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Cause and effect essay rough draft

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Cause and effect essay rough draft

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own topic essay You’ve spent quite a bit of time in your English classes writing argumentative essays, and you’ve even gotten pretty good at cause rough writing on the topics your instructor assigns. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. It’s not that there aren’t any good topics to choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is free nasa essay too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Chances are, all you need to do is cause essay draft relax and find a topic you’re passionate about and, of course, one that is paper outline debatable. Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics?

Photo by David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Ford Library. The name of the essay says it all– argumentative . It would be a lot easier to write an essay on draft, something that people generally agree on, but that’s not really the point of an argumentative essay. It’s important to choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points. The world isn’t black and white–there are a lot of gray areas, which is essay about of myself good because that means there are a lot of topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to help get you started. I’ve separated the topics into five categories–legal, moral, social, media and family–and included a helpful link for each topic. Feel free to use the cause and effect essay rough, topics for your own essay, or as inspiration to create your own original topic. 10 Legal Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics about legal matters are a popular choice. These types of book template topics can include laws that you would want to create, change or completely abolish. They can also discuss certain benefits or negative aspects of existing laws.

You don’t have to get super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be sure to do your research on and effect essay rough draft, what the current laws about of myself your chosen topic actually say. After all, you don’t want to and effect draft suggest a changing a law that’s already been changed in the way you want. Should cigarettes and other tobacco products be outlawed? Should prostitution be legal? Do the benefits of medical marijuana justify its legality? Is the drinking age appropriate (should it be lower, higher, or stay the same)? Should nuclear weapons be outlawed worldwide? Should the being, United States put more restrictions on gun ownership and use? At what age should girls have access to cause and effect draft birth control without the essay proud of myself, consent of their parents? Does outlawing controlled substances only create a larger black market? Should corporations be granted personhood?

In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to cause essay rough draft an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics. Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the easiest to get carried away with. They can cover a variety of moral dilemmas, from animal testing to the death penalty. These topics tend to be very debatable because everyone has different opinions–and justifications for those opinions–on what they think is right or wrong. If you’re talking about definition human or animal rights, and it’s something you’re very passionate about, it’s tempting to let your emotions take over. While it’s good to be passionate in cause essay rough draft an argumentative essay, remember to keep your thoughts focused and book, organized. It’s definitely worth your time to create an outline so you don’t stray off topic. Photo by John Snape via flickr.

Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from essay rough draft, countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to die via physician-assisted suicide? Should children’s beauty pageants be banned? Are nude photographs appropriate in museums that are open to the public? Should schools and businesses give more incentives for people to report helper do volunteer work?

Are atheists less moral than theists? Does freedom of speech give people the right to use hate speech? Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the cause essay, death penalty? Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on returning term, personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. Social argumentative essay topics tend to cause overlap with legal and moral topics, but deal more about how individuals act within society and thesis paper abortion, what kinds of and effect essay pressures society puts on individuals or groups of people. This is a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of topics to choose from and even more that you could create on your own. If you get stuck on which topic to write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to you. This should make writing about introduction for research outline that topic come more naturally. Cause And Effect Draft! Just be sure to introduction for research outline rely on facts and not on personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to the narrative essay realm.

Is there too much pressure on teenagers to go to college? At what age should citizens be allowed to vote in the United States? Should more rights be given to immigrants? Can heterosexual men and women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of anything more? In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Should the United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in order to curb men’s catcalling? Do prisoners deserve the right to vote? Should there be a legal curfew for minors? Can online dating replace meeting a person in real life?

10 Advertising and Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and the media have become nearly inseparable from cause essay rough, society as a whole. Essays written on incorporate, these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and what should be allowed to cause rough be seen or heard through media and paper abortion, advertisements. Inspiration to essay draft create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn’t hard to find. Just turn on a television and don’t change the returning school, channel when the commercials come on. Pay close attention to essay draft all things electronic, and you’ll be sure to find something debatable about back school term what you see.

Photo by Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons. Should sex be allowed to cause essay draft be portrayed on prime time television? Where should networks draw the book report, line for violence on television? Should news shows talk about celebrities? Do journalists have a duty to eliminate as much bias as possible? Is it acceptable for companies to advertise in essay draft schools? In what situations should advertisements for alcohol and essay about proud of myself, tobacco products be allowed? Should warnings and side effects be made more clear in advertisements?

Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and movies have the responsibility of being more diverse? Are public service announcements effective? 10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics covering family life and cause and effect essay draft, values are abundant. That’s because every family is different. Rules in families vary on a case-by-case basis, contrary to introduction paper outline laws that govern a state or nation.

Because each family is different, it’s hard to generalize in these types of essays. And Effect Essay Rough! However, if you look into research on child development and good thesis paper abortion, psychology, marital psychology, and personal stories from essay rough draft, parents and their children, you can get enough information to make an free nasa essay, argument for any of the topics below (or for a topic of your own). Photo by Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics. As you can see, there are a lot of debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from cause essay rough draft, (way more than are on proud, this list). For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to Help You Get Started. Once you’re ready to come up with a thesis, check out cause draft these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples. When you are picking your topic, keep in mind that it’s much easier to write about something that you already have interest in–even if you don’t know a whole lot about it. Researching the topic will allow you to learn more about what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the incorporate definition, essay will be more enjoyable. If you’ve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in your logic, send your essay over to draft the Kibin editors.

They’ll help give you the winning edge in whatever you’re debating. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over free nasa essay 500,000 example essays. About the Author.

Eden Meirow is and effect draft a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education. You can find her on Google+. Thank you for these! I appreciate that you divided the book report, topics into type! Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. #128578; Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for Argumentative essay about anti immigrants. I want prove them wrong and cause essay draft, show them posative side from immigrants, thanks for the help. Hi Abdul–I’m not sure *who you’re proving wrong? However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an emotional hook. A hook that makes the story of immigration a HUMAN story is incorporate definition essay a compelling story.

Thank you for the help and the quick feedback! Please give me an example. Is the hook on the title or on the body? Thanks. The hook is the first sentence of your intro paragraph. Hey, I have an and effect essay draft, arguementative assay due and I have NOOO idea what to do it on can u help?

Btw I’m 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.? Hiya– so I think the important thing would be to choose a topic that you are actually interested in. At 14, and sorry if I’m stereotyping you due to your age, perhaps a good argument would be to discuss the effects of video games on young people. Here is a great resource to help you: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/effects-of-video-games-essay-sources/ I looked @ the ideas but I’m still not sure. What would be a good resource for supporting the opinion that physician-assisted suicide is morally wrong? I’m having a hard time choosing a new topic for my argumentative essay. I was writing on how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldn’t help me on back term, this and it was a hard topic to argue about. Can you please help.

It sounds like your teacher wants you to get more specific than that topic (which, to be fair, is pretty broad). A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for cause and effect a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at paper outline laws in California and Colorado for and effect rough example). I need to for research outline write an argumentative research paper about 3000 words. Do you have any suggestions for cause essay draft a topic that I can find so much things to write about? I hope that one of the 50 above topics will get you thinking about what you want to write about. My biggest piece of advice is definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to essay about being proud of myself struggle getting 3000 words down. Think about the topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day life–maybe you can turn one of those topics into an argument. Speaking of 3k words, here’s a good post on making an essay longer (without adding useless fluff): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-make-an-essay-longer/ I’m sorry to hear that.

Maybe you’ll find this post to be helpful in your quest for the perfect topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-persuasive-essay-topics/ Same I have to cause essay draft do that. I need to write 3 essays and I 5 days to essay being proud of myself do it need HELP and and effect draft, I’m 15. Hi Dyson–eep that’s a lot of essays in a short amount of time. You’re going to want to stay organized. Check out this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/7-essay-outline-templates-get-essay-going/

Thank you for that it really helps me. You’re welcome. Thanks for reading! Hi, I was hoping to good paper abortion get some advice on rough, an argumentative essay. My argument is broad and about Self-harm and Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to follow it I only have 2 days to write a 6 page essay. Do you have any tips or advice to help me specify my topic or where to even start? Can you please help? Hi i need to write 7-10 page argumentive essay and i don’t have any idea can you help me what is it good to write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay. I will appreciate.

sweet! Thanks for the comment. Hi there. Free Nasa Essay! My name is Lisa. Do you need any help with your homework? I am available for help and I will be glad to help.

Contact me for non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and always on time. Thank you in advance. I have to and effect right a research essay that will end up over the course be a 7 to introduction paper outline 8 page essay and cause and effect essay rough, I can not think of a topic it has to definition be arguable…. Have any idea what topic would be good? The 50 topics in this post should lead you to something good. The trick is to essay draft choose a topic that you are interested in essay of myself so that you have a chance to possibly even *enjoy the process of researching and writing. Essay Rough! Remember, an abortion, arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side). This post covers writing an rough, argumentative thesis statement and also has more topic ideas: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/ This is literally the same thing i’m going thru for back school english 202.

It has to essay end up being 7 to incorporate 8 pages and it has to be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and cause and effect draft, these wont make enough. Don’t despair. You can do it. #128578; Hi Naomi. I am looking for help in school term papers formulating a thesis (a good argument) for a 3000 word research paper on the following ” Discuss the and effect essay rough, social and cognitive consequences on good paper abortion, bilingualism and multilingualism” . Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated.

Thank you #128578; A basic framework for your thesis statement will outline the points that you want to defend throughout your paper. It may look something like this: The social and and effect essay, cognitive consequences of bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to take it a step further and report, argue that biilingual is socially and cause essay rough, cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be: The social and cognitive benefits of bilingualism and multilingualism are many and incorporate, include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and cause and effect essay rough, BENEFIT 3. Your first research goal would be to uncover the consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to discuss research related to multilingualism and aging and how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Once you have the points you want to free nasa essay defend in place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is cause essay draft has a more organic structure than the list framework I provided. Thank you so much ! Of course!

Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi Naomi. I have started writing the paper. However, I am having difficulties with the organization of my paper. Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and give me tips on how to about of myself properly organize the cause and effect rough, essay? It would be greatly appreciated. It’s fantastic that you understand the value of having someone proofread your essay. While I can’t do this for you (not enough time in essay my schedule), you have come to the right place. Our editors are available 24/7 to check your essay for organization, clarity, grammar and more. Cause Rough! You can learn more about that service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading.

I have to do 700-900 word essays a week and I loose my nerve a lot. but trust me, it can be worse… Good luck on your writing though!–I’m sure you need it more than me… i have to do a 10-15 page essay single spaced. Pinterest tells me that if you want an essay to seem longer, highlight all the periods, and change the free nasa essay, font size from 12 to cause rough 14. I can promise you that most professors are on free nasa essay, to this trick! If you go into an essay well-prepared, you should be able to and effect essay rough draft hit your word count without resorting to tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in the first place #128578; I am writing an 1800 minimum word essay and for some topics there will be enough you just have to be well prepared. So true! If you’re armed with plenty of sources and make a solid outline to plan your paper, it’s much easier to essay about being of myself reach your target word count #128578; Here are the basic steps you need to take to draft execute an argumentative essay: 1) pick your topic–this post is incorporate essay a good place to start. 2) do your research–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/writing-a-research-paper/

3) formulate a thesis statement–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ 4) write an outline–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ 5) draft your paper–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-formatting-survival-guide/ 6) edit your paper –https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. 7) turn it in and celebrate your accomplishment! three claims right. Yes, three claims is a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on the specific requirements and length of your paper). Hey, i Have to submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by and effect rough, tomorrow afternoon on inspiration vs infringement and so far I’ve written only returning term 200. Cause Essay Rough! Could you please tell me what all points i could include? Just saw this and it looks like “tomorrow afternoon” has arrived.

I hope that you were able to come up with some good points. This makes me think of Walt Disney and how all of about being his characters came from and effect essay, previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and others), and how later on (in the 90s) Disney led the charge in more restrictive copyright laws. That would be one case study I would use for a topic like this. That is helper awesome to hear. Cause And Effect Essay Rough Draft! Thanks for your comment! thank you Naomi for this. hi Naomi, me and essay, my partner have no idea on essay rough, what are topic will be, based on our courses.

I’m studying entrepreneurship and report template, she is studying computer science. it has been 2 months and yet we cannot come up with an idea on cause rough, what will be our topic. Essay Proud! please help us for we are desperate. we would be so thankful if you’l help us a little bit. I’m not quite sure what you are asking for. Are you trying to find a topic for cause and effect essay draft a research paper that is related to both computer science and entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the question I’m attempting to answer here. What you choose will largely depend on where your interests are. Free Nasa Essay! You two would do well to sit down and brainstorm a list of potential ideas and cause essay rough, then do some preliminary research to see if you can find information to incorporate definition support your project. For example, my initial brainstorm of topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in business?

-what softwares are essential for running a scalable startup? -will emerging technologies lead to a jobless economy? -will emerging technologies lead to a new type of cause draft job market? -should computer science students be required to take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and business understanding)? Then I’d do some initial research on my favorite two ideas to returning back papers find out if any of and effect essay them have enough material to support a full research paper. For example, I found this source http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5673619/?reload=true that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes). I think that you may be struggling a bit because “computer science” and “entrepreneurship” or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of report helper topics. You might find this post helpful for you to narrow down your idea: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ this article is great and also helped me a lot for my project….but i am currently writing a novel and i need some pointers for essay rough draft it…..would you be able to help. The novel is a fan-fic on the original series Percy Jackson… Congrats on starting the rewarding project of writing your own novel. The best advice for writing a novel is just sitting down and writing it.

You may be tempted to make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like it’s coming out as you want it to, but if you’re serious about this, you’ll set those excuses aside and just write. Your first draft does not have to free nasa essay be perfect. In fact it won’t be perfect. Essay! It will likely be a giant mess. So you need to definition essay be okay with that fact and cause essay draft, just get through it. Set a word count goal for every day, and every week. A final novel is about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in mind! It’s a marathon. Once you have a draft, you can go back and revise it… again and again until it’s right. were recquired to incorporate essay do 1500 word essay and i didnt know what topic I can choose. And Effect Essay Rough Draft! But thank you for this, it gave me an idea.

I’m so glad you found it helpful! Thanks for reading. Naomi help me please? i’am looking for the disadvantages of a physical store and found only minor things. Introduction For Research Outline! i wanted to find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Do you mean the disadvantages of shopping at a physical store or of owning one? I assume you mean shopping at one, so here are a couple ideas off the top of my head: – Unless you live nearby, you have to pay to travel there (gas, wear and tear on your car). – There is a higher risk that the store will be out and effect draft of the item you need (or won’t have the right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to back school term papers limited inventory. – Prices may be higher due to overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to online-only establishments. thank you Erin. this is such a big help. Happy to help! Thanks for reading #128578;

I think any of the topics listed here could be pretty amazing — just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons. Happy writing (and impressing)! Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the and effect essay rough draft, system worth it? i have a ten page essay due in a month so any advice on book report helper template, how to get it done without killing myself. Hey, a month is rough a good long while. Back Papers! I’d definitely break it down into lots of essay rough draft smaller steps that you can attack a little at a time — brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising. The outlining step will save you a ton of essay of myself work; I’d definitely read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ for cause essay rough draft some pointers.

You might also check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-essay-on-anything/ I have to make an long af essay and for research, english is not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for some kind of and effect draft essays up to 2k words everything you need is imagination and nothing else. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for me. The internet definitely makes writing papers easier. Thanks for the comment! Hello, I’m need to write a thesis for introduction for research paper my uni’s project this year. But, I’m having a problem with my topic, is it a good topic or not?

I’m not sure, will you help me? My thesis topic is, “Students’ perception on integrity, as one of the NDUM characteristics.” *NDUM is my university, so I want to cause essay know how this integrity give an effect to the students, in the way of education. I think you’re off to a good start, but you still need to introduction paper outline take a stance on your topic. Here is an example of what I mean: “Students’ perception of integrity, which is one of NDUM’s characteristics, has a strong impact on essay rough draft, how student success in education.” In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of free nasa essay integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to cause rough draft focus only on good thesis, positive impacts, might be: “Students who have a strong perception of integrity, one of and effect rough NDUM’s core characteristics, tend to about proud be more successful in their educational endeavors.” I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit! Hello everyone? I am an online tutor.

I do a wider array of assignments from essays, projects and research papers. I produce quality and original papers that are payable after receiving the assignments. All the assignments are done in 12-24 hours. Be free to and effect draft inquire more. Email: [emailprotected] . I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health.

I don’t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Returning Back Term Papers! Can someone give ma an advice on this? I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. I don’t know specifically what to cause essay write about because the topic itself is so broad. Can someone give ma an advice on this?

You’re right that “mental health” is a really broad topic. If you’re writing an argumentative essay, you need to come up with an approach/stance that’s a) debatable and b)provable. Here are a few examples of possible approaches: – Argue that the government (national, local, etc.) has a responsibility to incorporate essay increase funding for and effect essay rough draft mental health initiatives. – Should free mental health therapy be offered in helper template schools? Argue in rough favor of/against. – Does the mental health of parents impact their children? Why or why not? There are a lot of possibilities here, but I hope those spark some ideas for how you can narrow your topic to incorporate essay be more specific. Happy writing! Thank you. I started my essay on government should increse the rough draft, fundings.

Now I’m on incorporate definition essay, my thesis statement. i just started this. do you think this will improve my spelling problem. I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. #128577; That’s a long one, but you can totally do it. Just make sure to organize your ideas before you start. Cause And Effect Essay Rough Draft! You might want to check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ . Term Papers! This outline template can work just as easily for a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims you’re making and rough draft, how much evidence you use to back them up. Much respect for introduction for research outline your decision to go back to cause essay draft school! What an awesome example you’re setting for your kids #128578; I would definitely recommend that you explore some of term our (many, many) other blog posts for writing help. Essay Draft! I’m obviously biased, but they’re a fantastic resource for getting un-stuck.

As for this essay, I think that there are definitely some argumentative angles you could take with the subject of autism. Off the top of my head: 1. Argue that autism should (or should not be) classified as a disorder/disability. For instance, some suggest that it’s simply a type of incorporate definition essay neurodiversity and cause essay rough, should not be treated as something “wrong,” just different. 2. Argue that autism stems from (or does not stem from) environmental factors.

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35+ Creative Ways to cause and effect essay rough List Job Skills on Your Resume. The competitive climate of the job market has reached a fever pitch in recent years. College degrees are almost as commonplace as high school diplomas, and the pool of candidates for any given career is far-reaching. To stand out in such an environment, job seekers need to focus on accentuating their experiences and backgrounds on their resumes. For Research Paper? A degree from a prestigious university or an impressive roster of past employers can certainly make a good impression on hiring managers, but the real test of rough draft a candidate#39;s fit is how well the free nasa essay person#39;s skills align with the position in question. Wendi Weiner, a certified professional resume writer and founder of and effect essay rough The Writing Guru, noted that a job candidate#39;s skills and good thesis abortion, relevant knowledge are substantiated by the keywords they choose to use. Industry-specific core skills will enable a job candidate to successfully pass through an applicant tracking system (ATS), which is and effect rough draft utilized by [the majority] of companies today to obtain the right candidates, Weiner said. While it#39;s good to have a well-rounded skills section, it#39;s not enough to simply list a string of phrases. Josh Ridgeway, director of MSP delivery for staffing agency Kavaliro, reminded job seekers that hiring managers want to see concrete examples of those skills in action. Helper Template? [See Related Story: Meaningless Words to Delete from Your Resume ] In resumes, you see a skills summary, [which includes] problem solving, excellent customer service, attention to cause draft detail, etc., Ridgeway told Business News Daily. Free Nasa Essay? However, oftentimes, we don#39;t see an explanation of those skills.

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Based on the advice of our expert sources, here are a few broad categories of skills your resume could include, along with unique ways to express them. Jobs require teamwork. There will be constant back-and-forth exchanges with co-workers, and discussing and sharing ideas with supervisors. Employers will want to cause and effect essay rough know the level ofcommunication skills you have and back school, how well you work with others. The specific required skills will vary based on your position. A sales representative, for and effect draft, instance, would need to highlight customer service and incorporate definition essay, relationship-building experience. On your resume: writes clearly and concisely; listens attentively; openly expresses ideas, negotiates/resolves differences; provides and asks for feedback; offers well-thought-out solutions; cooperates and works well with others; thrives in rough a collaborative environment. If the good paper job you want involves working on research projects and companywide campaigns, you#39;re going to want to show off your top-notch planning abilities.

Organization skills may sound like a trite, overused filler term, but those skills are the ones that will help you succeed. Show potential employers you#39;ve got what they#39;re looking for by outlining your involvement in, and cause and effect essay rough draft, results from, current and previous projects. On your resume: forecasts/predicts; identifies and gathers appropriate resources; thoroughly researches background information; develops strategies; thinks critically to solve problems; handles details; coordinates and completes tasks; manages projects effectively; meets deadlines; plans and arranges activities; multitasks; creates plans. Returning Back? Leadership skills can be gained in a variety of conventional and unconventional ways, but it#39;s not always easy to express them on a resume. Demonstrating your management abilities on cause and effect draft paper requires you to free nasa essay think about essay rough, what it is introduction for research paper outline you do as a leader and how you guide your employees toward success. To give employers a better idea of what you#39;ve accomplished, discuss the size of the team and the scope of the projects you manage. On your resume: leads and directs others; teaches/trains/instructs; counsels/coaches; manages conflict; helps team members set and achieve goals; delegates effectively; makes and implements decisions; enforces policies; oversees projects; measures team results. Social media is one of the most ubiquitous and in-demand skills for jobs in a variety of cause draft fields. Socially active organizations are more likely to for research outline attract top talent, drive new sales leads and better engage other employees and essay rough, customers, said Amir Zonozi, chief of good paper strategy at cause, social engagement platform Zoomph. Therefore, when employers look for new hires, they#39;re also typically looking for new internal-brand ambassadors. Zonozi noted that, for positions that directly involve work on returning papers corporate social media campaigns, hiring managers love to see concrete numbers and metrics, including Web traffic, audience reach and overall engagement.

Even for nonsocial-media-related positions, you can still demonstrate your experience by referencing specific networks and cause essay rough draft, social media management programs you regularly use. On your resume: manages social media campaigns; measures and book template, analyzes campaign results; identifies and connects with industry influencers; sparks social conversation within the brand#39;s community; creates and executes content strategies; drives engagement and leads; enhances brand image through social presence. Additional reporting by Nicole Fallon Taylor and Jeanette Mulvey. Shannon Gausepohl graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a degree in journalism. She has worked at a newspaper and in the public relations field, and cause, is currently a staff writer at Business News Daily.

Shannon is a zealous bookworm, has her blue belt in Brazilian jiu jitsu, and loves her Blue Heeler mix, Tucker.

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essay sun and steel Here is the basic thesis of and effect rough draft this essay: there are three forces that have recently and introduction outline profoundly changed the design of the road-racing bicycle. The usual search for competitive advantage on the race course. Marketing pressures. The manufacturer's search to reduce costs, and the corollary desire to reduce the number of items manufactured. The result? Most people are being sold bicycles that have had their ride quality seriously compromised in the name of increased performance that is really illusory.

To put it bluntly, the bikes they are being sold ride like bloody hell. The pleasure that can be had by riding a delicious, well-designed, comfortable bike that is competitive at all but the very highest levels of racing has been denied to the majority of the cause and effect essay rough draft modern road bike riders. A discerning rider should look upon free nasa essay lightweight road bikes as basically falling into two categories. All-out racing bikes (and lower-priced clones that purport to cause and effect essay be the free nasa essay same, but have none of the competitive advantages and all of the cause and effect rough disadvantages of these bikes) that, while not offering the most comfortable or pleasurable ride, give the serious athlete a chance to race without worrying that his equipment will hold him back. Many items that claim to be in this category are marketing tools aimed at the misinformed. But more about returning back school papers, this later. And Effect! Riding bikes. An intelligently designed bike will offer a wonderful ride, handle like a dream and only slightly compromise the all-out need for the ultimately competitive bike. I believe that these are the bikes most people should ride. This all used to be so easy.

In 1975, a professional rider rode a bike made of about being of myself Columbus, or Reynolds 531. The usual group was Campagnolo Nuovo Record, but a mixture of French or even Spanish components could be used. The rims would be tubulars like Fiamme strung up with 36 spokes, and draft have handmade (cold-treated) tubulars glued on. Helper Template! The bars were most likely Cinelli, the chain and cogset Regina. The bike probably weighed about 21.5 pounds. It was the state of the art. And Effect Essay Draft! No bike could be made that was faster, more reliable or significantly lighter. At the same time, no bike could be had that rode better than a handmade frame, built by a master out of 531 or Columbus and back term papers assembled with the pro cause essay draft equipment of the good paper day. The bike was not only cause essay competitive at the highest levels of the sport, it rode comfortably and had excellent vertical compliance so that it adhered to the road.

The sensual element that gives a bike ride its real pleasure could find no better tool than the true pro bike of the '70s. Bikes have changed. Those changes require that a thoughtful person contemplating the purchase of a new bike to use a different set of criteria than a rider of the '70s and '80s. It's no longer enough to just want what the pros ride. As I stated in my opening paragraph, there are several forces at work changing the design of the returning term professional racing bike. First of all, the most easily noticed is the march to rough lighter weight. This has caused the UCI (the governing body of worldwide bike racing) to essay about of myself require that bikes weigh at least 6.8 kilograms (15 lbs.). There is a fear that the technological advance will obscure the importance of the human effort in a bike race. The UCI wants to and effect rough make sure that the definition emphasis is on the athlete. There are two other forces at work.

Manufacturers want to and effect essay reduce the number of different items that they manufacture. Free Nasa Essay! Sometimes this ends up being for the better. Threadless forks are lighter, the and effect rough stems are stiffer. The manufacturer gets to make only one fork and cut it to length. Previously he had to make a different threaded fork for each size frame. Book Helper! His life is simpler and and effect essay rough the bike is lighter and incorporate definition essay stiffer. Compact frames reduce the number of frame sizes that need to be manufactured. We make the Corsa Strada (not a compact frame) in cause and effect essay draft 18 sizes, each with a unique geometry. This many items, all complex and differernt, are a manufacturer's nightmare, but a bike rider's dream. Fit and essay weight distribution on compact frames, however, can be a problem. Essay Rough Draft! If a person is between frame sizes, the thesis abortion choice between a too-short or too-long stem (and the same with the rough seat post) will result in a poor fit and essay about proud bad handling.

The miniscule weight savings does not make up for the disadvantages. But, the manufacturer has saved a bundle. Cause Draft! And you'll look like the pros in the Tour de France who are being paid to back term papers sell this line of baloney. Another force driving design is advertising. Marketing costs are huge. In the sport-driven world of cause essay bicycle advertising, these costs have ballooned. Up until the 1970s, a big bicycle factory could, on definition essay, its own, sponsor a high-end bicycle team. Gone are the days of a Peugeot team stocked with Tour winning riders like Thevenet. The last team sponsored primarily by a bicycle company was TI-Raleigh. And this was possible because Tubing Investments, the cause essay rough draft owner of Raleigh, amortised a lot of the costs of the definition essay team over other branches of the conglomerate.

Today, the bicycle supplier generally plays a much smaller part in the financing of a pro team, which can cost more than $8,000,000 a year. With these huge costs, the pro cause essay team has been forced to become a more focused marketing driven device than in decades past. Every square inch of the bike and the riders' clothing is crammed with advertising. In the school term papers past, rim manufacturers never paid racing teams money to cause draft equip their bikes because the then-used box-section rim is so anonymous. You never knew which teams were using what rims. New wheels with deep section rims can carry obvious and easily recognized advertising, but this is at a real cost to the rider. The deep rims ride very harshly. The reduced spoke count wheel have very high spoke tensions that exacerbate the back school papers problem. The consumer is sold the wheels because they are light. But, this is a half-truth. Because the rims have deep sections, the inertial mass (rotating weight) is greater.

The result is that the bike has less snap and rides more harshly. To make it worse, tests have shown that a rim needs to be 40 mm deep to have any real aerodynamic advantage. The rims with their cross sections in the 30mm's are not aero, they are only fancy looking. And Effect Essay Rough Draft! Before buying one of these wheelsets that have lots of gee-whiz, consider a nice set of 32 hole, cross-three wheels with box section rims. Good Abortion! Put a pair on your bike and give them a chance. Borrow a buddy's set if you have any. The weight is almost the and effect essay rough draft same. But the ride.

On to the frames. Bicycle frames and forks are made of four different materials: steel, aluminum, titanium, and carbon fiber. Back Papers! There other materials on cause and effect essay rough, the fringe, but they are beyond the scope of this discussion. Steel, aluminum and titanium are metals with an interesting relationship. About! Titanium has 1/2 the density of steel and 1/2 the tensile strength. Cause Essay Draft! Aluminum has 1/3 the density and definition essay 1/3 the strength of steel. Now the obvious conclusion that one can draw from this is that a frame of aluminum should end up weighing the same as a steel frame. A given cubic volume of aluminum weighs 1/3 as much as the cause and effect same volume of steel. But because it has 1/3 the strength, one would need 3 times the returning back term papers material to make a given structure work. It's not that simple.

In building bicycles, made of 9 tubes, there are problems in drawing the tubes too thin in relation to cause and effect draft their diameter. Given the current state of the art, a bicycle downtube of steel is report helper roughly 32 mm in diameter. It can be drawn so that the walls are about cause rough, 0.4mm thick. Any thinner and the tube can buckle easily, and the tube is being subject to denting as well. Modern aluminum downtubes are usually oval for greater resistence to bending under the normal load of pedaling. The mechanical characteristics of aluminum are inferior to steel. It will fail more quickly under repeated stress. So, the diameters and cause and effect essay rough draft wall thicknesses must be increased, but not as much as would be called for to free nasa essay make up entirely for cause essay draft the reduced tensile strength of aluminum. With a 42mm diameter, aluminum tubes can be drawn down to 0.7mm yielding a tube that weighs 185 grams, compared to 220 grams for a state-of-the-art steel downtube. Multiplied throughout the bike's 9 tubes, it is obvious that a significant weight saving can be achieved using non-ferrous (non-steel) materials. Intermediate weight savings can be gained using titanium.

We know more about definition, steel than any other of the draft materials used to about build bikes. It is one of the basic building blocks of cause draft our civilization. Even though it has been over 150 years since Henry Bessemer figured out how to produce steel commercially and cheaply, new developments keep coming. In the early 1990s, Columbus announced the introduction of Nivachrome steel. Previous steels used to build bikes were chrome-moly alloys that lost as much as 40% of their strength after brazing. Nivachrome was the first alloy specifically developed for building bicycles. In the hands of a competent builder, Nivachrome loses only 10% of its strength after building. Also, it is a highly ductile steel (not brittle like glass) and has a very high tensile strength.

The results? Steel tubes could be made thinner and lighter. Previously, because so much strength was lost in brazing or welding, the thesis tubing maker had to put a lot of and effect rough draft redundant material in the tubing to report template allow for the loss of strength. A normal tube in 1976 was 0.9mm at the butted end and 0.6 in the center. With Nivachrome, that changed to 0.7mm at the butt and 0.4 in the center. And Effect Essay Rough! This is a reduction of 1/3 of the mass of the tube with no loss of about strength or durability. The resulting bikes made with these modern 0.4mm thick tubes were light and had a new, beautiful, elastic, delicious sensual feel that I cannot describe. I can only tell you that it is cause and effect essay rough there. The other advantage of steel is reliability.

Modern metallurgy teaches that if a steel tube is bent and released repeatedly, it will not break as long as the thesis paper amount of this bending remains within what engineers call the elastic range of the cause rough draft metal. When a steel tube is bent until it permanently deforms, it is said to school have failed. As long as the frame is never bent beyond it's elastic range, its life will be very long, indeed. But let us not deceive ourselves. The slight weight disadvantage that comes with a steel frame makes it unusable for draft racing at the highest levels. A steel frame can be made that weighs in the mid to low 3-pound range. Over a non-compact aluminum frame, this is free nasa essay a penalty of cause rough about one pound. This is just too heavy to chase Tyler Hamilton up a category-one climb.

That is why the professional peloton uses aluminum or carbon. But for the rider who does not compete at the elite level, that one-pound penalty as part of a whole rider/bike package that approaches 200 pounds (or may generously exceed it) is insignificant. And for free nasa essay that pound, the rider gets a bike that can take advantage of the high-tensile strength and and effect rough draft springy elasticity of modern steel and ride a bike that is an essay about proud of myself absolute dream. No bike rides as well as a steel bike built by cause rough, a skilled builder. People who disagree with this conclusion usually have either a commercial interest in other materials, or have not ridden modern steel bikes. Forks. Putting on a full carbon fork will save almost a pound. This is a huge weight savings in a single component for a very modest price. I will save most of my comments for the carbon discussion below. Free Nasa Essay! But, because the essay deformation of steel under load is linear, the springy feel of a steel frame is greatly enhanced by the lively feel of a steel fork.

The evolution of the aluminum frame has been going at book report the speed of light. The first modern aluminum frames that showed up in the mid 1970s by Alan of Italy used the same diameters that were then used in making steel frames. The resulting frames were very light, but they were so soft, I considered them unrideable. Vitus also made aluminum frames that were very soft and very light. I could say these were terrible bikes, but Sean Kelly beat the rest of the essay world like gongs with these spongy imitations of real bikes. There are many roads to the same place. One man's food is another man's poison. Then, builders started tig-welding extra-large diameter alumunum tubes (Klein and Cannondale come to mind). For Research Paper Outline! The resulting bikes were fantastically stiff, very light, but hard as nails.

I considered them terrible alternatives to good steel bikes because they had gone too far the cause essay rough other way. Free Nasa Essay! The ride was just too harsh. The engineers never stopped working on draft, solving the problems aluminum presented. Columbus came out returning back term, with Altec and the ride got better. Cause And Effect Essay Rough Draft! Easton's offerings made frames that I finally admitted were tolerable. Columbus' modern tubes Altec2 and book report Airplane make fine riding bikes. I don't put their ride quality in cause essay rough the class of the definition essay good steel bikes. But, if a rider is seeking competitive light weight and acceptable ride quality, a non-compact, horizontal top-tube aluminum bike will serve him well. Essay Draft! The earlier problems of aluminum's tendency to fail after only report helper a short time has been basically solved.

But the lifetime of an aluminum frame is not and will not be that of a steel bike. Cause Essay Draft! The rider has to accept that in his search for high-perfomance, compromises must be made. These are not lifetime bikes. Incorporate Essay! They just aren't! This is the essay rough middle ground. Definition Essay! Titanium is not as strong as steel and and effect essay rough it is not as light as aluminum. The result is a frame that has a better ride than aluminum, but weighs more. Incorporate! It doesn't ride as well as steel, but it is lighter. It is very reliable. Titanium frame failures, like steel frame failures, are very rare.

Titanium also has another advantage. It doesn't rust. Riders in rough draft areas where roads are salted like titanium frames. They don't have to be painted. If the decals get wrecked, new ones are easy to apply. I have good friends whose judgement I respect who insist that this is the best material from which to build a frame because of its middle ground between aluminum and steel. At this point, it becomes a matter of taste. I think it was about a decade ago that Greg Lemond predicted that carbon fiber bikes were the about being proud future. I don't think they have yet lived up to that promise, even with Lance Armstrong's six Tour de France wins on carbon. The first carbon frames I recall were from Alan and Vitus. The aluminum tubes that were usually glued into aluminum lugs were replaced with carbon tubes.

Then, the next big advance came from Kestrel with a monocoque frame. Lots of cause riders went wild over free nasa essay them and adored the ride and cause essay draft lightness. Like all early products, all of the definition above frames suffered from growing pains. And Effect Essay Draft! Reliability just wasn't there. If we fast-forward to today, the for research paper advances have been profound. The basic problem of carbon's reliability has been solved. Millions of men and women trust carbon for the their forks, the component on a bike that requires the greatest level of quality and reliability.

A broken fork can be catastrophic. Producers of carbon fiber products have advanced the basic technology of the and effect essay rough draft raw material. Carbon fiber products are made of carbon fiber imbedded in an epoxy resin. As the technology has advanced, engineers have been able to reduce the amount of resin as well as cabon fiber in the basic make-up of a carbon item. This is important not only for paper outline a weight savings, the basic reason people turn to carbon, but also for road feel. I have a theory. When the cause and effect rough draft first carbon tubes frames from returning term papers Alan and Vitus showed up, they were slightly over size. Cause And Effect Essay Rough! They were still quite soft as frames go. Back School! Then, when the first carbon fiber forks were introduced, many of cause essay draft them mimicked the dimensions of steel forks. They were terribly underdesgined. They were so soft that the front wheel would vibrate back and forth in incorporate definition an unnerving shimmy when the front brake was applied.

These very soft, improperly designed items gave carbon a reputation for softness. If an item were carbon, it was assumed that it would give a soft, comfortable ride. Cause Essay Draft! It was not the carbon, which is an extremely stiff material, that was causing the softness, it was the book report engineering. Look at carbon forks today. They are built to dimensions that are appropriate to the material.

Carbon forks are stiff, reliable and well-made. So how does carbon fiber affect the ride of the bike? Engineers can do almost anything they want with carbon. It's all in how the and effect essay sheets of woven carbon fiber are laid and epoxied together. There is, however, a great deal of commonality in free nasa essay how all carbon fiber products are designed for bicycles.

So, we can paint with a broad brush and make some general rules. The epoxy in the carbon fiber matrix damps high-frequency vibrations. If you have a nice road, it will take out that road buzz and smooth it out. However, because the essay rough draft deformation of carbon under load is not linear, the worse the jolt or impact, the harsher the feel. It can make a good road nice, but it will make a bad road terrible as it bites back when the usual elastic limit of the carbon is thesis reached. Some riders find the deadening of road buzz delightful and cause and effect essay draft pleasant. Other find that carbon fiber results in template a dead feel.

Once again, it's a matter of taste. I believe that the feel of the road is a large part of the feedback I am looking for as I ride my bike. I am not looking to isolate myself from my cycling environment. I want to be part of it. For me, then, carbon works against my cycling goals. I have never ridden a carbon frame or fork that gives the fine, pleasant, comfortable ride under the widest set of condition that steel gives.

With changing technology, this judgment is only for today. So, what kind of bike to buy? I still hold that a modern steel bike built with hand-made cross-three wheels and good tires inflated to no more than 110 psi remains the cause and effect rough gold standard. No other bike will ride as well. The elite racer looking for good thesis paper the lightest, fastest bike is best served with a lighweight aluminum bike.

He can get good feel as well as high performance with aluminum. If he avoids compact frames, he will get a finer ride at almost no weight gain. The important, and cause essay now ignored, questions of fit and weight distribution are better answered with a horizontal-top-tubed bike. We hear and returning back school read that steel road bikes have made a comeback. COMEBACK? We don’t think that they have really gone anywhere. Fans of steel bikes have remained loyal. As recently as 20 years ago, a professional rider feeding his family with his pedaling talents rode a steel (cromoly) bicycle. End of cause essay rough story as far as frame materials went. Steel was the good gold standard. Since then, many different materials have come onto the scene…some more successfully than others.

The general consensus remains to this day that steel (cromoly) frames deliver the best overall ride. Other materials might make a frame stiffer, lighter, more aerodynamic, and in some cases some materials might make a frame even MORE compliant and comfortable than steel tubes, but the idea is still to make them all ride as close to steel as possible. Making a great frame that rides incredibly well requires the balance of all these characteristics (comfort, shock dampening, weight, stability, traction, etc.). These attributes are all directly related to one another. Cause And Effect Draft! Making a frame lighter automatically changes or digs into one of the other distinguishing performance features. So all of these important riding aspects must be considered carefully and be balanced. It seems that steel frames keep this balance at a more favorable ratio than any other frame material. The number of brands offering a full line of steel bikes is dwindling. This is great news for about being Torelli and and effect essay rough the Mondonicos, but a sad statement of incorporate where the bike industry has gone in the last 20 years. We know many dedicated riders who have been riding aluminum or carbon for the last few years and have decided to go back to steel, purely for cause essay rough draft the quality of the ride and the experience that a steel bike delivers. Introduction Outline! Frankly, a lot of them want a more comfortable bike that doesn’t beat them up in certain riding situations.

These are men and women who have logged many miles on stiff, tight, robotic frames for draft years and they are quite simply tired of the lack of personality in their rigs. We mention durability and longevity when speaking of steel frames. Aluminum and Carbon frames have an effective performance lifespan that is much shorter than steel. This means that the essay about quality of the ride deteriorates over time. Cause And Effect Essay Draft! It doesn’t refer to an all-out frame failure. We think it is fair to say that a good steel frame, built properly, can last 25 or 30 years if cared for. Aluminum and carbon frames are much less predictable, but we think it is reasonable to say that they won’t have the lifespan of a fine steel frame. Today's aluminum frames are the free nasa essay lightest available. There are some exceptions, but if you want to talk about top-shelf, proven, stage style frames, this remains accurate. Titanium is light no doubt, but it has lost the label as the LIGHTEST bike material.

Carbon, in general, is cause and effect essay light. but in some specific cases it is NOT. When you consider ride quality, you can debate for hours on weight vs. material. Ask us (in store) to explain to good paper abortion you how some companies at the TOP of the food chain have decided that Titanium and Carbon on their own don't make for very good bike frames at all. The combination of these materials is another story. More on this when you visit us! Aluminum seems to be the material that has come closest to essay the goal of doing what steel does but with less weight. 20 years ago, aluminum was lighter than steel but it was harsh riding and too stiff. [There is a great story about an engineer from good thesis a BIG CORPORATE BIKE COMPANY in the pits at and effect rough draft the Tour De France in the early 1980's. A team competing in THE Tour was riding his company's newest aluminum frame. When the riders returned from the stage, they we assembled under a tent to back school papers meet with the cause rough draft engineer for free nasa essay a feedback session.

The engineer, through an Italian speaking helper asked How was the ride on our great new frame. the riders muttered to each other in Italian and their collective reply came from the one team member that spoke a few words in broken English, with a heavy twist of cause rough draft Italian accent. Book Helper! It's a-fast, but it's a-too a-hard! ] Remember that what you lose in weight you gain in many other departments. A light steel frame is 3 to 3.5 pounds*. A SUPER light Aluminum frame is 2.5 pounds*. So we are talking about .5 to 1 pounds net difference. If your absolute 1st priority is building as light a bike as possible, you won't choose steel. If you want a very light bike that performs and rides to and effect the highest quality standard, you will love a steel frame. *REAL WEIGHTS. not catalog weights or tech sheet weight! Aluminum, carbon, and titanium are fine frame materials.

After all the touting we’ve done here about steel frames, you still might very well be better off with another material. No worries, our friends at Torelli and paper outline Mondonico all know this very well and and effect all brands offer frames made of these materials, and of course, all are crafted in the Italian Style. If you aren’t sure what is best for you, please consult with us. We can give you solid advice. We will always throw the warning flag if we think a customer is wandering down the wrong path when buying a bike or making a fit decision.

Ultimately, it is your choice, but we are here to help you match your desires and needs with the right product. The contents of this page are exclusive property of Smart Cycles Inc. No reproduction is definition allowed. Copyright 2004 Smart Cycles, Inc. Essay! Norwalk, CT USA. Giant • Raleigh • Haro • Redline • Bianchi • Scott • Santa Cruz • Intense • Juliana • Transition • RSD. Detroit Bikes • il Massimo • Ciocc • Casati • DeBernardi • Guerciotti • Barco • Time.

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SKILLS, KNOWLEDGE, ABILITIES AND TASKS. (Technical and Functional Expertise) Note: The technical and functional skills listed below are based on general occupational qualifications for Park Rangers commonly recognized by rough draft most employers. Typically, you will not be required to have all of the skills listed to be a successful performer. Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile. Teaching others how to do something.

Actively looking for ways to help people. Considering the relative costs and book helper benefits of potential actions to cause rough draft choose the most appropriate one. Being aware of others' reactions and paper understanding why they react as they do. Talking to essay draft others to convey information effectively. Using logic and for research paper reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem solving and decision-making. Determining the kind of tools and cause draft equipment needed to returning papers do a job. Persuading others to change their minds or behavior. Note: The technical and draft functional knowledge statements listed below are based on general occupational qualifications for Park Rangers commonly recognized by most employers.

Typically, you will not be required to have all of the knowledge listed to be a successful performer. Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile. The Knowledge of: Relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to introduction outline promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. Information and techniques needed to and effect essay diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. Essay About. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. Principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for and effect essay rough services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. Principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and template the measurement of training effects. Note: The technical and functional abilities listed below are based on general occupational qualifications for Park Rangers commonly recognized by most employers. Typically, you will not be required to have all of the abilities listed to be a successful performer. Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on essay rough draft the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile. Communicate information and free nasa essay ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Tell when something is wrong or is likely to rough go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. Exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath. See details at a distance. Coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in free nasa essay motion. Speak clearly so others can understand you. Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, and mathematical operations). See under low light conditions. Use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object. Exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.

Note: The following is a list of sample tasks typically performed by Park Rangers. And Effect Rough Draft. Employees in this occupation will not necessarily perform all of the tasks listed. Maintain buildings by performing painting, plumbing, carpentry and other maintenance activities. Operate and maintain equipment such as tractors, loaders and mowers. Enforce park rules and regulations and returning school promotes good public relations. Essay Draft. Contact emergency medical personnel in case of serious injury.

Examine injured persons, and administer first aid or cardiopulmonary resuscitation if necessary, utilizing training and medical supplies and equipment. Observe activities in assigned areas, using binoculars in order to detect hazards, disturbances, or safety infractions. Patrol or monitor recreational areas such as trails, slopes, and incorporate essay swimming areas, on foot, in draft vehicles, or from good paper, towers. Rescue distressed persons, using rescue techniques and equipment. Warn recreational participants of essay, inclement weather, unsafe areas, or illegal conduct.

Inspect recreational equipment, such as rope tows, T-bars, J-bars, and chair lifts, for safety hazards and about being of myself damage or wear. Inspect recreational facilities for cleanliness. Like people, occupations have traits or characteristics. These characteristics give important clues about the and effect essay rough nature of the work and work environment, and give you an opportunity to match your own personal interests to a specific occupation. When you choose a job in an occupation that matches your own interests you have taken an important step in good paper planning a successful and rewarding career. The occupation of Park Ranger has Realistic and Social characteristics as described below: Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery.

Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and cause essay rough draft teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others. LICENSURE, REGISTRATION, OR CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS. The Park Ranger is expected to school have or obtain certification in CPR and cause rough First Aid.

The Park Ranger is also expected to have a valid Virginia driver's license. The Park Ranger may also be required to obtain a Water Operator Class 4 certification. With the exception of sworn law enforcement personnel, the returning term papers Department of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS) certification and licensure is not generally required of cause and effect, park ranger positions in state government. However, to improve career opportunities, certification from the Department of Criminal Justice Services would be beneficial. DCJS Certification is book report helper a requirement of all sworn officers. A DCJS form 21 is filed with the Department of cause draft, Criminal Justice Services for all sworn officers certifying that minimum training requirements are met.

This agency certifies all law enforcement training academies, all instructors, and all sworn law enforcement officers in their ability to carry and use firearms, drive high speed police vehicles, use radar, and perform certain first aid and other duties. This certification is maintained and renewable through the DCJS. More information may be obtained at DCJS's web site: http://www.dcjs.virginia.gov/ . Park rangers may also be required to reside in staff housing in the park. EDUCATIONAL, TRAINING, AND LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES. Park Rangers perform a variety of tasks to operate and proud maintain park facilities. And Effect Draft. These tasks include ground keeping, small engine repair, equipment inventory and maintenance activities such as painting, plumbing and carpentry. The Park Rangers in good thesis paper abortion the Commonwealth of cause and effect rough, Virginia play a vital role in maintaining and free nasa essay protecting the and effect rough draft Commonwealth's parks and visitors. For Research. The Park Rangers typically have a high school diploma or equivalent. Rigorous hiring and screening programs consisting of background, criminal record, and fingerprint checks are becoming the cause rough draft norm in the occupation. Background criminal history check is required. Applicants are expected to incorporate essay have good references, no serious police record, and cause draft good health.

Park Rangers should be mentally alert, emotionally stable, and physically fit in order to cope with emergencies. Park Rangers have frequent contact with the public and should communicate well. Federal law prohibits anyone convicted of report template, a misdemeanor crime of cause essay draft, domestic violence from carrying a firearm. Park Rangers spend much of their time outdoors, sometimes in poor weather and good paper abortion isolated areas. Park Rangers are also expected to work shifts to include weekends and holidays. The Department of Conservation and and effect rough Recreation's web site has more information on the state's parks and on essay career opportunities: http://www.dcr.state.va.us/index.htm . The State Council of Higher Education lists three Virginia educational institutions offering programs in parks, recreation and leisure facilities management: Northern Virginia Community College, Old Dominion University and Tidewater Community College.

Competencies are a set of identified behaviors, knowledge, skills, and abilities that directly and positively impact the success of employees and and effect essay draft the organization. Competencies can be observed and measured. When consistently demonstrated, competencies make employees particularly effective in returning back term their work. Competencies help lay out a road map to career success. You can use the Commonwealth Competencies to help improve your individual performance by adopting behaviors that make high performing employees successful in their jobs. In this way, you can use the Commonwealth Competencies for your further professional development.

The Commonwealth Competencies are: Technical and Functional Expertise Understanding the Business Achieving Results Serving the Customer Teamwork Interpersonal and Communication Skills Leadership and Personal Effectiveness. The above competencies may be applied to cause essay rough employees throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia. They can be rank-ordered by agencies and hiring managers to represent the definition needs of a specific job. The rank ordering will change depending upon cause the occupation, an thesis abortion organization's priorities, the actual job requirements, and the supervisor's preferences. Career success is both about what you do (applying your technical knowledge, skills, and ability) and how you do it (the consistent behaviors you demonstrate and choose to use) while interacting and communicating with others. Hopefully, by studying the Commonwealth competencies, identifying your developmental opportunities, and working to refine your own competence, you can take charge of your career! For additional information about the Commonwealth Competencies go to: http://jobs.state.va.us/cc_planningctr.htm . For the cause essay rough competencies, we first list the for research competencies and then define each. Finally, we list competency indicators; to describe what successful performance looks like. Career opportunities in the Commonwealth are not limited to moving “up” to the next highest role and pay band, changing positions, or to becoming a supervisor. That's because most roles describe a broad group of occupationally related positions that perform a range of work that requires increased knowledge and skills.

For that reason, Commonwealth roles describe the career paths within the same or higher-level role for the same or different Career Group. The broad salary range and rough the Commonwealth's pay practices provide flexibility in paper recognizing career development and advancement. (Salary Structure) For example: Park Ranger. Natural Resource Specialist II. Natural Resource Manager I. Natural Resource Specialist III.

Natural Resource Manager II. Natural Resource Manager III. Sample Career Path. Natural Resource Specialist II. The Natural Resource Specialist II role provides a career track for park rangers involved in a variety of skilled, technical or compliance functions in conservation, forestry, parks, wildlife projects, or program development that provide support and cause and effect essay draft require some independence of action. Essay Of Myself. Employees perform work that range from cause and effect essay, entry-level technician to Chief Park ranger with supervisory responsibilities. Natural Resource Specialist III. The Natural Resource Specialist III role provides career tracks for assistant park superintendents that provide senior technical support or serve as professional specialists or supervisors in resource management protection, customer relations and thesis paper abortion education, recreation, and/or research projects and programs.

Natural Resource Manager I. The Natural Resource Manager I role provides career tracks for managers of essay draft, staff in back school term a natural resource facility or geographic area for which they have program management responsibility. Employees typically perform related program administrative functions such as hiring and training staff, preparing and cause and effect rough monitoring budgets, overseeing procurement, collecting revenues, and/or inspecting or overseeing small capital outlay projects. Employees typically manage fish hatcheries, state parks of small to free nasa essay moderate program complexity, a forestry center, a group of wildlife management areas, or a natural resource district. Natural Resource Manager II. The Natural Resource Manager II role provides career tracks for cause and effect essay rough managers of regional or statewide forest management and free nasa essay protection operations or programs requiring subject area expertise and managerial competencies, a major state park operation with multiple programs and services, or statewide park districts.

May manage enforcement of resource protection policies, regulations and laws. Some employees are responsible for programs with multiple components, managed through subordinate supervisors. Natural Resource Manager III. The Natural Resource Manager III role provides career tracks for cause and effect essay rough draft managers who serve as directors or assistant directors for free nasa essay a major natural resource division comprised of multiple programs. Employees typically manage on a statewide basis in forestry, marine resource, natural heritage, state parks, or watershed management. ADDITIONAL OCCUPATIONAL INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: