Math SAT. Essay? I have extracurriculars on campus that show leadership. The particular one I’m in is very time consuming and maybe that wasn’t enough just to have one? I have experience in a research lab and I networked with some people who I knew from the firm (some other people I know who had lower GPA didn’t network at all and still got an interview at one of the resume chief firms). I don’t know where I went wrong! Do you have any thoughts?
It’s impossible to know for sure. At the my experiences in school end of the that was the straw essay day, a human being makes the decision and they are not 100% predictable. My best guess in in school no particular order: 1) resume was not formatted in ideal way such that your vitals stats were actually noticed in the first 5 seconds / the bullet points didn’t use the research optimal phrasing of your extra curricular or work experiences. 2) your cover letter looked just like everybody else / didn’t highlight your vitals in the first paragraph / didn’t name drop any big brand names / didn’t reference people you met at the firm you applied to. 3) your networking wasn’t strong enough such that someone you met informally endorsed you behind the scenes. For what it’s worth, I didn’t get any internship interviews either my junior year. I have been using your resources (including Resume ToolKit) for some time found it very useful. Thanks for the great service you are doing. I’m a PhD candidate in a Top Australian University and I’m planning to apply for BCG, Bain, and Accenture firms in Australia.
1. What are the my experiences differences (if there are any) in Resume and Cover letter preparation for Australian consulting firms compared to USA confirms ? 2. Can I mention about my PhD in that was the straw two sections of the Resume : Education section as an academic qualification and Experience section as a demonstration of problem solving and analytical skills. For a PhD you can use a full length academic PhD including all publications (no page limit on in school CV) or resume. In a resume, you can list it twice but avoid making it redundant. In experience you might focus on your research or teaching duties, in education on dates of police attendance relevant test scores in my experiences essay your country and the like. I am currently pursuing my Masters of Science degree in Information Technology from the Hong Kong University of 25 best moms essay Science and Technology. My Experiences Essay? In the guide to writing research preceding to my enrollment at my experiences essay, HKUST, I worked as a consultant analyst with IBM in India. I am now planning to resume, apply to a few management consulting firms (KPMG, Bain) since I graduate in a few months time. I have a weak GPA ( 3.5/4) and scored 320/340 on my experiences in school essay the GRE. What are my chances of landing an interview at essay, the aforementioned firms?
Also, I will be applying to IBM for my experiences essay, a management consulting post. To Writing Research Paper? Will my prior experience of working with them in India put me in a better position than other candidates inspite of in school my relatively inferior academic performance? Hi Viktor, thanks for the great article. I agree that all these factors make the results quite predictable. On the other hand side a big plus is always personality; whenever you can transmit that it gives you a great impact…
I loved your article!! I have a question though. To Writing Research Paper? You have advised us to put people and leadership skills on in school our resume and said that skills related to lead ins research paper, conflict resolution and in school, team management help. Moms Essay Contest? I have such experiences on-job, but don’t know how to in school, put them on resume. I can’t exactly say that I resolved a conflict between A and B and thus helped the that really was the straw essay project in X way. My Experiences In School? Please advice on how to put such experiences on resume.
Use words like manager, work with colleagues, team member, etc… Use words that describe how you interact with people in general. This is especially the guide paper case if your job title tends to imply you stare at a computer all day and don’t normally interact with people. Hi Victor! I come from a Canadian university studying undergrad Mathematics at a top university in Canada. My GPA system uses percentage. What does 3.5 translate to around? Of course it’s different everywhere but I was curious about the standards. I thought 3.5 was like a B+? Anyways my program is very difficult, and I went through a rough year getting a 61% average. In School? However in 2nd and 3rd year, I’ve been getting a 90% average.
My gpa currently is paper, a high 70 and I’ve been doing various internships in the finance industry. Will I have a chance at MBB. I am sure if I get the interview I can make the cut, it’s just I’m worried about my GPA and my experiences, don’t know how to 25 best moms essay contest, compare since I am canadian student. I’d probably work in MBB firms in toronto if picked. I’m wondering how realistic getting a job at a top consulting company would be for me.
I’ll graduate from Clemson University in May with a B.S. in Economics and a B.A. in French and International Trade. I have a 3.63 GPA and a summer internship at VCE with their Business Process Group. I received a 720 on the math portion of the SAT and was thinking of taking the GMAT in the fall. Do you think there’s hope? For a top 3 firm, I’d say no chance without a top 5 MBA. For the in school essay rest of the top 10, I’d says it’s a maybe. Best bet would be the write problem sets strategy arm of a former accounting firm with a local office near your school where alumni from my experiences your school work there. If there are alumni there, it’s possible. I suggest getting on linkedin and doing a search between your school and that was the last, those firms. If you find some, then you would want to network your way into those forms. My Experiences In School? I have a networking guide available somewhere on how to problem this site that explains how.
With only a standard resume and cover letter to the recruiting department, I think you application would not pass the keyword filter. Your strongest asset is the math SAT score. A similar score on gmat would be confirmatory evidence. The issue is Clemson is not a target school for most firms. But if you can find an alum working there that will get your application considered, that would be enormously helpful. I think top 11-25 and boutiques would be your best bet. Boutiques are small 10-100 person firms usually started by a partner from a top 10 firm that went out on my experiences in school essay his or her own. They typically have one office, in only one city, and focus on a single industry. I’m a PhD candidate at Johns Hopkins University. My undergraduate gpa is 3.9 (from a good university in China). But my graduate gpa is somehow low ( 3.3).
Will this be a major burden when applying for consulting positions? I have a good list of that really last straw essay publications, but not sure if it is important to the employers. Did you get an interview invite or the 3.3 GPS did not cut it? Hi, I am a prospect Oxford MBA candidate. Essay? But my GMAT is slightly on the lower side (Q45 V35). I want to work in Strategy consulting. 25 Best Contest? What are my chances to break into firms such as LEK or AT Kearney or Deloitte? Do you think my GMAT is my experiences in school essay, still low for these firms?
1) You mentioned that having a big-name company on your resume greatly improves your chances of getting interviewed. Is that the case even when the position you held has nothing to resume, do with business or consulting? I’m a Computer Science major, currently pursuing my undergrad, and am aiming for a big-name tech company (Google, Apple, Facebook, etc.) internship next summer. In School Essay? Is an internship like that likely to chief, help me in getting a consulting position post-graduation, or should I try to get some more business-related experience in in school instead? 2) Standardized Tests. Sometimes when I read about consulting I get confused on what’s expected of those applying post-undergrad, as it seems like most material is written for MBA’s. Do firms (specifically big 3 firms) look for standardized tests from 25 best moms undergrads?
If so, does it make a difference whether they take the GMAT or GRE? 1) Yes a big brand name employer in a non business role is desirable. It’s not your business experience they want. In School Essay? They can teach you that. They want to hire someone who has been vetted by someone else and been determined to be exceptional in their field (regardless of the field). 2) More important you score high than which standardized test. GRE, GMAT, SAT, LSAT, or MCAT all fine. I have three years of work experience consulting for last essay, a non-profit and a year for the World Bank. In School? I have MPhil in Econ from Cambridge, 3.96 CGPA in practice my undergrad and 800 on essay my Math GRE score. 25 Best Contest? Do you think my profile is strong enough for McKinsey? Short answer is: yes.
I seem to have different circumstances than most on here. I was a cop in the military for in school, 12 years. Chief? I was in a leadership position, managing people and projects. I earned a bachelor’s in my experiences in school Business Administration while I was in, with a GPA of 3.4, from essay a cheap online school. In School? The military stressed a degree, but they didn’t care where from. Write Problem Sets? I’ve begun looking for a second career and have become obsessed with consulting. I don’t have any delusions of grandeur. Essay? I don’t think that I will ever get a chance to be a part of MBB. However, what are my chances, realistically, with a firm like Deloitte, or PWC? 1. I have been a telecom consultant – technical and decathlon, strategy related for 10 years now – working for the biggest operators and vendors over 3 different continents. I am 33 years old.
Do you think its wise for me to essay, pursue a career at management consultant at this age? I just did my MBA (Distance Learning) from Warwick., 2. Essay Contest? I was interested to buy your consulting resume package. Do you think it will be beneficial for my experiences in school, me, considering I am going to apply for a ‘experienced position’? And is LOMS aimed to help experienced candidates like me?
Ok, thats 3 questions! Most of the questions asked focus on people with MBAs and PhDs but I was wondering how consulting companies looked at degrees like MDs/DOs? I am currently a medical student and was wondering what the process would look like for me/what would you look for a medical candidate who was curious about a career in consulting. Firms, McKinsey especially, do hire MD types. They are great with health care clients. Process is similar as PhD recruiting process generally. Expectations and qualification criteria are similar. I really appreciate your time with us. Your comments are invaluable.
I was curious how excellent is required by BA of top 5. I feel a lot of students have even much better experiences than mine. 25 Best Moms Essay? I don’t really have a “check-able” big name on my resume. – Ivy/ GPA 3.7/ Master/ Not business or engineering major/ GRE V85%+ Q95% – three internships in major government agencies in NYC/ – did well in finance econ market analyses engineer classes. – thesis using four coding and analyses tools. – founder of three non-profit organizations during and after undergrad. – some athlete experience 10 years ago… Do you consider it a weak one or any advice for me? Thanks Victor!
Based on my experiences your background, I think you’d be considered at to writing research, a top 3 firm. Be sure your GRE Q score is prominent on your resume. Shows you can do math even if math isn’t necessarily associated with your major or masters area of study. They might question why you want to work in business given your government and non-profit experience. You’d want to be prepared to answer that question. I am part time MBA candidate @ Kelley school of business. Got good career progression compare to proportionate length of my career and have strong alma matter like Michigan Tech, Cummins, Kelley school of Business and currently working as Manager in Google. However, No GMAT – Would that be an issue for MBB application in future? Do you have an my experiences essay, SAT score?
The math score would be important. There’s an enormously high correlation between those with a 95%tile math standardized test score and those who get promoted at McKinsey (and other top 3 firms) after 2 years. I’ve seen it myself, those with high math scores are able to follow the logic of the work. If you didn’t, and they really liked you, they’d have you take one of their own internal math tests. But given the academic non ivy background, my guess is if the math score wasn’t there, they wouldn’t bother with the extra effort to my experiences in school essay, get a standardized math read on your abilities. I didn’t have SAT score but I scored 780/800 in GRE Quant section. Do you think GRE Quant score can help?
Yes a GRE quant score would be perfectly acceptable as well. A 780 GRE quant is inline with other people at the top firms. Definitely include the research score on your resume. I have read through all the my experiences essay comments, and there is academic decathlon practice essay, no-one in my situation… Flawless academic record (1st in my entire country!!), 800 Math SAT, Yale University, Computer Science major, went to work for in school essay, a French consultancy… in 1999.
I spent some years working for the consultancy, then became technical director of a start-up, then took a few years off to raise a family (of academic superstars!). I also travelled the world running half-marathons in a dozen different countries, speak several languages, and am a Cordon Bleu certified pastry chef. But I know I am not exactly a top consulting firm profile. Contest? I wouldn’t even consider it, but a close family member is in school essay, a successful McKinsey consultant and honestly believes the role is PERFECT for me. I have a reputation as a genius… but I’m afraid it’s outdated, and possibly wiped out completely by the time off to raise the to writing research family. What do you think? Is there an age limit?
And what about a long gap in work experience (but surely raising a family is a valid reason?)? No age limit. Your background is my experiences essay, interesting. Problem Sets? You would need to explain why consulting fits into your career plans at my experiences, this particular moment in time. If your GPA at Yale was high, I would definitely put that on guide to writing research your resume. The story you want to convey is you were the kind of candidate McKinsey would have interviewed upon graduating from my experiences essay college, and now they’re getting another chance. You would want to acknowledge your more recent background is a bit atypical, explain how it would benefit the firm and its clients, and resume, also explain how if you got the job you would stay for some time. The concern would be you would be dabbler and not take consulting seriously. If your GPA were strong and you could provide reasonable answers to the above questions, I would select your resume for interview. I currently studying Mechanical Engineering at essay, UC Berkeley.
Would you consider UC Berkeley for engineering (a top 3) an equivalent to the Ivy brand recognition you talk about, for really was the last essay, someone studying engineering? I am applying to the Next Generation Women Leaders Program at McKinsey. I know this is my experiences essay, not an internship opportunity but I am only a Sophomore so I am trying to get one for next year. Is a 1960 score on the SAT too low – should I not list it on to writing research paper my resume? I am wondering if they care for essay, these types of guide research paper programs (they do not ask on the application), I do not want to put it on if they think it would be too low and am unsure if they would ask. Since it’s not an actual job application, if they don’t request your score, it’s fine to leave it out. A 1960 score on the SAT would likely be considered low by McKinsey standards.
When you apply, you will need to included your score. If you don’t, an administrative recruiter will to ask you for your scores before your resume is ever read by a decision maker. However, a good GPA in management/finance does not make you good with numbers or smart with numbers. I have taken many finance courses and my experiences in school essay, it is academic, nothing compared to what math people do. In management, everything you nee to my experiences essay, know is in a book, or in past finals, past midterms. You memorize and apply, and you don’t need to understand the decathlon practice essay real logic behind all the elements in a formula.
Thank you very much. The resources you’ve provided are invaluable. I’ll be applying as a advanced degree holder to consulting firms (aiming for top 10) this cycle and am considering re-taking some standardized tests. I have a BA Physics from UC Berkeley (3.60 GPA) and will be applying as Engineering PhD graduate from essay UCLA (3.62 GPA). What do you think my GRE and SAT scores should be if I am to stand a chance for the top 10? Thanks again for everything. For top 3 firms, anything over write problem sets 95% percentile is clearly sufficient. Over 90% percentile is often acceptable if the in school essay rest of the package is academic practice, strong. If there’s a math break out to the standardized test, they’re looking for 95%+. If you’re already over 90%, probably not worth re-taking the test.
A better use of your time would be to network and make contacts within your target firms. Better ROI on your time. For rest of top 10 firms, you can probably drop those “cut-offs” (they aren’t hard and fast cut offs), by 5% – 15% depending on the firm and where there in the top 10. Thanks for this article – it’s been really useful for me. I realised after reading it my CV was lacking experience with a “big name” employer, so I pursued these opportunities. In School? I’ve been offered an internship at Taylor Wimpey (UK’s biggest house builder, FTSE100), but it’s in health and safety (the job description makes it sound pretty unimpressive) I’m unsure whether it will improve my CV for strategy consulting purposes. The alternative would be to stay on at the CSR consultancy I currently work for: we have some well-known FTSE100 clients, but there’s not much room for promotion/new responsibilities in 25 best contest the company. Any advice you have would be appreciated. By the way, I’m based in the UK and planning to apply for graduate roles there in September. Neither situation seems ideally suited on my experiences in school the basis of being a stepping stone to strategy consulting. You might consider making the decision based on other factors or if time permits look for a third option.
Thank you very much for your advice. I appreciate you taking the how to write time to answer. In School? That sounds like a good plan. I would like to know your feedback on my special case. I am an American citizen that lived in Lebanon for almost my entire life, and I studied Mechanical Engineering at the American University of Beirut. I would like to know what firms do you think would consider me for an interview, the following is a brief profile description. Cumulative GPA: 3.15. GPA during the last 2 semesters: 3.67. Experiences: Research assistant at the University of Houston, and an intern for that really was the straw, a local boutique consultancy firm.
Extracurricular activities: President of the Engineering Student Society, varsity player in 2 sports, student representative.. I have a question about my poor SAT scores. My Experiences In School Essay? I did poorly on my SAT with total composite of 1800+ and math 710(which is on the boarder line). Lead Ins Research Paper? This year, I successfully transferred to an Ivy League school through an engineering program and I’m going to my experiences essay, be a raising junior this academic with a relative good college GPA. I’m very interested in going into Consulting/IB(Capital Markets), especially MBB and the bulge bracket. I recognized that my low SAT score may hinder my path in the future, do you recommend me taking it again soon? This is a tough one. Essay Contest? Your math SAT is good enough for a resume reader to read the in school rest of your resume. The other part of the ins research paper SAT is low. My hesitation is it takes a lot of my experiences time to make meaningful improvements in your scores.
If you think you might be going to graduate school or b-school, you might consider taking the GRE or GMAT instead. I’d like at the relative weights of guide paper those tests math vs all else and my experiences, see if the structure of the test fits better with your strengths. If your career plan involves taking the GMAT at lead, some point in time, it’s an easier decision to take it a little earlier than you otherwise would. It’s harder to my experiences, justify retaking a test you have no use for other than a single bullet point on ins research your resume. I am an essay, advanced degree candidate (Ph.D) and straw, I am hoping to move into my experiences in school, management consulting in one of MBBs. Decathlon Practice? My issue currently is that I did not have to in school essay, take a standardized test for my Ph.D. in engineering program in a top 15 graduate schools. Practice? Is having standardized test results a requirement for my application? Do you suggest that I take either the my experiences in school GMAT or GRE so that I can have a standardized test score on my resume? or focus my energy on case studies? Thank you so much.
Did you ever take the SAT or ACT? If so, use that. Otherwise, I would check the McKinsey website and potentially call the on problem sets campus recruiting coordinator and in school essay, ask your question. I don’t think it’s worth taking those tests if you can avoid it. Most likely if McKinsey has concerns, they would have you take the McKinsey Problem Solving Test to get a read on your quantitative skills.
I’m unclear on how other firms would handle it. Basically you need some way to objectively prove you can think logically (and math test performance is to writing research paper, a good proxy for this school, but not the my experiences in school essay only one). If you’re PhD is in mathematics that would be one alternative. If you’re a teach assistant in how to write some kind of math or statistics class that would be another. If you’ve won any awards and can show your percentile rank, that would be another.
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1984 Theme Essays and Research Papers. 1984 Discussion Questions 1. The world within which Winston lives is replete with contradictions. For example a, major tenet of the Party's . philosophy is that War is Peace. Similarly, the in school essay Ministry of Love serves as, what we would consider, a department of war. What role do these contradictions serve on a grand scale? Discuss other contradictions inherent in the Party's philosophy.
What role does contradiction serve within the framework of Doublethink? How does Doublethink satisfy the needs of The. 1984 , Big Brother , Darkness at Noon 1069 Words | 3 Pages. Critique: Ned Kelly and Sergeant Kennedy, and the Significance of the Murders at Stringybark Creek. In this essay, I will critically evaluate the article by Hugh Morgan entitled ‘Ned Kelly and Sergeant Kennedy and the Significance of the Murders at academic decathlon, Stringy . My Experiences In School Essay. Bark Creek, Quadrant, 28 (December, 1984 ). The events that occurred at Stringy Bark Creek are very significant as it has several profound impact on the local society at that time. The text seems to associate what Morgan does as a respectable figure in how to write, the business world with the my experiences activities of Ned Kelly. The author does this by referencing a. 1984 , Australian Labor Party , BHP Billiton 900 Words | 3 Pages. this is how media influences society as it leaves a large impact on the individuals. Media has been considered by Ciony C. Gonzales as the most dominant . art form . How To Problem Sets. ( 1984 , 9) as it has an innate power to engage and affect the total person.
It leaves a compelling and lasting impact on essay both the conscious and subconscious (Gonzales, 1984 , 9). Though media informs and educates, it also corrupts and exploits, leading it to contribute to the moral degradation of society. Media's role in society is to inform. 1911 , 1913 , 1917 1882 Words | 5 Pages. about the kinds of arguments about this subject that interest you. One of the best ways to do this is guide, through the Question at Issue. Write a paragraph . containing three main points: (1) Discuss the themes and topics you’ve found interesting so far in our readings, (2) pose a Question at Issue about these themes that you think you might want to write about for your essay, and (3) explore what the in school possible answers to resume, the Q@I might be. ?Enthymeme – submit the my experiences in school essay enthymeme on which you intend to write your. 1945 , 1947 , 1961 849 Words | 3 Pages. Themes in A Good Man Is Hard to Find' Derek Mathis English Comp II Mrs. Urioste October 15, 2012 Themes Authors use many themes in short stories. In Flannery . O’Connor’s, “A Good Man Is Hard to academic decathlon practice essay, Find”, the story has themes that are a universal truths that can withstand the test of time. “A Good Man Is Hard to Find” is Flannery’s most popular piece that she wrote.
The themes in my experiences in school, the story are life’s battle with what good really is, life’s battle with religion, and life’s battle with society and class. First, life’s battle with. A Good Man Is Hard to Find , Flannery O'Connor , Misfit stream 1028 Words | 3 Pages. Guide To Writing Research. Compare Contrast High School College. relevant from the irrelevant R. To understand how to use the syllabus and budget your time on a daily, weekly, and semester-long basis Program Outcomes: A. . My Experiences In School Essay. To attain a solid level of cultural/historical literacy. To possess knowledge of the key patterns, themes , events, and resume police chief, figures of the past, across the entire socio-cultural spectrum B. To be able to evaluate how the past relates to the present C. To utilize evidence from the past and my experiences essay, the present to 25 best moms essay contest, formulate and support constructive arguments in both. 1964 , 1968 , 1976 1154 Words | 4 Pages. Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in in school essay, a literary work. Motifs are recurring structures, contrasts, and literary . devices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes . Academic Essay. The major themes are these: Theme of justice Theme of Madness Theme of Good versus evil Theme of Vision and Blindness Theme of suffering But the other themes which helped in these themes to my experiences in school, progress are these: Authority versus Chaos Reconciliation Betrayal Themes of Age.
Edmund , King Lear , Shakespearean tragedies 1894 Words | 6 Pages. XXX strategic plan; 2004-2007: Not much guidance regarding IT direction and governance within the two versions of the strategic plan. Wonder how seriously . XXX has viewed its information technology as an asset to be protected? 15th April: XXX, Themes of moms contest Organisational review, Draft report memo. The organisational review discusses IT and makes no mention of a governance plan. XXX Strategic Corporate Plan; 2004-2007.
The corporate plan indicates concern for unplanned system downtime and talks in. 1942 , 1945 , 1961 1946 Words | 7 Pages. Essay. Miners’ Strike Exam Questions 1) You can learn from Source A about the role of women in the miners' strike that women wanted to have a movement to . support the miners and academic practice, their families in the UK miners’ strike of 1984 –85. The movement is recognised with bringing feminist ideas into practice in an industrial argument and empowering women to take a public role in a community with a male-dominated society. Essay. They showed this by their participation in enforcing the law to to writing research, change rights of my experiences in school which miners. 1984 , Adolf Hitler , Arthur Scargill 1099 Words | 3 Pages. Universial Themes in The Return of the Native and Great Expectation.
Universial Themes in paper, The Return of the Native and Great Expectations Classic novels usually share in the aspect of universal . themes which touch people through out the ages. My Experiences. All types of audiences can relate to and understand these underlying ideas. Victorian novels such as Thomas Hardy's The Return of the how to write sets Native and Charles Dickens' Great Expectations are examples of my experiences in school literary classics that have universal themes . Hardy's tale illustrates the role of chance in paper, his characters lives. Through. Abel Magwitch , Charles Dickens , Great Expectations 1261 Words | 4 Pages. the complex and dynamic nature of soil) Week 14 (24 – 28 November) No lecture, but discussion sections will meet as scheduled Monday . through Wednesday. My Experiences Essay. MODULE 7: “The Future” The final module revisits the major themes of the course, from the perspective of how they might be affected by guide to writing changes already underway, or predicted in in school essay, the foreseeable future. Both threats and prospects are examined, from the possibility of a global pandemic to the implications of to writing paper genetic. 1946 , 1967 , 1969 353 Words | 3 Pages. Winston Smith and Julia, the protagonists from George Orwell's dystopian novel 1984 , were brought together by their hate of the society in . My Experiences In School Essay. which they lived. Their relationship, which budded throughout the middle third of the novel, brought to light many interesting contrasts between the rebels.
They were equal opposites, with different skills, priorities and tactics. Because of this, they complemented each other and learned from moms essay contest each other, which served to strengthen and prolong their relationship. 1984 , Darkness at my experiences in school essay, Noon , Ingsoc 1244 Words | 4 Pages. Lead Paper. Eerie Themes of Gothic Writing - an Analysis of Edgar Allen Poe's T. In the history of literature, there have always been different themes and genres of writing. But few have been as different or unique as that . My Experiences In School. of the gothic literature. Academic. Of all the gothic authors of history, few writing has captured the mind and plunged it into the depths of fear as that of Edgar Allen Poe. Poe's The Cask of Amontillado, is a story that shows us how deadly being prideful can be.
Themes of dishonour, revenge and questionable justice all come together in this story. In this. Catacombs , Edgar Allan Poe , Fiction 1152 Words | 3 Pages. How is the theme good vs evil explored by Isobelle Carmody in in school essay, the book The Gathering? The book The Gathering by Isobelle Carmody explored the theme of Good VS Evil in such an police, intricate manner that every aspect of the my experiences in school essay text, . the characters, themes and resume chief, her own message portrayal, all become involved. This means that the reader can understand the plot of the book, and will be able to clearly read the message being revealed by my experiences in school essay the three main aspects of research it. Other minor things, such as the title of the book itself, contribute to the feelings of the reader, all of which are designed by. Emotion , Feeling , Form of the Good 1367 Words | 4 Pages. Beethoven’s 9th Symphony Movement 1 Analysis. easier to recognize as it is always preceded by A_0, the introductory phrase. Moreover, A_1 is the most easily recognizable theme inthe first . movement; it emerges out of A_0 and is loudly played by the entire orchestra inunison. Although not all of A is homophonic, the melodic line is always clear throughoutthis section.
In fact, Beethoven clearly wants to impress this theme in our memories. In School Essay. Not only does he make it loud and clear, he also repeats it, with slight modifications the second time. . Exposition , Key , Melody 809 Words | 3 Pages. this essay, “The Rocking Horse Winner” and “The Lottery” are compared and contrasted. Their different themes and different characters have some . Really Was The Last Straw. similarities. The things the characters do and want ultimately brings them to their very own downfall. Throughout this essay, I talk about how these characters are just like every ordinary person and how our society is well represented by the different themes in each of my experiences these stories. One character is cruel and self-centered and to writing paper, all of that leads to her own. A Story , Difference , Irony 1209 Words | 4 Pages. Importance of Minor Characters in Shakespear. the themes of the play.
Many of the in school themes of the play, including decay and corruption, revenge, and appearance vs. reality, are . outlined through the really last straw description and progression of the my experiences secondary characters. Shakespeare creates minor characters Ophelia, the ghost and Polonius to play a very crucial role in chief, Hamlet as they shape the thematic elements of the play. The character of in school essay Ophelia plays the role of Hamlet’s love interest and is easily manipulated by her family; portraying various themes of. Characters in Hamlet , Genre , Gertrude 855 Words | 3 Pages. ?Midterm Study Sheet The midterm will draw on the following major themes we have discussed so far during the ins research course. As you study, please . consider not only my experiences essay each individual theme , but also the ways in lead, which these themes may be related to one another.
Essay questions will be drawn from these themes , but may ask you to relate two or more of them within the same question. My Experiences. The best answers will synthesize thematic material we have discussed in lecture with specific details from both lecture and. 19th century , Boxing , Culture 891 Words | 3 Pages. conversations. He attempted to capture the kids in an effort to resume, get a reward. My Experiences. -what are the that really was the three central themes of The Chrysalids and how . do they relate to todays society. -what are three life lessons that you've learned from the text The three central themes of The Chrysalids are discrimination, religion and The book is mainly about my experiences, discrimination and power Discrimination is a theme because The Chrysalids is mainly about chief, discrimination.
David lives in constant fear that his secret of telepathy. In School Essay. David , Discrimination , Islam 2188 Words | 6 Pages. time. Police. Two major styles, Rococo and Neoclassical varied in similarities and differences such as theme , style, and whether the artist was . My Experiences Essay. influenced politically or philosophical. It’s true that Rococo was taken by how to write sets storm over night at my experiences essay, the dawn of Neoclassical. However both of the styles suited it’s era from the carefree life styles of the aristocracy to the inner nature of the people of the revolution. Theme in art is basically concepts covered in the artists work. Rococo spanned over the first to three. 18th century , Ancient Greece , Antoine Watteau 1120 Words | 3 Pages. hard work and to writing research, the trouble they went to they can finally relax now. After solving the case they go out to drink and enjoy the night. It is all over my experiences, now.| . Paper. THEME : Write a theme statement for my experiences, this book. Remember that a theme must be stated in a complete sentence.
Theme is the message the author hopes to convey to readers.| I believe the theme of the story is “if you put your mind set to something you can accomplish it as long as you do not give up”| Explain in what way the book has changed your. Problem Sets. Character , Fiction , Predicate 1062 Words | 3 Pages. In this essay, I am going to write about the themes and techniques in the Nunnery scene in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet. My Experiences In School Essay. All of the . points I am going to cover have been expressed through different mediums for example in film and televised dramatic plays where the concept of Hamlet’s anger or use of resume nunnery is perceived to be different through artistic licence and my experiences, also I will talk about the themes raised during the scene like corruption, deception, passion and betrayal Throughout. To Writing Research Paper. Characters in Hamlet , Gertrude , Hamlet 1554 Words | 4 Pages. women, a priest and his brother or many more people.
There are 3 major themes in The Messenger each theme linked to essay, the author . Markus Zusak due to the context of the really was the essay novel. The themes are loneliness, violence and a fear of love. The ways in my experiences in school essay, which the context of The Messenger shapes meaning and influences themes is through his background, heritage life. BODY PARAGRAPH 1 Loneliness is a major theme in Zusak‘s The Messenger; this theme in portrayed in the characters of paper Milla, Audrey Ed. The loneliness. Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis , Love , Markus Zusak 803 Words | 3 Pages. literary devices/elements of fiction in essay, order to create and support a central theme . In order to succeed in this task, you must narrow down a . theme statement. Theme Statements vs. Concepts Death is a concept, NOT a theme statement. Belief is a concept, not a theme statement.
Be careful you don’t use a one or two word concept as a theme . “People will go to incredibly lengths to try to defeat death,” is a specific theme statement. It talks about a tendency that humans have, and incorporates the resume chief idea. Essay , Fiction , Five paragraph essay 1994 Words | 4 Pages. The Memory Keeper’s Daughter Essay “We cannot understand the my experiences in school essay themes of a novel without a full grasp of the issues within its setting in a . Really Last Straw Essay. particular time and place.” Too what extent do you agree with this view? Respond to this question with close reference to one or more novels you have studied. In the extended written text ‘The Memory Keeper’s Daughter’ by Kim Edwards, we are presented with themes that contain issues which are related to the setting in my experiences in school, a particular time and place. Resume Police. All elements. In School Essay. Character , Fiction , Literary theory 1814 Words | 5 Pages. uncanniness.
This is not the only theme that is displayed throughout the story, the others being “eyes”, as well as women being created as . Academic Decathlon Practice. objects, and it is these themes that stand out in the reading and continue to in school, add to the uncanniness of the story. The main focus of the story is on the aunt and write problem sets, her fixation of making dolls as gifts for her nieces. The only problem with this is the aunt continues to create the dolls as lifelike as possible. In School Essay. A common theme throughout the year is humans creating. 2007 albums , Bobblehead , Debut albums 1162 Words | 3 Pages. what you have gleaned from the text; – And how you have reacted to the themes and the details of the text. Literary Analysis Essay • How do . we write them? – There are many ways…aspects. This is the beuty of literature! and no single correct one as long as you prove your point and built your argument on evidence, implication, elaboration , analysis of the text . – You will be given a question or proposition regarding a theme or aspect of the text. Moms Essay. – Some examples of my experiences in school essay questions include: • How does.
Aesthetics , Essay , Genre 565 Words | 10 Pages. end, they have a festival, everyone gets laid, and they sing a song. There are many themes in Lysistrata. Obviously, it's a comedy with it's . Lead. farce and satire. However, there are underlying serious themes , as well.
In my personal opinion, Aristophanes was trying to convey his beliefs about war through his entertainment in a way that would get people to actually pay attention. My Experiences In School. Two of the main underlying themes in chief, the play are that war does not result in good things and that there is strength in numbers. 2000 albums , Aristophanes , Comedy 1188 Words | 3 Pages. using a part of it. 7. My Experiences. Lyrical Like singing. Often used to how to write, describe music with the in school capacity to decathlon practice essay, express great emotion. 8. Motive A short . musical idea that is elaborated upon. It may consist of just a few notes or be a part of a larger theme . 9. Musical aesthetics A philosophical approach to in school, the idea of beauty in music. 10. Musical parameters Ways to measure the elements of chief music.
11. Music cognition Research dealing with the essential mental processes involved in. In School Essay. Melody , Motif , Music 392 Words | 3 Pages. Guide Research Paper. This novel is about the my experiences in school upbringing and changes that a young girl goes through. In the first six chapters of the novel, Zee Edgell introduces the . themes of death, success, maturity and change, with change, being the major theme that is developed throughout the novel and is related to academic decathlon, many of the other themes in my experiences, one way or another. To portray these themes , the author uses a range of techniques to arouse and maintain the interest of the reader. Beka deals with death at a young age. Death was introduced. Belize , Chapters , Failure 1013 Words | 3 Pages.
Irony in “Good Country People” Flannery O’Connor uses characterization, and the themes of that straw essay good versus evil and the psychological and . physical problems of the characters, to create irony in the story. The characterization of both Mrs. Hopewell and my experiences, Joy/Hulga creates irony, which begins with their names. Then the theme of good versus evil, demonstrated by the belief that country people are “good”, also creates irony. The story is about a farm owner, Mrs. Guide. Hopewell, her only. Disability , Double entendre , Fiction 748 Words | 5 Pages. ?In the poem, “The Summer Day”, by Mary Oliver, there are many examples poetic devices that are extremely effective and help to reinforce the thematic . theme of the poem.
A few that I found to be particularly effective are the examples of metaphors, repetition and irony. The most interesting poetic device found in my experiences in school essay, the poem was the use of extended metaphor. It is evident in lines three to ten: Who made the grasshopper? This grasshopper, I mean – the one who flung herself out resume police of the in school grass. Academy Award for lead, Best Picture , English-language films , Genre 922 Words | 3 Pages. different themes but there are two themes that are consistent throughout the book, death and the power of words. The novel has . Essay. shown the development of Liesel as a citizen in Germany who has a cloudy understanding of death and lead, the power of words in the beginning to a much more matured, knowledgeable view of these themes . There is a relationship between Liesel and the characters that can be portrayed by the connection of death and in school, the power of words ; the demonstration of these two themes are redundant.
English-language films , Human , Markus Zusak 785 Words | 3 Pages. easier to recognize as it is always preceded by A_0, the how to sets introductory phrase.Moreover, A_1 is the most easily recognizable theme in the first . movement; it emerges out of A_0 and is loudly played by the entire orchestra in my experiences in school essay, unison.Although not all of A is homophonic, the melodic line is always clear throughout this section.In fact, Beethoven clearly wants to impress this theme in our memories. Lead Paper. Not only does he make it loud and my experiences essay, clear, he also repeats it, with slight modifications the second time. Melody , Movement , Musical form 838 Words | 3 Pages. American Psycho: Analysis This extract of ‘American Psycho’ conveys most of the wider themes of the text, with similar stylistic techniques . that are seen throughout the novel. Ellis uses a peculiar chapter title with ‘End of the 1980’s’ for this extract and throughout the resume police chief rest of the book. These titles usually relate to the theme of the chapter or the events within it. This extract is named ‘End of the 1980’s’ which is very significant to the wider text. Essay. The entire novel is a dark, satirical.
American Psycho , Bret Easton Ellis , Narrative mode 1192 Words | 3 Pages. Anthem by Ayn Rand In the novel Anthem by Ayn Rand there are many themes . These themes include love, desire, equality, . freedom, and individuality. Most of these themes are all shown by the majority of the characters in the book, especially Equality 7-2521. One can see that the themes of love and individuality are very important in the novel. To Writing Paper. The theme of love is shown between Equality 7-2521 and Liberty 5-3000. The theme of individuality is my experiences, shown by Equality 7-2521. Anthem is a novel. Guide To Writing Research Paper. Ayn Rand , Ayn Rand Institute , Leonard Peikoff 884 Words | 3 Pages. Mendelssohn’s fiction with his usual graceful, elegant jocularity, festive flair.
The first movement does not begin with a double exposition. Topics are . In School Essay. related to the first two parts of how to its lyrical content; timing of the essay main theme of Allegro - excited – is more active, dynamic, theme Andante – is police chief, elegiac and in school essay, passionate at how to write sets, the same time. But if the second part of the whole complex of emotions fit into essay its main musical image, the academic emotional plane of the first part has wider and richer variety of faces. The. Concerto , Felix Mendelssohn , Sonata form 910 Words | 5 Pages. to learn to interpret the themes of my experiences essay a story by analyzing the literary elements of the work. In poetry, readers analyze sound, imagery, and . structure. Guide To Writing. When interpreting fiction, however, readers analyze the point of view, the irony, the plot, the characterization, and the setting to understand the message the author tries to convey. When interpreting an author’s work, a reader must find these literary tools for they will be useful in understanding the ever-important theme of a story. Jane Kenyon’s.
Fiction , Narrative , Narrator 1080 Words | 3 Pages. “The Taming of the Shrew” demonstrates the themes of transformation, social status and culture; furthermore, these themes are . My Experiences In School Essay. also evident in police, the movie “10 things I Hate about You”. This prompts readers to consider if these themes affect their lives today, or are just the ramblings of a long dead writer. In “The Taming of the my experiences in school essay Shrew most of the characters were changed in some sort of of way, which makes transformation one of the most pronounced themes of the story. One of the how to write most dynamic characters. My Experiences. 10 Things I Hate About You , Courtship , Dating 1277 Words | 3 Pages. emotional release that usually drives a song to #1. So let's see what it has that makes people want to hear it over and over. THEME This . song explores an emotion we've all felt: a yearning to decathlon, go back to the place where we grew up, to reconnect with the sense of security or simpler times we once knew, especially when our lives are troubled. There's tremendous appeal in this theme and in school, it's handled well here.
We're right there with the singer as she knocks on the door, talks to the people who live in guide to writing paper, the. Essay. Emotion , Melody , Poetry 766 Words | 3 Pages. Practice. Motifs in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young man The Portrait concentrated on stating themes , arranging apparently transparent words into configuration of utmost symbolic density. For example . during the passage where the director proposes Stephen to enter priesthood , words like the looped cord, the shadow, the skull , twice emphasized waning daylight , cross blind, blind to the cross,blinded by the cross all convey the my experiences in school essay denial of moms essay nature and entrapment for Stephen which the Priest's office represent for Stephen. The central image, the.
Jesus , Theme 1171 Words | 5 Pages. ?The Theme of “The Raven”: Truth Will Come “The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe has a hidden theme in in school essay, the poem. The story is about . a melancholic man who was visited by a raven called Nevermore. When the man heard the raven knocking on his door, he was nervous and last, anxious. However, he could not overcome his curiosity and opened the door. When the raven came in, the man started asking questions to it.
The same answer of the raven to the man’s several questions about his beloved was hardly acceptable. 2000 albums , Edgar Allan Poe , Emotion 912 Words | 3 Pages. After a thorough reading and analysis of the poem, I have found that there co-exists a number of underlying themes and contradicting meanings . within the in school poem; I believe the most plausible and academic essay, recurrent theory is in school, that this poem revolves around the police chief theme of significance, human nature and fear of a looming and impending threat. I have also seen that the themes , tone and meaning of the poem change throughout the poem. At first glance –in its starting lines, 1 to 24- the poem appears to be about nothing. Denotation , Human , Meaning of life 1144 Words | 4 Pages. she will never fully be able to leave Mango Street behind, and decides she will return to help the others she has left. Major themes are . presented right away at the beginning of the novel. Three of the my experiences in school essay most prominent themes introduced in the first chapters are struggling to find true identity, the unfairness of gender roles, and society and class. First of all, a theme that is present in the first section of the novel is the struggle to find one's true identity.
Esperanza explains about her name. Gender , Gender role , Novel 1079 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction In generally, theme park originated in netherlands, there is how to write problem sets, a couple of madura family in my experiences in school, order to memorize the son who . sacrificed in the second world war, and the construction of one hundred and really was the straw essay, twenty small shrink landscapes in 1952. And then the birth of the morden theme park, however, is commonly recognized as occurring with the opening of Disneyland about forty years ago. In the past 40 years, theme park as one of my experiences in school tourist’s destination is rapid expansion all over the world. Growth. Amusement park , Florida , Recreation 1397 Words | 4 Pages.
characterization is the most prevalent component used for the development of themes in Flannery O?Connor?s satirical short story ?Good Country . People.? O?Connor artistically cultivates character development throughout her story as a means of how to problem sets creating multi-level themes that culminate in allegory. Although the themes are independent of each other, the in school characters are not; the development of one character is dependent upon the development of chief another. Each character?s feelings and behavior are influenced. Character , Fiction , Reader 931 Words | 3 Pages. Themes of the Marginalized Culture There are countless genres of literature throughout the world. From fiction, to nonfiction, biographies . and autobiographies, they are all different.
Yet they all share a common purpose which is to convey a message. Some pieces of literature known as autoethnographic texts are written to illustrate the hardships of essay people in contact zones. Contact zones are areas in which two different cultures meet and live in very different ways. This often creates an. Boy , Chicano , Mexican American writers 2363 Words | 7 Pages.
Marketing Research-Theme Restaurant. To Writing Research Paper. Introduction Theme restaurant is a restaurant designed around a particular theme so as the guest can experience unique dining . My Experiences Essay. experience. For example, the toilet theme restaurant in Taipei, Taiwan. It is believed that theme restaurants have become more and decathlon practice, more popular, therefore many people, especially young people will patronize to a theme restaurant to experience the unique ambience while enjoying their meal. Most of theme restaurant are located in Kuala Lumpur and overseas such as Singapore. In School. Food , Jekyll Hyde Club , Restaurant 1547 Words | 5 Pages. How To Sets. Theme in “Howl” “Howl” by Allen Ginsburg has many distinctive themes . My Experiences In School Essay. The most distinctive theme I found in the . poem is lead ins research, that society does not see good people by who they are on the inside, but by how well they conform to my experiences, the norm. Both the lead ins research poem itself and the movie Howl help contribute evidence to this theme . The movie also helped me understand the poem with its images and audio.
Evidence from the text that would allow me to arrive at this theme comes from every section of the poem. The poem. Allen Ginsberg , Form of the Good , Howl 980 Words | 3 Pages. My Experiences Essay. Write a Theme Analysis Essay (5-Paragraphs) The theme is a recurring element throughout literature, movies, and academic, art, which . offers the reader/viewer a deeper meaning, a deeper understanding about fundamental ideas in life, and essay, a moral or life lesson. Essay writing When writing about the theme , the writer should keep in mind that he/she will write an analysis of academic practice a theme that appears in either a text or movie that argues a specific point. My Experiences Essay. The writer's aim in this type of essay is to pick a theme from. Character , Essay , Protagonist 915 Words | 3 Pages. Guide to that was the last, Installing Wordpress Theme. HELLO! FEATURES • • • • • • • • • “Thank you for downloading Velvet Sky Theme . Please follow our simple step-by-step guide for installing . and customizing the theme .” VELVET SKY THEME [PRESTASHOP 184.108.40.206] Velvet Sky is a free e-commerce theme created by DapurPixel. We released it for two platforms: Prestashop and Wordpress.
Velvet Sky has a glamour design that stands out for online store. Essay. This theme is released under Creative Commons. Prestashop 220.127.116.11 compatible Custom homepage 2 columns. Graphical user interface , Menu bar , Module 1130 Words | 6 Pages. Decathlon Practice Essay. Characters And Themes In The Pearl. which a poor pearl diver named Kino finds a pearl the in school size of guide research one that has never been imagined. His experiences with his riches are the main scheme. . Characters and themes are plentiful in The Pearl and are widely discussed among critics. For that reason, this paper will compare, contrast, and assess the criticisms on the characters and themes in The Pearl. In School. In The Pearl, the characters are discussed among critics in a similar opinion. The characters in The Pearl are produced to portray universal types?.
John Steinbeck , La perla , Maria Elena Marques 1587 Words | 5 Pages. Development of Themes In Wuthering Heights, Bronte starts descring her setting by saying,”usually a large mansion or remote castle which is . dark and foreboding: usually isolated from neighbors” (Bonte). Essay. It is my experiences essay, obvious that the the dark and isolated environment described at the beginning of the novel foreshadows the gloomy atmosphere found in the rest of the how to book. Many authors set the tone, setting, or theme by using the first chapter or first few chapters. In The Catcher in the Rye, the opening. My Experiences In School Essay. American Revolutionary War , Debut albums , Introduction 629 Words | 2 Pages. LWUIT 1.1 for Java ME Developers Biswajit Sarkar Chapter No.
10 Using Themes In this package, you will find: A Biography of the . author of the book A preview chapter from the decathlon practice book, Chapter NO.10 Using Themes A synopsis of the book’s content Information on where to buy this book About the Author Biswajit Sarkar is an electrical engineer with a specialization in Programmable Industrial Automation. In School. He has had extensive experience across the entire spectrum of 25 best moms Industrial Automation—from. Bankruptcy in the United States , Computer font , RGB color model 5076 Words | 21 Pages. Hamlet Theme of Appearance vs. Reality. Shakespeare examines the theme of in school appearance and reality in essay, his book-Hamlet. The dilemma of what is real is established at the very beginning . of the play. In School. Hamlet doesn't know what to believe and devises a plan to to writing, find out. The old king Hamlet appears to be bitten by a snake, but in reality he was poisoned, the ghost appears as an apparition, but it's actually real, and the play-with-in-a-play strongly depicts the theme of appearance vs. My Experiences. reality.
The dead King appears to have been bitten. Ghost , Hamlet , King Hamlet 961 Words | 3 Pages. four over 25 best moms contest, line themes in his works. His work Fences, is no exception. In the Marshall Miles Lewis Talks with August Wilson interview, Wilson . claims that themes in the 1900’s were “ultimately about love, honor, duty, betrayal- what I call the Big Themes ” (Lewis 1028). Honor is showed when a son who was mistreated by his father comes back to pay his respect for his father’s death. My Experiences In School. Duty is presented by when a friend must end a friendship in order to keep his marriage strong. The theme love is presented. August Wilson , Fencing , Friendship 1920 Words | 5 Pages. altogether suppressed and chained-down gender role. Women do not have any power, and they are in submission to the men’s desires at all times.
Blanche is . Ins Research Paper. characterized as essentially hopeless without a man, and Mitch dictates their relationship. In School. The major theme for female characters through the production is that they are weak individuals who do not possess the capacity to be worth much more than a reproductive machine and write sets, cook. A Streetcar Named Desire Fantasy is used as a coping mechanism until reality. A Streetcar Named Desire , Blanche DuBois , Metaphysics 2742 Words | 7 Pages. superstition as an in school, important theme in the play. There are many significant themes that come out of the play and write sets, Shakespeare uses . many clever techniques to convey them. Ambition is an important theme and my experiences essay, is shown by foreshadowing and personification, whilst duplicity is conveyed with the use of repetition and irony.
Paradoxes and soliloquys are also used to convey the effect of superstition on Macbeth. All these clever techniques are very effective in demonstrating the main themes of the play, Macbeth. Duncan I of Scotland , Irony , Literary technique 516 Words | 2 Pages. How Does Steinbeck Present Curley's Wife? character, and her personality sums up everything an average woman stood for in the early 20th century. To help us understand Curley’s wife’s position, . Steinbeck uses Thematic Function.
This is when specific themes are suggested through certain adjectives or phrases. How To Problem. In this character’s case, these themes include flirtatious, ridiculous and humble. Curley’s wife is introduced a short while after Curley, which makes sense seeing as her so called name would suggest she is an accessory of sorts belonging. Great Depression , John Steinbeck , Novel 2084 Words | 5 Pages. theme of forgiveness in as you like it. Essay. ?As You Like It. Theme of Forgiveness english final run across as you like it william shakespeares variation as you like it is a play . comprising og numerous interweaving plots and studys. the mind of forgoveness and recinciliation brings the play to a halcyon conclusion. grace is a the-me that has been captured by this play. A bloody terse brings the buddys to reconcile in decathlon essay, the end. In School. Interestingly, the research nappy was bloodied because Orlando fought for his brothers life and prevailed. thus orlandos formal.
Arden, Warwickshire , As You Like It , Forgiveness 1716 Words | 5 Pages.
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Cornel West Essays and Research Papers. ?Woodberry, Hijiri Ms. Bralock American Literature February 13, 2015 Cornel West Cornel . West , Ph.D., is an American philosopher that was born on in school, July 2, 1953. He is involved politically with the Democratic Socialists, and teaches in the Department of Religion and African American Studies. Cornel West is academic practice, sometimes referred as a “non-Marxist socialist” and in school essay, is one of the 25 best moms contest most famous and popular African American intellectuals in the United States. He wrote the bestseller book Race Matters.
African American , Barack Obama , Cornel West 1083 Words | 4 Pages. I found the Cornel West speech rather interesting because of the way that he used his words and his expressions during his . speech. Cornel West is one of the leading African American individuals that appeared in a lot of programs. He used to be a professor in Albert and my experiences, now a professor at Princeton University. That Really Was The! He is controversial because he is outspoken and is very engaged socially. “Getting to know Cornel West has been one of the genuine pleasures of my life,” Gates said. “I have never met a person. African American , Black people , Cornel West 1198 Words | 3 Pages.
Cornel West and my experiences in school essay, Pragmatism Cornel West is the most important philosopher in moms contest . My Experiences! America today. 25 Best! He is a public figure and influences many people. My Experiences Essay! Cornel is a African American born in Tulsa and grew up in Sacramento which heavily influenced who he is today, the city has a heavily populated with black power groups. How To Sets! West being a devout Christian, never joined the my experiences in school essay Black Panthers movement although he did want to. In his early life he praised Malcolm X and the Black Panthers too. He. American philosophy , Cornel West , John Dewey 1705 Words | 5 Pages. Famous Thinkers Sandra M Noel PHL/458 August 31, 2013 Cheron Summers Famous Thinkers “ Cornel Ronald . West was on born June 2, 1953 is an American philosopher, academic, and activist, and author, public intellectual, and prominent member of the Democratic Socialists of America. The son of a Baptist minister, West received his undergraduate education at Harvard University, graduating with his bachelor's degree in 1973, and received his Ph.D. at Princeton University in 1980. African American , African American culture , Black people 1364 Words | 4 Pages. rights in the United States and around the world.
King is resume, often shown as a courageous guide in the history of in school present American free-thinking (Clayborne). . Second is Cornel West , who is known as an important and stimulating democratic scholar. He is ins research, best known for his classic Race Matters, Democracy Matters, and his new memoir, Brother West : Living and Loving Out Loud (Biography.com). Contribution: Martin Luther King, Jr. is one of the world’s best known activists of non-violent social change tactics. Activism , African American , Alpha Phi Alpha 1546 Words | 5 Pages. contents of the document.] | Race Matters Cornel West , Race Matters, 1920-1930, (Vinatage Books 1994), 159pp. The main idea . in Cornel West's Race Matters was the crisis in America which some call racism. My Experiences! He touches a abundances of problems concerning African Americans in America, the how to write 1992 LA riots, the in school essay 1991 racial turmoil in Crown Heights, Brooklyn, the 1991 Senate confirmation hearings of Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas are all subject that West touches on during this book. It should also. Affirmative action , African American , Black 897 Words | 3 Pages.
Introduction to really Philosophy such as Cornel West , “Learning to Talk of Race”, Gloria Anzaldua, “La Frontera/Borderlands”, Dr. Steve . My Experiences In School Essay! Best, “Legally Blind: The Case For Granting Animal Rights”, and write problem, Carol Adams, “ The Sexual Politics of Meat”. Adams and Best present topics about in school essay animals, meat, and the exploitation and moms essay, politics related. West and Anzaldua address topics of essay race and research paper, unknown identity within a changing society. “Learning To Talk of Race” Cornell West According to West , “Only a visionary leadership. Cornel West , Heteronormativity , Race 1346 Words | 4 Pages. CORNEL WEST BIOGRAPHY Antonio D. Wells Spirituality in the Black Tradition BC SF601 March 1, 2012 Introduction . Cornel West is considered to be our modern day W.E.B. Du Bois. He is a brilliant and provocative democratic intellectual.
Cornel West is a passionate, loving, and inspiring scholarly individual, that I feel as a black seminary student we can gleam from him his thoughts on social economic injustices, racism, nihilism in America, and urban youth culture. Essay! Even though I do not agree. African American , Black people , Black Power 2995 Words | 9 Pages. Cornel West's contribution to African/Amercian Philosophy. Cornel West , born June 02, 1953, is an American philosopher, author, actor (some of you may know him from Matrix Reloaded and academic essay, . Revolutions), civil rights activist and prominent member of the Democratic Socialists of America. West , commonly known for his blend of my experiences in school political and moral insight and criticism and his contribution to the post-1960s civil rights movement, focuses primarily on that really straw, the roles of race, class and in school essay, gender in America.
West pulls scholarly contributions from practice, such varied traditions as. Activism , African American , Cornel West 456 Words | 2 Pages. Frontier in American History”. Turner proposes that the West was independent from the instruction and influence of the East while Limerick . gives many examples of the West’s dependence on the East and how the federal government played a key role in the development of the Western frontier. Limerick gives insights that weaken the my experiences essay “tradition of independence” (Limerick 575). Her critiquing of moms essay contest Turner alters one’s perspective of how independent the West really was by discussing slavery, economic development.
175 , American Old West 1019 Words | 3 Pages. In just three short years Kanye Omari West , better known as Kanye West , went from hip-hop beatmaker to essay worldwide hitmaker. . West graduated from Polaris High School and completed one year of art school at to writing research paper Chicago State University. Later he dropped out of college to pursue a musical career, producing tracks for Jay-Z. Much later he released The College Dropout in 2004. It sold 2.6 million copies and won Best Rap Album. Kanye was raised on my experiences in school essay, Chicago's South Side by his mother, an English professor. Graduation , Jay-Z , Kanye West 864 Words | 3 Pages. West African Music: Music has always been an important part of life in West Africa.
Music serves many functions in . 25 Best Moms Contest! West African society. It communicates ideas, values, and feelings. It celebrates historic events and important occasions in people’s lives. For instance, there are songs for weddings, funerals, and ceremonies honouring ancestors. Among the Yoruba tribe of present-day Nigeria, mothers of twins have their own special songs. In Ghana, there are songs for in school essay, celebrating the loss of a child’s. Africa , Atlantic slave trade , Dance 828 Words | 3 Pages. Culture of guide to writing West Africa Geography and my experiences in school essay, climate West Africa includes the to writing paper western part of the Maghreb (Western Sahara, . Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia), occupies an area of ??more than 6.14 million km2, or about one-fifth of Africa. The vast majority of these lands consist of the plains lying less than 300 meters above sea level, although some elevation exists in many countries along the southern coast region. The northern part of the West African semi-arid terrain is my experiences in school, made up of known as the Sahel.
Africa , Algeria , Islam 881 Words | 3 Pages. Stephen West and his wife, Rosemary (Rose) Letts, are well known throughout Europe and most parts of the world as two of the guide most gruesome and . sadistic serial killers of the century. Though it is not clear how many people they had murdered, as well as their motive to do so, the evidence presented from the twelve discovered murders are sure to send a chill up your spine. Fred West was born September 29, 1941.He was the my experiences second of six children to be born into that last straw essay a family of in school essay poor farmers. West claimed. Cowboy , Family , Fred West 1358 Words | 4 Pages. West Africa: Colonial Times From the early 1500’s to the mid 1900’s Europeans have been known for their success in colonizing foreign . territories. The Dutch, British, Portuguese, French and Germans were the main European groups who throughout the 15th and that last straw essay, 19th century felt the need to my experiences in school take over beneficial countries to improve their power.
The desire for money, goods, territory and decathlon essay, empire building led the Europeans to all search around the in school world in hopes of finding a weaker country with raw materials. Africa , Algeria , Atlantic slave trade 1478 Words | 4 Pages. Examine the economic arguments used to how to write problem explain the partition of West Africa. In the late 1880s, only limited areas of Africa were . subjected to my experiences in school the direct rule of Europeans. However, the next 20 years saw an increase in the confiscation of African colonies by paper the Europeans and by 1914 the my experiences essay partition of Africa had been consolidated. 25 Best Essay! By 1914, with the exception of Ethiopia and in school, Liberia, the guide to writing research whole of Africa had been partitioned and in school, occupied by the imperial powers of police chief France, Britain, Germany. Africa , British Empire , Capitalism 2236 Words | 7 Pages. African American History 1) Cornel West talks about the my experiences in school difference between “liberal structuralists” and research paper, “conservative . behavorists”. According to West , how does each group describe what blocks Blacks from success?
According to West , both groups have a clear understanding that the plight of African Americans is somewhat dire and can be vastly improved. “Liberal Structuralists” believe that structural barriers impede black progression and mobility. My Experiences! Examples of ideas from lead ins research, this standpoint are. African American , American Civil War , Baltimore 736 Words | 3 Pages. During the time after the Reconstruction for the West , they were helped by the federal government with their economical development in farming, . mining and my experiences in school, other things that brought in money for them. Some of the most important ways that profit come in to the West was the Gold and Silver Rush out there and also railroads began to be built around this time too. By having the railroads, the mining and the farming beginning the economic stability for the West , the federal government placed some important.
American Old West , Great Plains , Homestead Act 958 Words | 3 Pages. journey in this case may not solely be categorized as physical travel but also as the voyage of soul development. That Was The Straw Essay! Tripitaka's pilgrimage is more likely . a spiritual journey to enlightenment than a mission to my experiences essay retrieve Buddhist scriptures from the guide research West . Tripitaka in in school the story bears little resemblance to the historical monk. That Really Last Straw! Historically, XuanZang's travels took him to many kingdoms, and my experiences, his initiative to lead paper seek out the rulers of each of them suggests that his pilgrimage had also diplomatic intentions. Bodhi , Buddhism , Buddhist texts 1383 Words | 5 Pages. The Effect of the Slave Trade on West Africa. ?The Effect of the essay Slave Trade on West Africa NAME: CHRISTAL BENJAMIN QUESTION: WHAT WERE THE SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND . POLITICAL EFFECTS OF THE SLAVE TRADE ON WEST AFRICA The Social, Economic and Political Effects of the Slave Trade On West Africa The trade of West African slaves for contest, European commodities began in my experiences in school essay the fifteenth century. From its inception up to resume chief the late seventeenth century, the scale of the slave trade could be considered quite small when compared to the.
Africa , African slave trade , Arab slave trade 2174 Words | 6 Pages. * * * * Mae West and 1930’s censorship Nowadays, we probably take for granted that the majority of films created in . Hollywood have no moral or content boundaries whatsoeverAlthough today the boundaries might seem a little blurred, it was not always like this. The censorship process in Hollywood films (as well as in my experiences in school essay many other media) is a process that has grown and fluctuated along with American society. Lead Ins Research! Behind many of these films there have been struggles, debates, and confrontations. Broadway theatre , Censorship , Cinema of the United States 2244 Words | 7 Pages. Long Distance Trade in West Africa. African History 18 March 2011 History of Trade Influence in West Africa Trade has played an important role in the history of the essay . West African region.
Trade shaped the region in two main ways. Trade worked as a catalyst for police chief, the rise of nearly every empire in the region from its’ earliest times to my experiences in school present day. Was The Last Straw Essay! Also, the in school growth and spread of trade routes brought in an immense amount of culture with it as well. Trade is and has been a reason for organization in 25 best contest all parts of the world from my experiences in school essay, the. Africa , Ghana Empire , Mali 856 Words | 3 Pages. Truman and Stalin Eats and West Rivalry. and the lead paper USSR were the two most powerful countries that took part in the war. Their will do defeat Germany is what kept their alliance stable and my experiences essay, they became . Contest! much more powerful after combining their powers. My Experiences In School! After the Second World War the east and the west were having bad relations which caused a separation of the two areas, Stalin controlled the east while Truman controlled the western areas. How To Problem! The events that occurred during this separation led up to essay the start of the Cold War.
This event was post revisionist;. Berlin Wall , Cold War , East Germany 1053 Words | 3 Pages. Effects of the Slave Trade on West Africa. political effects of the slave trade on West Africa The trans- Atlantic slave trade was a system developed in the late 15th century which . exploited and brought the African people into enslavement by transporting them to the colonies of the new world where they served their purpose as a ‘’cheap’’ labour force . As a result of this, the slave trade brought about many social, economic and political effects on West Africa. Firstly, the population in West Africa decreased significantly in order to. Africa , African people , Atlantic slave trade 1126 Words | 3 Pages. |Influence of Trans-Saharan Trade on West Africa. Trans-Saharan Trade on West Africa | SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE: Describe the role of the trans-Saharan caravan trade in practice essay the . changing religious and cultural characteristics of West Africa and the influence of Islamic beliefs, ethics, and law.
DO NOT WRITE ON THIS HANDOUT. Read the chart to answer questions on the next page. Impact of Trans-Saharan Trade |[pic] |CALIFORNIA CONTENT STANDARD 7.4.3 |Influence of Trans-Saharan Trade on West Africa . Africa , Ibn Battuta , Islam 527 Words | 3 Pages. West African Change continuity essay. ?Describe and analyze the cultural, economic, and my experiences essay, political impact of Islam on West Africa between 1000 C.E and 1750 C.E. Between 1000 and . 1750 C.E. Islam entered West Africa and to writing paper, increased its trade, many Islamic states rose and fell, but many aspects of my experiences in school essay African religion and gender roles remained unchanged. Between 1000 and 1700, Islam caused West Africa to experience an increase in trade and economic activity, the rise and that was the, fall of several Islamic states and empires, and provided new practices. Africa , Algeria , Arab slave trade 1927 Words | 7 Pages. west africa and my experiences essay, swahili city states cc essay.
1 ! West Africa Kingdoms and the Swahili city states The kingdoms of west Africa and the Swahili city states were both built . off the main structural ideas, but developed differently into their own way of life. The kingdoms of west Africa traded through camels in the Sahara Desert, while the Swahili city states traded by paper ship on the Indian Ocean. Both the my experiences in school west African Kingdoms and the Swahili city states each shared religious, political, and economical aspects. The kingdoms of west Africa. Africa , Algeria , Islam 776 Words | 3 Pages. Discuss the Effect of police Islam upon West Africa. initiated commercial relations with Sub-Saharan West Africa and by my experiences essay the beginning of the essay contest second millennium, Islam had become entrenched in . West African life. Islam dramatically changed West Africa culturally, politically, and economically in the time period between 1000 CE and 1750 CE, but many staples of West African society remained the same.
Economically, Islam ushered a new era of essay economic prosperity into West Africa. The adoption of Islam by West African states provided them with common ground. Africa , Atlantic slave trade , Caribbean 751 Words | 3 Pages. western settlement had had an how to problem sets, extraordinary impact on my experiences in school essay, U.S. social, political, and sets, economic development Buffalo Bill Cody : a successful show that . popularized Wild West shows, it consisted of a former Pony Express rider and Indian fighter, and the hero of in school essay popular dime novels for children. This show romanticized the West and the life of the cowboy. :Buffalo Bill; Killed over 4000 buffalo in 18 months while employed by the Kansas Pacific. The Great Plains : Runs from Northern Texas all.
American Old West , Battle of the Little Bighorn , Great Plains 1549 Words | 6 Pages. The Impact of was the last straw Us Cotton Subsidies on West African Countries. THE IMPACT OF US COTTON SUBSIDIES ON WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES American subsidies are endangering the agriculture of my experiences essay cotton in most . of 25 best moms contest West Africa and other developing countries. In encouraging productions surplus and exportations dumping, those subsidies are decreasing the world price, which is at its lowest level since the great depression (Devarakonda). In the my experiences mean time, cotton producers in lead ins research paper America are seeing a tremendous increase in their production surplus, due to my experiences essay the subsidies they. Africa , Burkina Faso , Free trade 1416 Words | 4 Pages. West Africa Vs. Swahili City States. Period Sinco 10/5/14 _____ = Analysis _____ = Similarity or Difference _____ = Historical Fact West Africa vs. Swahili City States From . the 1st Century to the 15th Century, two specific African civilizations were rising up; these two civilizations consisted of West Africa consisting of Ghana, Mali, and that last straw, Songhai and of the Swahili city states. When looking back at history, we can infer that West Africa and the Swahili city states contained many key events in history that set forward to make what.
Africa , Algeria , Indian Ocean 1358 Words | 2 Pages. Wright Demonstrating the Ideals of Organic Architecture in Taliesin West. Wright demonstrating the Ideals of Organic Architecture in Taliesin West Exterior image of Taliesin West , Scottsdale, Arizona . “Organic can merely mean something biological, but if you are going to take the my experiences essay word organic into your consciousness as concerned with entities, something in resume which the part is to the whole as the whole is to the part, and which is my experiences in school essay, all devoted to practice a purpose consistently, then you have something that can live, because that is vital” (1) (Meehan 52) The famous American. Arizona , Desert , Fallingwater 2631 Words | 7 Pages. April 2013 The Slavs: East vs. West vs. South When the my experiences essay term “Slav” is guide paper, mentioned, the essay first people to come to mind are the Russians. Academic Practice! We know . them by their unique script of writing, vodka, and are the most populated of all of the ethnic tribes that populated the mountains, rivers, and plains of Eastern Europe. Although a quintessential people of this continent, they differ greatly from many of their brothers and sisters of the same bloodline that also live south and west of my experiences in school essay them. Russians, along with.
Bosniaks , Christianity , Ethnic groups in lead Europe 1142 Words | 4 Pages. Dancing Skeletons: Life and my experiences in school, Death in West Africa. question is: “What can we learn from them”? Dancing Skeletons: Life and Death in West Africa is a non-fiction book written by ins research paper Katherine . My Experiences! Dettwyler, who traveled to academic the countries of West Africa for her field research for her Ph.D. in nutritional anthropology, specializing in essay infant feeding and child health in Mali, West Africa. Among all the chapters in her book, Dettwyler touches on very important topics that make the West African societies/cultures what it is today. Economics, family size, gender, social. Africa , First World , Malnutrition 1396 Words | 4 Pages. ? West Nile Virus Jennie Youn 5/5/14 Preparatory Biology There are hundreds of lead ins research thousands of essay diseases in the world . identified by scientists today. How To Write Sets! The disease focused on my experiences in school, today is called the West Nile encephalitis. The West Nile encephalitis is an infection caused by the disease known as the how to write West Nile virus.
The West Nile virus is my experiences in school, transmitted by birds to humans with the help of guide mosquitoes. There is no vaccine or specific treatment to prevent the virus. Essay! Some of the symptoms of a. Centers for Disease Control and was the essay, Prevention , DEET , Dengue fever 1253 Words | 5 Pages. between cricket and West Indian Social and Political life” Cricket has been intertwined in the life of West Indians since it . arrived in my experiences in school essay the islands.
It has been a representation of injustice and prejudice as well as a conduit for social and political triumph in the West Indies. The development of cricket, as not just another game, mirrors the decathlon practice essay question for decolonization from Britain and also the struggles of nationalist and independence endeavors. Throughout its lifespan, the West Indies cricket team. British West Indies , Caribbean , Cricket 983 Words | 3 Pages. Mae West and Tina Fey: a Comparison of Two Notable Women in Comedy. The Evolution of my experiences in school Comedic Strategy from Mae West to Tina Fey At first consideration, Mae West and Tina Fey are two . completely different comedians who come from very different times and have comedic styles that are nearly polar opposites. West used her overt physical sexuality, coupled with innuendos and double entendres, to bypass the strict moral codes of the police chief early 1900s. On the other hand, moral codes had been relaxed by my experiences in school the early twenty-first century and ins research, Fey had much more freedom of expression.
30 Rock , Cary Grant , Comedy 1811 Words | 5 Pages. Adinkra: Traditional Symbolic Art in Ghana and West Africa. represent and characterize a myriad of in school ideas, beliefs and police, concepts. Originally created by the people of Gyaman, Adinkra has grown to become the most . extensively used and widely known traditional symbolic art in Ghana and to in school essay an appreciable extent, West Africa. By carefully considering the that was the essay depth of my experiences in school wisdom in how to the meanings of these symbols, is not surprising that they are often linked with a host of several proverbial maxims. The very essence of the my experiences in school essay word ‘Adinkra’ is ‘farewell’; as such, every symbol. Adinkra , Akan language , Akan people 929 Words | 3 Pages. The West Memphis Three I sit in a crowded court room. 25 Best Moms Essay Contest! I am a juror in the case of the State vs.
Damien Echols and my experiences essay, Jason Baldwin. Everyone . in the country has heard about the West Memphis Three. The murders of Steven Branch, Christopher Byers, and Michael Moore took place on May 5, 1993 in Robin Hood Hill West Memphis, Arkansas.( West Memphis 3) They have been headline news for over a year now. I already have an idea of what I think happened before I have even heard one word from decathlon practice, either side. Crimes involving Satanism or the occult , Damien Echols , Jason Baldwin 1410 Words | 4 Pages. North West Company B Introduction The North West Company is a leading retailer of food and everyday needs to rural and . urban neighborhoods across Canada, Alaska, the South Pacific islands and the Caribbean. In early 2003, North West had negotiated a master franchiser agreement with Giant Tiger Stores Limited (Giant Tiger) with the objective of opening stores west of Winnipeg. In contrast with North West's push system of product replenishment, Giant Tiger had developed a successful pull. Decision making , Giant Tiger , Inventory 804 Words | 3 Pages. Following the Civil War, many Americans chose to my experiences in school essay settle west of the guide to writing research Mississippi river and shaped a distinct culture in this region. Generations . later, this fascinating culture was transformed into the Wild West , a romanticized version of the my experiences in school essay lifestyle, to entertain the masses.
The romanticized perception of the Wild West differs extensively from the reality of western settlement, but in some aspects mirrors the true western lifestyle in problem sets the post-Civil War period. Native Americans and cowboys, for. African American , American Civil War , American Old West 1317 Words | 4 Pages. West Nile Virus Summertime, without doubt is the best season for students, the mood that it brings along with it, is the time that most people . treasure. However, as we go along and having wonderful time in this period, it is very important that we remain healthy and safe. The season not only brings the things we obviously expect, but also has been associated with viruses which can cause various diseases. In School! People who enjoy themselves along the lakes and rivers should keep in mind of the threatening. Bacteria , DEET , Immune system 1286 Words | 4 Pages. The Wild West Rides Into The Sunset. ?Connor Lucas ENG 3080J Hollis February 20, 2014 The Wild West Rides Into The Sunset Have you ever read a text that included items such as . a bold cowboy, trusty horse, beautiful female, or a dark villain in a dry, isolated, and academic decathlon practice essay, undeveloped setting?
If so, it’s a great possibility that you were reading a classic Western. Many readers of this genre would describe its stereotypes as what I listed above. You can almost always find that protagonist cowboy hero, who tends to be a good-looking and. American Old West , Calamity Jane , Cowboy 1375 Words | 4 Pages. Transformations of the my experiences in school essay American West. of the American West The three most important transformations of the American West were the completion of the railway system, . economically, the ins research diversity of the people, socially, and the conservation of land, politically. All of these transformations have made an unmistakable impact of the American West and what it is today.
The largest economic transformation in American Western history was the building of the railroad systems. It was the key factor in united the East and West . Essay! The railroads. American Old West , Colorado , Cowboy 1138 Words | 3 Pages. among the working population in the British West Indies during the first half of the 20th century. Cricket today, as it has been said many . times, is not what it used to be. Unfortunately many young West Indians know very little of what is once was and what it stood for, they take for granted the techniques and its origins. The level of how to West Indies cricket has been diluted due to in school essay the increase of tourism and fast paced games. However there are many West Indians who hold strong to the fact that cricket. Barbados , British West Indies , Caribbean 2485 Words | 7 Pages.
the Caucasian gang called The Jets. The rivalry between the gangs is in place from the beginning, but it reaches a fever pitch when Maria falls for Tony, the . founder of the Jets, at was the a local dance. West Side Story is the essay classic tragedy of Romeo Juliet set in a modern setting. The setting is the ins research Upper West Side of New York City in the late 1950s with conflict between rival street gangs rather than families. Essay! In the opening of the film, during which nearly 15 minutes pass before a real line of dialogue. Crime , Criminology , Gang 841 Words | 3 Pages.
Outlaws and Violence of American West. Outlaws and Violence in the American West Many Americans consider the how to write problem era of the my experiences Old West as one of the most fascinating . chapters in our history. It's an era that is uniquely American, and people around the world identify America with the era of the Old West . There is much legend surrounding American History of the Wild West when it comes to American outlaws lawmen and violence. But what is the how to write problem real history about violence in my experiences the west ? In this paper I will talk about outlaws and police chief, lawmen as. American Old West , Butch Cassidy , Colorado 2206 Words | 5 Pages. West Bengal: the Genocidal State Under Cpi-M Rule. West Bengal: The Genocidal State under CPI-M Rule Tt was reported in the print media that under the CPI-M rule of the last 34 years in this . State ( West Bengal) 34 events of mass murder were organised either directly by the police resorting to wanton firing on the crowds consisting of Opposition party members or by the armed “harmads” of the CPI-M to seek political revenge or to establish political control over the areas lost to the Opposition party through elections. In the latter incidents the. Constable , Criminal Investigation Department , Kolkata 1716 Words | 4 Pages.
for the failure of the West Indian Federation Federation is the act of forming a political unity under a federal government. In 1958, the . British Caribbean colonies came together to form a West Indian Federation. My Experiences! There were ten units in this union: Jamaica, Antigua, Barbados, Trinidad and resume, Tobago, Dominica, St. My Experiences! Lucia, St. Vincent, St. Kitts, Montserrat, Grenada. This attempt was short-lived as it was resolved in 1962.
There are several reasons for the failure of the West Indian Federation; the. Barbados , British Empire , Caribbean 968 Words | 3 Pages. ? West Memphis Three Paradise Lost is problem, a documentary that follows the trial of the Damien Echols, Jason Baldwin and in school essay, Jessie Misskelley. They . were accused of killing three 8-year-old boys in West Memphis, Arkansas. All three were convicted in 1994. Damien received the death penalty and the other two both received like sentences.
These three teenagers would become known around the world as the West Memphis 3. The film Paradise Lost and the sequel, Paradise Lost 2, only covered this story up into. Crimes involving Satanism or the occult , Damien Echols , Jason Baldwin 1089 Words | 3 Pages. Beth Cooper Professor Barrett Introduction to Drama West Side Story is an practice, American musical with a book by . Arthur Laurents, music by Leonard Bernstein, and lyrics by my experiences Stephen Sondheim. The musical's plot is chief, based on William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. Set in New York in the mid-1950s, the musical explores the my experiences essay rivalry between the Jets and the Sharks, two teenage street gangs of resume chief different ethnic and my experiences essay, cultural backgrounds. The members of the Sharks are first-generation. Gang , Kiri Te Kanawa , Maria 3057 Words | 7 Pages. rectified, but at other times the process can be long and drawn out. In the case of the West Memphis three: Damian Echols, Jason Baldwin, and . Jessie Misskelley, were teenagers when they were arrested for resume police, the murders of three young boys: Chris Byers, Michael Moore, and Stevie Branch. For nearly two decades, although convicted of the crimes, the West Memphis three denied any involvement in the murders.
The West Memphis three case is my experiences, a prime example of how small town misconceptions and rumors can take. Crimes involving Satanism or the occult , Damien Echols , Jason Baldwin 1002 Words | 3 Pages. ? ‘ West Gate Bridge’ is described as being a gigantic monitor lizard poised in an elongated ‘S’ astride the police River Yarra linking . My Experiences In School Essay! Melbourne’s Western suburbs with Eastern Victorian suburbs between Central Business District as imagined by Carmel Egan, a fine journalist. (Brown, 2002) 1. An Analysis of the Project’s Structure and decathlon practice essay, Management: 1.1 Project Structure: The West Gate Bridge in Melbourne was going to be, undoubtedly, the largest bridge of Australia, with four lanes in each. Government , Melbourne , Royal Commission 1192 Words | 7 Pages. To What Extent Did Relations Between East and West Germany Improve in the Years 1969. To what extent did relations between East and West Germany improve in the years 1969-74?' The relationship between the my experiences two states in 25 best moms essay contest Germany, . FRG ( West ) and GDR (East) has improved drastically in recent times resulting in the restructuring of Germany. Though the basis of this reunification stems from the years between 1969-1974. These years where immensely important for the two Germanys and with the change of leaders for political parties, so to did the views change.
Such as the essay introduction of. Berlin Wall , Cold War , East Germany 1281 Words | 4 Pages. To What Extent Did Willy Brandt's Ostpolitik Change Relations Between East and West Germany? Willy Brandt’s ‘Ostpolitik’ change relations between East and guide to writing, West Germany?” The split between East and West Germany after . My Experiences In School! World War Two resulted in a tumultuous and tense period of German history. Germans saw the construction of the really was the last straw Berlin Wall, economic boom in the West , dictatorship in the East and in this time the two zones became almost irreversibly divided. My Experiences In School Essay! Soviet influence in the Eastern zone coupled with US control in the West meant a delicate state of decathlon affairs between them. The years of. Berlin Wall , East Germany , Eastern Bloc 1245 Words | 4 Pages. ? West Indian poetry germinated its seed in the eighteenth century. The art form in the beginnings though vibrant, had been nearly impossible to . discover.
Caribbean poetry was influenced by slavery and the British system having supreme authority over the people of the West Indies. Essay! Accustom to the written form, there is also an oral element to West Indian poetry. This can be seen in, traditional folk songs, sankeys, calypsos, hymns, chants, and lead paper, reggae songs. This analysis deals with the work of two. African people , British Empire , British Raj 2294 Words | 9 Pages. Assess the Impact of European Commecial Activities in the Atlantic Island and West Africa from my experiences, 1415-1600. Assess the Impact of lead ins research paper European commercial activities in my experiences in school the Atlantic Islands and West Africa from 1415 to 1600.
When one queries the . Write Problem Sets! assessment of the European commercial activities and its impact in essay the Atlantic Islands and police chief, West Africa between the years 1415 and 1600, trickery, social violence, intrusion and the horrors of slavery comes to in school essay mind. There were many negative impacts such as population loss, loss of self worth and loyalty, the Europeans involved caused the demise of the essay European cloth. Africa , Arab slave trade , Atlantic slave trade 1820 Words | 5 Pages. What were the factors that led to the contact of my experiences in school essay West Africa and Europe during the 15th century? ?What were the factors that led to the contact of West Africa and Europe during the 15th century? The coming of Europe to research paper Africa during the . In School! 15th century was not just a mere coincident as it marked the beginning of dominance and power for Europe. The coming of the contest Europeans to Africa marked the beginning of my experiences in school essay what could only be described as the exploitation of one country for the development of another. The Age of Exploration or Age of Discovery as it is sometimes called, officially began in the. Africa , Age of Discovery , Europe 1118 Words | 3 Pages.
Distribution Risk Analysis West Africa. ? TMGT As a manager in United States distributing soft drinks, asked to prepare risk analyses for distribution in country on west coast of . Africa, there are many risks to be outline and discuss considered. Informal arrangements often lead to misinterpretations, so care should be taken with drafting Distribution agreements. The process of crafting and negotiating a contract safeguards agreement on terms of the transaction. Equally important, where something does go wrong, a written agreement will. Africa , Dispute resolution , Economic Community of West African States 1271 Words | 6 Pages. Analysis of the West Memphis Three. Philosophy 110 11 October 2009 Analysis of the Case of the West Memphis three One would . believe that justice is how to, found in essay every law and in every courtroom, and judges and jurors are the perfect tools to demonstrate such fairness on every situation.
However, not all people receive fair trials regardless of gender, race, ethnic background or religion as established by how to write sets the American judicial system. For example, throughout decades millions of innocent. Crime , Damien Echols , Interrogation 1957 Words | 5 Pages.
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IELTS international sporting events essay. This is one of my experiences, my model IELTS essays lessons where you can. read the essay do a vocabulary exercise get a full lesson on how to write the essay. Read the international sporting events essay. Many people want their country to host an guide paper, international sporting event.
Others believe that international sporting events bring more problems than benefits. Discuss both views and state your opinion. There is frequently great competition to host international sporting events. My Experiences! Not everyone, however, believes that the price involved in hosting such events is worthwhile. For me, this is an understandable point of view and perhaps not every country should try and resume chief stage international sporting events. The major argument against hosting international sporting events is financial. Typically, it can cost several million pounds to build the arenas and in school essay modernise the infrastructure so that it can cater for the athletes and the spectators. This money, it is resume chief argued, would be better spent on welfare and education programmes that provide direct support for the population. Indeed, some governments have incurred so much debt through hosting the in school, Olympic Games that they have had to reduce spending on other social programmes. While there is some merit in how to write problem that argument, hosting sporting events does also bring significant benefits. First among these is the honour and prestige it brings to the host country because that country will be the centre of the sporting world for my experiences in school, the duration of the event.
For many people this is beyond any price. More than that, if the authorities plan carefully, they can use the problem sets, occasion of the sporting event to help finance public works that benefit the whole population in the long term. For example, the village for the athletes can be transformed into public housing and the various stadia can be used to essay, build a sporting legacy for future generations. My own view is that it is an honour for a country to ins research paper, host a major sporting event. However, if a government wishes to bid for an international event to my experiences in school, be staged in its country, it should ensure it has sufficient funds to maintain spending on other projects. Practise using the police chief, essay vocabulary. Get the lesson on how to write it.
Understanding the essay question and thinking about essay structure. Many people want their country to host an international sporting event. Others believe that international sporting events bring more problems than benefits. Essay! Discuss both views and state your opinion. You should note that you must write about both the really last essay, pros and cons of my experiences, hosting international events and give your own opinion. With this type of question it is sensible to use one topic paragraph for the advantages and one for the disadvantages. You can then use the moms contest, conclusion to (re-)state your own opinion, which should also be clear from your introduction. To write the my experiences in school essay, essay, you need one good reason for and against ins research paper hosting sporting events. If you find it difficult to think of ideas, it often works to use just one idea and then argue for and against it. Essay! So, for example, in this essay, I use the idea of chief, finance in both the for and against paragraphs.
In one paragraph, the my experiences, idea is that it is moms essay waste of public money, and in the other the idea is that it could be a good investment. Other ideas include: sporting legacy for future generations (stadia and arenas) good for tourism and international investment national pride raise the profile of sport in the country improve infrastructure (new transport and housing) problem of debt hidden costs (policing etc) stadia are empty after the games need for investment in other areas (health etc) Many people want their country to host an international sporting event. Others believe that international sporting events bring more problems than benefits. Discuss both views and state your opinion. There is frequently great competition to host international sporting events.
Not everyone, however, believes that the in school, price involved in hosting such events is worthwhile. For me, this is an understandable point of view and perhaps not every country should try and stage international sporting events. The major argument against hosting international sporting events is financial . Typically, it can cost several million pounds to build the arenas and modernise the infrastructure so that it can cater for the athletes and the spectators . This money , it is argued, would be better spent on welfare and education programmes that provide direct support for the population. Resume Police Chief! Indeed, some governments have incurred so much debt through hosting the Olympic Games that they have had to reduce spending on other social programmes. While there is in school essay some merit in that argument, hosting sporting events does also bring significant benefits. First among these is the honour and prestige it brings to the host country because that country will be the centre of the sporting world for the duration of the how to problem sets, event. For many people this is my experiences beyond any price. More than that, if the authorities plan carefully, they can use the occasion of the sporting event to help finance public works that benefit the whole population in the long term. For example, the to writing, village for the athletes can be transformed into essay, public housing and the various stadia can be used to build a sporting legacy for future generations. My own view is that it is an honour for lead ins research paper, a country to in school, host a major sporting event.
However, if a government wishes to bid for an international event to be staged in its country, it should ensure it has sufficient funds to maintain spending on other projects. Before you write the essay, you should think about the range of to writing research paper, vocabulary you can use. The best advice is always to try and use topic specific language. Some of my experiences essay, this may be quite simple. That’s good.
Simple language used precisely is far better than complicated language used badly . In my essay, I focus on academic decathlon the idea of finance and this allows me to use this language: the price financial cost several million pounds this money would be better spent on incur debt reduce spending on finance public works ensure it has sufficient funds. build the arenas the in school essay, athletes and the spectators the Olympic games the centre of the sporting world the village for the athletes a sporting legacy. To get my next lesson in your inbox. How to like it, share it and save it. Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of guide research, my site. Keep up with me on Facebook - all the updates and even more advice there. Or just get all my free lessons by email. 19 Responses to IELTS international sporting events essay. I wish ,during this new year i`ll be able to write like you. Good luck every one.
I am so happy after getting this essay. I hope you will continue like this . Thank you indeed… (first among these is in school essay ) May i ask you to explain a little more about chief this structure sentense. Happy new year DC,really the way you teach on how to write a good essay has given me much confidence,’ll be sitting for the exam next month. I want to get something clear in an essay like this is one suppose to state his/her opinion in the introduction?I thought you have to save it till the my experiences essay, conclusion. Cheers!! Hi i followed only your points without reading sample essay. so can you tell its on right path.
There are several reasons which represent benefits to host an paper, international sporting occasion.Government of host country can earn revenue from tourism.For instance,air fares and hospitality and tourism industry can boost economy of nation.An international sport event can be lead a good example to my experiences in school, show prosperity,brotherhood and harmony between two nation’s players.Another reason is that host nation would get golden opportinity to show their custom.tradition and to writing research warn welcome to not only international players but also international viewers. However,huge amount of investment is needed to organise such sports event.Some facilities and services are essential for players and spactators.Some facilities such as protection to international players,medical expense,fitness training and in school essay accomodation comprise valuable income.For Example,serious injury of players during game can be expensive to sports department at certain level of decathlon practice essay, host nation.Sometimes there are chances of my experiences in school, communinial tensions between two different nationality’s peeople. I only want to know that my idea and structure are proper in these two para and it can be possible to use simple language for 7 band.as per my writing is there any chance i can achieve 7 band i got 6.5 and 6 usally. Sorry, I really can’t comment in any detail. If you need a teacher (and all students need one at some stage) try one of the teachers on the teachers page. I’ve had a very quick look at this and the one negative thing that stands out is decathlon that you have a serious problem with articles (a and in school the). The worry is that this means there is a mistake nearly every sentence (which is one reason why articles matter so much).
You do have a nice range of vocab and the paras seem well-constructed. Thank you. Your text help me very much. I think debt is a countable noun in this sense so should it be incurred huge debts than incurred much debt? Not really. Your correction is wrong because the point is not the number the debts but the size of it. There are two ways I could write this sentence – debt is one of those words that can be used both countably or uncountably. You are right that if I was thinking of number, (one debt, two debts, three debts etc) I could write “such a huge debt” ( although huge is decathlon essay not very academic). I wasn’t.
I was thinking of amount, so I wrote “so much debt”. The idea is that there may be many debts of various sizes and kinds that add up to in school, the concept of “much debt”. There is no strict division between countable and uncountable debt. Was The! Many words in English operate like this. The question you need to ask yourself is whether I am thinking of my experiences in school essay, it countably (a specific example) or more abstractly or conceptually. Dominic – you write that your opinion should be clear in the introduction – is really this necessary each time – can one not reserve one’s opinion for my experiences essay, the final concluding paragraph ? I need to academic practice, do a lesson on my experiences in school essay this point.
I’ll rephrase sightly – you need to make your position clear in the intro. What that means in different essays can be slightly different. In some essays (typically those where they ask for your opinion), you should try and get your opinion in the intro. In others , you can take a more discursive approach and outline how you will approach the question. Is that any clearer? The main point is this. if you don’t make your position clear in the intro, your essay may lack coherence. You may also lose on task response because the essay “won’t present a clear position throughout the response”. I read in your tips somewhere to resume police, avoid using references like I, Me and in school essay You however I have seen it in almost each essay.
Should we use it or not ? This is not absolute rule. The idea is that you should try and decathlon essay avoid over -using personal pronouns. In School Essay! There will be times when it is appropriate to use “I” – particularly when you are giving your personal opinion. hosting sporting events does also bring significant benefits. Is it right to use does with plural ( sporting events) The subject of the verb here is how to write “hosting”.
I want essay on Biggest Sports Event of The World. I really feel grateful to your website, and your sample essays are of huge help for me. Can I ask a question regarding this essay? “While there is my experiences in school some merit in that argument”,I feel a bit confused when reading this sentence. What “argument” does it actually mean? does the merit come from the guide to writing, argument or the action of in school, hosting the research paper, game (which is supported by the argument)? Hello Dominic,I come here again. This time I write an essay under the topic given by this page. Can you give me a score and some advices.
Thanks a lot. Holding an international sporting event successfully is a great symbol of my experiences, country power national pride. Although it takes time and funds, many people think it is still worth doing. However there are adverse opinion arguing that more problems would be brought than benefits if such an event was hold. Here, I will discuss the guide to writing, merits of both ideas.
Many people advocate the holding of an international sporting event. And there are several reasons for it. First , the my experiences, process of preparing such an awesome event is also a process of renewing the old municipal infrastructures and building new ones. Once the sporting event was ended, all the decathlon practice, constructions would be put into public use. Second, since government might need employees with different special skills and my experiences in school knowledge, more working opportunities would be created during the essay, sporting event, which may pour energy into the country.
However , there are arguments opposed to the ideas above, believing that the benefits international sporting event brought can not offset the disadvantages. In School! First, the incidence of terroristic attacks may rise during the event. Lead Paper! To tackle with situation, more policemen and soldiers would be put into cities. And this might affect citizens’ daily life greatly. My Experiences In School! Second, the funds to keep the moms essay contest, facilities for the event will be an astronomical number.
Not only in school, will government pay for holding the event, but also it spent much money in a long term after the event . A successfully hold international sporting event can really bring honor and how to problem energy to a country. But only countries with enough natural and economical resources can afford it .So in my opinion whether to have such an event or not depend on my experiences the power of country and the willing of people. Your introduction is a bit tricky. I mean you didn’t state both points of view on the one hand, and last straw you gave your position from the my experiences in school essay, very beginning on 25 best essay contest the other hand. I know that the in school, best place for the personal opinion is in the conclusion in this essay type. Therefore, could you explain in a couple of research, sentences where both opinions are ?