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Poverty essay prompts

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POVERTY - Northland Preparatory Academy

Poverty essay prompts

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bressay bridge Bressay shelters Lerwick from the east and can be reached by car ferry from the town in under ten minutes. Essay Prompts! Noss lies off the east coast of Bressay. Both islands feature striking landscapes, abundant bird life, coastal mammals and wild flowers. Bressay has almost everything that Shetland can offer the professions essay visitor: a ten minute ferry ride whisks you from the bustling centre of Lerwick to another world. You will find seabird cliffs, quiet bays, hill and coastal walks, a dozen freshwater lochs (many with good trout) and a profusion of archaeological and poverty essay prompts, historical sites.

The east side of the island is sparsely inhabited, a place of peace and quiet where birds and sheep wander undisturbed. The Bressay ferry sails from Albert Buildings in the centre of Lerwick every hour, with later sailings scheduled on Friday and Saturday nights. The ferry berths in Bressay right next to the Bressay Heritage Centre which features seasonal exhibitions on the culture, history and natural heritage of the island. The centre is on future rfid research needs open part time from May to September. Much of prompts Bressay is accessible by car on the single-track roads which radiate from the shop and post office at Mail (the place-name means the sands and poetry analysis prompt, long pre-dates the Royal Mail). The side roads are rough tracks unsuitable for cars and the best way to enjoy the wild east side of the island is on foot. The south-eastern corner in particular has some fine walking country but is nowhere more than three miles from the centre of poverty essay prompts Lerwick. Bressay shelters Lerwick harbour from the North Sea and for many centuries Bressay Sound has been a port of refuge for shipping, since long before Lerwick was founded in the 17th century. This natural harbour and the unique strategic position of Bressay's highest hill, the Ward of Bressay (742'/258m), gave the st louis resume help island special significance from prehistoric times. From the summit, all of Shetland is visible: on a clear day, with binoculars, you can see through the natural arch in the Gaada Stack on Foula, away to the west, in poverty essay, the Atlantic; to the north-east lie Out Skerries; to the north Ronas Hill and help, Saxa Vord (Unst); and to the south Sumburgh Head.

As our prehistoric and Viking ancestors would have noticed, you can also see Fair Isle; from there, as they'd also have discovered, you can see Orkney; and from Orkney you can see mainland Scotland. A thriving local history group A boating club Shop Pub Community hall where visitors are always welcome at concerts, dances, social evenings and the annual Up Helly A' fire festival in February. Bressay is poverty also home to the Northern Lights Holistic Spa where a variety of facilities and treatments are available. There is plenty of st louis help birdlife to see in Bressay, including most of the poverty prompts species found in Noss. The south eastern corner of the island includes the Puffin cliffs of the Ord and has a breeding colony of several hundred Great Skua around the loch at essay, Sand Vatn as well as breeding Dunlin, Common Sandpiper, Snipe, Curlew, Whimbrel, Golden Plover and other moorland birds. The Merlin is poverty essay prompts sometimes seen and st louis help, occasional sightings of Peregrine falcons, once a regular breeding bird, have been reported. Spring and poverty, autumn bring Bressay its share of migrating birds. Great flocks of Redwing and Fieldfare can be seen and the island has some rarities on its checklist including a Surf Scoter from North America. In winter the lochs are used by parties of up to a dozen Whooper Swans. Turnstone, Purple Sandpiper, Great Northern Diver, Grey Heron, Long tailed Duck, Widgeon, Teal, Tufted Duck and Goldeneye are common winter visitors.

The native mammals are Otter, Grey Seal and Common Seal. Rabbits, hedgehogs, rats, mice (and sheep!) have all been introduced by humans over the centuries. There are no snakes or other reptiles but introduced frogs thrive. Bressay's breeding list also includes: The road north from Maryfield passes Bressay's most imposing building, Gardie House, a laird's mansion built in 1724 and noted for its walled gardens. Another little road north passes through the shopkeepers crofting hamlet of Crueton (with its very 'birdy' copse of willows) and over the hill to the townships of Beosetter and Gunnista, overlooking Aith Voe which is essay one of the best birdwatching spots in the island, noted for resume, waders, divers and sea ducks. Beosetter has a fine, sandy beach and Gunnista is the site of the ruined chapel of essay St Olaf, with an interesting graveyard. Outline Ideas! The Bressay Kirk is a delightful little church with 19th century stained glass windows and two handsome memorial tablets to local landlords. Poverty Essay Prompts! For times of services and to view the rfid needs interior, visitors should contact the minister of poverty essay Lerwick and Bressay Parish Church at St Columba's Manse, St Olaf St., Lerwick (Lerwick 692125).

South from the Mail Shop the road winds past modern housing at Glebe Park and Fullaburn to the Bressay Lighthouse on Kirkabister Ness. Built in 1858 by st louis Robert Louis Stevenson's father, the light is now automatic. Poverty Essay Prompts! The old lightkeepers' cottages are available as self-catering holiday accommodation. In the dramatic geo (cove) below the lighthouse the Lithuanian factory trawler Lunokhods was wrecked in a 1993 storm. All 60 crew were rescued by the Shetland Coastguard Helicopter and Lerwick Lifeboat. The wreck site is now a popular dive with visiting scuba enthusiasts, lying next to a beautiful rock arch, Da Ovluss. The old kirkyard lies partly over a ruined broch. Here was found the essay on exasperating shopkeepers Bressay Stone, apparently the memorial to the daughter of a Pictish chieftain, Naddod, and inscribed with Ogham script which has never been fully deciphered. Poverty! There is a replica on site but the original is stored in the new Museum of Scotland at Edinburgh. Safety First - Remember, all the woolf essay cliffs are extremely dangerous, particularly in the wet. On no account should you attempt to climb them or approach the poverty prompts edge nearer than two metres (six feet).

Heed The Birds - Please be careful not to walk through nesting colonies of gulls and virginia woolf for women, terns or you may cause them to desert their eggs. No Dogs, Please! - The owners and tenants of the land have given permission for these recommended walks to be included in this guide, on condition that visitors do not bring their dogs, even on a leash. Poverty! The best behaved dog can disturb livestock and wildlife and you are respectfully asked to comply with the farmers' and crofters' wishes. Drop by essay outline ideas the Bressay Heritage Centre and delve into the island's history Download a Shetland Heritage leaflet about Bressay Noss (.pdf) A short walk up the Burn of Setter is a good place for a close look at the distinctive, vertical-shaft Shetland watermills. There are several on this burn and many more throughout Bressay. Once an essential part of every crofting community, these miniature mills have long fallen into decay but there is a restored one in working order at the Dunrossness Crofthouse Museum.

A walk around the west shore of the Voe of Culbinsbrough brings you to the old stone and slate quarries in Aith Ness, topped by the remains of a six-inch naval gun from the First World War. Like the poverty gun on Bard Head at the southern tip of paper on future needs Bressay, this one was installed in the last year of the war and was never fired in anger. If you have only a little time in Shetland, one of the poverty essay prompts best ways to sample most of what the islands have to offer is to spend a day on this glorious walk round the uninhabited coast and outline ideas, hills between Noss Sound and the Bressay Lighthouse, taking in some of the wildest scenery in essay prompts, the islands. Follow the working research needs tarmac road to Noss Sound and then head south along the poverty essay prompts coast, past the poetry essay volcanic vent of the Muckle Hell and its colony of Herring Gulls, until you come to the waterfall below the poverty prompts ruined watermill on the burn from the Loch of on exasperating shopkeepers Grimsetter. The boulder beach of essay Grutwick usually has Grey Seals fishing just offshore. At Grutwick there is a stone cairn erected by the people of Bressay to commemorate the essay shopkeepers bravery of Coastguard helicopter winchman, William Deacon, who lost his life while rescuing the Norwegian freighter Green Lily which foundered here during a Force 11 storm in November 1997. Turning inland, the deserted hamlet of Wadbister has a prehistoric earthhouse. Across the essay prompts Loch of Grimsetter is the croft of Gorie, an oasis of working on future rfid needs trees and bushes in the hill. South of Wadbister the cliff walk gives superb views of caves and natural arches, including the remarkable triple arch of the Stoura Clettstack - another favourite haul-out for poverty essay, Common Seals. Here too is the ruined medieval settlement of Stobister, where legend has it that the inhabitants fled when a violent storm sent fish raining down the woolf for women chimneys - perhaps the same tidal wave that opened Noss Sound. Walking on past the collapsed sea cave of the Gore's Kirn you come to the breeding territory of poverty essay prompts Great Skuas and Arctic Skuas; then the wild, lonely loch of Sand Vatn where Red-throated Divers nest (please avoid disturbance).

Beyond are the cliffs of Bard Head and on exasperating, the old WWI gun still standing on its concrete plinth. Two hundred feet (61m) below is the tide race of the prompts Bard a strom, a favourite fishing ground for poetry analysis prompt, Gannets and other seabirds. From here to the 400 foot (122m) Ord cliffs there are panoramic views of southern Shetland. The Ord is Fulmar territory, with thousands of these graceful birds wheeling in the updraft, but here and in many corners of the Bressay cliffs you will also see Puffins, Guillemots, Razorbills and Tysties. From the Ord there's an easy walk down to the lighthouse, through the ruined crofts of Scrana and Daal. Once back on the tarmac, you have a pleasant three mile stroll past crofts and prompts, fields to the Lerwick ferry by the Maryfield pub. Noss - The Perfect Island For Birds. As soon as you set eyes on the mile-long seabird cliffs of Noss you can see why the island was declared a National Nature Reserve in 1955: this is one of the most spectacular wildlife sights anywhere. At the peak of the breeding season the stupendous chorus of help around 150,000 birds and chicks is unforgettable - as is the poverty essay smell of the guano which stains the cliffs white! In the words of National Geographic photographer Franz Lanting: This is a world-class cliff. Millions of years of working paper rfid needs wind and ice have honeycombed thousands of nesting ledges in sandstone cliffs up to 592 feet (181m) high.

As a result, many different species can find nest sites of the preferred size and shape. Poverty Essay Prompts! Although not the biggest seabird colony in Britain, Noss is the most accessible one, combining very large numbers of poetry prompt birds with a wide variety of species and spectacular scenery. The cliffs are only prompts one of the shopkeepers Noss wildlife habitats: there's also extensive moorland, boulder beaches, sandy beaches, rich grazing and former cultivated land, all of which support other birds and animals. Resident seals and the visiting Otters feed in the dense kelp forest surrounding the 711-acre (313 hectare) island. The spectacle of: festooned over a mile of prompts cliffs, up to 592’ (181m) high, is simply astounding, as is the format essay roar of the mass ‘choir’ parents and chicks. There are two very different ways to experience Noss and essay, many visitors choose to do both: Excursion boat from Lerwick. Essay! This is easily the best way to view most of the seabird nesting sites at close range (and the prompts only way when the island is closed to visitors) but it doesn't include a landing on Noss. If you have mobility problems you can still see this wonder of the epigraph format wildlife world: wheelchair users are welcome on poverty prompts a highly manoeuvrable boat with twin engines which can take you safely into the coves, right alongside the lower cliff ledges and, in format essay, calm weather, even into the Cave of Noss, with an underwater camera to explore the kelp forest as well. Details of daily sailings from the poverty essay prompts VisitScotland Information Centre, phone 01595 693434. Paper Research! The Noss Sound ferry operates five-days-a-week (not Mondays or Thursdays) during the summer season (late April - late August) while the wardens are living on the island.

You first take the Bressay ferry from Lerwick, then walk or drive the three miles (5km) across Bressay to Noss Sound where the ferry, a small inflatable boat with an outboard motor, will take you across the narrow sound to the Noss landing place at Gungstie. Essay! For more information or to book, phone: 0800 107 7818. Arctic sandstorms and giant waves. In addition to its ornithological importance, Noss is also of great geological interest. It is made of the same Devonian desert sandstones as Bressay but slightly finer-grained. The cliff face is usually a zone of rapid weathering due to working on future rfid research a number of processes that can attack it. Essay Prompts! There are three types of weathering: physical (eg. frost actions), chemical (involves hydrolysis) and biological (eg. growth of lichen or large amounts of guano). The products of essay outline weathering and weakened rocks are quickly removed by storm wave action. This causes roughened surfaces where further etching out of other rocks units is easy. The extraordinary erosion patterns are now favoured as seabird nesting sites.

Noss Sound is a relatively new channel and was probably made by storm waves that breached the sandy spit that once joined Noss to Bressay. A clue is that the name Noss is a Viking word meaning 'headland shaped like a nose'. Essay! If it had been an essay, island when they arrived in the ninth century they would certainly have recorded the fact in their name for the place and it would be 'Nossay' - 'island shaped like a nose'. There are physical traces of essay a gigantic wave along the Bressay coast south of Noss Sound, and also a legend of a clifftop croft washed out by the sea at Stobister. Resume! Because the poverty essay prompts grazing on Noss is woolf professions for women restricted (and because even Shetland sheep can't find their way everywhere) the cliff vegetation of Noss is more luxuriant than in more heavily grazed areas, despite the plague of rabbits which each winter's cull only just keeps in check. In early summer, as the Sea Pinks and essay prompts, blue Spring Squill fade, the cliffs present a palette of white Sea Campion and Scurvy Grass, Red Campion, yellow Birdsfoot Trefoil and Roseroot and the distinctive blue of Sheep's Bit Scabious, to set off the brown Heather moorland with its patches of Cotton Grass, Lousewort and woolf professions, orchids. As well as its fascinating natural history, Noss has a long history of human occupation, starting with a burnt mound at Hellia Cluve which may be 4,000 years old. Place name evidence and the remains of a mediaeval chapel on Big Ness ('promontory of the buildings') suggest that Noss was home to a Celtic Christian community before the Viking invasion. What those marauders did to the priests in Papil Geo ('the Priests' Cove') may be imagined. From time to time, winter storms shift the sands at Nesti Voe to essay reveal human bones from the ancient graveyard.

The sandy soils around the 17th century house at Hametoun were easy to essay shopkeepers work - and to fertilise with seaweed from beaches such as Da Stinkin' Geos ('the smelly coves' where storm-blown seaweed lies and rots to this day). In subsistence times Noss was a very productive island, where good crops of poverty essay prompts oats and barley could grow and the grazing was so good there was even a milk surplus to make cheese. From the mid-18th century onwards, whenever the tenancy became vacant there were usually eager bidders. Essay! Signs of that relative prosperity are still visible in the long, slightly curved 'rigs' on Turr Ness - the essay prompts traces of ploughing by oxen which were swum across the essay prompt sound from Bressay at poverty essay, low tide and herded at night in Da Owsen's Pund (the oxen's enclosure') at shopkeepers, the north end of the big cliffs. In those days ordinary people tilled the ground with spades, not ploughs and oxen. By the early 19th century there was a second settlement on Noss, at poverty essay prompts, Setter, half way between the low-lying western end of the epigraph format essay isle and the cliffs to the east. By 1861 the poverty essay population peaked at 24, but may have included some visiting fishermen who spent the working paper rfid research needs census night in summer lodges at Booth's Voe. From 1871 to 1900 the Marquis of Londonderry took a lease of Noss to breed Shetland Ponies for his County Durham coal mines.

A display in the old Pony Pund tells the story of this rather cruel trade, which also involved building a stone wall around the higher cliffs to stop the mares falling over. The stallions were kept in poverty essay prompts, Bressay until required. Successive farming tenants and their families lived year-round in Noss until 1939. After that it was occupied in summer only until 1969 when the last resident tenant (who was also honorary RSPB birdwatcher and ferryman) gave up the lease. Since 1970 the island has been part of the Garth Estate's home farm and essay, staffed by summer wardens who also provide the ferry service across Noss Sound. Noss is open to visitors during the summer (except on Mondays and Thursdays) and closed in poverty, winter (September to mid-May) Boat trips which don't land on epigraph format the island can visit Noss on any day of the year if the weather is suitable. In the summer season a warden is usually on essay duty at the Noss visitor centre to answer any questions. Essay! It is also possible to arrange guided tours with groups. If the weather's too bad for the Scottish Natural Heritage ferry to cross Noss Sound the poverty wardens hoist a red flag outside their house but to avoid disappointment you should check with the VisitScotland Information Centre before setting out for Noss.

If going to Noss by the Noss Sound ferry, be sure to wear sensible footwear - the rocks on paper needs both sides of the sound can be slippery. Take warm, waterproof clothing, as the weather on Noss can be very changeable. Visitors' dogs are not welcome. Even well-trained dogs can disturb wildlife and sheep. Don't leave litter - it can kill or maim wildlife. Don't take plants, eggs, birds or animals - only photos. Essay Prompts! Stick to the shore path and don't disturb nesting birds, particularly Arctic Skuas. On Exasperating Shopkeepers! If nesting Bonxies dive-bomb you on poverty prompts the moor, check that you haven't strayed from the perimeter track and, if you have, retrace your steps. Hold a stick above your head or wave your arms to deter the skuas - they're only woolf essay defending their nests - and you'd do the same if some hairy monster invaded your child's bedroom! For more information see the SNH Noss website. Contact: Scottish Natural Heritage, Ground Floor, Stewart.

Building, Alexandra Wharf, Lerwick, Shetland. ZE1 0LL. Telephone +44 (0)1595 693345.

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POVERTY - Northland Preparatory Academy

R©sum© Lorenzaccio, Alfred de Musset - Bac Fran§ais. Cette fiche de lecture sur Lorenzaccio d' Alfred de Musset permet d'avoir une vision globale mais pr©cise de l'oeuvre. Poverty Prompts! Il s'agit d'un r©sum© de Lorenzaccio structur© par Actes et par sc¨nes. Acte 1 de Lorenzaccio - Alfred de Musset. Cette fiche de lecture sur Lorenzaccio d' Alfred de Musset permet d'avoir une vision globale mais pr©cise de l'oeuvre. Essay Prompt! Il s'agit d'un r©sum© de Lorenzaccio structur© par Actes et par sc¨nes. Acte 1 de Lorenzaccio - Alfred de Musset. Acte 1 Sc¨ne 1 : Lorenzo, Giomo et Alexandre de M©dicis. Une nuit, dans un jardin de Florence, Lorenzo et Giomo accompagnent Alexandre de M©dicis . Poverty Essay Prompts! Ils attendent une belle jeune fille que le duc a pay©e pour aller avec lui au bal de Nasi.

Celle-ci se fait attendre, quand son fr¨re - Maffio - la voit traverser le jardin. Resume! Inqui©t© par sa fugue, il la poursuit et tombe nez nez avec le duc, Giomo et Lorenzo. Poverty Essay! Il leur demande ce que cela signifie. Poetry Analysis! Il les menace de rapporter les faits au duc puis les attaque l'©p©e. Essay Prompts! Rapidement contr´l©, il apprend qu'il s'agit du duc en personne. Woolf! Ils ach¨tent son silence et repartent.

Acte 1 Sc¨ne 2 - Le bal masqu© des noces. A travers les conversations des passants (le marchand, l'orf¨vre, le couple de bourgeois, les ©coliers. Essay! ), on on exasperating apprend qu'au petit matin, le bal masqu© des noces de la fille des Nasi bat encore son plein. Essay! Les grands seigneurs et le duc y sont pr©sents. Paper On Future Rfid! Leur train de vie est extravagant : costumes superbes, d©bauche, fªtes monumentales et alcoolis©es. Essay! Ceci contraste avec la vie du peuple : pauvret©, travail, r©voltes contre les seigneurs et contre l'emprise allemande. Poetry Analysis Essay Prompt! En fin de sc¨ne, Julien Salviati harc¨le Louise Strozzi, qui d©cline son offre. Acte 1 Sc¨ne 3 - D©part du marquis de Cibo. Le marquis de Cibo fait ses adieux sa femme, son fils et son fr¨re : il part Massa. Poverty! La marquise est triste de ce d©part, tant elle est amoureuse. Essay! Le marquis parti, elle se retrouve avec le cardinal de Cibo.

Ils discutent du bal des Nasi et tr¨s vite, la marquise montre son aversion pour le duc, qu'elle d©crit comme un tyran provocateur. Poverty Prompts! Lorsqu'elle sort, le cardinal appelle le page (Agnolo) de celle-ci. Outline Ideas! Contraint, il lui tend une lettre (du duc) destin©e la marquise. Poverty Essay Prompts! On apprend que le duc lui fait la cour depuis deux mois et qu'elle est partie le rejoindre, malgr© le discours qu'elle a tenu. Acte 1 Sc¨ne 4 - Combat de Sire Maurice et Lorenzo. Le duc est dans une des cours de son palais, il est rejoint par le cardinal Valori et Sire Maurice. Working Paper On Future Research Needs! Ceux-ci font part au duc des nouvelles du pape. Poverty Essay Prompts! Ce dernier pense que Lorenzo est un mauvais personnage pour le gouvernement. On Exasperating Shopkeepers! Il n'a qu'un seul r´le : d©baucher le duc, mais celui-ci n'adh¨re pas cette id©e.

Lorsque Lorenzo les rejoint, Sire Maurice le provoque et le duc am¨ne les deux hommes se battre l'©p©e. Poverty! Lorenzo, apeur© et mauvais soldat prend peur et fait un malaise. Outline! Le duc intervient alors en expliquant qu'il a pouss© le vice pour leur montrer que Lorenzo n'est pas un mauvais gar§on. Des passants discutent Montolivet (lieu de foire). Essay! Lors de leurs ©changes, un bourgeois s'indigne de la politique (arbitraire et absolue) du duc et de son comportement, alors qu' il n'est pas de sang royal (b¢tard) . Paper Rfid Research! Deux dames de la cour, chez le marchand, demandent leurs officiers d'aller chercher Julien Salviati. Poverty Prompts! Entre alors le prieur de Capoue, puis Salviati (les dames sont parties entre-temps). Outline! Celui-ci aper§oit Louise Strozzi et raconte au prieur que cette femme est d'accord pour coucher avec lui. Prompts! Le prieur - fr¨re de Louise - s'offusque et s'en va. Acte 1 Sc¨ne 6 - Le changement de Lorenzo. Marie Soderini et Catherine Ginori sont sur les bords de l'Arno. For Women Essay! La m¨re de Lorenzo, qui a eu vent de son malaise (Acte I, sc.4), s'inqui¨te de son avenir.

Elle relate Catherine que son fils ©tait (avant de partir Florence) tr¨s avenant et juste avec la volont© d'aider tout le monde. Poverty Essay Prompts! Elle le voit maintenant comme un homme corrompu , vil et malhonnªte. Analysis Prompt! Elles sont remplac©es par un groupe de bannis de Florence ; Maffio les a rejoint (cf. Poverty Prompts! Acte I, sc.1). Epigraph Format! On apprend que Philippe Strozzi est un fervent d©fenseur d'une Florence libre et saine et qu'il lutte pour la chute du duc. Philippe Strozzi , seul, regrette de laisser la corruption envahir la ville et bannir ses ©l©ments. Poverty! Pierre et L©on Strozzi (le prieur de Capoue) entrent. Virginia Woolf For Women! L©on est accabl© par ce qu'il vient d'entendre Montolivet ; Pierre le voit et lui demande ce qu'il se passe. Essay Prompts! Avec appr©hension il explique qu'il a entendu Salviati, dire qu'il allait coucher avec leur sœur (Louise) et qu'elle ©tait consentante. Woolf Professions! Pierre est dans tous ses ©tats : il d©teste Salviati . Acte 2 Sc¨ne 2 - La demande de Lorenzo a Freccia.

Lorenzo et Valori sont devant une ©glise . Prompts! Valori fait un ©loge de la beaut© de cette ©glise, lorsque Tebaldeo Freccia les interrompt. Paper Research Needs! Ce dernier, qui porte un tableau, est un modeste amoureux des arts. Prompts! Valori lui propose de venir travailler au palais. Working Paper Rfid Needs! Lorenzo, un peu provocateur, lui demande de montrer son travail (tableau). Prompts! Valori remarque le charme du tableau et Lorenzo, lui, se moque de son œuvre et lui propose de peindre une courtisane. Essay! L'artiste refuse, Lorenzo le pousse dans ses retranchements en lui demandant d'expliquer son refus. Poverty Essay! Tebaldeo explique ensuite que l'©tat de d©solation de Florence, cr©e de grands artistes ; il aime Florence et ne la quitterait pour rien au monde (malgr© la pers©cution et la corruption qui y r¨gnent).

Lorenzo lui demande de venir au palais le lendemain pour peindre un tableau pour « ses noces » . Le cardinal Cibo , seul, attend la marquise de Cibo. Help! Dans son monologue, il fait part de son engagement certain aupr¨s de Charles Quint et du pape. Prompts! Aupr¨s du duc, il fait en sorte d'appliquer les ordres de ces deux autorit©s. Analysis! Cependant, il se m©fie de l'influence de la marquise sur le duc qui la courtise. La marquise vient se confesser et le cardinal tente de recueillir des informations sur sa relation avec le duc. Essay Prompts! La marquise ne comprend pas son insistance, se f¢che et lui reproche de ne pas rester son r´le de confesseur (il est son beau-fr¨re). St Louis! Piqu©, il s'en va. Poverty Prompts! La marquise, seule, r©fl©chit cet ©change et ses sentiments, quand Agnolo vient lui annoncer l'arriv©e du duc . Acte 2 Sc¨ne 4 - Interrogations propos de Lorenzo. Lorenzo, sa m¨re et sa tante discutent litt©rature.

Bindo et Baptista Venturi les interrompt ; les femmes sortent. For Women Essay! L'oncle tente de savoir si Lorenzo - si proche du duc - est encore de leur c´t© (r©publicain) ou si son jeu de rapprochement lui a tourn© la tªte. Poverty Essay! En effet, on poetry apprend que Lorenzo est entr© la cour du duc afin de s'en rapprocher, de renverser le pouvoir et d'amener une R©publique. Essay! Mais ils ne sont plus tr¨s s»rs de ses opinions. Essay! Lorenzo les rassure sur ses objectifs lorsque le duc parait. Poverty! Lorenzo pr©sente son oncle et son ami au duc et lui demande des faveurs pour ces derniers. On Exasperating! Le duc et Lorenzo, sont seuls et Alexandre avoue avoir fait chavirer la marquise de Cibo. Poverty Essay! Mais apercevant la tante de Lorenzo, il lui demande de la lui pr©senter. Help! Enfin, Lorenzo explique au duc qu'il doit aller chez les Strozzi. Essay Prompts! Il lui fait croire qu'il va glaner des informations sur des complots, qu'il lui transmettra. Lorenzo, Louise, L©on et Philippe Strozzi sont dans leur palais.

Philippe s'inqui¨te pour son fils (Pierre) car il est parti tuer Salviati afin de venger leur honneur (suite de l'Acte II, sc.1). Woolf Professions! Puis il r©it¨re dans une tirade, la description de Florence : ville ensanglant©e et corrompue. Essay Prompts! Enfin, Pierre et les fr¨res Pazzi (Thomas et Fran§ois) rentrent et annoncent qu'ils ont tu© Salviati. Virginia Woolf For Women! Il reproche ensuite, son p¨re, d'accueillir Lorenzo au palais. Poverty Essay! Philippe Strozzi ma®trise la situation, et propose Pierre de se cacher pour ne pas ªtre puni de son acte. Woolf Professions! Celui-ci refuse, question d'honneur. Acte 2 Sc¨ne 6 - Lorenzo et la c´te de maille.

Tebaldeo est au palais du duc , il fait son portrait. Poverty! Alexandre a quitt© sa c´te de maille pour l'occasion. St Louis Help! Tout en discutant, Lorenzo arrive, et empoigne la c´te de maille. Poverty! Puis il fait mine d'aller chercher sa guitare proche du puits. Working Paper On Future Rfid Research Needs! Tebaldeo a termin© son portrait, et le duc se rhabille. Essay Prompts! Mais il ne retrouve plus sa c´te de maille. Help! Lorenzo, qui revient avec sa guitare feint de ne plus savoir o¹ il l'a pos© et d©tourne l'attention du duc en parlant de sa tante. Salviati, agonisant arrive au palais du duc . Essay! Il accuse les fr¨res Strozzi de l'avoir tu©. Essay Outline! Il fait croire au duc, qu'ils l'ont agress© car Salviati les avait d©shonor©s en disant que le duc ©tait amoureux de Louise. Prompts! Le duc veut alors, mettre mort les fr¨res Strozzi.

Acte 3 - Fiche de lecture Lorenzaccio. Acte 3 Sc¨ne 1 - Entrainement de Lorenzo l'©p©e. Lorenzo s'entra®ne l'©p©e avec Scoronconcolo . Essay! Rapidement il se d©cha®ne et Scoronconcolo lui demande la v©rit© sur sa rage. Poverty Prompts! Lorenzo avoue, qu'il a un ennemi et qu'il va le tuer ici-mªme. St Louis! Il demande Scoronconcolo s'il pourra l'aider dans sa bataille (tenir les mains de l'ennemi), le jour venu. Prompts! Celui-ci accepte. Pierre est contrari© que Salviati ne soit pas mort. Working Paper Research! Il annonce son p¨re qu'il part chez les Pazzi, si¨ge de la r©volte contre le duc.

Philippe s'inqui¨te de l'engagement de son fils et de ce qu'ils ont pr©par© pour faire chuter le duc et mettre en place la r©publique. Poverty Essay! Soucieux du sort de son fils, Philippe part avec Pierre . Acte 3 Sc¨ne 3 - Lorenzo n'est plus la personne loyale qu'il ©tait. Des officiers allemands, sous ordre du duc, ont arrªt© Thomas Strozzi. Resume Help! Dans la rue, Pierre et Philippe Strozzi les rencontrent . Poverty Essay! Pierre qui ©tait recherch©, est lui-mªme arrªt©. Epigraph! Ils rejoignent le tribunal des Huit.

Philippe, seul dans la rue, pleure ses fils et l'injustice de Florence, lorsque Lorenzo intervient. Poverty Essay! Philippe lui demande s'il va aller jusqu'au bout et mettre fin au cauchemar engendr© par les M©dicis. Woolf! Philippe, aussi, a constat© le changement d'attitude de Lorenzo (il n'est plus la personne loyale et juste qu'il ©tait). Essay! Ce dernier demande Philippe de quitter Florence et de ne pas aller chez les Pazzi. Poetry Analysis! Philippe refuse et Lorenzo le rassure en lui indiquant qu'il va tuer Alexandre. Essay! Mais il avoue que pour en arriver l , il s'est transform© en un homme plein de vices, dont il ne peut, aujourd'hui, se d©faire. Resume! Sa soif de justice et de vengeance l'ont d©rout©. Poverty Essay! Le meurtre du duc est le dernier acte qui justifie sa transformation. Format! Il tente ainsi de montrer Philippe que la vie de Florence est complexe et peu id©ale. Poverty Essay Prompts! Lorenzo demande garder ses confessions secr¨tes.

Catherine Ginori a re§u une lettre du duc qui lui fait la cour. Essay! Dans ce mot, il fait allusion Lorenzo, son entremetteur. Essay! Quand Marie Soderini entre, Catherine lui montre la lettre qu'elle ne comprend pas. Working On Future Research! Marie est an©antie : elle n'accepte pas que son fils aille jusque-l dans le vice. Prompts! Catherine emm¨ne Marie chez Lorenzo pour plus d'explications. Acte 3 Sc¨ne 5 - L'interrogation de la marquise envers le cardinal. La marquise de Cibo , tr¨s en beaut©, attend la venue du duc. Virginia Professions For Women! Le cardinal de Cibo entre et la complimente sur sa tenue. Essay! La marquise ne peut le recevoir et lui demande de repasser plus tard.

Seule, elle s'interroge sur le comportement du cardinal (il la surveille). La marquise en compagnie du duc, le pr©vient de la r©volte populaire son ©gard. Essay! Elle lui demande d'agir pour retrouver la confiance du peuple, malgr© les ordres de l' empereur Charles Quint . Poverty Essay! Le duc s'apprªte partir lorsque le cardinal les surprend. Working Paper On Future Needs! La marquise, seule, s'adresse son mari en lui annon§ant son d©shonneur d'avoir succomb© au duc. Acte 3 Sc¨ne 7 - Le long discours de Philippe Strozzi. Philippe Strozzi a invit© sa famille (« les quarante Strozzi ») en son palais.

Il fait un long discours qui traduit sa volont© de vengeance et de justice : il veut mettre fin la lign©e des M©dicis, responsables de son chagrin. Essay! Mais, lorsque tous l¨vent leur verre et boivent, Louise s'effondre empoisonn©e. Virginia Professions For Women! Philippe est an©anti et ne se sent plus en ©tat d'aller lib©rer ses fils, il veut fuir. Poverty Essay! Les convives sont sid©r©es et veulent la mort du duc. Essay! Elles tentent en vain de convaincre Philippe de les accompagner, pour venger la mort de Louise. Lorenzo et le duc sont dans son palais. Poverty Essay Prompts! Le duc apprend la mort de Louise. Essay! Puis, Lorenzo, demande au duc s'il a retrouv© sa c´te de maille. Prompts! Celui-ci lui r©pond que non et qu'il ne porte rien qui le prot¨ge.

Enfin assur© de sa vuln©rabilit©, Lorenzo lui propose un rendez-vous avec sa tante. Poetry Analysis Essay Prompt! La rencontre se fera dans la chambre de Lorenzo. Prompts! Ce dernier lui a, en r©alit©, donn© le rendez-vous de sa mort (cf. Woolf Professions For Women Essay! Acte III, sc.1). Acte 4 Sc¨ne 2 - L'annonce de la mort de la soeur des Strozzi. Thomas et Pierre Strozzi , relax©s par le tribunal des Huit, arrivent chez eux. Essay Prompts! Le portier les re§oit et se rend compte qu'ils ne sont pas au courant de la mort de leur sœur. Essay! Les moines qui arrivent pour enterrer le corps, leur annoncent le d©c¨s de Louise. Essay Prompts! Thomas est an©anti, Pierre, lui, veut comprendre et rejoindre leur p¨re. On Exasperating Shopkeepers! Il suspecte une vengeance de la part des Salviati.

Lorenzo pr©vient Scoronconcolo du rendez-vous du soir . Poverty Essay! Puis, seul, il se demande comment il a pu en arriver prendre du plaisir tuer quelqu'un qui lui a fait d©couvrir une facette de la vie qui lui ©tait inconnue et devenir un homme qu'il d©teste aujourd'hui? Il s'en renvoie ses croyances, et se pense plus irr©el qu'humain. Chez la marquise de Cibo, le cardinal, lui indique qu'il sait qu'elle est la ma®tresse du duc, mais que cela ne rel¨ve pas de ses confessions : il l'a vu. Essay! Cependant, le cardinal lui demande de rester proche du duc, de r©pondre ses besoins pour conqu©rir son cœur, plut´t que de lui parler politique. Prompts! Si la marquise r©ussit se rapprocher du duc, le cardinal, pense pouvoir en tirer profit (monter en grade). Virginia Professions For Women! A cet instant le marquis rentre et le cardinal menace la marquise de tout d©voiler si elle n'accepte pas de se rapprocher du duc. Poverty! Elle d©cide, finalement, de tout avouer son mari. Lorenzo, l'aide de ses domestiques, arrange sa chambre pour le « faux » rendez-vous. Poetry Analysis Essay Prompt! Catherine vient lui annoncer que suite la lettre du duc, sa m¨re, Marie, est souffrante . Prompts! Mais incontr´lable, Lorenzo, lui demande ce qu'elle a pens© du mot. Working Research! Lorsqu'il se ressaisit il demande Catherine de rejoindre sa m¨re.

Seul, Lorenzo, regrette d'ªtre devenu (un peu malgr© lui) un homme d©pourvu de vertu. Acte 4 Sc¨ne 6 - L'enterrement de la fille Strozzi. Philippe Strozzi est en train d'enterrer sa fille lorsque Pierre vient lui annoncer que les bannis se sont regroup©s pour aller faire tomber la citadelle (lieu de garde des allemands). Prompts! Il compte sur Philippe pour commander les troupes et les op©rations. Working Paper Rfid! Celui-ci refuse de se battre contre son pays. Poverty Prompts! Pierre, f¢ch©, repart. Lorenzo pr©vient les hommes de tªte du mouvement r©publicain, de la mort imminente du duc. Epigraph Essay! Ils ne le croient pas. Pierre Strozzi vient annoncer deux bannis que son p¨re ne viendra pas. Poverty Prompts! Mais il faut sa pr©sence pour que la r©volte commence.

Les bannis refusent donc de se rendre Sestino pour annoncer le d©part, sans l'aval de Philippe. Lorenzo, dehors, la nuit tomb©e, r©fl©chit la mise en sc¨ne de l'assassinat du duc. Working Rfid Research Needs! Son monologue est empreint de d©mence : il passe d'un sujet l'autre sans aucune logique. Acte 4 Sc¨ne 10 - Les suspicions envers Lorenzo. Le duc d®ne avec Giomo , lorsqu'entre le cardinal Cibo. Poverty Prompts! Celui-ci l'interpelle et lui conseille de se m©fier de Lorenzo qui a annonc© plusieurs personnes qu'il tuerait le duc cette nuit. Shopkeepers! Sire Maurice les rejoint, et confirme ces suspicions. Essay Prompts! Le duc ne les croit pas. Poetry Analysis Prompt! Lorenzo arrive, et presse le duc pour son rendez-vous. Lorenzo am¨ne le duc dans sa chambre. Poverty Prompts! Celui-ci se couche en attendant Catherine.

Lorenzo revient alors et frappe mort le duc . Working Paper On Future Needs! Scoronconcolo se pr©cipite pour aider Lorenzo et se rend compte, que l'ennemi est le duc. Essay! Ce dernier mort, Lorenzo refait une crise de d©mence. Working Paper Needs! Scoronconcolo se charge de le faire quitter la chambre. Acte 5 de Lorenzaccio - Alfred de Musset. Le palais du duc est rempli de courtisan , quand Giomo, vient informer les proches du duc de son d©c¨s.

La nouvelle doit rester secr¨te, car le peuple r©volt©, est aux portes de la citadelle et menace les hauts dignitaires de Florence. Poverty Prompts! Giomo a ramen© le corps dans la sacristie du palais. Essay! Le cardinal Cibo, Valori, Rucella¯, Sire Maurice, Guicciardini, r©fl©chissent ©lire un nouveau duc le plus rapidement possible. Prompts! C´me de M©dicis est pressenti pour cette place. Acte 5 Sc¨ne 2 - Pierre Stozzi la tªte des troupes fran§aises. Philippe Strozzi, Venise, se lamente en apprenant que son fils, Pierre est la tªte des troupes fran§aises , qui marchent vers Florence, pour la lib©rer. Working Paper On Future Research! Lorenzo arrive et lui annonce qu'il a tu© le duc. Poverty Prompts! Philippe est heureux de cette nouvelle (il n'en croit pas ses yeux), et demande Lorenzo s'il a pr©venu tous les r©publicains de cet acte.

Lorenzo acquiesce mais ne sait pas ce qu'il en est (n'a pas grande confiance en eux), puisqu'il est parti pour Venise, quelques jours auparavant. Ideas! Cependant, un crieur, annonce qui veut l'entendre que la tªte de Lorenzo est mise prix. Poverty Essay! Philippe, entendant des bruits dans l'escalier, cache Lorenzo dans sa chambre. Dans une rue de Florence, le marquis de Cibo et sa femme se baladent. Essay Outline Ideas! Deux bourgeois conversent sur le fait que la marquise a ©t© la ma®tresse du duc. Dans une auberge, Pierre re§oit un message du roi de France . Essay Prompts! Il lui annonce qu'il le soutient dans sa r©volte pour la « libert© de l'Italie » et veut l'enr´ler. Poetry Essay Prompt! Pierre veut accepter la proposition et quitter son groupe de bannis qui ne suivent que son p¨re, malgr© les cons©quences d'une emprise fran§aise sur Florence et l'Italie. A travers la conversation entre le marchand et l'orf¨vre, on poverty prompts apprend qu'apr¨s la mort du duc, le d©sordre est apparu : l'effervescence du peuple et la d©sorientation du gouvernement. Essay Outline Ideas! Le marchand indique aussi l' aspect surnaturel du meurtre du duc (« six Six ont concouru la mort »).

A leur sortie deux petits Strozzi et Salviati, ainsi que leurs pr©cepteurs, entrent et se chamaillent. Essay! Dispute enfantine, qui traduit la r©alit© des adultes. Acte 5 Sc¨ne 6 - Les ©tudiants se r©voltent. Des ©tudiants se r©voltent, dans une rue de Florence, contre des soldats qui leur refusent le droit de vote (la d©mocratie) pour l'©lection du nouveau duc. Lorenzo apprend le d©c¨s de sa m¨re, et propose Philippe de sortir en promenade avec lui. Woolf Professions For Women Essay! Celui-ci, refuse afin de ne pas exposer Lorenzo ses d©tracteurs. Poverty Prompts! On apprend qu' Florence, les r©publicains n'ont pas eu le pouvoir et que C´me est devenu duc. Essay! Lorenzo, d©sabus©, d©cide de sortir. Prompts! Le temps que Philippe charge ses valets de le suivre pour le prot©ger, Lorenzo se fait tuer.

A Florence, C´me est sacr© duc par le cardinal Cibo. Paper On Future Rfid Research! Il prononce son serment sur l'Evangile . Vous devez ªtre connect© pour pouvoir lire la suite. travail soigné schéma explicatif permettant une compréhension aisé du sujet. Cette ann©e, certains d'entre vous passeront le Bac ES 2018 en candidat libre. Poverty Essay Prompts! B. Le Baccalaur©at est un examen tr¨s redout© par les lyc©ens.

Entre r©visions et s. Les Sciences en s©rie Economique et Sociale font parties des ©preuves anticip©es. Durant votre Terminale ES, vous aurez le choix entre 2 sp©cialit©s de SES (et un.

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Winston Churchill’s essay on alien life found. A newly unearthed article by the great politician reveals that he reasoned like a scientist about the likelihood of extraterrestrials, writes Mario Livio. Kurt Hutton/Picture Post/Getty. Winston Churchill at his desk in 1939: a prolific writer, he covered scientific topics as diverse as evolution and fusion power. Winston Churchill is best known as a wartime leader, one of the most influential politicians of the twentieth century, a clear-eyed historian and essay prompts, an eloquent orator.

He was also passionate about science and essay on exasperating shopkeepers, technology. Aged 22, while stationed with the British Army in poverty prompts, India in 1896, he read Darwin's On the Origin of Species and a primer on essay outline ideas, physics. In the 1920s and 1930s, he wrote popular-science essays on topics such as evolution and cells in poverty essay prompts, newspapers and outline ideas, magazines. Poverty Essay. In a 1931 article in The Strand Magazine entitled 'Fifty Years Hence' 1 , he described fusion power: “If the hydrogen atoms in a pound of water could be prevailed upon to combine together and form helium, they would suffice to drive a thousand-horsepower engine for a whole year.” His writing was likely to virginia professions have been informed by conversations with his friend and essay, later adviser, the physicist Frederick Lindemann. Noah Baker finds out about Winston Churchill’s close relationship with science.

During the Second World War, Churchill supported the development of radar and Britain's nuclear programme. He met regularly with scientists such as Bernard Lovell, the father of radio astronomy. An exchange about the use of statistics to fight German U-boats captures his attitude. Air Chief Marshal Arthur 'Bomber' Harris complained, “Are we fighting this war with weapons or slide rules?” Churchill replied, “Let's try the slide rule.” 2. He was the first prime minister to employ a science adviser, hiring Lindemann in the early 1940s. The science-friendly environment that Churchill created in the United Kingdom through government funding of laboratories, telescopes and technology development spawned post-war discoveries and inventions in fields from st louis resume help molecular genetics to X-ray crystallography. Despite all this, it was a great surprise last year, while I was on a visit to the US National Churchill Museum in Fulton, Missouri, when the director Timothy Riley thrust a typewritten essay by poverty prompts, Churchill into my hands. In the 11-page article, 'Are We Alone in the Universe?', he muses presciently about the resume help, search for extraterrestrial life.

He penned the poverty, first draft, perhaps for London's News of the World Sunday newspaper, in 1939 — when Europe was on epigraph essay, the brink of war. He revised it lightly in the late 1950s while staying in the south of France at the villa of his publisher, Emery Reves. For example, he changed the title from 'Are We Alone in Space?' to 'Are We Alone in the Universe?' to reflect changes in scientific understanding and terminology. Wendy Reves, the essay prompts, publisher's wife, passed the manuscript to the US National Churchill Museum archives in the 1980s. Riley, who became director of the museum in format essay, May 2016, has just rediscovered it.

To the poverty essay, best of Riley's knowledge, the essay remained in the Reves's private collection and has never been published or subjected to scientific or academic scrutiny. Imagine my thrill that I may be the first scientist to examine this essay. Here I outline Churchill's thinking. At a time when a number of today's politicians shun science, I find it moving to recall a leader who engaged with it so profoundly. Churchill's reasoning mirrors many modern arguments in epigraph format essay, astrobiology. Essay Prompts. In essence, he builds on the framework of the 'Copernican Principle' — the idea that, given the vastness of the Universe, it is hard to believe that humans on epigraph essay, Earth represent something unique. He starts by poverty essay prompts, defining the most important characteristic of life — in on exasperating shopkeepers, his view, the ability to “breed and multiply”.

After noting that some viruses can be crystallized, making them hard to categorize, he decides to concentrate on “comparatively highly-organised life”, presumably multicellular life. His first point is that “all living things of the poverty, type we know require water”. Bodies and cells are largely composed of it, he notes. Other liquids cannot be ruled out but “nothing in epigraph format essay, our present knowledge entitles us to make such an assumption”. Poverty Prompts. The presence of st louis help, water in liquid form still guides our searches for extraterrestrial life: on poverty essay, Mars, on the moons of epigraph, Saturn and Jupiter or on extrasolar planets (beyond our Solar System). As well as being essential for the emergence of life on poverty, Earth, water is abundant in the cosmos. This wonderfully universal solvent — almost every substance can dissolve in it — can transport such chemicals as phosphates into and out of resume, cells. An image taken by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter of the Martian surface, where the search for water is ongoing. Churchill then defines what is known today as the habitable zone — that narrow 'Goldilocks' region around a star that is neither too cold nor too hot, so that liquid water may exist on essay prompts, the surface of a rocky planet. He writes that life can survive only in regions “between a few degrees of frost and the boiling point of water”.

He explains how Earth's temperature is essay on exasperating, fixed by its distance from the Sun. Poverty. Churchill also considers the ability of a planet to retain its atmosphere, explaining that the hotter a gas is, the faster its molecules are moving and the more easily they can escape. Consequently, stronger gravity is necessary to trap gas on a planet in the long term. Taking all these elements together, he concludes that Mars and Venus are the only places in ideas, the Solar System other than Earth that could harbour life. He eliminates the outer planets (too cold); Mercury (too hot on the sunny side and too cold on the other); and the Moon and poverty essay prompts, asteroids (their gravities are too weak to trap atmospheres). Churchill began his essay not long after the 1938 US broadcast of the paper rfid research, radio drama The War of The Worlds (an adaptation of H. G. Wells's 1898 story) had generated 'Mars fever' in the media. Speculation over the existence of life on the red planet had been going on since the late nineteenth century. In 1877, Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli described seeing linear marks on Mars ( canali ; mistranslated as canals) that were thought to poverty essay prompts be constructed by some civilization. These turned out to be optical illusions but the on exasperating shopkeepers, idea of Martians stuck. Science-fiction stories abounded, culminating with Ray Bradbury's The Martian Chronicles (Doubleday, 1950), published in the United Kingdom as The Silver Locusts (Rupert Hart-Davis, 1951).

Churchill's essay next assesses the probability that other stars host planets. He reasons that “the sun is merely one star in our galaxy, which contains several thousand millions of others”. Essay. Churchill assumes that planets are formed from the gas that is torn off a star when another star passes close to it — a model suggested by astrophysicist James Jeans in 1917, which has since been ruled out. He infers that, because such close encounters are rare, “our sun may be indeed exceptional, and possibly unique”. Now Churchill shines. With the healthy scepticism of virginia, a scientist, he writes: “But this speculation depends upon the hypothesis that planets were formed in this way. Perhaps they were not. We know there are millions of double stars, and if they could be formed, why not planetary systems?” Indeed, the poverty essay prompts, present-day theory of planet formation — the build up of a rocky planet's core by the accretion of many small bodies — is very different from Jeans's. Essay. Churchill writes: “I am not sufficiently conceited to think that my sun is the only one with a family of planets.” “Churchill sees great opportunity for exploration in poverty essay prompts, the Solar System.”

Thus, he concludes, a large fraction of extrasolar planets “will be the right size to st louis help keep on their surface water and possibly an atmosphere of some sort” and some will be “at the proper distance from prompts their parent sun to maintain a suitable temperature”. This was decades before the discoveries of thousands of extrasolar planets began in the 1990s, and years before astronomer Frank Drake presented his probabilistic argument for the rarity of communicating civilizations in the cosmos in 1961. Extrapolating data from the st louis resume, Kepler Space Observatory suggests that the essay prompts, Milky Way probably contains more than a billion Earth-size planets in the habitable zones of stars that are the size of the essay outline ideas, Sun or smaller 3 . Reflecting on the enormous distances involved, Churchill concludes that we may never know whether such planets “house living creatures, or even plants”. Churchill sees great opportunity for exploration in the Solar System. “One day, possibly even in essay prompts, the not very distant future, it may be possible to travel to the moon, or even to Venus or Mars,” he writes. By contrast, he notes, interstellar travel and communication are intrinsically difficult. Virginia Essay. He points out that it would take light some five years to travel even to the nearest star and back, adding that the nearest large spiral galaxy to poverty essay prompts the Milky Way (Andromeda — one of the outline ideas, “spiral nebulae”, as he calls them) is more than several hundred thousand times as far away as the nearest stars. The essay finishes eagerly: “with hundreds of thousands of nebulae, each containing thousands of poverty essay prompts, millions of suns, the odds are enormous that there must be immense numbers which possess planets whose circumstances would not render life impossible.” Here Churchill shows that he was familiar with the essay, findings of astronomer Edwin Hubble in the late 1920s and early 1930s, who discovered that there are many galaxies beyond the Milky Way (about 2 trillion, according to poverty prompts a recent estimate 4 ). Taking a bleaker turn that reflects his times, Churchill adds: “I, for epigraph format essay, one, am not so immensely impressed by poverty essay prompts, the success we are making of our civilization here that I am prepared to think we are the only spot in this immense universe which contains living, thinking creatures, or that we are the highest type of mental and physical development which has ever appeared in essay shopkeepers, the vast compass of space and time.” Almost 80 years later, the poverty essay, question that obsessed Churchill is one of the hottest topics of scientific research. Searches for signs of epigraph format, subsurface life on Mars are ongoing. Simulations of Venus's climate hint that it may once have been habitable 5 . Astronomers believe that, in a few decades, we will discover some biological signatures of present or past life in poverty essay prompts, the atmospheres of extrasolar planets, or at least be able to constrain its rarity 6 . Churchill's essay is testament to woolf essay how he saw the fruits of science and technology as essential for society's development.

When he helped to establish Churchill College at essay the University of Cambridge, UK, in 1958, he wrote 7 : “It is paper rfid needs, only by leading mankind in the discovery of new worlds of poverty essay, science and engineering that we shall hold our position and continue to earn our livelihood.” Yet he was also concerned that without understanding the humanities, scientists might operate in a moral vacuum. “We need scientists in the world but not a world of scientists,” he said 8 . On Exasperating Shopkeepers. In order for science to be “the servant and not the poverty essay prompts, master of man”, he felt that appropriate policies that drew on humanistic values must be in place. As he put it in a 1949 address to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's convocation: “If, with all the resources of epigraph format essay, modern science, we find ourselves unable to avert world famine, we shall all be to poverty prompts blame.” Churchill was a science enthusiast and advocate, but he also contemplated important scientific questions in the context of human values. Particularly given today's political landscape, elected leaders should heed Churchill's example: appoint permanent science advisers and make good use of them. Churchill, W. On Exasperating. 'Fifty Years Hence' The Strand Magazine (December 1931). Jones, R. V. in Churchill (eds Blake, R. Louis, W. R.) 437 (Clarendon Press, 1996).

Dressing, C. D. Charbonneau, D. Astrophys. J. 767 , 95 ( 2013 ). Conselice, C. J. , Wilkinson, A. , Duncan, K. Mortlock, A. Astrophys. J. 830 , 83 ( 2016 ). Way, M. J. et al . Geophys. Res. Lett. 43 , 8376 #x02013; 8383 ( 2016 ). Livio, M. Silk, J. 'Where Are They?' Physics Today (in the poverty essay prompts, press). Churchill, W. 'Churchill College' The New Scientist 12 (15 May 1958).

Humes, J. C. Churchill: The Prophetic Statesman 82 (Regnery History, 2012). 02 November 2016. 02 November 2016. Planet hunters seek new ways to detect alien life. 17 February 2016. Scientific method: Defend the integrity of physics. 16 December 2014. Military technology: Science in the trenches. Atomic science: Winston and the warheads. 25 September 2013. 09 February 2011.

Snow's portrait of science in politics. Mario Livio is an astrophysicist and author. His upcoming book is format essay, WHY? What Makes Us Curious . For the best commenting experience, please login or register as a user and agree to our Community Guidelines. You will be re-directed back to this page where you will see comments updating in real-time and have the ability to recommend comments to poverty essay other users. Commenting is currently unavailable.

See other News Comment articles from Nature. Controversial pesticides found in honey samples from poetry analysis six continents. Scientists plead with Brazilian government to restore funding. Neuroscience: The mother lode of invention. Theoretical physics: When the doer met the dreamer. Ornithology: All eyes on the 10,000 species. Sustainability: China's path to ecotopia. Elite Hungarian university may be saved. Scientists have most impact when they're free to move. Open countries have strong science.

Supercomputer redesign of aeroplane wing mirrors bird anatomy. Nobel prizes, giant telescope and buried treasure. Why fake islands might be a real boon for prompts, science. Antikythera shipwreck yields statue pieces and mystery bronze disc. Cryo-electron microscopy wins chemistry Nobel. Women in essay on exasperating shopkeepers, Medicine : opening the poverty, clinic door.

How fracking is upending the outline ideas, chemical industry. Why fake islands might be a real boon for poverty prompts, science. The seasteading movement is getting close to building its first prototype, an st louis, artificial archipelago where people will live, play and do research. Controversial pesticides found in honey samples from six continents. Nature 05 October 2017. Nature 05 October 2017. Scientists plead with Brazilian government to restore funding. Nature 04 October 2017.

Oldest traces of poverty prompts, life on Earth may lurk in poetry analysis prompt, Canadian rocks. Nature 27 Sep 2017. Medicine Nobel awarded for essay, work on circadian clocks. Nature 02 Oct 2017. Giant iceberg’s split exposes hidden ecosystem. Nature 26 Sep 2017. Gravitational wave detection wins physics Nobel. Statues that perpetuate lies should not stand.

European detector spots its first gravitational wave. The best science news from Nature and essay on exasperating shopkeepers, beyond, direct to your inbox every day. Medicine Nobel awarded for essay, work on ideas, circadian clocks. Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash and essay, Michael Young unpicked molecular workings of cells' daily rhythms. Cryo-electron microscopy wins chemistry Nobel. Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson share the prize for developing a technique for essay ideas, imagining biomolecules. Gravitational wave detection wins physics Nobel.

Rainer Weiss, Barry Barish and Kip Thorne share the poverty prompts, 2017 prize for their work to detect ripples in space-time. Scientists have most impact when they're free to move. An analysis of researchers' global mobility reveals that limiting the circulation of poetry essay, scholars will damage the scientific system. This week, floating cities, malaria free mosquitos, and using evolution to inspire aircraft design. Assistant, Associate or Full Professor. University of Michigan.

Associate Editor / Senior Editor roles, Nature Research - Talent Pool 2017. Professor and Faculty Positions at the Academy of poverty essay prompts, Medical Sciences (AMS), Zhengzhou University. The Academy of Medical Sciences of Zhengzhou University. Postdocs, Key Lab for Neuroinformation, University of Electronic Sciences and Technology of st louis, China. University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC) Recruitment of Faculty and Staff for the Center for Stem Cell Ageing of the Academy of Medical Sciences at poverty prompts Zhengzhou University.

The Academy of Medical Sciences of Zhengzhou University.

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45 Quick Changes That Help Your Resume Get Noticed. The Muse Editor. There is poverty, certainly a time and a place for woolf for women a resume overhaul. Taking a couple hours to really clean up your resume is worth doing before you start a job search, or even just once a year as a tune-up. But sometimes, you don’t have that kind of time. Poverty Essay Prompts! Sometimes, you just have a few minutes, and you want to spend them giving your resume a quick polishing-up. Woolf For Women! And for those times, we made you this list of resume updates that only prompts, take a few minutes, but that can make a big difference in making your resume shine. Choose how much time you have, pick a (mini) project, and get ready for your resume to be that much more eye-catching. Outline Ideas! Ready, switch the font of your resume to Helvetica, Arial, or Times New Roman—in other words, make sure it’s not hard to read (or stuck in poverty prompts, Word’s standard Calibri). Using a common, clean font may not make your resume the prettiest out there, but it will make it more readable (and less likely to be rejected by applicant tracking systems).

2. Remove “References Available Upon Request” If they want references, they’ll ask for them!), and use the extra space to add a detail about your abilities or accomplishments. That boring boilerplate “I am a hard working professional who wants to work in epigraph format, [blank] industry” is a bit obvious—why else would you be submitting your resume?—and takes up valuable space. Essay Prompts! Save your resume as a PDF if it’s in shopkeepers, any other format. That way, the poverty prompts, formatting won’t get messed up when your resume is opened on st louis a different computer. (To see exceptions to poverty prompts this rule, click here.) Change the file name from “Resume” to “[First Name] [Last Name] Resume”—it makes things easier for hiring managers and ensures your resume doesn’t get lost in the crowd. If you’re not local, recruiters might not look any further. If you are, recruiters may take your commute time into account and turn you down if they think it would be too long. St Louis Resume! In its place, add a link to poverty essay prompts your LinkedIn profile, as well as any other relevant social media handles (Twitter if it’s professional, Instagram or Flickr if you’re applying to social media or creative positions).

Caveat: Never include Facebook, no matter how clean you keep it. Don’t want to woolf professions drop your whole ugly LinkedIn URL onto poverty essay your resume? (Hint: You shouldn’t.) Create a custom URL to your public profile using simply /yourname (or some similar, simple variation if somebody already has your name). LinkedIn has instructions on its website. Your resume is essay ideas, most likely going to be read on a computer, so making things like your email address, LinkedIn and other social profiles, and personal websites clickable makes it easier for essay prompts the recruiter to paper learn more about you. Omit any references to your birthdate, marital status, or religion. Since it’s illegal for employers to consider this when looking at your application (at least in essay, the U.S.), they can’t request it (and offering it makes you look a little clueless). If you’re more than three years out of analysis essay prompt college, remove your graduation year. Recruiters only really want to know that you got a degree, and you don't want them to poverty essay inadvertently discriminate based on your age. While you’re at working paper on future research needs, it, do a little rearranging, and move education down below your experience. Unless you’re a recent graduate, chances are your last one or two jobs are more important and relevant to poverty essay you getting the job.

To improve readability, increase the line spacing (also called leading) to at least 120% of the font size. To do this in essay on exasperating shopkeepers, Word, go to poverty essay Format and select Paragraph. In the pulldown under Line Spacing, choose Exactly and on future research set the essay, spacing to two points above the size of your font (so, 12 if your font is 10 point). Need a little more space to work with? Reduce your top and bottom margins to 0.5 and your side margins to poetry no less than 0.75. This will keep your resume clean and readable but give you more room to talk about what you've got. Remove anything high school-related unless you’re a year out of college or need to bulk up your resume and did something highly relevant (and awesome) during your high school years. Add any new skills you’ve gained, and remove anything that is a little dated (nobody wants to hear that you have Microsoft Word experience anymore—they expect it). If you have lots of poverty essay prompts skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own (“Language Skills” or “Software Skills”). Make sure formatting is virginia for women essay, consistent across your resume.

You want all headers to poverty essay prompts be in the same style, all indentations to line up, all bullet points to match, and the like. You don’t want the virginia essay, styling to poverty essay look sloppy! Find any acronyms, and virginia woolf professions for women write out the full name of the title, certification, or organization. You should include both, at least the first time, to make sure the recruiter knows what you’re talking about and so an applicant tracking system will pick it up no matter which format it is prompts, looking for. For example: Certified Public Accountant (CPA). Unless you are a designer or are submitting a (carefully crafted) creative resume, remove any photos or visual elements. On a more traditional resume, they generally just distract from the epigraph format, information at hand (and can confuse applicant tracking systems). If you have gaps of essay prompts a few months in your work history, swap out the usual start and end dates for each position with years only (e.g., 2010-2012). Swap out a couple of on future research needs your boring verbs for some more powerful (and interesting) ones. Poverty Prompts! Check out essay on exasperating our list if you need inspiration.

Swap out a couple of generic adjectives or titles (words like “detail-oriented” or “experienced” are overused and don’t tell a recruiter much) with stronger language that better describes your more unique strengths. Essay Prompts! 24. List Your Promotions Correctly. Worked multiple jobs within the same organization? Learn how to shopkeepers list them right on your resume, then update it as such. As a rule, you should only show the essay prompts, most recent 10 to 15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to professions for women the positions to which you are applying.

So if you have anything really dated or random, remove it and use the space to essay bulk up other sections or add something more relevant. Go through line by line and take note of epigraph any orphan words (single words left on a line by themselves). Essay Prompts! See how you can edit the epigraph format, previous line so they can fit—making your resume look cleaner and opening up extra lines for essay prompts you to do other things with. Make your document easier to skim by adding divider lines between sections. Check out section three of this great guide for paper on future rfid research needs instructions. Include any numbers on your resume? Go through and change them all to prompts numerical form, instead of written out (i.e., 30% instead of shopkeepers thirty percent). Even small numbers that are often spelled out prompts should be written numerically—it makes them pop to the reviewer and saves space. This will not only help you catch any spelling or grammar errors, but it will also help you notice any sentences that sound awkward or that are hard to understand. Look at your resume “above the fold.” In other words, take a close look at the top third of your resume—the part that will show up on the screen when the hiring manager clicks “open” on that PDF.

That’s what’s going to working paper on future rfid research make your first impression—so make sure it serves as a hook that makes the hiring manager eager to read more. Make sure you have no more than six to seven bullet points for any given position. Essay Prompts! If you do? Cut and condense. No matter how long you’ve been in a job or how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them.

Give your resume to someone who doesn’t know you well to look at for 30 seconds. St Louis Resume! Then ask: What are the three most memorable things? What’s the poverty essay, narrative? Take this feedback and think about how you can adjust your resume to essay on exasperating shopkeepers get it closer to where you want. Similarly, drop your resume into a word cloud generator and see which keywords are popping out. If the poverty essay, most prominent ones aren’t what you want to be remembered by, or if there are important words that aren’t present, think about how you can tweak your resume to make that more clear.

Go through your bullet points, and add as many numbers and percentages as you can to quantify your work. How many people were impacted? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? (And, yes, it’s OK to st louis resume help estimate as long as you can roughly prove it.) Pick a few statements to take one step further, and add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. 36. Consider Adding a Qualifications Section. Perhaps in lieu of your now-deleted “Career Objective?” This should be a six-sentence (or bullet pointed) section that concisely presents the creme of the crop of your achievements, major skills, and important experiences. By doing this, you’re both appeasing any applicant tracking systems with keywords and giving the hiring manager the poverty essay prompts, juicy, important bits right at the top. 37. Update Your Header to shopkeepers Make it Pop.

You don’t have to have a ton of design knowledge to poverty make a header that looks sleek and catches a recruiter’s eye. Format Essay! (Hint: Use this same header on poverty essay prompts your resume and cover letter to make your “personal brand” look really put together.) Need to st louis resume help fill up more space on your resume, or feel like you’re light on essay prompts the experience? There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, freelanced, or blogged? Add a couple of these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If you need more space on essay your resume, check and see if any of your formatting decisions are taking up unnecessary space. Prompts! Does your header take up too much at the top?

Do you have any extra line breaks that you don’t really need? Tinker around with the st louis resume help, formatting and poverty essay see how much space you can open up (without your resume looking crowded or messy). Essay Prompt! 40. Make Your Bullet Points Make Sense. Look at each bullet point and make sure it’s understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and poverty essay interesting to all of outline them. Download this free resume template so you’ll look extra polished. Make sure all of the experience on your resume is updated. Add any awards you’ve received, new skills you’ve taken on, articles you’ve published, or anything else awesome you’ve done.

Hop over to your LinkedIn profile, and make any updates you’ve just made to your resume to poverty your summary and experience sections there. Email three of your friends or professional contacts asking (nicely!) for a peek at their resumes. You might be able to get some inspiration for essay on exasperating your own (or even help them out). Find an awesome job to apply to with one of our partner companies, then get started on your cover letter with our easy-to-follow guide. WANT YOUR RESUME TO HELP YOU GET A JOB? Of course you do.

Photo of person editing resume courtesy of Hero Images/Getty Images#46; Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the poverty essay, amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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cordelia chase essay by Ed Friedlander M.D. This website collects no information. Poverty Prompts. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on woolf professions for women to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified December 3, 2010. If you are a student assigned to read or see King Lear , or an essay prompts adult approaching it for the first time, your experience will be special. Help. These notes will help you get started. Geoffrey of Monmouth (History of the English Kings, around 1140), who provides our oldest written reference to King Lear (spelled Leir), describes him as a pre-Christian warrior king in what is now southwest England. Prompts. (Click here to read it yourself.) This area now includes Cornwall (origin of cornish game hens.) Saint Albans (Albany, for virginia woolf for women, which the capital of poverty New York State is named, is on exasperating farther away.

In the old story remembered by Geoffrey, Lear asked his three daughters whether they loved him. Two claimed to do so extravagantly, while the third said she loved him only as a daughter should. Lear disinherited the honest daughter. The story appears elsewhere in world folklore; there is an Eastern European version in which the honest daughter says she loves her father as much as she loves salt. Essay. Lear went to live with his first daughter, bringing a hundred followers.

She demanded that he reduce his followers to fifty. Lear then went to live with the st louis resume other daughter, who reduced the number to twenty-five. Poverty Essay. Lear went back and forth between the daughters until he was alone. Then the third daughter raised an army, defeated the other two, and restored him to his kingdom. (The story appears in Holinshed, who adds that Cordelia succeeded her father as monarch and resume help was deposed by the sons of her sisters.) This tale about how actions speak louder than words had recently been played on the London stage in The True Chronicle of King Leir. Poverty Essay Prompts. We have seen the essential story once again in working paper on future, the Japanese Ran , and more recently in essay prompts, A Thousand Acres , an intelligent feminist tale, with the two older daughters as incest survivors who have spent their lives cajoling a crazy, abusive father and protecting their youngest sister. A different family problem from the epigraph essay Lear's -- the Fool says the king made his daughters his mothers (disciplinarians) rather than his wives, the rod refers to a stick for spanking (spare the rod and prompts spoil the child), and in III ii, King Lear calls on the storm to punish the crimes of others that usually go unpunished -- close pent-up guilts -- including incest and perjury but also planning murders and performing elder abuse.) Grigori Kozintsev's 1969 Russian version is called Korol Lir, translated into Russian by Boris Pasternak, (a few copies are usually available at amazon.com, and it is now re-released by the BBC). A bit of the fourth act made it into woolf, the Beatles' Magical Mystery Tour for some reason. Shakespeare has retold the old story as a vehicle for a strikingly modern message. Many people consider King Lear to prompts be his finest work. Whether or not you agree with his vision of a godless universe in which our only hope is to be kind to one another, you will recognize the working rfid real beliefs of many (if not most) of your neighbors.

To find Shakespeare's intent, look first for: changes in the plot sources made by prompts, the author; passages that do not advance the plot or have obvious appeal to the intended audience. Shakespeare took a story that had a happy ending, and format gave it a sad ending. Poverty Prompts. He transformed a fairy-tale about st louis resume virtuous and wicked people into something morally ambiguous. He took a story of wrongs being righted, and turned it into the story of essay painful discovery. On Exasperating. He included passages that deal with ideas instead of advancing the plot. Lear is king of Britain. He is an old, highly successful warrior king. (War is an institution that we despise, just as Shakespeare clearly despised it. Essay. But before birth control or real personal security, population pressures made war and even genocidal conflict a fact of essay outline life.) Like Hamlet and Othello, we are impressed with him because of essay what others say about his background. Paper On Future Research Needs. (You can find examples. At the end of the play, we will learn that despite his advanced age, he can still kill a young, armed man with his bare hands.) King Lear has decided to retire and to prompts divide his kingdom among his three daughters and their husbands. His stated intention is to virginia professions essay prevent future conflict. This is really not very smart, since it actually invites war between the heirs.

Shakespeare's audience (having just been spared a civil war following the death of essay prompts Elizabeth) would have realized this. King Lear has staged a ceremony in which each daughter will affirm her love for him. Whether this has been rehearsed, or the daughters forewarned, we can only guess. Goneril and Regan may have been embarrassed. Goneril says she loves her father more than she can say. King Lear thanks her and gives her Third Prize. Regan says that she loves her father so much that she doesn't like anything else. King Lear thanks her and gives her Second Prize. Cordelia says that she loves her father exactly as a daughter should.

King Lear goes ballistic and disinherits her, and banishes the Earl of Kent for working on future research needs, speaking in essay prompts, her defense. First Prize is divided between the other two daughters. You can decide whether King Lear is showing early signs of mental illness (as his other daughters think), or whether he just wanted an excuse to give Cordelia the essay best share of the kingdom and she just spoiled it. Cordelia has been courted by the Duke of Burgundy and the King of France. Burgundy says he will not marry a woman with no property. France is more clever.

He swears that he loves Cordelia, and marries her. This is an obvious plan to poverty make a claim on the British throne, and Shakespeare's audience would have realized this. St Louis Resume Help. We'll see the proof later. France may or may not be sincere in loving Cordelia. We won't know. As the basis of his retirement agreement, King Lear has stipulated that he will live alternately with his daughters, who will support him and essay prompts 100 followers. When he leaves, Goneril and Regan express their understandable concern about hosting a mentally-imbalanced father and his personal army. King Lear goes to live with Goneril. The first daughter's steward Oswald yells at Lear's jester, and Lear punches the steward. Essay Outline Ideas. Goneril decides to assert control.

When the play is staged, a good director might have Lear's retinue disrespecting Goneril -- whistles, catcalls, lewd remarks, or whatever. Poverty Essay. Kent returns in disguise to serve Lear, and we meet the jester (Fool). For some reason, just like Kent, the jester is loyal to the king. Essay. A court jester might be a comedian-entertainer, or simply a retarded person kept as an object of amusement. Lear's jester is specially privileged to poverty essay prompts speak the truth, which he does ironically.

Both the king and the jester make reference to poetry prompt the jester being whipped at times -- Ian McKellen makes it clear that this is a joke, with the king tapping the face on the jester's mock scepter (bauble / marotte). You'll need to decide whether the king has always been kind to the jester, or whether the jester (like Kent) for some reason remains loyal despite past mistreatment. Oswald is poverty essay prompts rude to Lear, and one of st louis help Lear's knights makes an indignant speech about the king not being cared for properly. (This knight, and all the others, will soon abandon their king.) Lear yells at Oswald, Kent trips Oswald, and a scene ensues in which Goneril demands that Lear reduce the number of his followers -- evidently to 50. Goneril (rightly) points out prompts, that her own people can care for him just as well. (There's a subtlety here. Essay. In the original story, the daughters send the knights away, i.e., refuse to pay to support them. Essay Prompts. However, if you read closely, the woolf for women essay knights are already leaving King Lear, because they can tell what is going to prompts happen. Outline. The king is poverty prompts showing lapses in judgement, and has no way of forcing his daughters to honor their promise to support him. Woolf. In a time of warlords, soldiers will desert when the leader shows signs of being unable to lead and/or guarantee their salaries.) Lear curses Goneril and essay departs for woolf professions, Regan's. He sends Kent before him, and poverty Goneril sends Oswald.

Regan and her husband have gone to visit the essay prompt Earl of Gloucester, and when Kent and poverty Oswald meet at essay on exasperating the Earl's castle, Kent picks a fight and Regan's husband puts him in the stocks. This is a serious breach of protocol, and when Lear arrives, he is furious. (Kent's difficult phrase Nothing almost sees miracles but misery, by essay, its context, seems to woolf professions for women mean that when things seem to be going really badly, it's common to receive unexpected, seemingly-miraculous help.) Goneril arrives and essay prompts Lear curses her again. Regan says she will allow him only 25 followers. Format Essay. Since Lear no longer has a source of income, his followers are leaving en masse anyway, but Lear evidently does not realize this. Poverty Essay Prompts. Lear says he will return to Goneril, but now she will not even allow 25, and the daughters re-enact the fairy-tale plot by alternately reducing the numbers, and asking Why do you need even one follower, when we can care for you ourselves? Of course, they are right, but Lear says that he measures his personal worth in terms of his possessions. Professions Essay. Reason not the need! Our basest beggars are in the poorest things superfluous. Poverty Essay. Allow not nature more than nature needs, Man's life is cheap as beast's. Vanities give meaning to life and this is what raises us above the level of animals.

King Lear, now alone except for essay, Kent and the jester, starts to essay prompts cry and runs off as a storm brews. The daughters lock him out professions essay, of the castle to teach him a lesson. Lecturers who enjoy talking about The Elizabethan World Picture, in which orders of nature reflect human law and its breakdown, will tell you that the ensuing storm mirrors the chaos in Britain. Poverty Essay. The Elizabethans paid lip-service to the idea that kings were magic, and resume actually knew that a stable monarchy was better for everybody than civil war. (Lawful democracy would be devised later.) King Lear yells back at what proves to be a preternaturally severe storm. Poverty. His whole retinue have abandoned him except the jester, who begs Lear to go apologize to his daughters and seek shelter, and Kent, who sends to Dover, where the French army has landed in expectation of a British civil war. Working Paper Rfid. Even though the jester pretends to be foolish, he always knows exactly what is essay going on, and what's more, he is loyal to working paper rfid research the old king. You'll need to decide for yourself whether this is foolishness or profound wisdom. In the first storm scene, which is difficult, Lear is going crazy.

He: first calls on poverty essay the power of the storm to sterilize the human race; then accuses the storm of taking sides with his daughters against his dignity and being their degraded slave; then, realizing that people have deceived him, says the poetry analysis essay prompt storm must be the gods's way of finding and punishing secret evildoers, and that he is a man more sinned against than sinning; then comments, my wit begins to turn, i.e., he realizes he is going crazy -- in literature, becoming insane is often a metaphor for poverty, changing the way you look at yourself and analysis essay prompt the world; notices the jester is cold, and comments that he is also cold; this is the first time Lear has been responsive to prompts the needs and concerns of someone else; accepts Kent's suggestion to take shelter in a hut. Already inside the hut is one of the paper needs homeless mentally-ill. Poverty Essay Prompts. The play is probably better if, as it is sometimes staged, there are several lunatics all ranting together. (This one lunatic is actually a sane man in poetry analysis prompt, disguise, seeking refuge from private injustice. The extras who served as knights in the first and second act and who will be in the battle scenes at the end can be the extra lunatics.) When he sees the hut, and before seeing the lunatic(s), King Lear realizes that what is happening to him now is what he has allowed to poverty prompts happen to resume the poor throughout his reign. Oh, I have taken too little care of this. He suddenly realizes that his luxuries have been maintained at the expense of his poorest subjects, and that justice is only now being served on him. When he sees the lunatic(s), Lear cracks, and says he/they must have given everything to their daughters and been turned out prompts, also. Working Research. But the onset of madness confers a deeper insight. Lear sees in the naked lunatic someone who has taken nothing wrongfully from anyone, and is the poverty essential human being. Resume. Saying that unaccommodated man is poverty essay prompts no more but such a poor, bare, forked animal as thou art, the king rips off his clothes.

In the third storm scene, King Lear holds a trial of his two daughters, evidently mistaking a stool for working, Goneril, something else (I've seen a chicken used) for poverty essay, Regan, and so forth. In one Royal Shakespeare Company production, the king mistook a pillow that the jester was holding for Regan, and stabbed the jester to analysis death through the pillow. The good Earl of Gloucester comes and urges Kent to take the king (who has passed out) to poverty essay Dover, since his daughters' people are planning to kill him. At the essay end, Kent tells the jester to follow Lear. As often played, Kent discovers the jester to be dead. The jester has no more entrances or lines, and perhaps the same boy-actor played Cordelia and the jester in the original production. You can read more about Robert Armin, the beloved comedian who played Shakespeare's jesters at the time, elsewhere online. Kent and Lear reach Dover and Cordelia, who loves him. Poverty Essay Prompts. Cordelia accompanies an invading French army. Virginia Woolf For Women Essay. She may not realize this, but sending her is probably a cynical, no-lose move by the King of France.

If his forces win and kill the other heirs, he is essay prompts now also King of Britain. If his forces lose, the heirs will kill Cordelia and st louis help he will be rid of a wife who is poverty essay no longer of any political value. It seems to me that this is why the King of France suddenly had to format essay return to his own country because of some sudden business that was more important than conquering England. Uh huh. Poverty Essay Prompts. He has left his wife either to do it for him, or be killed. (Shakespeare's English audience mostly did not like the French. Obviously Shakespeare couldn't show a conquering French king on his stage. But having the king land and then leave suddenly lets Shakespeare make the foreign king look machiavellian. You'll have to decide about this for yourself.) Kent tells a friend that King Lear, in his more lucid moments, is outline too ashamed to see Cordelia. The king reappears in essay prompts, a field where the Earl of epigraph essay Gloucester lies, his eyes having been gouged out by Regan and essay her husband.

King Lear is essay outline now crowned and essay decorated with weeds and wild flowers. He wavers between hallucinations and essay outline accurate perception. Prompts. At the same time, he talks about his world, focusing on how fake ordinary human society is. When he coins money, only his royal title makes him other than a counterfeiter. People pretend to be modest and virtuous, but in private are as amoral and resume help dirty-living as animals. The law is concerned with protecting the rich and concealing their misbehavior, not with promoting justice and fairness.

Regan and Goneril have played and poverty essay prompts humored him. St Louis Resume Help. He learned the truth only in the storm. He says that when we are born, we cry that we are come to this great stage of poverty essay fools. Essay Outline. Cordelia's people come to bring him back to their camp, and they chase him down. We next see King Lear asleep under the care of Cordelia. He awakes, and thinks -- correctly -- that he recognizes her. But he thinks that they are both dead. Thou art a soul in bliss, but I am bound upon the wheel of fire, that mine own tears do scald like molten lead.

Cordelia kneels, Lear tries to do the same (as in the older play), but Cordelia prevents him. Lear says he knows he is not in prompts, his perfect mind, and that he is st louis help bewildered, and that if Cordelia wants him dead he will drink her poison. When Cordelia says she has no cause to poverty essay be angry, but merely wants to poetry essay help him, Lear says Pray now, forget and essay forgive. I am old and essay outline ideas foolish. King Lear is not about wrongs being righted.

If Shakespeare were a Hollywood writer, his king might have returned to rulership and (having learned to be sensitive, and that it is poverty essay prompts all right to cry) become a champion for the poor in his own country and set up a social agency to deal effectively with other dysfunctional families. In contrast to the happy ending in the source, Shakespeare has the French army defeated by the British, and Lear and Cordelia are captured. King Lear looks forward to happy time with his daughter in prison, merely laughing at the rest of the world. Virginia Professions For Women Essay. As the subplot concludes, all the villains are dead, but Cordelia has been hanged in prompts, prison. Virginia Woolf Professions. King Lear kills the hangman with his bare hands. He comes onstage, carrying Cordelia's body and howling. King Lear's surviving heir, Goneril's good husband who is now sole head of the victorious army, returns Lear's royal power, but Lear does not notice. Poverty Essay. Suddenly uncertain whether she is alive or dead, King Lear bends to examine Cordelia, believes she is alive, and falls dead himself. The good survivors see the passing of epigraph essay a man who was larger than life. The secondary plot. King Lear's story is essay prompts paralleled by the story of the Earl of Gloucester.

We meet him at the beginning, introducing his illegitimate son Edmund with some smutty jokes. We do not need to see Edmund's face to imagine how often this must have happened, and st louis help how Edmund's feelings must have been hurt by it. Perhaps this is part of how he got his attitude toward the world. Alone, Edmund soliloquizes that he is essay as talented and as loved as his legitimate brother Edgar, and that the accident of his birth is unjust. He professes allegiance to resume nature rather than law or love, and essay decides that he will try to gain control of the earldom by working paper research needs, removing his father and brother. Edmund takes a minute to ridicule astrology. We can ask ourselves whether Edmund is essay prompts simply making fun of superstition, whether he is talking about self-empowerment like a 1990's person, whether he is disavowing a role for heaven (God, the supernatural, transcendent values, the ideals of religion, whatever) in st louis help, his life, or whether he is denying their reality altogether. Later, the good Kent will look to the same stars to explain the differences in attitude among King Lear's daughters. Edmund forges a letter, deceives his father into believing Edgar has first asked him to help murder Gloucester, then pretends to have been injured by the fleeing Edgar. Gloucester declares Edgar an outlaw and essay Edmund his heir. Edgar finds refuge among the homeless mentally ill and later meets King Lear there.

When France invades, Gloucester talks to Edmund about taking King Lear's side, and Edmund betrays him to format essay Goneril and Regan. Poverty Essay. Edmund shows Cornwall an incriminating letter to Regan's husband and pretends to be uncertain about whether his father is a traitor. Poetry Essay Prompt. True or not, is Cornwall's cynical reply, it hath made thee Earl of Gloucester. Pretending both moral outrage and the desire to follow proper legal procedure (the form of justice), Regan's husband carves out Gloucester's eyes. He stomps one eyeball flat on the ground for fun, but is stabbed to death by one of his own horrified servants, who is killed in poverty essay, turn by Regan's backstab. The dying husband calls on Regan for help, but Regan likes Edmund instead. Epigraph Format. As the prompts scene is often staged, she merely walks off and lets him die.

The director may even have her stab Cornwall again herself. Gloucester's servants tend his wounds and Edgar leads him, without revealing who he is, to Dover, where he meets Lear and laments his own foolishness. Then Oswald finds Gloucester and poetry attacks him, but is killed by essay prompts, Edgar, who finds a letter incriminating Goneril for her adultery with Edmund. During the battle, Edgar finally reveals the shopkeepers truth to Gloucester and the old man dies happy. After the battle, Edgar defeats Edmund in a duel (Albany makes Edmund fight), jealous Goneril poisons Regan and then suicides, the brothers forgive each other, and Edmund's last act is an attempt to do good despite his own [evil] nature.

He calls -- too late -- for Lear's and Cordelia's lives to poverty essay prompts be spared. The subplot seems to have been inspired by for women, an episode in Sidney's Arcadia about the King of poverty prompts Paphlagonia. Many details match, including the good son persuading the blinded father not to jump to virginia woolf for women essay his death off a cliff. Some commentators, including Edgar, have seen Gloucester's physical torture as punishment for his sexual sin. Be this as it may, King Lear contains the oldest torture scene that you'll see on the stage. Sensitive Victorians cut it from production. Essay. Even by today's movie standards, it is a shocker.

Since setting up this page, I've heard from a few students that their instructors said Today we consider Edmund admirable but in Shakespeare's time his actions might have made the audience angry. I am not making this up. Evidently Edmund is essay admirable because he has a grievance and talks about illegitimate sons being discriminated against, and is some kind of nature-worshipper. This overshadows the poverty essay way he treats everybody around him. An authentic liberal would wish that Edmund had shown a little real kindness to the genuinely needy people on his father's estate -- as King Lear ultimately wishes he had done. On Exasperating Shopkeepers. Admiring someone primarily for his grievances is the politics of extremism.

Feel free to speak up in poverty, class. Your decent-minded classmates will appreciate it. Themes and Image Patterns. Who is it that can tell me who I am? -- King Lear. The Elizabethans believed, or pretended to believe, that the essay natural world reflected a hierarchy that mirrored good government and poverty stable monarchy. Woolf. This is poverty prompts a common enough idea in old books from various cultures.

Even our scientific age talks both about laws of nature and good government through good laws, although of course we know the essay shopkeepers essential difference. Shakespeare's era contrasted nature and art (i.e., human-made decorations, human-made luxuries and technologies, human-made artistic productions), just as we talk about essential human nature contrasted to culture. Shakespeare's era also contrasted natural and unnatural behaviors; the latter would include mistreating family members, opposing the essay government, and various sexual activities not intended for procreation. King Lear deals with how children and parents treat each other, whether human society is the product of nature or something we create so as to live better than animals do, and whether human nature is fundamentally selfish or generous. Not surprisingly, you can find various ideas about the relationship between human beings and the natural world.

You already know that 57 different animals are mentioned in the play. Lear tells Cordelia that neither human nature nor royal dignity can tolerate the way she has insulted him. Lear tells the King of France that nature is ashamed to have produced a child like Cordelia, whose lack of ideas love is so contrary to nature. King Lear expects people to be naturally virtuous, in other words, to poverty prompts tell him the lies he wants to hear. The King of France suggests that Cordelia has a tardiness in nature, i.e., that sometime's it's natural to be inarticulate. France sees nature as the source of human frailties, rather than vice. Edmund begins, Thou, Nature, art my goddess.

Human law and custom have treated Edmund unfairly because his parents were not married. Edmund intends to look out for himself, like an animal. Edmund sees nature as the opposite outline, of human virtue. Stupid Gloucester, deceived by Edmund, considers Edgar's supposed plot to murder him to essay prompts be contrary to format essay nature (unnatural, brutish). Gloucester believes in astrology. Poverty Prompts. Gloucester thinks that the eclipses, which result from natural causes, still have unnatural effects, causing the breakdown of human society. Edmund doesn't believe in astrology. He says he was born rough and self-centered, and outline that the stars had nothing to do with it. Later, Kent believes the stars must account for the inexplicable differences in prompts, people's attitudes. Some Elizabethans believed that the poetry essay prompt stars affected nature as supernatural agents.

Others believed that they were powerful natural forces. Edmund remarks that Edgar's nature is gentle and naive, and (at the end) that he will do one last good deed in spite of mine own nature. Poverty Prompts. (Do you think that Edmund realized -- for the first time, after the deaths of his two girlfriends -- that he COULD be loved, and this made him do something good? Edmund's remark about acting against his nature reminds us of the ongoing scientific and political controversies over how much of an individual's behavior is genetically programmed, how much is learned and conditioned, and paper needs how much one is responsible. (Nature vs. nurture; innate vs. cultural, and poverty essay prompts so forth.) King Lear, thinking of Cordelia's most small fault, laments the way it scrambled his mind (wrenched my frame of nature from its fixed place). King Lear also calls on nature as a goddess, to st louis resume help punish Goneril with infertility, or else give her a baby that grows up to poverty essay prompts hate her (a thwart disnatured torment). Lear says as he leaves Goneril's home, I will forget my nature, perhaps meaning he will begin crying again. Gloucester jokes that Edmund is st louis loyal and natural.

The latter means both illegitimate, and that he cares for his own flesh-and-blood as a son should. Regan's husband speaks of Edmund's nature of such deep trust, i.e., his trustworthy character is inborn. Kent tells the steward that nature disclaims thee; a tailor made thee, ridiculing his unmanliness and his obsequiousness. When Regan pretends to be sick, King Lear remarks that you're not yourself when natural sickness affects you. We are not ourselves when nature, being oppressed, commands the mind to suffer with the body. There's a foreshadowing here. Regan tells King Lear that nature in you stands on the very verge of her confine. Poverty. In other words, you're getting too old to make your own decisions, and epigraph Regan's behavior is only that of a good, natural daughter. We've already seen (allow not nature more than nature needs. ) King Lear says that it is superfluous luxuries that raise us above the natural level of animals. He will soon change his mind. Kent and the other basically good characters see the essay prompts treatment of Lear and Gloucester as unnatural.

Albany says to Goneril, That nature which condemns itself in origin cannot bordered certain in itself -- i.e., if you mistreat your own parent, what kind of person must you be? Writers who talk about the Elizabethans believing in outline, cosmic hierarchy and so forth will see a moral warning against deviating from nature: If you have violated nature by being less than generous to your parent, your self-centeredness will grow and you will become morally worse than an prompts animal. King Lear calls on the storm to crack nature's moulds and end the human race. Kent urges King Lear to seek shelter, since man's nature cannot carry the affliction nor the force and the tyranny of the open night's too rough for nature to endure. King Lear, crazy, asks whether Regan's hard-heartedness is the st louis result of natural disease or chemistry or something perhaps cultural or perhaps supernatural. Prompts. Is there any cause in nature that makes this hardness? When Lear falls asleep in the last storm scene, Kent sees his madness as oppressed nature sleeping. Cordelia is said to redeem nature from the general curse brought by st louis resume, the other two daughters.

With people like Cordelia in the world, one could not say the human race is generally bad by essay prompts, nature. The physician calls sleep our foster-nurse of nature. Readers may remember Macbeth, who after committing the unnatural crime of killing a king, becomes an insomniac. King Lear, with the ideas insight of madness, decorates himself with wild flowers. You can use these various ideas about poverty prompts what's natural and what's not to develop a good paper. Thomas Hobbes observed that the lives of wild animals and primitive people are mostly nasty, brutish, and epigraph short. Despite romantic depictions, it would be hard nowadays to find anyone who would disagree. Nowadays, most people believe that culture is something that we invent so that we can fall in love, create works of art and music, remember the past, and enjoy a reasonable prospect of good health, personal security, and choosing our own paths through life. If most of us no longer believe that a king's sovereignty mirrors the harmony of poverty essay a well-run natural world, we can still find fundamental human issues treated in King Lear . King Lear tells Regan that you're not human unless you have more than you need. Epigraph Format Essay. (Allow not nature more than nature needs. ) Then in the storm, King Lear cries out that only the poorest person, who owes nothing to anyone (not even the animals), is truly human (. the thing itself.) Which do you think is right? In I.iv., King Lear himself introduces the question, Who am I? in the passage that begins Doth any here know me. and ends with Who is it that can tell me who I am? And if you want to keep it very simple, just notice this.

King Lear and the mostly-good characters talk about nature as making us care about one another, especially our own families. Edmund talks about nature as making us care only about ourselves. Who is essay prompts right? I can't tell you. You have a lifetime to decide for yourself.

Many people approaching King Lear decided Edmund is their favorite character. Shakespeare presents characters rather than caricatures, and essay on exasperating shopkeepers our sympathies are always divided. Poverty. Edmund is charming, clever, clear-headed (when others are not). And we see at poetry essay prompt the very beginning how hurtfully and thoughtlessly his father has treated him. In keeping with the theme of the play, Edmund decides at the beginning that human nature is fundamentally selfish. Poverty Prompts. And Edmund decides to outline ideas act accordingly.

In our world, such people always present themselves as having style, and in fact those who pray certain liturgies specifically renounce the glamour of evil. Edmund treats others horribly. Yet at the end, Edmund finds the decency he thought he didn't have, and tries to do good in spite of [his] own nature. I've seen this sort of poverty essay thing in real life, and perhaps you have too. There's a good paper right here. Other image clusters in King Lear include clothing / nakedness (are you more yourself with your culture's clothes and the dignity they confer, or naked, owing nothing to anyone?), fortune (is what happens to us dumb luck, predestined, or whatever?), justice (many different ideas), and eyeslght / blindness / hallucination (a blinded character and a hallucinating character both perceive things more clearly; the play asks Does human nature make us care only for ourselves, or for others?, our natural eyes may not give us the best answer.) And there's the recurrent theme of st louis resume help nothing . Cordelia can add nothing to essay prompts her sisters' speeches. Epigraph Format Essay. Lear says that nothing is the reward to Cordelia and Burgundy after Cordelia says nothing. Edmund was reading nothing, so Gloucester says the quality of poverty essay prompts nothing has no need to hide itself, and if it's nothing, he won't need his reading glasses. Working Paper On Future Rfid Needs. Lear says the jester's jingle is nothing, and the jester adds that Lear paid nothing for it.

Asked if he can make use of nothing, Lear says again, nothing can come from poverty, nothing. The jester calls Lear a zero without a preceding figure, or nothing. St Louis Help. Deprived of his identity, Edgard is nothing. Poverty Prompts. The storm makes nothing (should this be knotting?) of Lear's hair. But in the storm, Lear first decides to st louis say nothing, then admires the poverty poor man who owes nothing to any other creature as the true human being. Resume. You can find several other examples, including insults of the form You're nothing but. . But King Lear's speech on owing nothing ends the image cluster. Perhaps Shakespeare is telling us that there is much of essay which we need to divest ourselves before we can find our real selves.

What Shakespeare Could Not Say Openly? Meantime, we shall express our darker purposes. -- Lear. You'll need to decide for for women, yourself about what follows. The last lines of the play are puzzling, especially Speak what we feel, not what we ought to say. In Shakespeare's era, custom required that the first and poverty last lines of a scene be given to the highest-ranking character on stage. The Quarto gives these to Albany (who is poetry prompt a duke, outranking an earl).

This looks like an poverty essay editor's attempt to essay ideas correct what he thought was an error. The Folio gives them to Edgar, who has just been asked to assume the kingship by poverty, Albany. Giving Edgar a final word along with Kent and Albany seems right. Thanks to resume help my correspondent Menay D'Ann Wilde of Mrs. Dodson's class at Hirshi High for prompts, asking the perfect question: Since Edgar is not coronated, did Shakespeare make a mistake? What do YOU think? Was Shakespeare ignoring a hidebound, classist custom for the ending of his great tragedy? Albany's a duke and Edgar is king-designate, so who outranks who? Was giving the good king-to-be, Edgar, the last word the best way to end a sad play on an upbeat note? Anyway. I think I understand what Edgar is st louis help saying.

At the time of someone's death, Shakespeare's contemporaries (and most of ours) will tell you that the survivors ought to poverty essay prompts say some conventional piety. Outline Ideas. Edgar says, Let's just tell the poverty truth. This happened. This is st louis resume help sad. Shakespeare's England did not afford its citizens the same freedom of, or from, religion that we possess. A few years before King Lear , the playwright Thomas Kyd had literally been tortured for expressing skepticism about orthodox Christianity. Christopher Marlowe, who Kyd implicated as a fellow-freethinker, escaped a similar fate only by getting murdered in a tavern brawl. Characters in King Lear often talk about the prompts gods (the setting is pagan Britain); God is mentioned only once by King Lear, who fantasizes (unrealistically) that he and Cordelia will be allowed to live and look at ordinary people without being involved as if we were God's spies. Hypocritical Edmund pretends that he's warned Edgar of the gods' wrath, King Lear swears by Apollo and Jupiter (and Kent, as a bitter joke, swears by Jupiter's wife Juno), and of course Gloucester says that the gods play with us as boys play with flies, killing us for fun. Edgar says (to Edmund, but for the benefit of the epigraph format simple, good Albany) that the gods are just, and poverty that Gloucester was punished for an episode of nonmarital sex by having his eyes gouged out. This is obviously NOT justice.

In the most puzzling scene in the play, Edgar pretends to escort the blind Gloucester to the white cliffs of Dover, where Gloucester intends to working research needs jump to his death. Edgar tells him he is at the summit, Gloucester jumps, and faints. Edgar then changes his accent, waits for his father to revive, and tells him that God has saved his life miraculously. Of course this is a lie, but it helps Gloucester find emotional peace. Shakespeare changed his source material -- in poverty essay, the original, the on exasperating shopkeepers son merely talks the father out of suicide. Edmund didn't believe in astrology, but considered himself a product of nature. Essay. Edgar's skeptical expression is kinder but seems even deeper. It seems to paper on future me that Shakespeare is saying, as clearly as he can, what many people in his own day must have believed secretly. Poverty Prompts. There is no God. The comforts of religion are make-believe. Nor are we good by nature, or through our laws and customs.

The only hope for essay shopkeepers, human beings is that we can be try to be decent and generous with one another. Whether or not you agree (and I do not), this deepest message explains for me why the cosmic tragedy of prompts King Lear still speaks to us so powerfully. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (2003) Enjoying King Lear by William Shakespeare Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/kinglear.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is working paper research Ed Friedlander MD.

Nahum Tate adapted King Lear so it would have a happy ending. Prompts. Restoration themes (Love Conquors All, Virtue is Rewarded, etc.) From the same milieu that produced the corny William Dyce painting of analysis prompt Lear and poverty prompts his jester enjoying the countryside. You can find it online here. Kent Richmond of Cal State (Long Beach) has prepared a version that replaces the archaic words with modern ones. Looks good; does not dumb the play down. King Lear -- Online Literature; text and epigraph essay some notes. No Fear -- text along with 21st-century English translation. Teri Bannerman -- literature site under construction. Cordelia -- did she stay behind in essay prompts, disguise as King Lear's jester? Ed says. Essay Outline Ideas. Yes!

Cordelia and the jester never appear onstage at the same time, and the jester disappears without explanation after act III; Other Shakespearean heroines disguise themselves as men, though only in the non-tragedies; King Lear seems to prompts identify the jester and Cordelia in on future, the last scene (My poor fool is hanged!); Cordelia seems to remember the extreme severity of the storm, and would have saved her enemy's dog that night even if it had bit her (IV.vii) It's quite playable. Essay. Having Cordelia reveal herself at the end of III.vi. Essay Outline Ideas. is an poverty prompts audience-pleaser. No! It is hard to epigraph format explain Cordelia's choice of jokes, which run from the bitter to essay the off-color to very harsh criticism of the King, and it is working on future research needs hard to explain why Cordelia would want to rub her beloved father's face in his own stupidity; Since my young lady's going into France, sir, the fool has much pined away.

No more of that, I have noted it. -- I.iv. The same boy-actor probably played both characters, accounting for their not appearing onstage together. Encyclopedia Brittanica. It has been difficult for champions of Shakespeare's moral and religious orthodoxy to combat the play's great pessimism. Larry A. Brown -- Evangelical and professor of theater, has his thoughts and the full texts of the essay prompts quarto and epigraph folio versions. Watch King Lear on video clips: Ian Holm -- Cordelia with Lear as he re-awakes. Kozintsev's Lear -- Lear after the poverty storm among the st louis help homeless mentally-ill. Lawrence Olivier -- after the storm, with Gloucester. Puppet show -- very funny, abbreviated, modern language, produced by poverty essay prompts, four clever young women.

Antaeus Company -- the old loon hasn't looked so good in some time Belle Yang -- painting; Love and Be Silent Shotgun Players -- King Lear with a warning that the plot has been changed. The commentary suggests that this is to promote the idea, popular for the last few decades in some intellectual circles, that people who seem to outline ideas be good to others, or trying to be good to others, are all phonies, and that only obviously selfish and cruel people are genuine. I am glad I don't believe this. Before the Devil Knows You are Dead features a school performance of King Lear in which the anti-hero's daughter forgets the last line (The oldest hath borne most. We who are young will never see so much, nor live so long.) This proves prophetic, and the movie asks some the poverty prompts same question as the play: Is it simply and obviously true, as one character says, that the world is an evil place? Megan Fox has a line from King Lear tattooed on her back. Korol Lir at Rotten Tomatoes. King Lear shows that great force of character is not necessarily wise, rude speech is not necessarily unkind, and madness is in some cases a perfectly reasonable response to intolerable conditions..

Christopher Plummer's King Lear is reviewed in the New York Times (you must join): The overall vision of the 'Lear' may be of woolf professions a godless world. Christopher Plummer's King Lear. The King is Alive the Namibian desert. Edward Bond's Lear (1971) has little to do with Shakespeare's work and is probably the most violent play ever staged. Bond, a left-winger, claimed he wanted to change society for the better by portraying everyone and everything as sensely cruel. Audiences still left disgusted. The Madness of King George -- mental illness strikes another king of England. Shakespeare's Sonnets. A remarkable sequence even by today's standards. The site author is, like me, committed to making Shakespeare available to everybody, at no cost.

Enjoy. King Lear Parody by prompts, Richard Nathan. Brilliant. This essay is actually being offered for sale by at least three different online sites for students who for whatever reason don't want to write their own papers. There has been no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Essay. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. To the best of my knowledge, all the poverty links on my literature pages are to free sites. St Louis. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures.

I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of wasted time. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. Oedipus the King -- including something about the essay prompts tragic hero business. If you are asked to write about on exasperating Shakespeare's tragic heroes or their tragic flaw or whatever, help yourself to my skeptical notes on Aristotle.

You may find it more rewarding to essay focus on working on future something at once more obvious and more profound. Shakespeare (unlike Sophocles) is writing about real-life, flesh-and-blood people (tragic flaws -- nobody always acts smart) who live in an imperfect world (tragic choices). In Shakespeare, our sympathies are usually divided among the poverty essay characters. For this reason, Aristotle's thoughts on tragedy (i.e., people are imperfect) really seem more useful in essay, discussing Shakespeare than in discussing Sophocles. In my pathology course and here, my advice is the same -- focus on the human beings, the poverty real-life, individual situations. (1) Look at the short story that provided the poetry essay plot (click here. and notice how Shakespeare has portrayed racism as it really is in our world. Ordinary decent folks (i.e., the Venetian government) care only who a person is and what that person can do. Poverty Essay Prompts. They consider Brabantio a jerk for accepting a person of essay on exasperating shopkeepers another race as a friend but not as a son-in-law. Iago, who for prompts, whatever reason has a chip on outline ideas his shoulder, spews racial venom for his own dark reasons. Desdemona is originally frightened by essay prompts, someone who looks different, but quickly learns to love that person so that race become indifferent.

(2) It is st louis help very common for special-forces operatives who return to civilian life and/or who try to sustain a marriage to have terrible difficulties. Those who are successful deserve our special admiration. Too many become terribly confused and end up in prompts, self-destructive behaviors, both loving and hating. It's one of poetry prompt our world's strangest ironies that romantic love is more treacherous and incomprehensible than war. I'm Ed. Essay Prompts. I'm an MD, a pathologist in Kansas City, a mainstream Christian. a modernist, a skydiver, an adventure gamer, the world's busiest free internet physician, and a man who still enjoys books and ideas. I hope you like King Lear , and that I've been of some help. Belief in God -- I do not share King Lear's dark vision, but I understand why others do. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the essay ideas commas are supposed to go inside the poverty prompts quotation marks and parentheses. This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. Format Essay. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document.

reset Jan. 30, 2005: Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in essay, class or at your trade, play sports if and on exasperating only if you like it, and prompts get out of abusive relationships by epigraph, any means. If the grown-ups who support you are difficult, act like you love them even if you're not sure that you do. It'll help you and them. The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people.

Health and friendship. Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on essay prompts drugs profiteering. then the answer is outline probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, Is human nature fundamentally kind or selfish? Do our luxuries make us more or less human? If there is no God, do we still have a reason to love one another? -- then the answer is maybe that Shakespeare deals with basic human issues. A Thousand Acres. Click here to see the author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right. Afterward: A year after setting up this page, I've had over 100,000 visitors and a few hundred thank you's.

To be thanked, madam, is to be overpaid. -- Kent. A few correspondents are belligerent, telling me that I'm dogmatic, pretentious, and/or pathetic, but never attempting to explain why. As I've written elsewhere, If you have no case, shout 'hubris!' I'm very glad to be able to help so many other people enjoy Shakespeare. Health and friendship.

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Evaluation of prompts, personl learning Essay. An evaluation of my personal learning plan along with comments on how I plan to update my subject specialist knowledge, generic knowledge of on future rfid, teaching and learning, using examples from my practice and discussing the poverty essay, part my mentor played in my development. The aim of this assignment is to essay show how my key learning points from my personal learning plan have been put into essay practice and to evaluate these, examples from my practice will also be used. I will explain how I plan to update not only my subject specialist knowledge but also my generic knowledge of teaching and learning. I plan to also explain and discuss the part my mentor has played in analysis essay prompt my development over prompts, the two years of essay, cert Ed qualification. Having a personal learning plan is prompts a great way of setting out essay on exasperating your future objective, aims and goals. Having goals to head for gives you motivation and poverty essay prompts direction and also builds on professions confidence and self esteem.

However it is a good idea to plan your own personal learning plan, when you plan your own programme, it is more likely to be relevant to your needs and be able to be applied, and poverty essay be related to, your teaching. This, then, is outline ideas more likely to poverty give you motivation for format essay, your learning (Reece Walker 2003 pg 400). I plan to review and update my own personal learning plan every six months. However my personal learning is poverty prompts also discussed in my supervisions at work which I have every three months, this enables me to discuss any knowledge I myself wish to update and also any training my manager feels I would benefit from. I feel this is good support to involve my personal learning plan within my supervision, it also shows management that I am committed and poetry analysis essay taking control of my own learning.

My personal learning plan consists of three main areas these are. Subject specialist development. This is the subject that I teach this includes my practical and theory work. Generic teaching development. This is schemes of work and lesson plans how I use differentiation and poverty prompts assessment, along with assignments and woolf professions for women research etc. This is my literacy, numeracy and ICT skills. My subject specialist area has a variety of subject sessions these are induction, food hygiene awareness, health and safety, individual service planning (ISP), swallowing disorders, manual handling, infection control and first aid I do continuous refreshers on poverty essay all sessions within the analysis, organisation how ever I do also carry out independent reading and essay prompts research of individual subjects to keep my self updated. Especially on change that relate to any regulations that have an impact on essay shopkeepers my training sessions.

There have been two key personal learning development areas in my subject specialist area the first being ISP training. This training session has had a complete overhaul to how it is to be delivered which has involved a lot of prompts, changes to the ISP itself, example how these are set up and completed. For me to deliver this training to my learners I needed to attend a two day training session myself. The sessions involved theory and practical learning giving me the knowledge and the skills to enable me to deliver a practical session to my learners. Working Paper! Example when doing this session my learners will not be just listening and getting involved in group discussions they will be involved in an ongoing practical, At their best, practical’s are an enjoyable and active hands on experience. At their worst they are frustrating episodes where not even the teacher knows what is supposed to be happening (Petty 2004 pg 204). So any practical should be well planned. My learners will be put into prompts pairs one will be the service user and the other the key worker.

They will then be given a number of activities to follow. Using this method they will build and complete an ISP, learners are able to swap roles through out so each learner gets to ideas play each role. I have delivered this training session this way on many occasions now and it is poverty working well, learners are enjoying and putting into practice what they have learnt well, this is virginia for women evident when looking at essay, ISP, s that they have completed. My second key learning point in my subject specialist area is epigraph format essay first aid training. Poverty! I was unable to deliver this session as I did not have the knowledge and qualification to do this. Analysis Essay Prompt! I attended a two day emergency first aid course down Lincoln through NUCO training, having attended this training I now have the confidence and subject knowledge to prompts be able to deliver this to my learners. The training consisted of two presentations showing the teacher my understanding of the subject and showing I was able to poetry analysis present, I was also assessed on practical exercises through out the two days, example resuscitation procedure, choking procedure, and the procedure in the event of an emergency situation example car accident. Prompts! This training was very challenging and intense however it has given me the skills to develop an effective training session for my learners. I have two sessions planned to deliver in July.

Having being successful in this training I am also able to go and assess other first aid trainers. Professions! I plan to poverty essay prompts update my subject specialist knowledge continuously I will do this by essay ideas, attending refresher training sessions. I am also a member of the Institute for learning where you have to prove you have so many hours of continuous professional development. I also plan to poverty essay use E-learning within the organisation for any relevant training sessions, along with my independent learning through reading and resume research on the internet. My generic knowledge of teaching and poverty essay prompts learning has developed well through out my two years on cert Ed, my skills in lesson planning have developed immensely and virginia for women I put these into practice on essay prompts a regular basis. My delivery methods have progressed and become a lot more interactive for my learners, by bringing in differentiation and inclusive learning example hand washing exercise I use a power point slide to show a picture of hands with bacteria on, we have a discussion on hands, show learners how to wash hands correctly, we then do a hands washing exercise covering visual, audio and kinaesthetic learning styles. My assignments now have structure and flow throughout, my spelling and for women essay punctuation has also improved, this has been managed through hard work and practice of proof reading which is a skill in its self, a skill that can always be developed further through practice and gathering information from books and the internet.

I plan to update my generic knowledge of teaching and learning through independent learning by using the internet and reading books, also the E-learning that the organisation encourage us to use have some useful courses on punctuation, organisation skills, planning skills, assessing and evaluation etc which I plan to look at using in poverty the future. I am also attending mentoring training at the end of May which I feel will be beneficial to myself and poetry analysis my learners. My skills development have improved over my two years in cert end, in the first year of cert ed my personal learning plan identified my need to achieve level two in essay prompts both English and maths. I have now achieved both qualifications and in particular benefited greatly from the English this has helped me with my assignments, writing letters, creating handouts for my training sessions and knowing and understanding where a sentence begins and ends along with why we have and need to use punctuation. I did have the help, basic knowledge of English language but did require further development and poverty prompts knowledge.

By attending key skills level two has developed this knowledge which has enabled me to progress in this area of my personal learning. Essay! However I do believe I will benefit from further development in this area and plan to progress onto poverty prompts, key skills level three English once I have completed my cert ed year two. My ict skills have improved this is through daily use of a laptop and essay outline ideas also attending a two day training course through the organisation. The course consisted of two modules first module was an introduction to IT file management, this module developed my personal learning in areas such as using windows XP, explain the poverty essay prompts, use of options within my computer, being aware of the principals of essay outline ideas, using my documents, be able to create, change, delete and move files and folders and identify how and when to back data up. Module two outlook internet/intranet this module has developed my personal learning in areas such as accessing E-learning and being aware of its potential, organising and accessing personal files and to become more familiar with the intranet within the organisation and poverty essay how to shopkeepers use it effectively. I have also had a small session on poverty essay prompts the use of power point which has been beneficial to essay outline ideas me as within my job role, as at essay, times I am required to put a power point presentation together. I plan to update my ict skills by woolf professions essay, attending a further two modules which will be organised through the organisation hopefully in the coming year.

I also believe everyday use will enhance my skills. I also plan to do a more intense session on power point in the near future. Through my two years of cert Ed I have had a mentor. Mentoring is poverty prompts a relationship between mentor and mentee that encourages growth and development in epigraph format a respectful and essay collegial environment (Morton-Cooper Palmer, 2000). The mentoring relationship may be an informal arrangement that happens naturally, or a formal relationship that is organised within the work organisation (Rose, 2005). My job role as training and outline development officer was a new post for me in 2007 and poverty prompts it was my manager who suggested that I enrol onto the cert Ed course rather than training and development NVQ4. St Louis! She felt that I would gain more from this course and it would equip me with the knowledge and poverty prompts confidence to carry my duties out working paper research needs competently. As my manager is an experienced trainer herself it made sense for poverty prompts, her to also be my mentor as she had faith in me from the very beginning of outline ideas, my training. A mentoring relationship tends to be long term that can be entered into at any stage of one’s career (Northcott, 2000). This statement has been true in my case. The relationship I have with my mentor is a good one she has been supportive through out especially when it has come to bringing in new ideas for training sessions in fact she has used some of the ideas herself.

The process has always been a two way process. My mentor has not been their to tell me what to do, she has guided, encouraged, supported, provided information and most of all always listened, especially in moments when I have thought this whole thing is too much for me. Poverty Essay Prompts! Through out my observations my mentor has been encouraging and made feel at ease as she knew how nervous I was on st louis resume these occasions, feed back from essay prompts, observations were always positive and any development points were always taken on epigraph essay board. Prompts! My mentor has recognised some skills in me that I never realised I had along with helping me developing these skills. Example a year ago my mentor asked me if I would like to do a course that would enable me to deliver first aid training to my learners, so I would not need to send them out externally for this training.

I explained to my mentor that I was not keen on doing this and felt that this was a course that qualified nurses should do. My mentor did not try to push or persuade me into doing this even though it would save the organisation money. I have just done this course last month and shopkeepers it was me who approached my manager/mentor, I really enjoyed it and I am looking forward to delivering it to my learners. Poverty Essay! It is amazing what a year can do to some ones confidence and self esteem. Epigraph Format Essay! If my manager/mentor had made me do this when she wanted me to do it I would not have developed in that area or enjoyed it. My mentor has always allowed me to do things at my own pace and has a great understanding of how we as individuals learn at essay, different levels and pace.

I feel this is a good quality to have when being a mentor. Looking back it was a excellent suggestion from my manager/mentor for virginia woolf for women, me to enrol onto the cert ed, over poverty, the two years I feel I have grown not only in confidence but in both the analysis essay prompt, theory and the practical side of my teaching and learning. It has been a privilege to have had a mentor who has guided, supported, encouraged and listened through out the two year process. How ever it does not end there as she is poverty also my manager she will be there for the future too. For us to outline ideas further ourselves I feel it is essential to have objectives, aims and goals. Poverty Essay! I feel if we do not things do not get done so our goals do not get met. We may have goals in our heads but if they are not planned they tend not to be achieved. For me a personal learning plan is the way forward we can then tick of the goals we have achieved and plan for virginia for women, new goals in the future. Poverty Prompts! Looking back two years ago I would never have dreamt that I would have achieved what I have achieved today, I believe this has been achieved through good planning, good support and essay hard work by myself. Learning is an ongoing process and poverty prompts I look forward to many more years of teaching and learning. http://sarah-stewart.blogspot.com/2009/02/what-is-mentoring.html retrieved 09/05/2009.

Petty,G 2004, A practical guide teaching today, 3rd edn, Nelson Thornes, United Kingdom. Reece, I Walker, S 2003, Teaching, Training and learning a practical guide, 5th edn, Business Education Publishers Limited, Great Briton. http://sarah-stewart.blogspot.com/2009/02/what-is-mentoring.html retrieved 09/05/2009. Petty,G 2004, A practical guide teaching today, 3rd edn, Nelson Thornes, United Kingdom. Reece, I Walker, S 2003, Teaching, Training and learning a practical guide, 5th edn, Business Education Publishers Limited, Great Briton. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter.

Date: 1 May 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Evaluation of personl learning. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. 3422 Old Capitol Trail, Suite 267, Wilminton, DE 19808, USA.